|Exam Name||:||Imaging and Printing Security-Technical|
|Questions and Answers||:||40 Q & A|
|Updated On||:||April 22, 2019|
|PDF Download Mirror||:||Pass4sure HP2-B75 Dump|
|Get Full Version||:||Pass4sure HP2-B75 Full Version|
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Friday, March 29, 2019
Press free up from the issuing enterprise
Inkspiration 2019 Winners announced at Dscoop aspect Orlando
Orlando, Fla. – At Dscoop edge Orlando 2019, the shiny neighborhood of HP photographs print service providers identified their counterparts in the 4rd annual HP Inkspiration Americas Awards for marvelous works produced with HP digital printing expertise.
Twelve winners have been selected for unique and robust applications on March 26 at the Orlando, Florida convention. The categories cowl well-known commercial printing, labels and packaging, signage, and innovation with software and inks. Some 200 entries from greater than seventy five HP PSPs and designers had been submitted to the competitors of works produced on HP Indigo, PageWide internet Press, and Scitex print expertise.
“The creativity and outstanding ideas generated with the aid of our Dscoop neighborhood are so a great deal greater than Inkspiration. they're reworking the pictures print experience,” referred to Dscoop CEO Keith Wilmot.
The annual contest showcases the most effective work from HP customers and celebrates how PSPs are pushing the boundaries of what is feasible with digital printing. balloting changed into held live via attendees for the primary time at this yr’s conference in Orlando, from March 24-27, where the firm said a checklist of 1700 contributors.
“Our shoppers are leveraging HP know-how to grow their enterprise, innovate, damage boundaries and push print to the subsequent stage,” added Alon Bar-Shany, common supervisor, HP Indigo, HP Inc.
The 2019 award winners for regular business Printing:
Labels and Packaging winners:
utility know-how and inks:
Signage (Ridged & flexible) - Cactus Imaging Australia, for a 34 x 25 meter building wrap, at the moment the largest installed in Melbourne Australia. Printed on a HP Scitex 5500 printer.
To publish a remark Log In or turn into a Member, doing so is standard and free
Kornit Digital Ltd., a corporation that develops, designs and markets creative digital printing options for the global printed cloth business, introduced it has appointed Stephen Nigro as a strategic advisor to the company and Board of administrators. The enterprise plans to because of this nominate Nigro for election to the Board at Kornit’s predicted August 2019 Annual Shareholder assembly.
Stephen Nigro is an trade veteran who has spent greater than 37 years at HP working in a lot of capacities, most currently as President of 3D Printing, overseeing the world construct out and execution of that company segment. earlier than that, Nigro become Senior vice president of Imaging and Printing, main all of HP’s printing groups together with HP Inkjet, HP LaserJet and HP graphics.
other senior leadership positions at HP that have been held in the past with the aid of Nigro, protected Senior vice chairman of Inkjet and graphics business, Senior vp of Retail and web options, Senior vice president of portraits and Imaging, and Senior vice chairman of technology systems.
Most chiefly, Nigro led the creation of the pix arts company, 3D business and growth of HP’s international inkjet business.
Nigro holds a Masters in Electrical Engineering from Stanford school and a Bachelors in Mechanical Engineering from UC Santa Barbara.
Kornit Digital’s Chief govt Officer, Ronen Samuel, commented, “we're pleased to welcome Stephen Nigro as an consultant to the company and as a prospective member of our Board of directors. he's a veteran within the printing trade, has a confirmed tune checklist and has been instrumental, in constructing and scaling new organizations. per Kornit’s ambitions, Stephen too, has witnessed, led and supported transformations from analogue to digital printing. His appointment additional strengthens our team and enhances the collective talents we are capable of leverage from our different set of executives, advisors and Board contributors.”
Nigro commented, “i'm excited to associate with the Kornit team and am absolutely impressed by Kornit’s technology, present footprint and plans to extra scale the company. Kornit possesses the expertise and supplies to pressure the transition to digital, and it is clear that the company is placed to disrupt the conclusion markets it serves. That transition parallels digital transitions that I have viewed right through my profession. My old journey will hence support to force the execution of Kornit’s growth plans. i am in addition completely happy to be capable of associate with any such gifted group.”
Stephen Nigro’s engagement commences on April 2, 2019.
source: Kornit Digital
The previous press unencumber became provided by way of an organization unaffiliated with Printing Impressions. The views expressed within do not directly reflect the strategies or opinions of Printing Impressions.
declares imaginative and prescient for print sustainability with innovation that protects the world’s forests, reduces carbon emissions and makes use of extra recycled substances
• The company reached its intention of one hundred% zero deforestation with its HP-branded paper two years ahead of schedule, and is on target to obtain zero deforestation of its paper-based mostly packaging via 2020 – marking an immense milestone within the enterprise’s adventure toward a woodland high quality future.• HP’s imaginative and prescient is to deliver carbon neutral choices; HP customers have pronounced a 33% annual reduction in carbon emissions, power consumption, and cost per equipment with HP’s Managed Print functions.• The company’s line of printers helps closed-loop recycled plastics, particular items made with up to 30% closed-loop, post-buyer plastics.• HP pronounces new energy efficient EcoSmart LaserJet printer and EcoSmart black toner with lessen soften temperatures that result in decrease energy consumption.• HP substances analyze exhibits over 50% of these days’s US team of workers expects employers to decide to sustainable practices and this influences worker recruitment, retention and advocacy.
HOUSTON, Mar. 19 /CSRwire/ - these days at HP Reinvent, the enterprise introduced its daring imaginative and prescient for print sustainability – pledging that each page printed with HP will aid a woodland nice future, carbon neutrality, and substances designed to cut back the have an effect on to the planet. built on HP’s longstanding commitment to environmental innovation, this new imaginative and prescient supports HP’s ongoing efforts to bring the company’s most environmentally sustainable product portfolio whereas remodeling their company to a greater effective, round, and sustainable model.
“we are redefining the energy of print to create a favorable, lasting trade for the planet, its americans and our communities. HP’s commitment to sustainability guides how we do company and drives the style our printers are designed, made and used,” explains Enrique Lores, President of HP Inc.'s Imaging & Printing enterprise. “today at HP Reinvent, we took one step extra via pledging to steer the trade in making every page you print sustainable.”
As HP appears to grow without expanding its consumption of raw materials and thrive in a useful resource-confined future, the business is well-located to assist purchasers do the equal. supporting a vision to build sustainable items, the company engineers long-established HP components to aid cut back risk for its shoppers, their acceptance, and the planet.
woodland tremendous Future
With these days’s pledge, the business goals to make each web page printed on an HP printer forest superb by using extending past its client printers, which can be wooded area effective, to its complete portfolio to encompass industrial printers.
In 2016, HP achieved a hundred% zero deforestation associated with HP-branded paper, well-nigh two years forward of schedule– marking a milestone against the company’s imaginative and prescient for a forest fine future. Plus, the business’s paper-based mostly product packaging zero deforestation aim is heading in the right direction for 2020. additionally, a hundred% of HP branded paper offered in North the us is certified by way of the forest Stewardship Council®, making certain transparency and accountable wooded area management.
HP is taking an bold step today towards our vision of carbon neutral printing with the introduction of the new power efficient EcoSmart LaserJet printer and EcoSmart black toner, which has a lower soften temperature, thereby cutting back the power consumption of HP printers.
however much more effective than particular person products, is how HP’s items work together via HP’s Managed Print capabilities (MPS) choices – helping customers achieve bold sustainability desires and improved their base line. by using partnering with HP, consumers have stated a 33% annual discount in carbon emissions, energy consumption and costs2.
round financial system
HP continues to assist a circular economic system with its customer and company items, recently reinventing its printer suite to consist of closed-loop recycled plastics, with HP ENVY and Tango printers comprised of 30% closed-loop recycled plastics3. considering that 2000, over 199 million kilos of recycled content plastic have been used in three.9B HP long-established ink and toner cartridges1. Two years in the past, HP brought the primary HP long-established ink cartridges made with plastic bottles sourced from Haiti. As of nowadays, the business has sourced greater than 550,000 pounds of ocean-sure plastic to be used in our products – the equivalent of greater than 12 million plastic bottles that might in any other case have washed into the ocean and waterways. Our R&D teams make investments up to 5 years engineering every new era of toner and ink cartridges to convey pleasant printing and 100% of toner cartridges and eighty% of ink cartridges comprise recycled content1.
people predict manufacturers to face for greater than the products they promote. A 2019 Edelman study on have confidence disclosed a incredible 67% of buyers self-identify as perception-pushed consumers and believe brands can also be a drive for social good5. within the office, initial findings of a global components analyze conducted through HP displays an organization’s dedication to sustainability influences employee recruitment, retention and advocacy with over 50% of today’s US team of workers anticipating sustainable practices with the aid of employers4.
HP long-established resources are engineered to deliver the highest quality printing adventure. For HP, this capability prioritizing the security of your printer and the planet by using producing legit ink and toner cartridges, whereas elevating the recognition of the dangerous impacts clone and imitation cartridges can have on the environment, print exceptional, and consumer charges.
radically change to function
HP has a bold imaginative and prescient for what the way forward for printing can look like, and it begins with difficult the printing industry to transform and continuously innovate. The company’s pledge for print sustainability announced nowadays goals to protect forests, in the reduction of carbon emissions, and use extra recycled substances. round economic system models help decouple economic boom and natural useful resource consumption whereas using superior competitiveness. transforming print sustainability is not simplest first rate for the planet – it’s respectable for enterprise.
HP Inc. creates technology that makes life stronger for all and sundry, in every single place. through our portfolio of printers, PCs, mobile contraptions, options and functions, we engineer experiences that amaze. more information about HP Inc. is available at www.hp.com.
2Estimated power and paper savings in response to analysis of opt for HP MPS shoppers’ imaging and printing operations the usage of records gathered on devices and paper consumption and comparing with submit-MPS actuals or projections.
3HP calculations in accordance with power celebrity normalized TEC statistics comparing the HP LaserJet 300/400 series and 500 sequence monochrome printers introduced in spring 2019. HP fifty eight/59/76/77A/X compared to HP 26A/X, and HP 89A/X/Y compared to HP 87A/X.
4Based on HP inner resources Survey carried out by means of Edelman Intelligence, February 2019.
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Notice Type: Amendment to Combined Synopsis/Solicitation
Posted Date: 07-SEP-17
Office Address: Department of Veterans Affairs;Network Contracting Office (NCO) 10;2780 Airport Dr., Suite 340;Columbus OH 43219
Subject: 65-- Lexmark
Classification Code: 65 - Medical, dental & veterinary equipment & supplies
Solicitation Number: VA25017Q0946
Contact: Percy Johnson614 257 5534 [email protected] mailto:[email protected] [Contract Specialist]
Setaside: Veteran-Owned Small BusinessVeteran-Owned Small Business
Place of Performance (address): Chalmers P. Wylie Ambulatory Care Center;420 N. James Rd;Columbus, OH
Place of Performance (zipcode): 43219
Place of Performance Country: USA
Description: Department of Veterans Affairs
Department of Veterans Affairs Outpatient Clinic
This is a combined synopsis/solicitation for commercial items prepared in accordance with the format in Subpart 12.6, as supplemented with additional information included in this notice. This announcement constitutes the only solicitation; proposals are being requested and a written solicitation will not be issued. The solicitation number is VA250-17-Q-0946 and is issued as a request for quotation (RFQ) in accordance with FAR Parts 12 and 13. The solicitation document and incorporated provisions and clauses are those in effect through Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-95. The associated NAICS code is 334118 Computer Terminal and Other Computer Peripherical Equipment Manufacturing. Manufacturing and small business size standard is 1,000 employees. This is a total veteran owned small business set-aside. The requirement is for: 2 (Lexmark PACSGEAR Media Writer D200 Media Writer software license Pacs SCAN software license GEAR View Basic CD/DVD viewer Windows PC 19" LCD display Epson Disc producer PP-100 CD/DVD burner/printer CD Starter Kit (100 CDs and six color ink cartridges) One year software warranty One year hardware warranty with Express Exchange)
1 PGP INSTALL 1 ON SITE INSTALLATION PER DAY BY DAY
1 PGP INSTALLATION PER DAY BY FACTORY TRAINED PERSONNEL
To be delivered to:
Chalmers P. Wylie Ambulatory Care Center.
420 N. James Rd
Columbus, OH 43219
This announcement constitutes the only solicitation; a formal, written solicitation will not be issued. PAPER COPIES OF THIS SOLICITATION WILL NOT BE AVAILABLE. This solicitation documents and incorporates provisions and clauses in effect through FAC 2005-95. It is the responsibility of the contractor to be familiar with the applicable clauses and provisions. The clauses may be accessed in full text at these addresses: https://www.acquisition.gov/Far/. The selected Offeror shall comply with the following commercial item terms and conditions, which are incorporated herein by reference: FAR 52.212-1, Instructions to Offerors -Commercial Items, FAR 52.212-3, Offeror Representations and Certifications-Commercial Items - the selected offeror shall submit a completed copy of the listed representations and certifications or confirm that the annual representations and certifications was completed electronically via the SAM website accessed through http://www.acquisition.gov;
FAR 52.212-4, Contract Terms and Conditions-Commercial Items; 52.203-17, 52.203-99, and 52.204-4.
FAR 52.212-5, Contract Terms and Conditions Required To Implement Statutes or Executive Orders-Commercial Items, paragraph (a) and the following clauses in paragraph (b): 52.203-6, 52.204-10, 52.209-6, 52.219-6, 52.219-8, 52.219-14, 52.219-27, 52.222-3, 52.222-19, 52.222-21, 52.222-26, 52.222-35, 52.222-36, 52.222-37, 52.222-40, 52.222-50, 52.223-18, 52.225-1, 52.225-13, and 52.232-33. The full text of the referenced FAR clauses may be accessed electronically at https://www.acquisition.gov/far/.
Evaluation: will be made using the procedures under FAR 13. Offers will be evaluate using the Lowest price technically Acceptable (LPTA).
The following FAR clauses apply
52.204-9 PERSONAL IDENTITY VERIFICATION OF CONTRACTOR PERSONNEL
52-204-18 COMMERCIAL AND GOVERNMENT ENTITY CODE MAINTENANCE
52.232-40 PROVIDING ACCELERATED PAYMENTS TO SMALL BUSINESS CONTRACTORS
The following VAAR clauses apply
852.203-70 COMMERCIAL ADVERTISING
852.219-11 VA NOTICE OF TOTAL VETERAN-OWMED SMALL BUSINESS SET-ASIDE
852.232-72 ELECTRONIC SUBMISSION OF PAYMENT REQUEST
Quotes are to be emailed to Percy Johnson at [email protected], no later than
11 September 2017 3:00 p.m. EST.
2. Contract Title. The Lexmark PACSGEAR is used to print radiology and dental images.
The existing system is an XP based system and needs to be upgraded to Windows 7 according to the VISN memorandum issued in March 2016
The system will provide imaging disc from the Release of Information Department to patients and staff (navigation dept.) of Chalmers P. Wylie VAACC.
5. Specific Tasks.
5.1 Task 1 -
5.1.1 Subtask 1 - Integration Management Control Planning. Provide the technical and functional activities at the required level for integration of all tasks specified within this SOW. Include productivity and management methods such as quality assurance, progress/status reporting and program reviews. Provide the centralized administrative, clerical, documentation and related functions.
5.1.2 Subtask 2 - Contract Management. Prepare a Contract Management Plan describing the technical approach, organizational resources and management controls to be employed to meet the cost, performance and schedule requirements throughout Contract execution. Provide a monthly status report monitoring the quality assurance, progress/status reporting and program reviews applied to this contract.
5.2 Task 2.
5.2.1 Subtask 1.
5.2.2 Subtask 2.
6. Performance Monitoring
7. Security Requirements
VA Information and Information System Security/Privacy Requirements for IT Contracts
A contractor/subcontractor shall request logical (technical) or physical access to VA information and VA information systems for their employees, subcontractors, and affiliates only to the extent necessary to perform the services specified in the contract, agreement, or task order.
Contractors, contractor personnel, subcontractors, and subcontractor personnel shall be subject to the same Federal laws, regulations, standards, and VA Directives and Handbooks as VA and VA personnel regarding information and information system security.
All contractors, subcontractors, and third-party servicers and associates working with VA information are subject to the same investigative requirements as those of VA appointees or employees who have access to the same types of information. The level and process of background security investigations for contractors must be in accordance with VA Directive and Handbook 0710, Personnel Suitability and Security Program. The Office for Operations, Security, and Preparedness is responsible for these policies and procedures.
Include Section 3 A of the security language form here:
The contractor or subcontractor must notify the Contracting Officer immediately when an employee working on a VA system or with access to VA information is reassigned or leaves the contractor or subcontractor s employ. The Contracting Officer must also be notified immediately by the contractor or subcontractor prior to an unfriendly termination.
The contractor/subcontractor shall not make copies of VA information except as authorized and necessary to perform the terms of the agreement or to preserve electronic information stored on contractor/subcontractor electronic storage media for restoration in case any electronic equipment or data used by the contractor/subcontractor needs to be restored to an operating state. If copies are made for restoration purposes, after the restoration is complete, the copies must be appropriately destroyed.
If VA determines that the contractor has violated any of the information confidentiality, privacy, and security provisions of the contract, it shall be sufficient grounds for VA to withhold payment to the contractor or third party or terminate the contract for default or terminate for cause under Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) part 12.
If a VHA contract is terminated for cause, the associated BAA must also be terminated and appropriate actions taken in accordance with VHA Handbook 1600.01, Business Associate Agreements. Absent an agreement to use or disclose protected health information, there is no business associate relationship.
Bio-Medical devices and other equipment or systems containing media (hard drives, optical disks, etc.) with VA sensitive information must not be returned to the vendor at the end of lease, for trade-in, or other purposes. The options are:
(1) Vendor must accept the system without the drive;
(2) VA s initial medical device purchase includes a spare drive which must be installed in place of the original drive at time of turn-in; or
(3) VA must reimburse the company for media at a reasonable open market replacement cost at time of purchase.
(4) Due to the highly specialized and sometimes proprietary hardware and software associated with medical equipment/systems, if it is not possible for the VA to retain the hard drive, then;
(a) The equipment vendor must have an existing BAA if the device being traded in has sensitive information stored on it and hard drive(s) from the system are being returned physically intact; and
(b) Any fixed hard drive on the device must be non-destructively sanitized to the greatest extent possible without negatively impacting system operation. Selective clearing down to patient data folder level is recommended using VA approved and validated overwriting technologies/methods/tools. Applicable media sanitization specifications need to be preapproved and described in the purchase order or contract.
(c) A statement needs to be signed by the Director (System Owner) that states that the drive could not be removed and that (a) and (b) controls above are in place and completed. The ISO needs to maintain the documentation.
Security/privacy incident reporting
a. The term security incident means an event that has, or could have, resulted in unauthorized access to, loss or damage to VA assets, or sensitive information, or an action that breaches VA security procedures. The contractor/subcontractor shall immediately notify the COR and simultaneously, the designated ISO and Privacy Officer for the contract of any known or suspected security/privacy incidents, or any unauthorized disclosure of sensitive information, including that contained in system(s) to which the contractor/subcontractor has access.
Consistent with the requirements of 38 U.S.C. --5725, a contract may require access to sensitive personal information. If so, the contractor is liable to VA for liquidated damages in the event of a data breach or privacy incident involving any SPI the contractor/subcontractor processes or maintains under this contract.
d. Based on the determinations of the independent risk analysis, the contractor shall be responsible for paying to the VA liquidated damages in the amount of $37.50 per affected individual to cover the cost of providing credit protection services to affected individuals consisting of the following:
(2) One year of credit monitoring services consisting of automatic daily monitoring of at least 3 relevant credit bureau reports;
(3) Data breach analysis;
(4) Fraud resolution services, including writing dispute letters, initiating fraud alerts and credit freezes, to assist affected individuals to bring matters to resolution;
(5) One year of identity theft insurance with $20,000.00 coverage at $0 deductible; and
(6) Necessary legal expenses the subjects may incur to repair falsified or damaged credit records, histories, or financial affairs.--
Training/Contractor Rules of Behavior
a. All contractor employees and subcontractor employees requiring access to VA information and VA information systems shall complete the following before being granted access to VA information and its systems:
(1) Sign and acknowledge (either manually or electronically) understanding of and responsibilities for compliance with the Contractor Rules of Behavior, see appendix A, relating to access to VA information and information systems;
(2) Successfully complete the VA Privacy and Information Security Awareness and Rules of Behavior training and annually complete required security training (instructions provided at end of document);
(3) Successfully complete the appropriate VA Privacy and HIPAA training and annually complete required privacy training (instructions provided at end of document); and
b. The contractor shall provide to the contracting officer and/or the COR a copy of the training certificates and certification of signing the Contractor Rules of Behavior for each applicable employee within 1 week of the initiation of the contract and annually thereafter, as required.
c. Failure to complete the mandatory annual training and sign the Rules of Behavior annually, within the timeframe required, is grounds for suspension or termination of all physical or electronic access privileges and removal from work on the contract until such time as the training and documents are complete.
CONTRACTOR RULES OF BEHAVIOR
This User Agreement contains rights and authorizations regarding my access to and use of any information assets or resources associated with my performance of services under the contract terms with the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). This User Agreement covers my access to all VA data whether electronic or hard copy ("Data"), VA information systems and resources ("Systems"), and VA sites ("Sites"). This User Agreement incorporates Rules of Behavior for using VA, and other information systems and resources under the contract.
1. GENERAL TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR ALL ACTIONS AND ACTIVITIES UNDER THE CONTRACT:
a. I understand and agree that I have no reasonable expectation of privacy in accessing or using any VA, or other Federal Government information systems.
b. I consent to reviews and actions by the Office of Information & Technology (OI&T) staff designated and authorized by the VA Chief Information Officer (CIO) and to the VA OIG regarding my access to and use of any information assets or resources associated with my performance of services under the contract terms with the VA. These actions may include monitoring, recording, copying, inspecting, restricting access, blocking, tracking, and disclosing to all authorized OI&T, VA, and law enforcement personnel as directed by the VA CIO without my prior consent or notification.
c. I consent to reviews and actions by authorized VA systems administrators and Information Security Officers solely for protection of the VA infrastructure, including, but not limited to monitoring, recording, auditing, inspecting, investigating, restricting access, blocking, tracking, disclosing to authorized personnel, or any other authorized actions by all authorized OI&T, VA, and law enforcement personnel.
d. I understand and accept that unauthorized attempts or acts to access, upload, change, or delete information on Federal Government systems; modify Federal government systems; deny access to Federal government systems; accrue resources for unauthorized use on Federal government systems; or otherwise misuse Federal government systems or resources are prohibited.
e. I understand that such unauthorized attempts or acts are subject to action that may result in criminal, civil, or administrative penalties. This includes penalties for violations of Federal laws including, but not limited to, 18 U.S.C. --1030 (fraud and related activity in connection with computers) and 18 U.S.C. --2701 (unlawful access to stored communications).
f. I agree that OI&T staff, in the course of obtaining access to information or systems on my behalf for performance under the contract, may provide information about me including, but not limited to, appropriate unique personal identifiers such as date of birth and social security number to other system administrators, Information Security Officers (ISOs), or other authorized staff without further notifying me or obtaining additional written or verbal permission from me.
g. I understand I must comply with VA s security and data privacy directives and handbooks. I understand that copies of those directives and handbooks can be obtained from the Contracting Officer's Representative (COR). If the contractor believes the policies and guidance provided by the COR is a material unilateral change to the contract, the contractor must elevate such concerns to the Contracting Officer for resolution.
h. I will report suspected or identified information security/privacy incidents to the COR and to the local ISO or Privacy Officer as appropriate.
2. GENERAL RULES OF BEHAVIOR
a. Rules of Behavior are part of a comprehensive program to provide complete information security. These rules establish standards of behavior in recognition of the fact that knowledgeable users are the foundation of a successful security program. Users must understand that taking personal responsibility for the security of their computer and the information it contains is an essential part of their job.
b. The following rules apply to all VA contractors. I agree to:
(1) Follow established procedures for requesting, accessing, and closing user accounts and access. I will not request or obtain access beyond what is normally granted to users or by what is outlined in the contract.
(2) Use only systems, software, databases, and data which I am authorized to use, including any copyright restrictions.
(3) I will not use other equipment (OE) (non-contractor owned) for the storage, transfer, or processing of VA sensitive information without a VA CIO approved waiver, unless it has been reviewed and approved by local management and is included in the language of the contract. If authorized to use OE IT equipment, I must ensure that the system meets all applicable 6500 Handbook requirements for OE.
(4) Not use my position of trust and access rights to exploit system controls or access information for any reason other than in the performance of the contract.
(5) Not attempt to override or disable security, technical, or management controls unless expressly permitted to do so as an explicit requirement under the contract or at the direction of the COR or ISO. If I am allowed or required to have a local administrator account on a government-owned computer, that local administrative account does not confer me unrestricted access or use, nor the authority to bypass security or other controls except as expressly permitted by the VA CIO or CIO's designee.
(6) Contractors use of systems, information, or sites is strictly limited to fulfill the terms of the contract. I understand no personal use is authorized. I will only use other Federal government information systems as expressly authorized by the terms of those systems. I accept that the restrictions under ethics regulations and criminal law still apply.
(7) Grant access to systems and information only to those who have an official need to know.
(8) Protect passwords from access by other individuals.
(9) Create and change passwords in accordance with VA Handbook 6500 on systems and any devices protecting VA information as well as the rules of behavior and security settings for the particular system in question.
(10) Protect information and systems from unauthorized disclosure, use, modification, or destruction. I will only use encryption that is FIPS 140-2 validated to safeguard VA sensitive information, both safeguarding VA sensitive information in storage and in transit regarding my access to and use of any information assets or resources associated with my performance of services under the contract terms with the VA.
(11) Follow VA Handbook 6500.1, Electronic Media Sanitization to protect VA information. I will contact the COR for policies and guidance on complying with this requirement and will follow the COR's orders.
(12) Ensure that the COR has previously approved VA information for public dissemination, including e-mail communications outside of the VA as appropriate. I will not make any unauthorized disclosure of any VA sensitive information through the use of any means of communication including but not limited to e-mail, instant messaging, online chat, and web bulletin boards or logs.
(13) Not host, set up, administer, or run an Internet server related to my access to and use of any information assets or resources associated with my performance of services under the contract terms with the VA unless explicitly authorized under the contract or in writing by the COR.
(14) Protect government property from theft, destruction, or misuse. I will follow VA directives and handbooks on handling Federal government IT equipment, information, and systems. I will not take VA sensitive information from the workplace without authorization from the COR.
(15) Only use anti-virus software, antispyware, and firewall/intrusion detection software authorized by VA. I will contact the COR for policies and guidance on complying with this requirement and will follow the COR's orders regarding my access to and use of any information assets or resources associated with my performance of services under the contract terms with VA.
(16) Not disable or degrade the standard anti-virus software, antispyware, and/or firewall/intrusion detection software on the computer I use to access and use information assets or resources associated with my performance of services under the contract terms with VA. I will report anti-virus, antispyware, firewall or intrusion detection software errors, or significant alert messages to the COR.
(17) Understand that restoration of service of any VA system is a concern of all users of the system.
(18) Complete required information security and privacy training, and complete required training for the particular systems to which I require access.
3. ADDITIONAL CONDITIONS FOR USE OF NON- VA INFORMATION TECHNOLOGYRESOURCES
a. When required to complete work under the contract, I will directly connect to the VA network whenever possible. If a direct connection to the VA network is not possible, then I will use VA approved remote access software and services.
b. Remote access to non-public VA information technology resources is prohibited from publicly-available IT computers, such as remotely connecting to the internal VA network from computers in a public library.
c. I will not have both a VA network line and any kind of non-VA network line including a wireless network card, modem with phone line, or other network device physically connected to my computer at the same time, unless the dual connection is explicitly authorized by the COR.
d. I understand that I may not obviate or evade my responsibility to adhere to VA security requirements by subcontracting any work under any given contract or agreement with VA, and that any subcontractor(s) I engage shall likewise be bound by the same security requirements and penalties for violating the same.
4. STATEMENT ON LITIGATION
This User Agreement does not and should not be relied upon to create any other right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable by law, by a party to litigation with the United States Government.
8. Government-Furnished Equipment (GFE)/Government-Furnished Information (GFI).
9. Other Pertinent Information or Special Considerations.
a. Identification of Possible Follow-on Work.
b. Identification of Potential Conflicts of Interest (COI).
c. Identification of Non-Disclosure Requirements.
d. Packaging, Packing and Shipping Instructions.
e. Inspection and Acceptance Criteria.
10. Risk Control
11. Place of Performance.
The work will be performed at Chalmers P. Wylie VAACC in the Release of Information Department.
12. Period of Performance.
13. Delivery Schedule.
Anyone who saw the movie Minority Report remembers actor Tom Cruise's eyes. In the world of 2054, hidden devices scan his eyes, match his identity, and bombard him with hologram advertisements that address him by name. Ultimately, Cruise undergoes surgery to replace his eyes so he can hide from the law — but keeps his old eyeballs in a plastic bag so he can scan them to gain access to his former workplace.
The technology behind the movie's eye scan is called biometrics. It uses unique biological markers, such as fingerprints or the patterns of a hand, face or iris, to identify individuals. Unlike a password, personal identification number (PIN) or swipe card, biometrics cannot be lost, stolen, forgotten or easily forged. It is part of a person.
Biometrics is far from science fiction. It is rapidly emerging as a major part of security systems around military bases, nuclear facilities, airports and borders around the world. The federal government plans to use it to track foreign workers and visitors inside the United States. Overseas, the United Arab Emirates employs it to keep expelled foreigners from reentering its borders. Every day, biometrics enables tens of thousands of people to enter buildings and log onto computers.
The technology is advancing so fast, some parts of Minority Report may soon look outdated. Many biometric systems, for example, now distinguish between living and cadaver fingers, irises and eyes. Even Tom Cruise would have a hard time entering a building today with a set of eyeballs in a plastic bag.
The movie depicts a future where intrusive biometric readers have eroded privacy. This is far from a reality today. Yet emerging technologies, such as facial recognition, promise covert monitoring and identification in the near future. Moreover, a growing emphasis on standards will make it easier to exchange biometric data in the future. This may help identify terrorists, but it also raises privacy issues for ordinary citizens.
Biometric ExplosionBiometrics have been science fact rather than fiction since 1901, when Scotland Yard and the New York Civil Service Commission began using fingerprints for identification. In 1930, the FBI set up its first national fingerprint file. Fingerprints have been associated with criminal identification ever since.
Biometrics might never have outgrown its role in criminal justice without modern electronics. Starting in the early 1980s, companies began digitizing fingerprints as mathematical formulas, or algorithms. Turning pictures into algorithms made it possible for computers to match fingerprints faster, cheaper and easier than humans could ever do.
Digitization was quickly adapted for use with other biometric technologies, which are also based on unique physiological characteristics. Hand geometry readers, for example, compare three-dimensional hand shadows; iris recognition systems, more than 250 distinct features.
As prices began to fall for electronics — scanners for fingerprints and hand geometry, digital cameras for iris and facial recognition, processor chips to analyze and compare current samples with database templates — biometrics began to penetrate the mainstream.
Biometrics are generally used one of two ways, for identification or for verification. Government agencies often use biometrics for identification, or one-to-many matching. Identification systems attempt to match a biometric sample against a large database in order to establish a person's identity. The federal government plans to use this type of system to track foreign workers and visitors inside the United States.
Strength and speed are important in identification systems. Strength refers to the degree to which a biometric is unique. Most experts agree that fingerprints and irises are both unique, while hand geometry is somewhat weaker. Facial recognition is weaker still because systems have a hard time matching changes due to facial hair and aging.
Speed counts when matching biometrics against millions of database templates. Damon Wright, who heads investor relations for biometric vendor Identix Inc., claims his company's facial recognition system requires less than 1 minute to search a database of 10 million driver's license photos. Running a fingerprint through the FBI's Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System (IAFIS), which has fingerprints of 43 million people, typically identifies 80 percent of its queries in fewer than 40 minutes, but some searches may last for 2 hours.
Verification, or one-to-one matching, is used to authenticate a person's identity against a login name, PIN, identification card or local database. Verification systems typically control access to buildings, computers and secure environments. Workers at American Express Co., for example, must provide a fingerprint to enter corporate headquarters. Mc-Donalds uses hand geometry to track worker time and attendance. Because its databases are much smaller than identification, verification usually takes no more than a second or two.
False Results No biometric system works perfectly. Often, problems arise with the quality of the biometric. Fingerprints, for example, may never change, but dry skin, wet skin, dirt and cuts can obscure features. Poor illumination or thick bifocal eyeglasses may prevent full capture of iris information. A swollen eye or beard may foil a facial recognition device. These problems occur during enrollment, when technicians record a population's biometric data on database templates, and when individuals later use the system.
In the real world, then, using biometrics involves scoring how closely the current scan matches a database template. Systems are usually set up to verify an identity if the match exceeds a certain threshold score.
Picking this threshold often causes problems with false rejects and false accepts. A false reject occurs when the system denies access to someone it should allow to enter. A false accept occurs when the system incorrectly accepts a biometric.
"In order to keep the bad guys out, you want a sensitive system that has a low false accept rate," explains Bill Spence, marketing director for hand geometry developer Recognition Systems Inc. (Campbell, Calif.). "The problem is that the more sensitive you make the system, the more likely it will falsely reject people who do belong in a building.
"In a normal system, there are a lot more good guys than bad guys walking through. When the good guys don't get in on their first try, it causes problems. So security people begin adjusting the system to let them through. This can compromise security procedures and actually make it easier for a bad guy to slip past," says Spence.
The key, he says, is to find the right biometric with the best balance of sensitivity and reliability.
Fingerprints Fingerprints, which capture the fingertip's swirling ridges, are the most widely known and used biometric. They are strong identifiers and the optical and electronic scanners used to capture them are the least expensive of any biometric sensor. As a result, fingerprint systems are small and cheap enough to put on doors and PCs. Developers are even working on small sensors for cell phones and personal digital assistants (PDAs).
Fingerprints can be digitized in one of two ways. Originally, algorithms used in forensic databases described the location and distance between minutia, the points where fingertip ridges break apart or end. Because minutia have fine details, they must be captured by sensors with resolutions of at least 500 dots per inch (dpi), similar to the output of a good office laser printer.
Over the past decade, developers have sought to analyze the patterns of larger portions of the finger. They typically break the finger into a grid and looking for easily imaged features. "We don't look at fine features, which can be obscured by cuts or dirt," says Colin Soutar, chief technology officer of Bioscrypt Inc. "We look for larger patterns in the overall image. Our algorithm is based on imaging those features at 200 dpi." Bioscrypt's low-resolution sensors cost less than 500 dpi sensors. Moreover, in recent tests, some pattern-based systems outscored those based on minutia.
Yet fingerprints pose several problems. A small percentage of people have fingers that are too dry or worn by aging or corrosive chemicals to make a good template. Security experts worry that criminals could use photos of dusted fingerprints to pass through scanner. Others associate fingerprints with criminality. They fear their fingerprints could find their way into the FBI database or be used to track their activities.
Vendors are dealing with these issues. They note almost everyone has at least one good finger from which to take a print. Moreover, new software looks for telltale signs of moisture and other attributes of living tissue in order to weed out fakes. Finally, they note that no one can generate actual fingerprint samples from algorithms, and that most organizations have privacy rules that prohibit the sharing of biometric information.
Accuracy has improved dramatically over the past few years. An early Government Accounting Office (GAO) test found that although most fingerprint systems had a very low false accept rates, some scanning devices produced false reject rates of nearly 50 percent. A recent National Institute of Science and Technology (NIST) test found the best systems — by NEC, SAGEM and Cogent — were more than 99 percent accurate even when false accept rates were held to 0.01 percent.
Hand Geometry One reason fingerprints are prone to false rejects is that they must measure very small features, something that is hard to do accurately. The beauty of hand geometry, says Spence, is that hands are very large targets whose image is easily and repeatably acquired. "These systems make a good decision every time," he says. A 1991 test by Sandia National Laboratories concurred: it found Recognition Systems' hand geometry readers had false acceptance and false rejection rates of less than 0.1 percent.
This has made hand geometry the most widely use biometric after fingerprints. The technology relies on more than 90 measurements of finger length, width and height, distance between joints, and knuckle shape. They are usually measured by positioning hands on a platen containing a series of pins.
The resulting biometric contains only 10-20 bytes of information (compared to 250 bytes for minutia and 1,000 bytes for pattern-based fingerprints). Such small records make hand geometry databases very, very fast to sort for matches. As a result, hand geometry systems excel at processing many people in short periods of time.
Hand geometry systems are used for access to San Francisco International Airport, Scott Air Force Base and the Port of Rotterdam. Mc-Donald's and Krispy Kreme use them to track time and attendance. Their low false accept/ reject rates make them part of the security system in 98 of 103 nuclear power plants.
Yet hand geometry is not the only biometric used in most nuclear power plants, and this underscores a weakness in the technology. "Hand geometry is not considered as strong as some other biometrics," says Larry Hornak, director of the National Science Foundation's Center for Identification Technology Research (CITeR) at West Virginia University in Morgantown.
Hands simply do not contain as much distinguishing information as fingerprints. They could not be used for one-to-many identification. Still, it is hard to fake the three-dimensional image of a hand. When used in combination with a PIN or identification card, it provides enough security for a very broad range of uses. More importantly, it keeps false rejects to a minimum, so security personnel have no incentive to "retune" their procedures.
Iris Scans Iris scans, which combine the best attributes of fingerprint and hand geometry technologies, work for both verification and identification. The technology is based on analysis of patterns in the iris, the ring of flecked colors that surrounds the pupil of the eye. Inexpensive blackand-white digital cameras measure more than 250 distinctive iris characteristics, such as striations, rings, furrows, corona and freckles.
Iris features remain stable throughout an individual's life. They provide larger targets than fingerprints, and digital cameras can acquire a precise image every time. Because they contain so many different characteristics, database searches are likely to return a precise match.
"Iris technology is scalable for databases with millions or tens of millions of templates," says Frank Fitzsimmons, president/CEO of iris technology vendor Iridian Technologies Inc. "This is due to the natural feature richness of the iris. With fingerprints, there are 70 points of differentiation. The iris has 240 points in each eye. What this means is that if you try to identify a fingerprint in a large database, it will come back with several candidates for review. Iris technology will come back with the answer. The chances of us being wrong are just 1 in 1.2 million."
This has made iris recognition the system of choice for monitoring the movements of large populations. The United Arab Emirates (UAE), for example, uses Iridian's iris technology to keep expelled foreigners from returning.
Over the past 18 months, says Fitzsimmons, UAE has asked about 450,000 people to leave. Before they go, the government scans their irises. When they return home, many change their name, date of birth and address, then apply for new UAE visas and work permits. Before they reenter, through, they must pass a 2-3-second iris screen. "In the past 18 months, UAE has caught 10,000 people trying to reenter illegally," says Fitzsimmons. "They even caught one guy who was booted out in the morning and flew back the same night."
Like other biometric technologies, iris technology continues to improve. Security cameras, which once cost $40,000 to $50,000, are now cheap enough to put on hotel doors. Colored or bifocal contact lenses are rarely an impediment, and even most people with glaucoma or cataracts can enroll in the system. Only about 1 to 2 percent of a population can't enroll, says Fitzsimmons. Glare, however, remains an issue, and users cannot mount cameras facing the sun.
Facial Recognition Facial recognition technology tries to distinguish people by analyzing such facial features as eye socket outlines and the sides of the mouth. This is something people typically do much better than machines, though recent developments are closing the gap.
Tests of the US Dept. of Defense Counterdrug Technology Development Program's Face Recognition Technology (FERET) database found typical facial systems could match frontal photos with templates taken on the same day about 95 percent of the time. For templates taken with different cameras and lighting, recognition drops to 80 percent. For photos taken 1 year earlier, accuracy is about 50 percent.
This is clearly a technology that needs work. Yet facial recognition promises something other biometric technologies do not: covert surveillance. When perfected, it will be able to search thousands of people moving through an airport, railroad station, or tunnel for potential terrorists.
"I don't know how many fingerprints of terrorists we have, but we do have a lot of photographs," says Identix's Wright. "There are over 1 billion photographs out there, from watch lists to drivers' licenses to passports." Those databases could vastly expand our ability to monitor high-traffic areas for terrorists.
The problem is that, unlike fingerprints, irises or hands, faces are always moving. Systems must successfully recognize faces in a variety of different positions (front, side, tilted) and expressions (frowning, smiling), under a broad range of lighting conditions. They must take into account both new facial features, such as beards and haircuts, as well as aging.
Still, the technology is advanced enough to do some jobs very well. In Colorado, for example, Identix uses facial recognition to scan the state's drivers' licenses for duplicates used by drivers who pass fraudulent checks. Because all license portraits are well-lit and face-forward, the system has relatively few errors. Wright says it matches each new photo against 10 million templates in less than 1 minute, and typically matches two or three people every day.
Speaker recognition, another biometric technology, dates back 40 years. Many vendors sell systems as part of voice processing, control and switching systems. Voiceprints vary with the receiving system and use large templates that are slow to search.
Spoofing and Security Criminals have found ways to spoof, or defeat, most systems. They have, for example, used photographs of fingerprints to pass security scanners. Vendors responded by developing software that looks for signs of perspiration on ordinary fingerprint scans. "That's not easily spoofable with a picture or a cadaver finger," says Hornak. "It's very easy to implement and comes down to cost."
New advances lead to new spoofs. High-resolution photos fooled early iris systems. When vendors began looking for the shimmer of a live pupil, a researcher poked a hole in the center of an iris picture, held it up to his eyes, and defeated the system. Vendors say they have countered this spoof but refuse to talk about it.
This cat-and-mouse game will go on as long as security systems exist. "Criminal activity a balance between motive and opportunity," says Spence. "The ease of faking a biometric defines the opportunity. That's why high-security is never a single system. Criminals can't deceive just one device and get in. If solve one problem, they then have to figure a way around another and another. High security means lots of redundancy."
Instead of spoofing sensors, criminals and terrorists may attack databases and the procedures for securing them. Currently, biometric information resides on either an identity card or a computer.
"There is a raging debate going on about the best way to store data," says Cathy Tilton, vice president of standards and technology for Saflink Corp. (Bellevue, Wash.), a company that develops integrated biometric security systems. Some people argue that a computer that sits behind a security firewall is more secure, while opponents claim even secure computers can be hacked by insider.
Those who support card-based systems like the fact that the encrypted biometric never leaves the card. Critics note that encrypted cards are not necessarily tamper-resistant. Anyone who manages to forge a card can easily enter a secure site.
While there are federal standards for tamper-resistant encryption, Tilton also favors security systems that combine different identification factors, such as biometrics and PINs. The more barriers an intruder faces, the more likely he or she will stumble.
The Future Biometric technologies continue to develop at a rapid rate. Systems are growing smaller, faster, cheaper and easier-to-use, says Hornak. Vendors are increasingly developing plug-and-play devices and software that make it easier to upgrade capabilities while reusing existing databases. As a result, most experts expect rapid growth in verification systems for secure facilities.
National and international identification databases are likely to take longer to develop because nations have to first agree upon standards to ensure interoperability. It will take years before governments fully approve and implement them. When they do, biometric systems will be able to rapidly identify people around the globe.
That raises privacy concerns. "People are concerned that biometric identifiers are used only for the purpose for which they are gathered and not subject to some sort of information creep," says Lisa Nelson, a professor at University of Pittsburgh's Graduate School of Public and International Affairs.
Banks, says Nelson, may soon require a thumbprint for an ATM withdrawal. "The bank may ask your consent to use it for the transaction, but what if it then uses it to compare with a criminal database or transfers the information to another agency for marketing purposes," she asks. As shown by the case of the Oregon lawyer whose misidentified fingerprints made him a suspect in the terrorist bombing in Spain, widespread dissemination of biometrics can lead to misuse.
Texas has already passed a law controlling the use of biometric information, and New Jersey is considering similar legislation. Yet questions about privacy are likely to grow as biometrics become ubiquitous.
Despite privacy concerns, biometric technology is making the leap into the mainstream because it has become cheaper, faster and more reliable just as security concerns have grown. In terms of technology, we are well on our way to creating the world of Minority Report. But the discussion about where and how we use this technology has only just begun.
For More Information
Biometrics Security Technical Implementation Guide was written by the Defense Information Systems Agency and is an excellent introduction to security procedures for biometric systems. It is at csrc.nist.gov/pcig/STIGs/Biometrics-STIGV1R1.pdf.
Biometrics Resource Center is run by NIST, the government's lead biometrics agency, and covers biometrics issues. It is at www.itl.nist.gov/div893/biometrics. Its fingerprint evaluation is at fpvte.nist.gov.
Border Security: Challenges in Implementing Border Technology by the General Accounting Office (GAO) has an excellent review of biometric technologies. FindBiometrics.com is another excellent information resource at www.findbiometrics.com.
The International Biometric Industry Association is the trade group for biometric developers at www.ibia.org.
SPIE Defense + Security Technical Program to Focus on Sensors, Imaging, and Optical Technologies for Security, Homeland Defense, and Military Applications
TULSA, OK--(Marketwired - January 28, 2015) - 3DIcon Corporation (OTCQB: TDCP), a developer of groundbreaking 3D volumetric display technologies that are designed to produce 360-degree volumetric high-resolution images, announced today it will attend the 2015 SPIE DSS (Defense, Security, Sensing) Conference, taking place April 20-24, 2015, in Baltimore, Maryland.
The SPIE Defense + Security program is the preeminent event for those working in the imaging and sensing technologies with a focus on homeland security and defense. Technologies featured in this year's conference include cyber sensing/security, display technologies, ocean sensing, biometrics, surveillance, and reconnaissance, and geospatial informatics. Applications will focus on avionics/aerospace, cyber security, homeland security, and defense.
"There is no better conference for 3DIcon to attend than SPIE DSS. The Defense and Security program resonates deeply with our business, so we're excited to be a part of such a great event focused on the advancement of imaging technologies," said Doug Freitag, Vice President of Technology and Business Development, 3DIcon. "With more than 450 companies showcasing terrific advancements in technology, we look forward to a great week of networking with some of the best minds in the optics and photonics industries."
SPIE, formerly known as the Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers, is a non-profit organization for optics and photonics, with more than 225,600 constituents across roughly 150 countries, and organizes and sponsors more than 25 major technical events across the world each year.
About 3DIcon Corporation 3DIcon Corporation (the "Company", "3DIcon", "we", "us" or "our") is a developer of 3D display technologies. The Company's patented volumetric 3D display technology, CSpace®, is being developed to produce 360-degree viewable, high-resolution, color images, and is intended for use in government and industrial applications such as air traffic control, medical imaging, automotive & aerospace design, geological visualization, weather visualization, battle space visualization, and cargo / baggage / people scan visualization. The Company also sells a software product, Pixel Precision, a simple-to-use image creation / manipulation tool for engineers developing systems based on Texas Instruments' DLP® line of products. For more information please visit www.3dicon.net.
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Aruba [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
ASIS [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
ASQ [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
ASTQB [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
Autodesk [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Avaya [101 Certification Exam(s) ]
AXELOS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Axis [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Banking [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
BEA [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
BICSI [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
BlackBerry [17 Certification Exam(s) ]
BlueCoat [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Brocade [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
Business-Objects [11 Certification Exam(s) ]
Business-Tests [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
CA-Technologies [21 Certification Exam(s) ]
Certification-Board [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
Certiport [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
CheckPoint [43 Certification Exam(s) ]
CIDQ [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
CIPS [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
Cisco [318 Certification Exam(s) ]
Citrix [48 Certification Exam(s) ]
CIW [18 Certification Exam(s) ]
Cloudera [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
Cognos [19 Certification Exam(s) ]
College-Board [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
CompTIA [76 Certification Exam(s) ]
ComputerAssociates [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
Consultant [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Counselor [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
CPP-Institue [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
CPP-Institute [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
CSP [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
CWNA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
CWNP [13 Certification Exam(s) ]
CyberArk [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Dassault [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
DELL [11 Certification Exam(s) ]
DMI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
DRI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ECCouncil [21 Certification Exam(s) ]
ECDL [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
EMC [129 Certification Exam(s) ]
Enterasys [13 Certification Exam(s) ]
Ericsson [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
ESPA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Esri [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
ExamExpress [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Exin [40 Certification Exam(s) ]
ExtremeNetworks [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
F5-Networks [20 Certification Exam(s) ]
FCTC [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Filemaker [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
Financial [36 Certification Exam(s) ]
Food [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
Fortinet [14 Certification Exam(s) ]
Foundry [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
FSMTB [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Fujitsu [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
GAQM [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
Genesys [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
GIAC [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Google [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
GuidanceSoftware [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
H3C [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
HDI [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
Healthcare [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
HIPAA [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Hitachi [30 Certification Exam(s) ]
Hortonworks [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
Hospitality [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
HP [752 Certification Exam(s) ]
HR [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
HRCI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Huawei [21 Certification Exam(s) ]
Hyperion [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
IAAP [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IAHCSMM [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IBM [1533 Certification Exam(s) ]
IBQH [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ICAI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ICDL [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
IEEE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IELTS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IFPUG [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IIA [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
IIBA [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
IISFA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Intel [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
IQN [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IRS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISACA [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISC2 [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISEB [24 Certification Exam(s) ]
Isilon [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISM [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
iSQI [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
ITEC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Juniper [65 Certification Exam(s) ]
LEED [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Legato [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
Liferay [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Logical-Operations [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Lotus [66 Certification Exam(s) ]
LPI [24 Certification Exam(s) ]
LSI [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Magento [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Maintenance [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
McAfee [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
McData [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Medical [69 Certification Exam(s) ]
Microsoft [375 Certification Exam(s) ]
Mile2 [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Military [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Misc [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Motorola [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
mySQL [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
NBSTSA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
NCEES [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
NCIDQ [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
NCLEX [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Network-General [12 Certification Exam(s) ]
NetworkAppliance [39 Certification Exam(s) ]
NI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
NIELIT [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Nokia [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
Nortel [130 Certification Exam(s) ]
Novell [37 Certification Exam(s) ]
OMG [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
Oracle [282 Certification Exam(s) ]
P&C [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Palo-Alto [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
PARCC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
PayPal [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Pegasystems [12 Certification Exam(s) ]
PEOPLECERT [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
PMI [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Polycom [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
PostgreSQL-CE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Prince2 [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
PRMIA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
PsychCorp [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
PTCB [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
QAI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
QlikView [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Quality-Assurance [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
RACC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Real-Estate [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
RedHat [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
RES [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
Riverbed [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
RSA [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Sair [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
Salesforce [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
SANS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
SAP [98 Certification Exam(s) ]
SASInstitute [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
SAT [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
SCO [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
SCP [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
SDI [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
See-Beyond [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Siemens [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Snia [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
SOA [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Social-Work-Board [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
SpringSource [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
SUN [63 Certification Exam(s) ]
SUSE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Sybase [17 Certification Exam(s) ]
Symantec [135 Certification Exam(s) ]
Teacher-Certification [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
The-Open-Group [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
TIA [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Tibco [18 Certification Exam(s) ]
Trainers [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Trend [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
TruSecure [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
USMLE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
VCE [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
Veeam [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Veritas [33 Certification Exam(s) ]
Vmware [58 Certification Exam(s) ]
Wonderlic [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Worldatwork [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
XML-Master [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Zend [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
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