|Exam Name||:||TIBCO Enterprise Message Service 6(R) Certification|
|Questions and Answers||:||112 Q & A|
|Updated On||:||April 18, 2019|
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TB0-120 exam Dumps Source : TIBCO Enterprise Message Service 6(R) Certification
Test Code : TB0-120
Test Name : TIBCO Enterprise Message Service 6(R) Certification
Vendor Name : Tibco
Q&A : 112 Real Questions
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PALO ALTO, CA--(Marketwired - Jul 30, 2013) - TIBCO software Inc. ( NASDAQ : TIBX ), a pacesetter in the application integration and SOA infrastructure market, these days announced the newest edition of its enterprise messaging platform, TIBCO enterprise Message service™ (EMS) version 8.0. the brand new free up draws on TIBCO's more than two decades of industry-leading adventure in mission-vital, excessive-efficiency messaging and introduces an up-to-date centralized management interface, enabling directors to plenty greater comfortably configure and monitor all EMS servers. version eight.0 also provides help for the new Java Message service (JMS) 2.0 specification, which changed into finalized in may additionally of 2013, and is the latest messaging typical that enables utility add-ons based on the Java enterprise version to create, ship, acquire, and browse messages.
"To stay aggressive in trendy environment of ever-increasing statistics volumes, agencies have to increase a strategy to scale and streamline IT techniques to help company growth whereas reining in prices. EMS edition eight.0 goes an extended solution to aid agencies do just that," talked about Denny web page, chief engineer, TIBCO. "the new primary Administration capabilities tremendously simplify the management of significant complicated deployments, while help for JMS 2.0 with its simplified APIs, helps cut back software construction charges."
the new central Administration for TIBCO business Message carrier enables administrators to configure and monitor all situations of EMS within their ambiance. directors can now make alterations to multiple EMS server configurations and set up these to all server cases immediately. the new monitoring views deliver handy perception into key EMS server metrics from the identical browser interface.
JMS 2.0 is the primary replace to the JMS specification in over a decade and introduces a couple of capabilities, including a new simplified API in addition to a few new messaging facets in order to permit functions to deal with a whole lot bigger message volumes. JMS 2.0 introduces the capacity to function an asynchronous send, allowing applications to perform extra processing while the message is being sent to the server. This enables programmers to design functions that could be in a position to deal with significantly better volumes of transactions whereas leveraging the same infrastructure.
TIBCO commercial enterprise Message provider is a standards-primarily based messaging answer that may serve as the spine of a provider Oriented structure (SOA) by using presenting JMS compliant communications across a wide range of systems and utility applied sciences. TIBCO EMS additionally serves because the messaging backbone for the adventure-Enabled business, giving consumers the ability to count on, take into account, and act on alternatives or threats just a bit forward of time and extra precisely than the competition.
About TIBCO TIBCO application Inc. ( NASDAQ : TIBX ) is a company of infrastructure application for corporations to use on-premise or as part of cloud computing environments. whether it's productive claims or alternate processing, cross-selling items in accordance with true-time client behavior, or warding off a disaster before it happens, TIBCO provides agencies both-second abilities® -- the potential to trap the right tips, on the correct time, and act on it preemptively for a aggressive talents. more than four,000 shoppers worldwide depend on TIBCO to manipulate tips, decisions, methods, and applications in real time. learn more at www.tibco.com.
TIBCO, two-2d skills, TIBCO business Message provider, and TIBCO application are logos or registered emblems of TIBCO software Inc. or its subsidiaries in the u.s. and/or other international locations. Java and JMS are registered emblems or logos of Oracle and/or its associates. All other product and company names and marks outlined in this document are the property of their respective homeowners and are mentioned for identification purposes best.
TIBCO utility, Inc., a global leader in integration, API administration, and analytics, these days announced the launch of cloud-native TIBCO Cloud™ Mashery®, TIBCO’s API management providing for containerized inner most cloud and public Platform-as-a-provider (PaaS) environments. The platform promises key API administration capabilities for organizations adopting cloud-native construction and deployment practices, comparable to DevOps, containerization, and microservices construction. With this news, market-leading aspects from TIBCO Cloud Mashery should be available globally in a containerized deployment, enabling sooner construction of digital business capabilities, plus more desirable platform control and scalability.
enterprises are more and more moving their workloads towards a cloud-native architecture to be able to increase and deploy quicker, in addition to connecting features and programs from each on-premises and distinctive clouds via APIs. Cloud-native API management makes both possible in a totally cozy and extremely scalable means. Cloud-native TIBCO Cloud Mashery is suitable with any PaaS or Infrastructure-as-a-service (IaaS), including first-type assist for Kubernetes.
“agencies now require their API structures to be deployable anywhere, and capable of manage APIs from all over the place via a single pane of glass. Many industries, including fiscal functions, healthcare, trip, and greater, require business-managed, cloud-native API administration,” talked about Rajeev Kozhikkattuthodi, vice president, product administration and method, TIBCO. “TIBCO’s approach gives all of the advantages of the cloud with additional client handle, plus seamless alignment with cloud-native development tooling and practices. we are proud to continue main the market in API administration via innovation, this time via featuring first-of-a-type capabilities in cloud-native API management.”
“moving in opposition t a cloud-native architecture is a strategic precedence for us,” noted Kris Lahiri, co-founder and chief guidance safety officer, Egnyte. Egnyte is a leading provider of application for commercial enterprise file synchronization, sharing and collaboration. “TIBCO’s innovations will enable us to undertake cloud-native API administration, enrich our DevOps effectivity, and bring stronger manage and security of an on-premises deployment with the scalability and agility of cloud-native infrastructure.”
discuss with TIBCO Cloud Mashery to gain knowledge of concerning the launch of Cloud-native TIBCO Cloud Mashery and the way the solution benefits the cloud-native commercial enterprise.
TIBCO (tibco.com) fuels digital enterprise by way of enabling greater choices and faster, smarter movements throughout the TIBCO connected Intelligence Cloud. From APIs and methods to instruments and individuals, we interconnect everything, capture statistics in real time wherever it is, and increase the intelligence of your enterprise through analytical insights. hundreds of clients all over the world count on us to construct compelling experiences, energize operations, and propel innovation.
TIBCO, TIBCO Cloud, Mashery, and the TIBCO logo are trademarks or registered logos of TIBCO utility Inc. and/or its subsidiaries in the united states and/or different nations. All other product and business names and marks mentioned in this doc are the property of their respective homeowners and are mentioned for identification.
network softwareMessage rate Throughput Tripled and Message delivery Latency decreased by using essentially Forty %
PALO ALTO, Calif., Sept. 19 / / -- TIBCO application Inc. (NASDAQ:TIBX) these days introduced TIBCO Rendezvous(R) and TIBCO enterprise Message service(TM) assist for the brand new Cisco server host and cloth software, referred to as Datagram Acceleration Layer (DAL). assessments indicate that deploying TIBCO's messaging platform on Cisco InfiniBand Server cloth Switches and Cisco DAL radically speed up message costs and in the reduction of message beginning latency.
"Rising message charges and the continued increase of algorithmic trading are driving heightened bandwidth necessities for statistics distribution and automatic transactions," observed Jeff Kristick, vice chairman, Product marketing, TIBCO. "Our contemporary compatibility and benchmark trying out on this potent hardware, utility combination demonstrates the capacity of two trade leaders to address the transforming into demand for high-efficiency and ultra low latency throughout key business certain environments together with computerized trading, communications backbones, and repair birth networks."
TIBCO Rendezvous testing with DAL
TIBCO and Cisco rigorously tested the new DAL application with the TIBCO Rendezvous messaging platform to make certain compatibility and benchmark efficiency of the solution. The TIBCO Rendezvous platform is made from two leading accessories -- the Rendezvous application Programming Interface (API) and Rendezvous Daemon. Leveraging a disbursed structure, application advice flows from the API to Rendezvous Daemon and then out to the network. TIBCO rvperf and rvlat utilities had been used to benchmark the efficiency of the answer. look at various effects confirmed message rates stronger through greater than 300%, and latency become decreased with the aid of 38% on commonplace without any amendment to the application or the TIBCO Rendezvous ambiance.
"we're capable of exceed the challenges of capital markets valued clientele throughout the development of a totally validated, tested and trade supported solution that ensures the official deployment of latest technology rapidly and simply," noted Krish Ramakrishnan, vice president and universal manager of the Server Virtualization enterprise Unit, Cisco. "and dealing carefully with TIBCO, we can also reduce the can charge and complexity of managing the true-time move of assistance across programs and enrich the manner companies do business."
Cisco Datagram Acceleration Layer
Multicast market facts traffic is transported transparently through the Cisco DAL software throughout the infrastructure. The DAL application is designed to vastly speed up applications and middleware without requiring any changes to a buying and selling application. It accomplishes this with the aid of creating a user space library, which eliminates buffer copies and reduces context switches, the leading cause of transport linked latency, latency jitter, and low message rate capability in automated buying and selling infrastructures.
With greater than 2,000 client installations international, TIBCO Rendezvous messaging software supports the mission-essential true-time messaging necessities of one of the most disturbing customers. TIBCO Rendezvous is the simplest messaging application that gives you real real-time publish/subscribe and request/reply messaging. It additionally helps qualities of provider starting from lightweight informational messages to certified and transactional beginning.
TIBCO software Inc. (NASDAQ:TIBX) provides enterprise software that helps organizations achieve provider-oriented structure (SOA) and enterprise manner administration (BPM) success. With over 3,000 valued clientele, TIBCO has given main businesses world wide better consciousness and agility -- what TIBCO calls The energy of Now(R). To be trained extra, contact TIBCO at +1 650-846-one thousand or on the net at http://www.tibco.com/.
TIBCO, The vigour of Now, TIBCO Rendezvous, TIBCO commercial enterprise Message carrier and TIBCO software are emblems or registered logos of TIBCO application Inc. in the united states and/or other countries. All other product and business names and marks outlined during this document are the property of their respective house owners and are mentioned for identification functions simplest.
source: TIBCO application Inc.
CONTACT: Holly Burkhart of TIBCO software Inc., +1-650-846-8463, firstname.lastname@example.org
internet site: http://www.tibco.com/connected Thomas industry update
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Software architecture has become an important part of every software project. When building a solid software architecture, you select the important parts of a system, think how these parts fit together, and take crucial decisions in designing these systems. It is a foundation of any software development project.
There is a huge difference between a senior developer and a software architect. As an architect, it is required that you have more experience to be able to design an end to end solution.In software architecture theory is as important as practice, therefore our team of software developers and architects prepared a list of best software architecture books to read this year! These software architecture books are really valuable in understanding and effectively applying software architecture principles on real software projects.1. Beyond Software Architecture: Creating and Sustaining Winning Solutions by Luke Hohmann
The first one of the list of best software architecture books is ” Beyond Software Architecture”. It is about business realities of creating software products. If you’re a software architect or dream of being one, this is a must-read book! It provides practical techniques that development executives can employ to improve the productivity of their software organization. The book is nicely segmented into logical chapters, making it an excellent reference. It covers classic architecture issues such as portability, usability, performance, layering, API design, and security, as well as other valuable material, for example, software architecture from business and product management side, which often get ignored, or left till late in the process. This book gives precious insights and lessons about creating winning software solutions in the context of a real-world business. Here you can find practical techniques that development executives can employ to improve the productivity of their software organization. It deals with issues like licensing, deployment, installation, configuration, support and many more!2. Domain-Driven Design: Tackling Complexity in the Heart of Software by Eric Evans
Second on the list is DDD by Eric Evans. He has written a fantastic book on how you can make the design of your software match your mental model of the problem domain you are addressing. It is not about drawing pictures of a domain; it is about how you think of it, the language you use to talk about it, and how you organize your software to reflect your improving understanding of it. Eric thinks that learning about your problem domain is as likely to happen at the end of your project as at the beginning, and so refactoring is a big part of his technique. Eric Evans convincingly argues for the importance of domain modeling as the central focus of development and provides a solid framework and set of techniques for accomplishing it. This book offers readers a systematic approach to domain-driven design, presenting an extensive set of design best practices, experience-based techniques, and fundamental principles that facilitate the development of software projects facing complex domains. This book is great because it incorporates numerous examples based on actual projects to illustrate the application of domain-driven design to real-world software development. Readers learn how to use a domain model to make a complex development effort more focused and dynamic.3. 97 Things Every Software Architect Should Know: Collective Wisdom from the Experts by Richard Monson-Haefel
The third one on the list of software architecture books is “97 things every software architect should know”. In this truly unique technical book, today’s leading software architects present valuable principles on key development issues that go way beyond technology. More than four dozen architects, including Neal Ford, Michael Nygard, and Bill de Hora, offer advice for communicating with stakeholders, eliminating complexity, empowering developers, and many more practical lessons they’ve learned from years of experience. Among the 97 principles in this book, you’ll find useful advice such as: “Simplicity before generality, use before reuse” – Kevlin Henney. To be successful as a software architect, you need to master both business and technology. This book tells you what top software architects think is important and how they approach a project. If you want to enhance your career, this book is essential reading.4. Enterprise Integration Patterns: Designing, Building, and Deploying Messaging Solutions by Gregor Hohpe, Bobby Woolf
The fourth one on the list of best software architecture books is “Enterprise Integration Patterns.” This book provides an invaluable catalog of sixty-five patterns, with real-world solutions. The authors also include examples covering a variety of different integration technologies, such as JMS, MSMQ, TIBCO ActiveEnterprise, Microsoft BizTalk, SOAP, and XSL. It also explores in detail the advantages and limitations of asynchronous messaging architectures. The authors present practical advice on designing code that connects an application to a messaging system and provides extensive information to help you determine when to send a message, how to route it to the proper destination, and how to monitor the health of a messaging system. If you want to know how to manage, monitor, and maintain a messaging system once it is in use, read this book!5. Software Architecture in Practice by Len Bass, Paul Clements, Rick Kazman
Firth on the list is ” Software architecture in practice”. Great book for learning software architecture! It focuses on key topics in software architecture: “ilities”, patterns/styles, documenting architectures, and evaluating architectures. Authors share their own experience, covering the essential technical topics for designing, specifying, and validating a system. They also emphasize the importance of the business context in which large systems are designed. Their idea was to present software architecture in a real-world setting, reflecting both the opportunities and constraints that companies encounter. They also show different case studies that describe successful software architecture.6. Design Patterns: Elements of Reusable Object-Oriented Software by Erich Gamma, Ralph Johnson, John Vlissides, Richard Helm, Grady Booch
These authors with their valuable experience about the design of object-oriented software present a catalog of simple and powerful solutions to commonly occurring design problems. These 23 patterns allow designers to create more flexible, elegant, and ultimately reusable designs without having to rediscover the design solutions themselves. With this book, you will learn how these important patterns fit into the software development process, and how you can leverage them to solve your own design problems most efficiently.7. The Process of Software Architecting by Peter Eeles, Peter Cripps
A good software architecture is the foundation of any successful software system. Effective software architecture requires a clear understanding of organizational roles, artifacts, activities performed, and the optimal sequence for performing those activities. This is an accessible, task-focused guided tour through a typical project, focusing on the architect’s role, with common issues illuminated and addressed throughout. In this book you will find answers to the following questions: the role of the architect in a typical software development project, how to document a software architecture to satisfy the needs of different stakeholders, the applicability of reusable assets in the process of architecting, the role of the architect with respect to requirements definition, the derivation of an architecture based on a set of requirements, the relevance of architecting in creating complex systems and many more! The process of software architecture is an indispensable resource for every working and aspiring software architect, project manager and any other software professional who needs to understand how architecture influences their work.8. Just Enough Software Architecture: A Risk-Driven Approach by George H. Fairbanks
This is a practical guide for software developers, and different than other software architecture books. It teaches risk-driven architecting. This book seeks to make architecture relevant to all software developers. Developers need to understand how to use constraints as guide rails that ensure desired outcomes, and how seemingly small changes can affect a system’s properties.There is a difference between being able to hit a ball and knowing why you are able to hit it, what psychologists refer to as procedural knowledge versus declarative knowledge. This book will make you more aware of what you have been doing and provide names for the concepts. Other than that, it emphasizes the engineering. It provides practical advice. Software design decisions influence the architecture and vice versa. The approach in this book embraces drill-down/pop-up behavior by describing models that have various levels of abstraction, from architecture to data structure design.9. Software Architecture Patterns by Mark Richards
Mark Richards is an experienced software architect with significant experience and expertise in application, integration, and enterprise architecture. Active in the software industry since 1983, he is the author and presenter of several O’Reilly books and videos.The success of any application or system depends on the architecture pattern you use. By describing the overall characteristics of the architecture, these patterns not only guide designers and developers on how to design components, but also determine the ways in which those components should interact. This book includes an analysis and scorecard for each pattern based on several architectures and software development quality attributes. In this book, you will find more info about layered architecture, event-driven architecture, microkernel architecture, microservices architecture, space-based architecture.10. Continuous Delivery: Reliable Software Releases Through Build, Test, and Deployment Automation by Jez Humble, David Farley
Getting software released to users is often a painful, risky, and time-consuming process. This book sets out the principles and technical practices that enable rapid, incremental delivery of high quality, valuable new functionality to users. Through automation of the build, deployment, and testing process, and improved collaboration between developers, testers, and operations, delivery teams can get changes released in a matter of hours sometimes even minutes no matter what the size of a project or the complexity of its code base. Jez Humble and David Farley begin by presenting the foundations of a rapid, reliable, low-risk delivery process. Then, they introduce the deployment pipeline, an automated process for managing all changes, from check-in to release. And they discuss the ecosystem needed to support continuous delivery, from infrastructure, data and configuration management to governance. The authors introduce techniques, including automated infrastructure management and data migration, and the use of virtualization. For each, they review key issues, identify best practices, and demonstrate how to mitigate risks. Coverage includes: automating all facets of building, integrating, testing, and deploying software, implementing deployment pipelines at team and organizational levels, improving collaboration between developers, testers, and operations, developing features incrementally on large and distributed teams, implementing an effective configuration management strategy, automating acceptance testing, from analysis to implementation, testing capacity and other non-functional requirements and implementing continuous deployment and zero-downtime releases. Also, they cover how to manage infrastructure, data, components, and dependencies and how to navigating risk management, compliance, and auditing.11. Scalability Rules: 50 Principles for Scaling Web Sites by Martin L. Abbott, Michael T. Fisher
It’s an essential read for anyone dealing with scaling an online business. This book ensures strategic design principles are applied to everyday challenges. It is an insightful, practical guide to designing and building scalable systems. With the complexity of modern systems, scalability considerations should be an integral part of the architecture and implementation process.Abbott and Fisher transform scalability from a “black art” to a set of realistic, technology-agnostic best practices for supporting hyper growth in nearly any environment, including both frontend and backend systems. For architects, they offer powerful new insights for creating and evaluating designs. For developers, they share specific techniques for handling everything from databases to state. For managers, they provide invaluable help in goal-setting, decision-making, and interacting with technical teams. Whatever your role, you’ll find practical benefit guidance for setting priorities-and getting the maximum.12. Microservices vs Service-Oriented Architecture by Mark Richards
Microservices gain traction and they sound a lot like a development approach we already knew – service-oriented architecture. Both architectures are focused on breaking up large monolithic applications into collections of smaller independent services, and both come with the promise of simplifying development. Here you will find answers to the key questions: what sets them apart? are microservices really just “SOA done right”? How do the two approaches differ? Are microservices really better than SOA? And much more!13. Software Architecture: Foundations, Theory, and Practice by R. N. Taylor, N. Medvidovic, E. M. Dashofy
This is a very good book to learn about software architecture. However, if you don’t like books written in “academic” style, this book is not for you. Software architecture is foundational to the development of large, practical software-intensive applications. Rather than focusing on one method, notation, tool, or process, this book widely surveys software architecture techniques, enabling the instructor and practitioner to choose the right tool for the job at hand.14. Essential Software Architecture by Ian Gorton
Job titles like “Technical Architect” and “Chief Architect” nowadays abound in the software industry, yet many people suspect that “architecture” is one of the most overused and least understood terms in professional software development. Gorton tries to resolve this dilemma. It concisely describes the essential elements of knowledge and key skills required to be a software architect. The explanations encompass the essentials of architecture thinking, practices, and supporting technologies. They range from a general understanding of the structure and quality attributes through technical issues like middleware components and service-oriented architectures to recent technologies like model-driven architecture, software product lines, aspect-oriented design, and the Semantic Web, which influence future software systems.15. Refactoring in Large Software Projects: Performing Complex Restructurings Successfully by Martin Lippert, Stephen Roock
Refactoring is an important topic for large software projects, especially in projects that follow Agile methodology, given the fact that architectures evolve with changing requirements. It provides real-world experience from real refactored projects and shows how to refactor software to ensure that it is efficient, fresh and adaptable.16. 12 Essential Skills for Software Architects by Dave Hendricksen
For many developers, however, these skills don’t come naturally–and they’re rarely addressed in formal training. Now, long-time software architect Dave Hendricksen helps you fill this gap, supercharge your organizational impact, and quickly move to the next level in your career. Having only technical skills isn’t enough for an architect, soft skills are equally important to live effectively as an architect. This book presents a lucid and detailed discussion on 12 specific skills required for an architect. If you are a developer and aspire to become an architect, you’ll find this fun-to-read book useful to hone your non-technical skills.17. Reactive Design Patterns by Roland Kuhn Dr., Brian Hanafee, Jamie Allen
Reactive Design Patterns is a clearly written guide for building message-driven distributed systems that are resilient, responsive, and elastic. In this book, you’ll find patterns for messaging, flow control, resource management, and concurrency, along with practical issues like test-friendly designs. All patterns include concrete examples using Scala and Akka.18. Implementing Domain-Driven Design by Vaughn Vernon
This book is a must-read for anybody looking to put DDD into practice. Implementing Domain-Driven Design presents a top-down approach to understanding domain-driven design in a way that fluently connects strategic patterns to fundamental tactical programming tools. Vaughn Vernon couples guided approaches to implementation with modern architectures, highlighting the importance and value of focusing on the business domain while balancing technical considerations.19. Object-Oriented Design Heuristics by Arthur J. Riel
And the last one on the list is “object-oriented design heuristics”. Excellent object-oriented development book to provide specific experience-based guidelines to help developers make the right design decisions. This book offers the next step for readers that know the basics of object-oriented development and now need to know if they are doing it right and making the right choices.
Another source of good software development literature is GitHub, where you can find great software architecture books about Docker, Elasticsearch, TDD, DDD, BDD, CI, etc. in pdf.
President Donald Trump unveiled his full 2018 budget request to Congress today. The spending plan, for the fiscal year that begins 1 October, fleshes out the so-called skinny budget that the White House released this past March. That plan called for deep cuts to numerous research agencies. But it did not include numbers for some key research agencies, such as the National Science Foundation (NSF). ScienceInsider will be scouring today’s budget documents for fresh details. Come back to our rolling coverage for analysis and reaction.NIH spending slashed by 22%, overhead payments squeezed
As expected, the National Institutes of Health’s (NIH’s) budget would be slashed to $26.9 billion in the full Trump 2018 budget request. That is $7.7 billion less than NIH’s final 2017 budget of $34.6 billion, or a 22% cut.
In a widely anticipated move that has already raised alarm bells at research institutes, a White House budget document states that “significant reductions” will come from slashing the overhead payments that NIH now pays to universities on top of the direct research costs for a project. These so-called indirect costs, which are paid at rates now negotiated between individual institutions and the government, currently comprise about 30% of NIH’s total grant funding. The variable indirect cost rates would be replaced with a uniform rate of 10% of total research costs for all NIH grants to reduce paperwork and “the risk for fraud and abuse,” states a budget document for the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).
A 10% cap would bring NIH’s indirect costs rate “more in line” with the rate paid by private foundations such as the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the overall budget document notes. NIH will also work to reduce regulatory burdens on grantees.
As in the “skinny” budget released earlier, the full NIH budget proposal eliminates the Fogarty International Center, which has a $72 million budget this year. But $25 million would be set aside for other institutes to fund some of the center’s global health research and training.
In another structural change, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, which received $324 million in direct funding this year, would be folded into NIH. It would become a new National Institute for Research on Safety and Quality funded at $272 million from NIH’s budget, with an additional $107 million from an existing trust fund for patient-centered outcomes research.
One bright spot is that the proposal includes funding mandated by the 21st Century Cures Act for the Obama administration’s cancer moonshot, Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies neuroscience initiative, and Precision Medicine Initiative's planned 1-million-volunteer health study. As required by statute, those programs would receive $496 million in Cures funding in 2018, a 41% increase, from a mandatory funding stream separate from NIH’s regular appropriation.
Unlike in previous years, HHS did not hold a budget press briefing where HHS officials usually answer reporters’ questions about the proposal. At a House of Representatives hearing last week, one Democrat said the cuts would mean 5000 to 8000 fewer research grants in 2018.
United for Medical Research, a Washington, D.C.–based coalition that represents many biomedical research advocacy groups, decried the “drastic cuts” to NIH and called them “a significant blow to medical research.” Tannaz Rasouli, senior director of public policy and outreach for the Association of American Medical Colleges in Washington, D.C., says her group is also concerned that the plan to “dismantle” the Agency for Healthcare and Research Quality then “rebuild it from scratch” could disrupt research. Any restructuring would likely require involvement from Congress, she notes.
Both Republicans and Democrats on the committees overseeing NIH’s budget have already called Trump’s proposed cuts to NIH a nonstarter. “Thank goodness we don't expect Congress to take this budget seriously,” says Jennifer Zeitzer, director of legislative relations for the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology in Bethesda, Maryland. —Jocelyn KaiserNASA cuts put carbon monitoring effort in crosshairs
The request for NASA would kill off a research program necessary for establishing effective carbon monitoring in the United States and other countries, potentially jeopardizing the type of carbon accounting necessary to carry out the Paris climate agreement.
NASA's Carbon Monitoring System (CMS) was begun by congressional mandate in 2010 to develop methods for assessing the greenhouse gas emissions from forests and other natural carbon stocks. Although much of the work the $10 million NASA program supports is focused on the United States, it also supports pilot technologies for eventual use in countries such as Colombia, Cambodia, Mexico, and Peru.
"These countries rely on this collaboration in order to monitor the forests better," says Pontus Olofsson, a physical geographer at Boston University who has worked on two CMS grants, including a project that tracks tropical forests through time, estimating carbon emissions down to the pixel. "It would be devastating not only for us but also these partner countries."
The science program currently supports a wide area of research, including airborne measures of Alaska's interior forests, prototype methane monitors for California regulators, satellite-based assessments of farming emissions, and studies of forest fires in the Amazon basin.
Cutting this research would not just cause short-term troubles. It would be a long-lasting setback to combating climate change, says David Victor, an expert on international climate policy at the University of California, San Diego.
“These programs also lay the foundation for a future verification system,” Victor says. “Serious treaties to make deep cuts in emissions will require verification, just as serious arms control agreements only work when commitments can be verification. The country needs to start building this capability if we are to be ready to manage the global climate problem.”
The cut appears to be part of a pattern, Olofsson adds. The request also calls for cuts in international climate programs such as SilvaCarbon, a forest assistance program supported by the U.S. Geological Survey and the U.S. Forest Service, and they are all links in a chain that is working toward providing effective measures of human-caused carbon dioxide emissions. SilvaCarbon, for example, relies on the NASA pilot projects for its collaborations, Olofsson says. "If you take out one piece, it's kind of hard for things to function."
The shuttered effort would be part of $59 million in proposed cuts to earth science research grants at the agency, alongside a plan to end five space-based projects: four missions that the agency detailed in March and the elimination of the troubled Radiation Budget Instrument, a tool that was set to fly on the Joint Polar Satellite System-2 (JPSS-2) weather satellite to measure the incoming and outgoing energy of the planet. Overall, the budget of NASA’s earth science program would drop 8.9% from enacted 2017 levels, from $1.921 million to $1.754 million.
The full budget request otherwise closely matches the "skinny" budget proposed in March. Overall, the Office of Science would drop 1% from enacted 2017 levels, to $5.712 billion. Heliophysics would see its budget unchanged, whereas astrophysics would see a boost of 9%, from $750 million to $817 million. Planetary science, already a winner in the 2017 budget deal, would see its budget rise even higher, to $1.930 billion.
Robert Lightfoot, NASA's acting director in Washington, D.C., was upbeat in selling the proposal in a webcast, as befitting someone leading an agency that received $19.1 billion in proposed financing, a mere 2.8% drop from 2017 levels. "What this budget tells us to do is keep going," he said. "Keep doing what we're doing."
The proposed budget also retains plans to eliminate the agency's education office which, it says, "lacks sufficient outcome measures to assess the effectiveness of its programs." Congress has rejected past efforts to restructure that program. —Paul VoosenAt DOE, big cuts at user facilities and a mixed message on ITER
The Trump administration would take an ax to the Department of Energy's (DOE’s) Office of Science, the single largest funder of the physical sciences in the United States.
Spending for the office would fall 17% to $4.473 billion, the lowest level since 2008, not adjusting for inflation. The ax would fall on some research programs harder than others, however. In particular, DOE's work on biological and environmental research would fall by 43%, as the administration cuts or eliminates much of DOE's climate research.
The budget is far from a done deal; Congress still has to come up with its own spending plan for the next fiscal year, which begins 1 October. But even if it doesn't pass, the budget sends a troubling message, says one official at a DOE national laboratory who asked not to be named to avoid repercussions for the lab. "Basically, it says [science] is not important," the official says. "It says, 'We don't care if we have a leadership role in science and technology, we've got other priorities.'"
The Office of Science funds six research programs, and under the proposed budget all but one would take a significant cut.
Basic energy sciences (BES) funds research in chemistry, materials sciences, and condensed matter physics, and supports DOE's synchrotron light sources, neutron sources, and other user facilities. Long the rising star in the DOE portfolio, BES would see its budget fall 16.9% to $1.555 billion. And BES would lose several of its user facilities. For example, two of five nanoscience centers at the office's 10 national labs would close and the Stanford Synchrotron-Radiation Lightsource would run for 3 months and then be mothballed. All of BES's user facilities would see their budgets cut by 6% to 10%.
Similarly, the high energy physics program would receive a cut of 18.4% to $673 million. There, the cuts would largely come at the expense of research funding and the operations of existing facilities. For example, the administration would shave $20 million simply by running the accelerator complex at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory for 1800 hours in fiscal year 2018 instead of the 5983 hours it ran in 2016 or the 4800 hours that DOE considers optimal.
Nuclear physics would see its budget fall 19.1% to $503 million. Physicists in that program would be able to run their two major facilities, the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider at Brookhaven National Laboratory in Upton, New York, and the Continuous Beam Electron Facility at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility in Newport News, Virginia, for just 10 weeks apiece. The budget would also cut funding for construction of the facility for the $730 million Rare Isotope Beams at Michigan State in East Lansing. The project is already 70% done, but DOE would "rebaseline" it, delaying its completion and, inevitably, increasing the total cost.
Fusion energy sciences would be cut by 18.4% to $310 million. Nevertheless, the administration seems ready to stay with ITER, the international fusion experiment under construction near Cadarache in France, as it allots $63 million for the project. That's far less than U.S. researchers need to stay on schedule for building their parts of the great machine and would effectively kill the U.S. project, the lab official says: "The words don't say, 'Withdraw from ITER,' but for all practical purposes, the numbers do."
The biggest loser in the Trump budget is DOE's biological and environmental research (BER) program, whose budget would plummet 43% to $349 million. Much of that cut would come out of DOE's climate modeling research. The BER program contains two main components, biological systems sciences, which fund research such as genomics and advanced biofuel, and earth and environmental systems sciences (EESE), which funds research such as atmospheric monitoring and modeling. And EESE would suffer a cut of 61% to $123.6 million.
Among the DOE science programs, the one winner under the Trump budget would be the Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) program, which would receive an 11.6% boost to $722 million. But even there, the picture is complicated. Spending on computing research would actually fall, whereas ASCR would put $197 million toward DOE's exascale computing project—an effort to develop supercomputers than can execute 1 billion billion operations per second. Of course, with all the other cuts in DOE's science programs, it's not clear what all that extra computing power would be used to do.NOAA details cuts to climate research in glowing terms
The request for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) would drastically cut into the agency's climate research, shuttering a host of labs and programs. The agency released a detailed guide to these proposed cuts today—and described the programs on the chopping block in glowing terms that seemed to emphasize their value even as it proposed their elimination.
NOAA's Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research (OAR), one of the agency's primary research arms, would see its budget drop by 22%, from $514 million to $400 million, under the proposal. Despite these cuts, the proposal reads, the office would continue to "provide robust science that is instrumental to preventing the loss of human life, managing natural resources, and maintaining a strong economy."
OAR's climate-focused program would see a cut of $31 million, with $21 million of it taken from support for competitive research grants. Cuts would also terminate "Arctic research focused on improvements to sea ice modeling and predictions that support the safety of fishermen, commercial shippers, cruise ships, and local communities," the agency notes.
The proposal would also eliminate the Air Resources Laboratory in Silver Spring, Maryland, ending its "research on air chemistry, mercury deposition, and atmospheric dispersion of harmful materials." Development of an atmospheric model that "has emergency response applications, including tracking mercury deposition and anthrax bioterrorism," would also end, it noted.
The agency would also kill Vortex-Southeast, a $5 million "program used to detect, respond to, and warn against tornadoes in the Southeastern United States." And it would eliminate the $1.9 million genomics program at the Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory, which "supports coral monitoring and restoration, fisheries assessments for species such as Bluefin tuna larvae."
The agency requested $1.058 billion for the National Weather Service, down 6% from 2017. No need for $11 million for tsunami warning, it says—it will keep only one warning center open and eliminate support for preparedness and innovation research. The agency would also cut $5 million from its next-generation weather model, slowing "the transition of advanced modeling research into operations." And it would save another $5 million by terminating "all development, testing, and implementation of experimental products to extend operational weather outlooks … from 16 days to 30 days"—a priority of the recent weather bill passed by Congress.
All of these cuts, along with those detailed earlier in the administration's "skinny" budget, are likely to face a skeptical Congress that, in signing the recent government-financing deal for 2017, actually boosted the budget of OAR by 6.7%, and strongly supported most of the agency's other programs.
Indeed, the only coherence between the administration and Congress could be cuts to NOAA's satellite branch, the National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service (NESDIS). The Trump proposal would drop the NESDIS budget by 17%, including an already planned cut of $318 million to the GOES-R geostationary satellite program. NOAA's two JPSS polar weather satellites would see small cuts, whereas the two polar satellites planned to follow in their wake—called the Polar Follow On—would face a cut of $189 million this year as NOAA rethinks the satellites' futures in the face of competition from constellations of small commercial satellites. —Paul VoosenBasic research takes big hit overall, but would grow at NASA, defense department
The White House wants to cut federal spending on basic research by 13%, or $4.3 billion, to $28.9 billion, according to the request.
Historically, the federal government has provided the bulk of the nation’s spending on fundamental science, defined as studies undertaken without “specific applications towards processes or products in mind.” In recent years, however, the share of basic research funding provided by the federal government has been slipping, from roughly 70% in the 1960s and 1970s to an estimated 44% in 2015.
Under the request, just four agencies would see increases in basic research spending. (There are two caveats. First, the comparisons are with the 2016 funding levels; the final 2017 budget was enacted in early May, too late for inclusion in the president’s request. Second, these numbers are smaller than the agency’s overall research budget because of definitional issues.)
Other agencies would see cuts of between 11% and 19%. Some highlights:
Scientific societies and other groups are weighing in on the budget request. Here’s a sampling of reactions.ITIF: budget should be 'dead on arrival'
“Especially when it comes to areas ranging from scientific and engineering research to workforce education and skills, congressional leaders should declare the proposal ‘dead on arrival,'” said Stephen J. Ezell, vice president of the Information Technology and Innovation Foundation (ITIF) in Washington, D.C.
“The United States has suffered for more than a decade from chronic underinvestment in basic science, research and development, and technology commercialization, and from insufficient support for small manufacturers. Further reducing federal investment in these kinds of foundational goods will set back the country even further—undermining economic growth, causing standards of living to stagnate, and putting prosperity at risk for future generations of Americans. Yet the administration’s budget calls for a nearly 10 percent cut for non-defense R&D. The administration needs to recognize there is a big difference between wasteful spending and critical investments that ensure the U.S. economy, citizens, and businesses thrive. Targeted federal government programs of the sort the administration is suggesting Congress cut are widely used by even the most conservative Republican governors to help businesses in their states compete.”AAMC: 'devastating'
Darrell G. Kirch, president and CEO of the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) in Washington, D.C., issued a statement that called the deep cuts to NIH and other health programs “devastating.”
“Cuts of this magnitude would slow or halt vital research that creates hope for millions of Americans fighting chronic and life-threatening diseases. Reducing NIH funding also would harm local and regional economies, resulting in hundreds of thousands of jobs lost both within and outside of the research community. On the world stage, America’s standing as a leader in medical research would falter, possibly causing the best and brightest scientists to move to other nations with more robust research enterprises.”APS: vulnerable at risk
“This budget, if enacted, would jeopardize our nation’s educational, scientific and health enterprises and limit access to critically needed mental and behavioral health services,” said Antonio E. Puente, president of the American Psychological Society (APS) in Washington, D.C. “These cuts would disproportionately affect people living in poverty, people with serious mental illness and other disabilities, women, children, people living with HIV/AIDS, older adults, ethnic and racial minorities, immigrants, and members of the LGBTQ community.”AAAS: how did it come to this?
“I don't know how we’ve gotten to a stage where anyone would consider anything like this,” said Rush Holt, CEO of AAAS in Washington, D.C. (publisher of ScienceInsider), during a teleconference. “Our preliminary numbers show that total research funding would decline by 16.8%,” a hit that would “devastate America’s science and technology enterprise.”
But Holt hopes the bill won’t live long outside of the White House, noting that early responses from members of congress suggest that, once again, Trump has failed to work closely with congress or federal agencies to produce a budget proposal likely to be approved. “It seems that this budget is put together on the basis of ideology and imaginary economics rather than hard facts about … what research is productive according to the agencies where the research is funded and done,” Holt said. —Lindzi WesselCensus Project: 'woefully underfunds' preparations for 2020 count
The request for the Census Bureau “woefully underfunds preparations for the national census at a critical phase in the planning,” stakeholders of the Census Project in Washington, D.C., said in a statement. The group includes include state and local governments, business and industry, civil rights and labor groups, housing and child advocates, and research and professional organizations “that support a complete, fair and accurate census.”
Here is the rest of their release:
“With the delays in recruiting qualified talent to oversee the census planning at both the Census Bureau and the Department of Commerce, we hope Congress will not compound the problem by failing to provide sufficient FY 2018 funding for critical data collection and testing for 2020,” said Phil Sparks of the Census Project. The administration budget proposes funding the Census Bureau at $1.524 billion for FY 2018, only a $54 million increase over 2017, lagging far behind comparable increases at this stage in advance of previous decennial head counts.
Census observers have been concerned the Trump administration and Congress have minimized the significant challenges the bureau faces at this point in the decennial planning cycle and why Census needs an increase in funds now. “This is a recipe for disaster if we are to achieve a fair and inclusive national count mandated by our Constitution,” said Sparks.
The Census Bureau is facing a daunting array of workload challenges between now and the end of the decade, including the 2017 Economic Census, the annual American Community Survey of about 4 million households per year, and end-to-end testing of new designs for the 2020 decennial census, which will feature the first ever online response option.
Congress must approve the FY 2018 appropriations by October 1 this year, on the eve of several key census field tests targeting 700,000 households in Rhode Island, Washington state and West Virginia to finalize operational designs for the 2020 count. Sparks said his group would strongly advocate Congress override the president’s request and significantly increase the bureau’s funding. “We may be facing an historic disaster unless Congress acts to save the census,” Sparks added.Science Coalition opposes 'extreme' cuts
The Washington, D.C.–based group said in a statement: “The extreme funding cuts to science agencies and related programs included in the budget released today would harm America’s research enterprise and our nation’s leadership in scientific discovery. Basic scientific research, conducted at universities in communities across the country, is the smallest slice of the nation’s R&D pie, yet it is the critical spark that ignites discovery and innovation in the United States.
“The return on the federal government’s investment in research surrounds us. From life changing discoveries to innovations that produce new industries, and from building a STEM workforce to creating new jobs, science-driven innovation has been a powerful driver of the U.S. economy for decades.”UCAR worried about earth science
“We are concerned that the administration's proposed cuts to research into the Earth system sciences will undermine the continued scientific progress that is so vitally needed to better protect the nation in the future from costly natural disasters,” Antonio J. Busalacchi, the president of the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR) in Boulder, Colorado, said in a statement. “This would have serious repercussions for the U.S. economy and national security, and for the ability to protect life and property. Such funding cuts would be especially unfortunate at a time when the nation is moving to regain its position as the world leader in weather forecasting.”
“UCAR is extremely grateful to the bipartisan majorities in the House and Senate that voted to sustain research funding in the current fiscal year. We look forward to working with Congress in the months ahead to maintain the level of funding needed in the fiscal year 2018 budget to support essential Earth system science research.”Lung association: 'Reject this budget'
“Congress must reject this budget,” said Harold P. Wimmer, National President and CEO of the American Lung Association in Chicago, Illinois, in a statement. “Rather than putting America’s health first, this budget instead puts the health and safety of all Americans—but especially our nation’s most vulnerable, such as lower-income Americans, children and those living with a lung disease like asthma—in jeopardy.”ResearchAmerica!: 'heavy-handed'
“The president’s proposed FY18 budget is an imbalanced, heavy-handed approach to bolstering national defense at the expense of other American priorities, including the research and innovation crucial to national security,” said Mary Woolley, president and CEO of Research!America in Arlington, Virgnia. “Instead of weakening our nation with this approach, we urge the 115th Congress to negotiate a bipartisan budget deal that will ensure that both defense and nondefense priorities are sufficiently funded."
“Steep funding cuts for the federal health agencies are counterproductive at a time when innovative research is moving us closer to identifying solutions for rare diseases, new prevention strategies to protect Americans from deadly and costly conditions, advances in gene therapy, new technologies for understanding the brain, and treatments that harness the ability of our immune system to fight cancer.”UCS: 'wrecking ball'
“President Trump’s proposed budget takes a wrecking ball to agencies that protect our health, safety and environment,” said Ken Kimmell, president of the Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS) in Cambridge, Massachussetts, in a statement. “His budget would gut the EPA, for example, taking our environmental cops off the beat and allowing those who would seek to pollute to get away with it. I also know from my experience heading a state environmental agency that states have neither the funds nor the staff to pick up the slack when federal enforcement is decimated."
“His budget would also stall out U.S. technological innovation and scientific research, and the country’s capabilities to respond to extreme weather and national security threats. This is all while driving up the deficit to pay for massive military budget increases we don’t need. The Department of Energy, for example, has an office that’s breaking new ground on advanced energy technologies that could boost the U.S. economy significantly. But the president doesn’t have the foresight to see the benefit of these types of programs."AIBS: 'stifles innovation'
“The Administration’s budget request stifles innovation, future economic growth, and job creation,” said Dr. Robert Gropp, co–executive director of The American Institute of Biological Sciences (AIBS) in Washington, D.C. “These deep cuts to scientific research and education programs will negatively impact our ability to improve public health and solve environmental problems for years to come.”
“For years, Congress has demonstrated bipartisan support for investing in science. I encourage them to continue to invest in our nation’s future by rejecting the president’s budget requests for scientific research and education programs. We should be investing in research and science education, which are the keys to opportunity,” Gropp added.Biochemists: science investments would be lowest in 40 years
The budget, “if enacted, would significantly damage the nation's role as the global leader of research and innovation, and would roll back years of bipartisan support from Congress,” said Benjamin Corb, public affairs director for the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology in Rockville, Maryland, in a statement. “The president's proposal brings NIH funding to a 17-year low, erasing not only the recent history of increases provided by Congress but also the budget growth of the late 1990s and early 2000s, at which time Congress doubled the NIH's budget. The proposed budget for NSF will reverse the basic research agency’s growth to fiscal year 2007 levels. Overall, the president's budget would bring total federal investments in scientific research spending to a 40-year low.”
“Further, the president's budget, which cuts nondefense discretionary spending while significantly increasing defense spending eliminates the parity between defense and nondefense spending that has been a hallmark of America's recent fiscal policy.”
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ECCouncil [21 Certification Exam(s) ]
ECDL [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
EMC [129 Certification Exam(s) ]
Enterasys [13 Certification Exam(s) ]
Ericsson [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
ESPA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Esri [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
ExamExpress [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Exin [40 Certification Exam(s) ]
ExtremeNetworks [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
F5-Networks [20 Certification Exam(s) ]
FCTC [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Filemaker [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
Financial [36 Certification Exam(s) ]
Food [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
Fortinet [13 Certification Exam(s) ]
Foundry [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
FSMTB [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Fujitsu [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
GAQM [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
Genesys [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
GIAC [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Google [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
GuidanceSoftware [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
H3C [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
HDI [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
Healthcare [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
HIPAA [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Hitachi [30 Certification Exam(s) ]
Hortonworks [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
Hospitality [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
HP [750 Certification Exam(s) ]
HR [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
HRCI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Huawei [21 Certification Exam(s) ]
Hyperion [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
IAAP [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IAHCSMM [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IBM [1532 Certification Exam(s) ]
IBQH [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ICAI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ICDL [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
IEEE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IELTS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IFPUG [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IIA [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
IIBA [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
IISFA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Intel [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
IQN [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IRS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISACA [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISC2 [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISEB [24 Certification Exam(s) ]
Isilon [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISM [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
iSQI [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
ITEC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Juniper [64 Certification Exam(s) ]
LEED [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Legato [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
Liferay [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Logical-Operations [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Lotus [66 Certification Exam(s) ]
LPI [24 Certification Exam(s) ]
LSI [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Magento [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Maintenance [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
McAfee [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
McData [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Medical [69 Certification Exam(s) ]
Microsoft [374 Certification Exam(s) ]
Mile2 [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Military [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Misc [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Motorola [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
mySQL [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
NBSTSA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
NCEES [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
NCIDQ [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
NCLEX [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Network-General [12 Certification Exam(s) ]
NetworkAppliance [39 Certification Exam(s) ]
NI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
NIELIT [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Nokia [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
Nortel [130 Certification Exam(s) ]
Novell [37 Certification Exam(s) ]
OMG [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
Oracle [279 Certification Exam(s) ]
P&C [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Palo-Alto [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
PARCC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
PayPal [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Pegasystems [12 Certification Exam(s) ]
PEOPLECERT [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
PMI [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Polycom [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
PostgreSQL-CE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Prince2 [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
PRMIA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
PsychCorp [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
PTCB [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
QAI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
QlikView [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Quality-Assurance [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
RACC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Real-Estate [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
RedHat [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
RES [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
Riverbed [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
RSA [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Sair [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
Salesforce [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
SANS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
SAP [98 Certification Exam(s) ]
SASInstitute [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
SAT [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
SCO [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
SCP [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
SDI [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
See-Beyond [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Siemens [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Snia [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
SOA [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Social-Work-Board [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
SpringSource [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
SUN [63 Certification Exam(s) ]
SUSE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Sybase [17 Certification Exam(s) ]
Symantec [134 Certification Exam(s) ]
Teacher-Certification [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
The-Open-Group [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
TIA [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Tibco [18 Certification Exam(s) ]
Trainers [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Trend [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
TruSecure [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
USMLE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
VCE [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
Veeam [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Veritas [33 Certification Exam(s) ]
Vmware [58 Certification Exam(s) ]
Wonderlic [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Worldatwork [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
XML-Master [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Zend [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
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