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IELTS exam Dumps Source : International English Language Test - General/Academic - Reading/Writing/Speaking/Listening
Test Code : IELTS
Test Name : International English Language Test - General/Academic - Reading/Writing/Speaking/Listening
Vendor Name : IELTS
Q&A : 0 Real Questions
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MANILA - Bracing for life after Brexit, U.okay. hospitals badly need more nurses like Filipino Jobie Escalona. however she twice flunked the English language look at various it's required to get there, by which she became asked to put in writing about subject matters such because the deserves of immigration and computer education in school.
With three years adventure in a non-public clinic in Manila, 23-yr-historic Escalona lost pretty much 3 months’ salary paying almost $600 to sit the overseas English Language look at various system (IELTS) checks.
fed up, she become able to surrender on the U.k. and check out Canada — one among a couple of other international locations in need of nurses — unless her father persuaded her to take the look at various a third time.
“i was already dropping hope,” she mentioned. finally, in January last yr, she handed, having eventually bought a field she felt relaxed writing about in the tough written component of the verify.
requested to compare group and individual sports, Escalona had little problem: “i was in a position to relate to it as a result of i'm a swimmer.”
however, her tortuous adventure doesn’t bode smartly for the U.ok.’s probabilities of correctly filling the alarming staffing gaps in its fitness care functions.
With Brexit looming, the supply of nurses from European Union nations has basically dried up, with lots going domestic. And of the various foreign nationalities employed in the U.k., Filipinos make up a major number.
As of June ultimate 12 months, 16 p.c of nursing jobs in hospitals and community health functions had been held with the aid of foreigners — almost a quarter of whom had been Filipinos.
The U.okay. is already facing a shortage of forty,000 nurses, and as soon as it leaves the eu, if that ever occurs, the hole could widen to 50,000 — ample to group of workers more than forty small to medium-sized hospitals — in response to a report commissioned through the Cavendish Coalition, a bunch of fitness and social care companies.
The staffing crisis is increasing the U.ok.’s dependency on hiring from affordable countries like India and the Philippines, the place English is generally spoken, yet the language examine has proved to be a tremendous obstacle.
Philippine recruitment firm Louis foreign Manpower capabilities has received 1,000 job orders for nurses considering the fact that 2015.
It has crammed best 1 / 4 of them.
“It is not because of the lack of applications, however the English examine,” said Lilibeth Villas, documentation officer on the firm. “we have applicants who had been interviewed in 2015, however they have not passed the verify yet.”
Run by way of the British Council, IDP training and Cambridge evaluation, the IELTS examine gauges candidates’ potential to talk, pay attention, examine and write, and is used by way of employers world wide.
Questions within the tutorial written area asks candidates to write short essays on distinct subjects. Examples given on the IELTS website blanketed decoding graphs on changes in radio and television audiences, and gender variations between full and part-time college students, and discussing the pros and cons of nuclear technology or of regulating motor vehicle ownership.
Many candidates obviously find the weighty topics too daunting.
Febin Cyriac, a company development manager at Envertiz Consultancy, a U.k. health care recruitment company that focuses on bringing in nurses from remote places, all started a petition on trade.org in 2014 that asked U.k. regulators to chill out their IELTS scores.
Working as a nurse himself, Cyriac stated there are an outstanding number of Indian or Filipino nurses with many years of event working in the U.k., but who are handiest working as assistant nurses within the national fitness service (NHS) and nursing homes.
“IELTS is the handiest barrier for them to observe as a nurse within the UK,” spoke of Cyriac, himself a nurse working in the U.okay.
nonetheless, the number of Filipinos within the NHS has risen through essentially a 3rd in the last two years, in response to govt figures.
Late closing year, the circulate mark for the writing area changed into decreased, but there are no immediate plans to make further adjustments to the test necessities, pointed out Andrea Sutcliffe, Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC) Chief government and Registrar.
“we will continue to cautiously monitor the impact of the contemporary alterations. This change is a part of a much wider review of our distant places registration procedures aimed toward making it less difficult and consumer-pleasant for individuals with the correct potential and capabilities to be part of our register in a timely way,” Sutcliffe pointed out.
there is an Occupational English verify (OET), extra proper to scientific authorities, that international nurses can take. in the event that they circulate that verify they might nonetheless should sit down the IELTS, but they would be eligible for a decrease flow mark. The OET is more high priced, however, making it unattractive for low paid nurses.
A London-primarily based recruitment company visited Manila lately to find nurses for Cambridge institution, East Surrey and Royal Cornwall Hospitals, while there have also been recent hiring drives for clinic trusts in Oxford, Hull and Dudley.
Germany, Japan, the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia are the other international locations hiring Filipino nurses, stated Bernard Olalia, head of the government’s Philippine remote places Employment Administration.
In January alone, Olalia’s workplace acquired 1,000 job orders for nurses from Saudi Arabia.
“There are a lot of markets for our Filipino nurses,” Olalia said, adding that it became comprehensible in the event that they took jobs in areas where the requirements were less complicated to satisfy.
Filipino nurses who had been recruited in the Nineteen Nineties did not should take the language tests, yet they're nevertheless within the NHS and proposing good service, referred to Reydeluz Conferido, who became except currently the labor attache to the Philippine Embassy in London.
while there, Conferido known as on U.ok. officers to review the requirements placed on overseas nurses to look whether they have been serving the appropriate purpose or developing an artificial barrier.
“in case you in reality desire these nurses, you could possibly do whatever about your requirements,” he stated.latest ASIA PACIFIC experiences
MANILA--Bracing for life after Brexit, British hospitals badly need greater nurses like Filipino Jobie Escalona, but she twice flunked a mandatory English language look at various that requested her to jot down up the deserves of immigration and computing device training in faculty.
The 23-12 months-historical Escalona, with three years journey in a private sanatorium in Manila, lost essentially three months salary paying very nearly $600 (sixty six,796 yen) to sit the checks.
bored to death, she was ready to quit on Britain and check out Canada, certainly one of a couple of other nations wanting nurses, until her father persuaded her to take the look at various a third time.
"i used to be already dropping hope," she instructed Reuters. ultimately, in January remaining year, she handed, having eventually bought a area she felt relaxed writing about in the complicated written component of the look at various.
requested to evaluate team and individual activities, Escalona had little situation: "i was capable of relate to it as a result of i am a swimmer."
however, her tortuous event doesn't bode smartly for Britain's possibilities of appropriately filling alarming staffing gaps in its fitness-care services.
With Brexit looming, the give of nurses from European Union nations has pretty much dried up, with plenty going domestic. And of the numerous foreign nationalities employed in Britain, Filipinos made up the largest quantity, with 10,719, in line with a parliamentary paper.
As of June closing 12 months, 16 p.c of nursing jobs in hospitals and group health capabilities were held by foreigners--basically 1 / 4 of whom were Filipinos.
Britain is already dealing with a scarcity of forty,000 nurses, and once it leaves the ecu, if it ever occurs, the hole could widen to 50,000, ample to personnel greater than forty small to medium-sized hospitals, in response to a record commissioned with the aid of the Cavendish Coalition, a group of fitness and social care groups.
OUT OF THEIR comfort ZONE
The staffing crisis is expanding Britain's dependency on hiring from competitively priced nations like India and the Philippines, where English is widely spoken, yet the language look at various has proved to be a tremendous obstacle.
Philippine recruitment enterprise Louis foreign Manpower features has acquired 1,000 job orders for nurses considering that 2015.
It has handiest filled 1 / 4 of them.
"It is not on account of the inability of purposes, however the English look at various," noted Lilibeth Villas, documentation officer at the company. "we've applicants who have been interviewed in 2015, however they have not handed the look at various yet."
Run by means of the British Council, IDP training and Cambridge evaluation, the international English Language check gadget (IELTS) gauges candidates' capability to communicate, listen, examine and write, and is used with the aid of employers world wide.
Questions within the tutorial written area asks candidates to put in writing brief essays on distinctive subjects. Examples given on the IELTS website protected interpreting graphs on adjustments in radio and tv audiences, and gender variations between full and half-time college students, and discussing the execs and cons of nuclear technology and of regulating car possession.
Many candidates obviously locate the weighty subject matters too daunting.
Febin Cyriac, a business building supervisor at Envertiz Consultancy, a British fitness-care recruitment enterprise that makes a speciality of bringing in nurses from foreign places, begun a petition in exchange.org in 2014 that asked U.okay. regulators to chill out their IELTS scores.
Working as a nurse himself, Cyriac pointed out there are a good number of Indian or Filipino nurses with a long time of experience working in Britain, but who're simplest working as assistant nurses in the country wide fitness carrier (NHS) and nursing homes.
"IELTS is the handiest barrier for them to apply as a nurse in the U.okay.," said Cyriac, himself a nurse working in Britain.
nonetheless, the variety of Filipinos in the NHS has risen by way of just about a third in the closing two years, in response to British government figures.
Late remaining 12 months, the pass mark for the writing section became diminished, however there are not any instant plans to make further changes to the examine necessities, mentioned Andrea Sutcliffe, Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC) Chief government and Registrar.
"we will proceed to cautiously display screen the impact of the contemporary changes. This trade is part of a much wider overview of our remote places registration techniques geared toward making it more convenient and user-friendly for people with the correct knowledge and competencies to be part of our register in a well timed approach," Sutcliffe spoke of.
there is an Occupational English examine (OET), greater proper to clinical specialists, that overseas nurses can take. if they move that test they'd still have to take a seat the IELTS, however they would be eligible for a decrease move mark. The OET is more expensive, despite the fact, making it unattractive for low paid nurses.
A London-based mostly recruitment company visited Manila currently to locate nurses for Cambridge institution, East Surrey and Royal Cornwall Hospitals, while there have additionally been contemporary hiring drives for health center trusts in Oxford, Hull and Dudley.
Germany, Japan, the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia are the other nations hiring Filipino nurses, observed Bernard Olalia, head of the executive's Philippine remote places Employment Administration.
In January alone, Olalia's workplace got 1,000 job orders for nurses from Saudi Arabia.
"There are a lot of markets for our Filipino nurses," Olalia referred to, including that it turned into understandable if they took jobs in places the place the requirements had been more straightforward to satisfy.
Filipino nurses who had been recruited within the Nineteen Nineties didn't have to take the language exams, yet they're nonetheless in the NHS and featuring good service, stated Reydeluz Conferido, who became until lately the labor attache to the Philippines embassy in London.
while there, Conferido called on British officials to assessment the necessities placed on distant places nurses to look whether or not they have been serving the correct aim or growing a synthetic barrier.
"in case you definitely want these nurses, you can do something about your requisites," he stated.
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Brexit has put demand for overseas healthcare workers, including occupational health (OH) and occupational therapy (OT), firmly in the spotlight. But whatever our future relationship with Europe, the need for foreign national healthcare specialists is unlikely to go away, and an alternative language test for gauging English fluency, the Occupational English Test, is gaining in popularity. Debbie Rogers explains what it offers.
For many years, the International English Language Testing System (IELTS) has been the preferred qualification to assess the appropriate level of English for overseas staff and students who live and work in the UK. It is used by universities and organisations such as the NHS to ensure effective and fluent communication takes place in English-speaking environments.
However, whilst IELTS is useful for testing general and academic English, it doesn’t address English language competence in specific work environments, such as medicine, where context is vital.About the author
Debbie Rogers is chief executive of English language learning provider The English Teacher and a lecturer in English language teaching (ELT) for non-native speakers
That is why from April last year, the Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC) and the General Medical Council (GMC), among other organisations, accepted the Occupational English Test (OET) as an alternative proof of fluency, on a par with IELTS for professional registration and visa purposes.
There has been speculation in some quarters that OET is more challenging than IELTS, and in others that this new qualification is far easier.
In fact, OET is no more or less difficult than IELTS. But its advantage is that it is contextualised to specific professions. So, for example, an exam that tests English skills in a familiar medical setting is (according to my students at any rate) much more appropriate and useful for both the health practitioner and the patient.Testing in context
OET covers 12 medical professions, from doctors and nurses to pharmacists, physiotherapists and radiographers. Like the IELTS, it examines all four essential skills – reading, writing, speaking and listening. However, all of these skills are tested in the context of medical/healthcare work.
Therefore, for nurses, the writing part of the exam would consist of, say, writing a discharge letter to a GP. This would test the candidate’s ability to use appropriate language, comprehend the stimulus (in this case patient notes), use accurate grammar and vocabulary, spelling, punctuation, etc.
The speaking part of the OET uses typical workplace interactions with patients, assessing the healthcare professional’s ability to speak clearly and fluently with appropriate language and grammar. It also tests how well the candidate can build a relationship with the patient, give and gather appropriate information, and how their use of language enables them to understand the patient’s perspective.
Listening skills are tested by answering questions on patient/doctor consultations, medical lectures, patient handovers and so on. The aim is to ensure the candidate can understand, interpret and record detailed information, as well as comprehend views, attitudes and overall gist.
Reading usually uses work-based texts such as patient notes, policy documents, workplace updates/memos, medical journals, medical studies and industry magazines. Health professionals are expected to be able to understand comprehensive texts, infer meaning, read for gist and purpose, and extract main points and details.Cherry-picking ‘the best’
The UK is commonly thought of as having one of the most highly regarded health care systems around the world, and it has always been high on the list of “go-to” employers for overseas staff. Whilst the onset of Brexit has slightly dampened enthusiasm for working in the UK, thankfully medical and healthcare professionals continue to work throughout the British Isles, and recruitment is still relatively easy.
As a career-based English language test, the OET marks a sea-change in the workplace. Foreign national healthcare specialists are very much in demand, and that demand is likely to remain for the foreseeable future.
Now that the NMC and other professional bodies accept OET certification, OH professionals who have struggled to pass IELTS are likely to feel more confident when they take the OET. For OH recruiters, this will also dramatically widen the pool of talent available and give them access to more candidates who can communicate well in the workplace.Preparing for and taking OET
Healthcare professionals can take the test in 16 venues across the UK, from Scotland to Devon, and tests are usually held once a month.
At present, however, few colleges and training providers offer OET preparation classes. It is usual for employers to spend some of their education and induction budget on providing an in-house course, either over a few months or intensively over a few weeks.
The Occupational English Test provides a list of test venues and dates, as well as external course providers who have either completed, or are currently undergoing the official OET teaching programme.
As well as in-house training, many providers also work online and/or on a small group/one-to-one basis, providing a blended learning programme. You can also find a list of preparation providers here.
Of course, these providers aren’t the only sources of OET preparation. But they have been “rubber stamped” by the official examining body as providing comprehensive preparation courses.
Although the OET is more expensive than IELTS (around £330 per candidate as opposed to approximately £200), employers should take into account the likelihood that candidates may pass OET more quickly than repeated attempts at IELTS because of its specific professional context.The future of OET in OH
Occupational health, as with the other medical professions, is likely to employ more overseas nurses, OTs and physiotherapists in the next few years.
Take-up of the OET is growing rapidly as employers recognise value of OET in ensuring patient safety and quality of care, as well as effective communication and fluency.
Therefore, if as an employer, recruiter or an OH professional running your own consultancy and you are considering employing overseas OH staff, it may be worth looking seriously at OET as an alternative to IELTS for registration/visa purposes for your overseas employees.
The Occupational English Test list of test venues https://www.occupationalenglishtest.org
Preparation providers https://www.occupationalenglishtest.org/preparation-providers
Using the International English Language Testing System (IELTS) to test things other than the English readiness of international students commencing study or training, which is what it was designed to do, is problematic. The same can be said of tests like TOEFL iBT, which were built for academic purposes, and should only be used in that way.
When they are applied to other contexts, such as migration or professional registration, it reduces the validity of these tests. They may not target the right proficiency for those purposes.
Take driver’s licences for example. Compare a car, bus and motorcycle license: they all have the same road rules in common, but passing a car driver’s test doesn’t automatically qualify you to handle a motorcycle or drive a bus. Tests of English are similar. They often have basic commonalities, such as the road rules of grammar and basic vocabulary, but the test focus and purpose varies.IELTS scores
The test was created in 1989 in response to Australia opening its tertiary sector to international students. It was first used in 1999 for skilled migration. In 2001, it was used for general Australian migration. Language testing to gain professional registration was already established by this time.
Read more: English test for international students isn't new, just more standardised
IELTS is a standardised test. It has four sub-tests of speaking, listening, reading, and writing. It scores between 0-9, rising in 0.5 increments.
Improvement on lower scores is usually much easier to achieve than at higher levels. The effort needed to improve in English from one to two is much easier to develop than that for six to seven.
Institutions use the overall average score and/or the sub-test scores. To get a score of seven in reading and listening sub-tests, a candidate can get about 25% of the questions wrong. You can hear big differences in speaking ability between a score of five:
A score of six:
And a score of seven:
IELTS Academic and IELTS General Training differs in the writing and reading sub-tests. The listening and speaking sub-tests are the same. The academic reading sub-test is based on three long complex texts and the writing sub-test involves writing a formal essay and writing about information in a chart/diagram. The general training reading sub-test is based on everyday written materials (such as newspapers, brochures, advertisements), and the writing sub-test involves writing a letter and writing an essay using a personal style.Misuse and misapplications
Complaints about IELTS are many. Essentially, these arise from the misuse and misapplication of the test.
For example, currently in the UK, overseas nursing recruitment has halted because native English-speaking nurses are failing IELTS. The first problem is that IELTS was not meant to test health care communication. It focuses on topics that have nothing to do with nursing, such as bee communication or pagoda construction.
Unsurprisingly, the more appropriate Occupational English Test is now being considered. It’s surprising the Occupational English Test hasn’t become the sole test used for healthcare registration, and other poor-fitting tests such as IELTS and TOEFL iBT haven’t already been removed as alternate accrediting options. The Occupational English Test is the only purpose-built test for the health care profession.
The second problem is IELTS was not meant for native English-speakers, who are expected to have much different linguistic skill sets to non-native speakers. This is because non-native speakers acquire English differently, more through reading and writing, and have different skills, like extensive English testing experience. On the other hand, native speakers have a lifetime of experience in English (acquired about five years of speaking and listening before learning to read and write), but less experience in being tested for their English.
IELTS doesn’t test for knowledge of the slang, idioms, and phrasal verbs a patient will use regularly. Jargon and culturally-specific materials are edited out before each IELTS test is released, yet a native speaker would easily ace a test that contained those elements. A non-native speaker would struggle.
Currently, the Australian government accepts the results of a number of different independent standardised English tests to establish functional, vocational, proficient, and superior categories of English language skills for migrants.
Now the government is proposing to tighten the English language requirement to screen certain types of migrants, such as refugees, for citizenship. They would require an IELTS score of six, but it’s unclear whether they will be using IELTS Academic or IELTS General Training which is much easier to pass.
Read more: English language bar for citizenship likely to further disadvantage refugees
The IELTS organisation has not officially disapproved of the use of the test beyond its original purpose. It comments on recommendation test scores for study, but is quiet on its use for migration or work purposes. But, at least one of the IELTS original designers has openly objected to it.
We should find alternatives which might better test proficiency for each specific purpose. This could include successfully completing an English course, looking at alternative tests which focus on general proficiency (no academic component), or building a new test.
Most people who take the International English Language Testing System (IELTS) exam do not get more than two months to prepare. IELTS consists of three written tests (Listening, Reading, and Writing; 2 hours and 40 minutes in all) and a speaking test, where you face an interviewer for 11-14 minutes. Also, IELTS offers you two options: the Academic module and the General Training module. If you weren’t sure which one to take, check with the authorities who you are interacting with in your quest to study / work abroad. Make sure you do not prepare for the wrong module!
Second, IELTS results are given in Band Scores from 1 to 9 for each test, besides an overall score. A candidate who scores 9 is an expert user with “fully operational command of the language.” For lower bands, the requirements are progressively lighter. Often, a university stipulates that candidates should score say, 7.5 overall, and minimum 7 in each test. Therefore, you must find out what scores you should aim at.
Next, do some research online. The IELTS is jointly owned by Cambridge University, the British Council, and IDP Australia. Go to their websites and check the band descriptors for Speaking and Writing.
That brings us to the fourth point. The Internet is overflowing with study / practice materials for IELTS. Go to a reliable site like the ones I have mentioned. Or better, get an authentic guide (textbook) published by a reputable international publisher. Go through the relevant pages of the book / website and thoroughly understand the patterns of each test. Next, simulate an exam-like atmosphere at home and take a (diagnostic) mock test from the book. (You get free tests online too.) You won’t be able judge your own writing, but you will get a feel of the task ahead. With regard to the listening and reading tests (each with total marks of 40), you can find out where exactly you stand. Refer to the key at the back of the book and check your score in the mock test. Then convert this raw score into band score by referring to: https://www.ielts.org/ielts-for-organisations/ielts-scoring-in-detail
This exercise will give you another opportunity to check if you are ready for the test. If you believe you are “somewhere there”, follow the advice given below. However, if you are far away, do not rush to the exam hall. For example, if your aim is to score 7, and your speaking ability and listening / reading scores match what is required for 5, it will be a tall order to improve your language by two levels in a few months. In that scenario, work on your basic language skills and take the IELTS when you are ready. This suggestion may not be pleasant, but it is good. If you decide to go ahead, follow the lessons in the authentic IELTS guide and learn the techniques that help you score better. Equally importantly, practise extensively. To practise speaking, get an interlocutor to work with. For the rest, use the exercises and test papers in the book. For more practice, procure question papers published by Cambridge University Press or IDP Australia.
(The author is an IELTS trainer and has co-written IELTS Academic: Preparation and Practice, published by Oxford University Press)
First Published: Nov 28, 2018 10:57 IST
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