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just a number of motor vehicle lengths returned within the rearview replicate, the day gone by's 4K-in a position gaming pc was a enormous semi-truck of a computer tower loaded with multiple snap shots playing cards. The HP Omen Obelisk (begins at $919.99; $2,423 as proven), a compact MicroATX-primarily based gaming computing device, allows you to zoom faraway from that rig and under no circumstances look back. It packs all the energy you should run the latest AAA titles. A handsome, compact tower with awesome gaming efficiency, the Obelisk offers a high level of excellent and simple upgrades. simplest the processor air-cooling of our look at various unit and its just a little steep expense gave us 2nd suggestions. We found fresh options from Corsair and MSI a bit of greater compelling.light It Up in RGB trend
a part of HP's top rate Omen sub-manufacturer, an offshoot of its acquisition of boutique vendor Voodoo computing device a long time back, the Omen Obelisk may also be factory-personalized together with your option of AMD or Intel processors and Nvidia pix cards. starting in March 2019, it will be attainable with Intel's flagship Core i7-9700K and Core i9-9900K eight-core processors, liquid-cooled, for a starting price of $2,249. For now, though, the Core i7-8700-equipped mannequin i'm reviewing here, paired with a GeForce RTX 2080 graphics card, has no hindrance riding a 4K monitor.
The construct excellent of the Omen Obelisk is some thing i'd expect from a premium aftermarket computing device. The metallic facet and correct panels give the case a high-quality consider that you simply don't get with plastic designs.
The Obelisk sits someplace between a small-kind-ingredient (SFF) tower and a mid-tower, at 17.1 with the aid of 6.5 via 15.5 inches (HWD). Its incredibly brief height means it should not block your view in case you put it on accurate of a desk. or not it's hard to head smaller than this with out encroaching on serviceability or expansion skill. This Obelisk test unit weighs 22 pounds.
the complete-view tempered-glass aspect panel and indoors RGB lights set it off from a distance...
The case indoors and the Omen logo on the entrance are separate lighting fixtures zones. that you would be able to change their patterns and colors, or turn the lighting fixtures off, in the preinstalled Omen Command center application...
I discovered the software fundamental adequate. I specifically like that diverse lighting fixtures profiles may also be assigned when the laptop goes to sleep. you could shop your preferences in four profiles.
The entrance-panel port choice is fair, comprising a USB type-A three.0 port with sleep-and-cost capacity, a 2nd USB type-A 3.0 port, and headset and microphone jacks. or not it's unlucky that the Obelisk lacks a media card reader.
On the opposite end, the motherboard contains five USB type-A ports (4 are version 3.0, while the uppermost one is edition 3.1), a USB classification-C 3.1 port, and an Ethernet jack, as well as headphone, line-in, and line-out audio jacks.
be aware that you don't get breakout ports for surround-sound speakers or an S/PDIF optical output. Internally, the Obelisk has a Realtek 802.11ac instant card and Bluetooth four.2.handy-entry Insides
disposing of the left side panel is effortless: simply press the liberate button on the again of the tower, and the panel angles to the facet after which away. It clicks effectively lower back in place, a testomony to the case's exacting construct quality.
A 9.5-through-9.5-inch MicroATX motherboard dominates the case indoors. The diminutive processor air cooler at its core looks out of region during this otherwise high-tech scene. HP plans to offer liquid cooling on Omen Obelisk models geared up with a Core i7-9700K or Core i9-9900K processor. i'd be tempted to fork over the extra cash for appears on my own; displaying off a stock Intel cooling setup is never the most reliable use of a case window. (See our preview of the liquid-cooled Obelisk from CES 2019.)
next to the CPU cooler are two DIMM slots for DDR4-2666 reminiscence. The premium Kingston HyperX-brand reminiscence proven here is, specially, general within the Obelisk. It gives the interior an aftermarket contact...
the dual-16GB-DIMM, dual-channel setup (for 32GB total) is the optimum this Obelisk mannequin supports. Obelisk models outfitted with the Core i7-9700K and Core i9-9900K processors will recreation 4 DIMM slots, supporting up to 64GB of reminiscence in a 4-16GB-DIMM configuration.
The motherboard has a single M.2 type-2280 (80mm) slot for SSD storage. Our examine unit has an SK Hynix-manufacturer 512GB PCI specific pressure, partly visible above subsequent to the DIMMs. it could had been fine to peer a heat spreader on properly.
The Obelisk's other storage is available in the type of two three.5-inch bays, arrayed vertically behind the front panel. each have pinch-to-slide-out caddies and require no equipment to set up a power. A 1TB drive is put in in the higher bay of this assessment unit. A second vigour connector is close by if you need to set up yet another force, but you'll deserve to give your personal SATA cable. you can personalize the Obelisk with drives in neither, one, or each bays.
So a whole lot for the storage. the ten.5-inch-long GeForce RTX 2080 photographs card is inconceivable to omit...
A a lot-liked guide bracket on its conclusion makes it look even longer. the card's blower-trend cooler sends air out the again of the case. under it's the vigour supply, a 500-watt eighty Plus Bronze-rated unit in our test configuration. or not it's a required upgrade from the bottom 300-watt model if you decide on the GeForce RTX 2080 pics card. i would recommend the improve regardless, because it gives you headroom for future pix-card upgrades.
The vigour provide isn't modular, so there are unused, tied-off cables all over the case interior. The wiring may well be greater concise in standard. it's a aid that the cables, just like the rest of the case interior, are blacked-out to conceal the impact a bit of. The bottom-hooked up nature of the vigor give capacity you won't have a power cable dangling from the true of the tower. In entrance of the energy deliver is a detachable and washable air filter, a function I always want to see...
The filter is cleverly secured by magnets. Air pulled via it's extracted by the lone 80mm case fan at the rear of the tower.Omen Peripherals
The Omen Obelisk contains a fundamental wired keyboard and mouse, however that you could improve to HP's premium models for a matched adventure. (observe the prices of here peripherals aren't factored into the price of our Obelisk evaluate unit.)Omen Sequencer Keyboard
The Omen Sequencer ($179; on sale for $149 at this writing) is HP's flagship gaming keyboard. Its uses what HP calls optical-mechanical blue switches for a sooner response time than a normal mechanical keyboard.
I didn't note a difference in that regard subsequent to different keyboards i exploit in observe, but the Sequencer's mechanical switches do have wonderfully tactile comments. believe your self informed: The clicks and clacks emanating out of your keystrokes should be heard with the aid of all inside earshot.
The keys are uncovered above the brushed-aluminum keyboard deck for an ultramodern look...
The per-key backlighting swimming pools beneath each key to raise the impact, now not to mention that this design makes the keyboard less complicated to clear. The backlighting is configurable in the Omen control center utility, which retailers 4 profiles. The metal constitution of the Sequencer contributes to its hefty 2.5-pound weight.
The keyboard has one USB port built into the true left nook, although it lacks a headphone or a microphone jack. The 6.5-foot braided cable is overly thick to the factor where it's tough to bend. The cable isn't removable.
physical quantity controls are whatever thing I by no means tire of seeing, so the huge metallic roller at the precise appropriate of the Sequencer is a true deal with...
It out-Corsairs Corsair's identical rollers, and its weighty suppose and textured metallic floor make it a cinch to carry or decrease the extent as immediately as you desire. there's a mute button to its left, and 4 media-playback keys lie just under.
5 macro keys line the left fringe of the keyboard. The macro editor within the Omen control core software permits you to assign shortcut, multi-key, application launch, or text shortcuts. For multi-key shortcuts, you could manage the delay between the keystrokes...
The application doesn't assist you to remap other keys besides the five macros, which is unfortunate, as i would have used it to correct the one design deficiency on this keyboard: the substitute of the home key with an Omen key, which launches the Omen control center.
expensive as it can be, the Omen Sequencer is a manageable decide on for a excellent-end gaming keyboard, and an outstanding praise to the Obelisk. Its utility is rarely as utterly-featured as you'll get from Corsair or SteelSeries, however its other aspects greater than match up.Omen Reactor Mouse
The Omen Reactor ($84; on sale for $64 at this writing) is an optical gaming mouse. or not it's for right-handers only; the thumb ledge on its left aspect signals that.
All six buttons are programmable in the Omen control center utility. I discovered both on the left facet within effortless thumb attain. The DPI button between the left- and appropriate-click on buttons increments anyplace from 800dpi to modern day ordinary excessive-conclusion-mouse height of sixteen,000dpi...
The Omen handle center also means that you can configure the Reactor's two RGB lighting zones. One abnormal feature of this mouse is its adjustable-height palm rest. you could slide the switch on the right facet and attitude it to your liking.
I did not like the Reactor's different interesting characteristic, its metal-sheathed cable, quite as a good deal. It looks miraculous, to make certain. however I needed to ensure that too tons of the cable didn't hunch over the fringe of my desk, or it tended to add resistance and generally pull the mouse in that route as a result of the cable's sheer weight.
moreover, the cable made a loud sound dragging across the floor of my desk. The upside of this cable design is that it at all times lies flat and doesn't tangle. If it solves complications for you, it could well be worth the trade-offs.Omen Mindframe Headset
The Omen Mindframe ($199; on sale for $149 at this writing) is a excessive-conclusion gaming headset with what HP says is an international first: active earcup cooling. Thermoelectric coolers inner the earcups relax the aluminum speaker grilles.
The earcup coolness is a just a little disorienting feeling. while nothing that bodily touches your ears is bloodless, that you would be able to inform the earcups have a delicate, fridge-like atmosphere. The speaker grille is certainly cold to the contact.
or not it's a fab know-how in additional methods than one. i'm no longer certain if i would miss it had been it no longer there, but I sure do not intellect having it. The cooling can be adjusted or turned off within the Omen control middle application...
From a sound-great standpoint, the Mindframe is purely a gaming headset. Its digital 7.1 surround know-how emphasizes distance exceptionally, so that you can tell if sounds are coming from close or far. that is effective in games, less so in track. For non-gaming purposes, I discovered the Mindframe's sound to be hollow and far away. it's no longer an apples-to-apples competitor, however the Bose Soundlink II supplies sophisticated sound pleasant for identical cash.
In proper gaming fashion, the Mindframe has RGB lighting on every earcup. collectively, the lights on the earcups include one lighting fixtures zone for which which you can adjust shades and patterns in the Omen Command center.
The flip-to-mute microphone worked very smartly in my checking out. For regular audio conferencing, I did not like how the earcups, whereas not entirely separating, didn't allow me to hear my own voice. On the contrary, I found the isolation helped to drown out historical past noise. I also found the physical quantity curler behind the correct earcup to be a nifty convenience feature that I wish regarded on greater headsets.
A self-adjusting scarf helps to distribute the Mindframe's no longer-insignificant weight throughout your head. it'll depart your hair pushed down in that spot, so people will recognize you have got been donning a headset if you have any type of a 'do. The moisture-wicking cloth masking the earcups changed into at ease for a lot of hours.4K-ready Gaming efficiency
ok, satisfactory of the side bits...on to trying out!
This Omen Obelisk configuration handy (in particular, mannequin 875-0030qd) is a built-to-order one. manufacturing unit customization is one in every of HP's strengths; rivals, like Lenovo, typically present handiest fastened configurations. Our $2,423 Obelisk configuration comprises a Core i7-8700 hexa-core processor, the current right alternative; an Nvidia GeForce RTX 2080 pics card, 32GB of memory, a 512GB SSD for primary storage, in addition to a secondary 1TB tough pressure. it's covered with a one-year confined assurance.
The Core i7-8700 has six processing cores and as much as a 4.6GHz rapid increase frequency to make brief work of essentially any project. The chip has a thermal design energy of sixty five watts, putting its performance between the forty five-watt Intel chips customarily present in gaming notebooks, and the beefier ninety one-watt chips like the Core i7-9700K and Core i9-9900K that HP plans to present in the Obelisk.
The expense-to-efficiency outlook of our Omen Obelisk configuration is rarely nearly as good as that you would be able to get from the Lenovo Legion T730 Tower. It offered a Core i9-9900K processor and the identical pictures card as our Obelisk for $2,039 at this writing, albeit with half the memory (16GB) and SSD storage (256GB). The more compact MSI Trident X additionally presents a Core i9-9900K for equivalent money, notwithstanding with half the memory (16GB). Then once more, HP is established to have earnings, and i suspect the Obelisk may be reasonably priced when it's purchasable with the more recent 9th technology Intel chips.
I in comparison the Omen Obelisk 875-0030qd to those gaming desktops in our evaluation charts:
The Corsair Vengeance Gaming computing device 5180 shares a nearly identical loadout with our Omen Obelisk. meanwhile, the Overpowered Gaming computer (DTW3) should operate in a similar way, outfitted with a last-technology GeForce GTX 1080 Ti photos card this is roughly reminiscent of the GeForce RTX 2080 in the Obelisk. The MSI Trident X, powered by using Intel's Core i9-9900K eight-core flagship, will outclass them all. last, I covered the Lenovo Legion C730 dice for a way of scale; it be half as costly as our Obelisk normally because it has a mid-stage GeForce GTX 1060 images card.productivity, Storage, and Media checks PCMark 10 (productiveness examine) and PCMark eight (Storage examine)
PCMark 10 and 8 are holistic performance suites developed via the laptop benchmark specialists at UL (previously Futuremark). The PCMark 10 test we run simulates different actual-world productivity and content-advent workflows. We use it to examine normal system performance for workplace-centric initiatives such as notice processing, spreadsheeting, net shopping, and videoconferencing. The check generates a proprietary numeric score; higher numbers are improved.
PCMark eight, meanwhile has a Storage subtest that we use to determine the speed of the storage subsystem. This score is additionally a proprietary numeric ranking; again, better numbers are more suitable.
The Omen Obelisk is third within the lineup with a superb rating. it be a smidge off the Corsair Vengeance Gaming workstation 5180, which, regardless of sharing the equal Core i7-8700 processor, may also had been in a position to maintain greater CPU clocks on account of its liquid cooling. The Core i9-9900K chip in the MSI Trident X predictably put it out front.Cinebench R15
subsequent is Maxon's CPU-crunching Cinebench R15 check, which is totally threaded to make use of all attainable processor cores and threads. Cinebench stresses the CPU instead of the GPU to render a complex photograph. The effect is a proprietary ranking indicating a computer's suitability for processor-intensive workloads.
The Obelisk scored close to the Corsair Vengeance computer 5180 and Overpowered Gaming desktop (DTW3) fashions, all three sharing the same Core i7-8700 processor. As this check takes under a minute to run on effective PCs like these, the Obelisk was additionally capable of rating near the bigger-wattage Core i7-8700K in the Lenovo Legion C730 dice. For longer CPU-dependent initiatives, the Core i7-8700 would fall behind because its vigour barriers allow it to keep its faster increase clocks only for brief stints.Photoshop CC
We also run a custom Adobe Photoshop image-enhancing benchmark. the usage of an early 2018 release of the creative Cloud version of Photoshop, we practice a series of 10 advanced filters and results to a typical JPEG look at various graphic. We time each operation and, on the conclusion, add up the entire execution time. As with Handbrake, reduce times are superior right here. The Photoshop check stresses CPU, storage subsystem, and RAM, nevertheless it can additionally take capabilities of most GPUs to pace up the procedure of making use of filters, so methods with powerful portraits chips or playing cards may additionally see a lift.
although technically in closing region, the Omen Obelisk has nothing to be ashamed of; a time of 148 seconds shows it would serve just excellent as a photo-editing platform. The considerable 32GB of memory in our examine unit is ultimate for tasks like this.graphics tests 3DMark Sky Diver and fire Strike
3DMark measures relative images muscle with the aid of rendering sequences of enormously special, gaming-fashion 3D images that emphasize particles and lights. We run two diverse 3DMark subtests, Sky Diver and fireplace Strike, which are ideal to various kinds of systems. each are DirectX eleven benchmarks, but Sky Diver is more desirable to laptops and midrange PCs, while hearth Strike is more traumatic and made for high-conclusion PCs to strut their stuff. The outcomes are proprietary ratings.
The demanding hearth Strike test indicates the Omen Obelisk at a minor drawback next to the Corsair Vengeance Gaming computer 5180, regardless of sharing the equal processor and graphics card. As i discussed, the liquid cooling in the Corsair desktop may additionally have helped its performance. meanwhile, the Core i9-9900K processor in the MSI Trident X persisted to make it uncatchable among this lot.Unigine Superposition
next up is a different artificial images test, this time from Unigine Corp. Like 3DMark, the Superposition test renders and pans via an in depth 3D scene and measures how the device copes. in this case, it's rendered in the enterprise's eponymous Unigine engine, offering a distinct 3D workload scenario than 3DMark, for a 2d opinion on the desktop's graphical prowess. We existing two Superposition effects, run at the 720p Low and 1080p high presets.
The numbers on the 1080p excessive surroundings mirror what we saw within the 3DMark look at various, with the Omen Obelisk a little in the back of, however not to a degree that could be great in true-world purposes. The GeForce GTX 1060 within the Lenovo Legion C730 dice is absolutely outclassed right here, however its GPU is below half as expensive as the GeForce RTX 2080 within the Obelisk.actual-World Gaming tests a long way Cry 5 and upward push of the Tomb Raider
The synthetic exams above are positive for measuring everyday 3D aptitude, but it surely's complicated to beat full retail video games for judging gaming performance. a ways Cry 5 and upward push of the Tomb Raider are both up to date, excessive-fidelity titles with developed-in benchmarks that illustrate how a gadget handles precise-world video video games at quite a few settings.
These are run on the highest snap shots-satisfactory presets (ultra for far Cry 5, Very excessive for upward thrust of the Tomb Raider) at 1080p, 1440p, and 4K resolutions to investigate the candy spot of visuals and smooth efficiency for a given device. The outcomes are additionally offered in frames per 2nd. some distance Cry 5 is DirectX 11-based, while rise of the Tomb Raider can also be flipped to DX12, which we do for the benchmark.
it be an in depth race among the many main gadgets, as the 3DMark exams foreshadowed. The Omen Obelisk is closing in that group, but through a margin that narrows because the decision raises. The very powerful Core i9-9900K in the MSI Trident X would not give it a big skills over the HP at 4K, where the pictures card is the bottleneck.
doubtless, although, the Omen Obelisk has 4K-important numbers. keep on with the GeForce RTX 2080 if you plan to video game at that decision.general Thermals
The pedestrian look of the CPU air cooler in our Obelisk assessment unit is, fortunately, misleading. It stored the Core i7-8700 CPU to the mid-70-diploma C latitude beneath our stress assessments, which is more than suitable. it would had been nice if HP made an upgraded air cooler accessible in the Obelisk, or stronger yet, an option for liquid cooling while not having to get one of the vital properly CPU selections.
The GeForce RTX 2080 graphics card reached 85 degrees C beneath gaming workloads. it truly is high, when you consider that Nvidia charges the GPU for 88 degrees C, however it truly is average performance for a blower-style cooler. (I noticed similar thermals from the blower-fashion coolers on Nvidia's GeForce GTX 10-series Founders version graphics playing cards.)
The collective sound from the active fanatics in the Obelisk could have been quieter. Fan whine is never present, but motor noise is, and it's audible over gentle historical past noise beneath full load. putting on a pair of closed headphones or using moderate speaker extent is enough to drown it out.RTX Exclusivity Comes at a cost
The HP Omen Obelisk is a fresh choice amongst mass-market gaming desktops. top rate points like a fashion designer case, multi-zone RGB lighting, a tempered-glass facet panel, and removable filth filters provide it that aftermarket vibe it really is so commonly lacking among gaming PCs from the mainstream makers.
This Obelisk additionally earns high marks for balancing its compact design with conclusion-user serviceability. despite being smaller than the normal mid-tower, nothing internal is proprietary; its accessories can also be comfortably swapped for aftermarket versions.
The Obelisk model we reviewed become high priced for its level of add-ons. Competing machines just like the Lenovo Legion T730 Tower bring greater CPU vigour for the cash however path the Obelisk in different areas. The Obelisk faces its stiffest competition from aftermarket consultants and DIY notebook builders.
actually, it is going to be challenging to in shape the Obelisk's feature set without taking one of those paths. once or not it's accessible with Intel's 9th technology Core processors and liquid cooling, we are going to be smitten. For now, we're assured that most buyers could be joyful with this computing device, however may be more interested by the look and loadout of the Corsair Vengeance mentioned past, or on the space mark downs of the MSI Trident X.HP Omen Obelisk
HP has a brand new entrant in that most curious laptop niche – the backpack computer. A product of the digital truth computing wave, the backpack pc offers all of the vigour mandatory to power superb VR headsets like Oculus Rift and HTC Vive, however with a kind element that allows for the person to roam about untethered. the brand new HP Z VR Backpack is a little diverse from the rest of the container, although, for the reason that it’s designed specially as a workstation.
The HP Z carries an Nvidia Quadro P5200 GPU, and it’s the first time the cell notebook-category portraits card has been utilized in a VR backpack so far. The complete outfit weighs in at 10 lbs, and the GPU’s capabilities allow it to run advanced simulations and naturally vigour properly-end VR experiences, all delivered with cordless efficiency thanks to a developed-in battery.
HP is looking to birth delivery the Z VR in September, with a starting rate of $3,299 and further alternate options available for extra can charge. It’s also getting a associate dock that permits you to use it greater like a normal laptop for these instances if you don’t deserve to be roaming around immersed in digital environments.
This whole thing might sound like a bit of of a boondoggle, but one of the most exciting expertise use cases for VR is truly in engineering and design, where the skill to prototype well-nigh and make adjustments earlier than developing full-scale physical fashions can shop loads of time and energy. companies like Lucid, which is hoping to deliver a Tesla model S competitor to market, are already demonstrating how VR can assist cut down on pre-production rate.
The Z VR would also be constructive for job training, HP suggests, and for fields like telemedicine and even business VR event facilities. It’s probably still going to be fairly area of interest, but HP is obviously hoping that area of interest expands over time as VR turns into extra common across industries.
within the Nineties and well into the 2000s, in case you had mission-important functions that required zero downtime, resiliency, failover and high performance, however didn’t need a mainframe, Unix turned into your go-to solution.
in case your database, ERP, HR, payroll, accounting, and other line-of-company apps weren’t run on a mainframe, chances are high they ran on Unix systems from 4 dominant carriers: sun Microsystems, HP, IBM and SGI. every had its own taste of Unix and its personal custom RISC processor. Servers operating an x86 chip have been at finest used for file and print or perhaps low-end departmental servers.
these days it’s a x86 and Linux world, with some windows Server presence. well-nigh each supercomputer on the top 500 listing runs some taste of Linux and an x86 processor. SGI is lengthy long past. solar lived on for ages via Oracle, however in 2018 Oracle eventually gave up. HP business only ships a couple of Unix servers a year, primarily as upgrades to present valued clientele with historic techniques. handiest IBM is still in the online game, providing new programs and advances in its AIX working gadget.
We aren’t going to dwell on how we got here. in its place, here's a look at where business Unix goes, and the way and when it's going to finally die. (note: We're specially speakme in regards to the decline of commercial Unix. nevertheless flourishing are the free and open-source variations similar to FreeBSD, which turned into born out of the Berkeley utility construction (BSD) undertaking at the school of California, Berkeley, and GNU.)Unix's slow decline
Unix’s decline is “extra of an artifact of the lack of marketing enchantment than it is the lack of any presence,” says Joshua Greenbaum, most important analyst with commercial enterprise functions Consulting. “nobody markets Unix from now on, it’s type of a dead term. It’s nevertheless round, it’s just now not developed around anyone’s approach for top-conclusion innovation. There isn't any future, and it’s now not as a result of there’s anything else innately wrong with it, it’s just that anything else ingenious goes to the cloud.”
“The UNIX market is in inexorable decline,” says Daniel Bowers, research director for infrastructure and operations at Gartner. “simplest 1 in eighty five servers deployed this yr makes use of Solaris, HP-UX, or AIX. Most purposes on Unix that may also be easily ported to Linux or home windows have definitely already been moved.”
Most of what is still on Unix these days are customized, mission-essential workloads in fields comparable to financial features and healthcare. because those apps are high priced and risky emigrate or rewrite, Bowers expects a protracted-tail decline in Unix that may final 20 years. “As a practicable working gadget, it’s acquired at least 10 years because there’s this lengthy tail. Even two decades from now, people will nevertheless need to run it,” he says.Gartner
Gartner tracks the decline of new Unix earnings.
Gartner doesn’t tune install base, just new revenue, and the fashion is down. In Q1 of 2014, Unix earnings totaled $1.6 billion. via Q1 of 2018, sales were at $593 million. in terms of instruments, Unix income are low, however they are almost always in the variety of excessive-conclusion, heavily decked-out servers which are much larger than your usual two-socket x86 server.IBM the final UNIX man standing
It’s surprising how tight-lipped americans are over the state of Unix. Oracle and HPE declined to comment, as did several IBM clients. IBM is still within the video game, however Bowers notes, “I see IBM investing $34 billion in purple Hat, however I don’t see IBM investing $34 billion in AIX.”
Steve Sibley, vp of cognitive systems offerings at IBM, acknowledges the evident but says IBM will nevertheless have a substantial variety of consumers on AIX in ten years, with the majority of shoppers being significant Fortune 500 customers. He adds that there'll also be a strong variety of midrange purchasers in many ways “as a result of they don’t are looking to spend the investment to get off AIX.”
Rob McNelly, senior AIX options architect at Meridian IT, a functions company and heavy AIX consumer, says there's an 80/20 rule for brand spanking new functions for AIX: eighty% of purchasers don’t grow their AIX footprint, but 20% stays and expands in AIX.
“as a result of 20% is the larger business techniques, it is a extremely big segment. In healthcare, many strong tier 1 production environments proceed to invest and enjoy the balance and safety of AIX. dependent and embedded ERP techniques do likewise in any respect layers,” McNelly says.
Many new applications pursue Linux, which
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High-tech full-size SUV concept shows new Volkswagen approach to premium SUV segment
Beijing, China – Volkswagen debuted the T-Prime Concept GTE in a world premiere at Auto China 2016 in Beijing today. The concept car previews the future Volkswagen SUV. The T-Prime Concept GTE is a full-size sport utility vehicle with a plug-in hybrid powertrain and all-wheel drive. Volkswagen’s new Curved Interaction Area is a completely new digital display and control concept. The innovative curved infotainment display merges with the interactive displays and controls, resulting in a new human-machine interface (HMI) that is intuitive, precise, and fun-to-use. This SUV show car combines the best of many automotive worlds: the comfort and spaciousness of a saloon, the superior traction of an off-road vehicle, the agility of a sport sedan and—thanks to innovative drive technologies—the efficiency of a compact car.
In the future, Volkswagen wants to offer an exciting SUV in every relevant market segment. The product campaign starts this Spring with the global market launch of the new Tiguan which will also be offered with an extended wheelbase in certain markets. Following in car classes above it are a new mid-size SUV (for the USA and China), the successful Touareg and a vehicle in the style of the T-Prime Concept GTE. Beneath the Tiguan, two new SUV model series will make their debut simultaneously: in the Golf class, there will be an SUV inspired by the T-Roc concept, and the T-Cross Breeze that was presented in Geneva shows the direction that will be taken in the Polo class (SUV).
SUVs are booming worldwide, and this is especially true in the segment of the large C-SUVs to which the T-Prime Concept GTE belongs. Forecasts for China predict 18 percent growth between 2017 and 2023; in Europe and Russia growth might even reach 26 percent. Around the globe, annual volume of the exclusive SUVs will reach the milestone of two million unit sales around 2020. With the new T-Prime Concept GTE, Volkswagen is now responding to this trend by introducing one of the most advanced cars in the world.
The T-Prime Concept GTE was created under the leadership of Dr. Frank Welsch, Member of the Board of Management for Technical Development Volkswagen Brand, and Klaus Bischoff, Head of Design at Volkswagen. “Our team has created a charismatic and sporty all-round vehicle with this SUV, which appeals with its impressive sense of presence and confident poise,” says Klaus Bischoff.
The concept vehicle’s progressive interior reflects the desire for the digital capabilities of a new era. It is, simply put, a lot of fun to have a world of displays and controls that consist exclusively of touchscreens, gesture and voice control, touch-sensitive surfaces and shifting “by wire” that can always be used intuitively. The Active Info Display (interactive, digital instruments) and the screen of the infotainment system, which is curved for the first time in a vehicle, meld in the T-Prime Concept GTE to form the Curved Interaction Area—a multifunctional and interactive display landscape.
“Very quickly,” says Dr. Welsch, “this type of human-machine interface could become the norm in the top segment. Progress is immediately apparent here, because the real automobile is melding with the virtual world that is so real today.” Meanwhile, an array of assistance systems ensures top levels of safety and convenience in the T-Prime Concept GTE. These systems contain numerous technologies, and they enable such processes as semi-autonomous parking.
Powertrain The concept car is powered by a 375 horsepower plug-in hybrid drive, incorporating an electric motor, turbocharged gas engine, and battery, which can charge externally or during the drive. With a sufficiently charged battery (14.1 kWh energy capacity) this SUV—like all Volkswagen GTE cars—always starts in the practically silent electric E-Mode. It permits up to 31 miles of zero-emission driving in metropolitan areas. GTE mode forms an efficient alliance between the electric motor that is integrated into the housing of the 8-speed automatic gearbox and the 2.0-liter four-cylinder turbo engine (TSI®). The electric motor develops a power of 134 hp and a maximum torque of 258 lb-ft; the TSI has an output of 248 hp and 273 lb-ft. In boosted GTE mode (kickdown), the full system power and an impressive 516 lb-ft of system torque are available. The T-Prime Concept GTE is equipped with 4MOTION® permanent all-wheel drive, which distributes power to the front and rear wheels via the limited-slip differential, which is also integrated into the 8-speed automatic gearbox.
In hybrid operation, such as when the high-voltage battery is flat, fuel consumption is 29 mpg in combined mode using energy from the charged battery, the combined fuel consumption in the NEDC cycle for plug-in hybrid models is 87 mpg. In GTE mode, the T-Prime Concept GTE accelerates to 60 in 6.0 seconds and has a top speed of 139 mph.
There are two different ways to externally charge the lithium-ion battery of the T-Prime Concept GTE. In the conventional solution, the charging cable is plugged into a 220-volt outlet. From a completely flat state, the battery will fully charge at a charging power of 3.6 kW in eight hours. It is also possible to “fuel up” at public charging stations at a power of 7.2 kW. Then the battery is fully charged after just two hours and 30 minutes.
The T-Prime Concept GTE can be driven in three different drive modes: E-Mode, Hybrid, and GTE. The system is designed so that the drive utilizes battery energy first, and so it starts off in E-Mode. While driving in E-Mode, the driver can intentionally activate the TSI and therefore the Hybrid mode by pressing the accelerator pedal beyond a defined pressure point. The driver can return to the zero-emission E-Mode via touchscreen at any time (provided that the battery still has sufficient charge); in this case, the all-wheel drive is also active. The GTE mode can also be activated via touchscreen. The driver brings out the most agile character of the SUV in this mode. The accelerator pedal, gearbox and steering characteristics are now even sportier. In boosted GTE mode, the TSI and the electric motor also work together to access the full system power and maximum system torque. As soon as the driver releases the accelerator pedal, all drive sources are shut off and decoupled from the drivetrain, provided that the battery is sufficiently charged. In this form of coasting; the electric motor operates as a generator and feeds the energy recovered from braking into the lithium-ion battery. In this case as well, the TSI is shut off and decoupled.
Exterior Models like the PHIDEON, which was presented early this year in Geneva and is now making its show debut in China, the charismatic second generation Tiguan, and the BUDD-e zero-emission van that attracted international attention, all illustrate just how versatile Volkswagen design is today and will be in the future.
“With the new T-Prime Concept GTE, we are once again showcasing how Volkswagen can ideally master the whole range of differentiation possibilities, even within the individual SUV model series,” says Klaus Bischoff. The chief designer continues: “On the one hand, this concept shows the authentic Volkswagen SUV design of the modern era; but at the same time it takes entirely new approaches. A concise example is the chrome radiator grille that extends across the entire width of the front end and integrates the LED headlights. With this impressive ‘face’ we are creating an entirely new, iconic SUV product sub-brand.”
Another identifying design feature of future Volkswagen full-size SUVs are the opposing window and character lines. The window line begins in the hood and ends in the side window of the D-pillar at the rear. The so-called character line, meanwhile, begins in the rear lights, slices through the rear wheel arches with a razor-sharp undercut (an overhang drawn out from the sheet metal) and ends in the front wing. The two opposing lines lower the SUV’s visual center of gravity and, as in a sports car, they form athletic muscular surfaces over the wheel arches, a clearly identifiable waist and a highly dynamic shoulder section.
Klaus Bischoff: “The roof line that descends towards the rear in a sporty style is also striking. This creates an unusually dynamic and yet elegant SUV. The overall radiance of the T-Prime Concept GTE makes it unmistakably clear that it is playing in the top league.”
Technically, the T-Prime Concept GTE is based on the Group’s modular longitudinal platform (MLB); it covers full-size models with longitudinally mounted engines and gearboxes. The concept vehicle is 199.6 inches long. By means of comparison: the SUV is 0.4 inches longer than the first-generation Phaeton. This Volkswagen, which is equipped with two individual rear seats, has a width of 78.7 inches and is 67.2 inches tall. Balanced proportions, a very dynamic silhouette and an athletically tensed body with pronounced shoulders together create an entirely new SUV dynamic.
At the front end, the large chrome radiator grille merges with the headlights and extends across the entire width of the body, which gives the T-Prime Concept GTE its unmistakable charisma. Typical of all Volkswagen plug-in hybrid and electric models are the C-shaped Daytime Running Lights in the front bumper.
The vehicle’s side profile displays sporty proportions with a long, extended bonnet and a matching extremely long roof section. Also defining its style, are the opposing window and character lines and the flared wheel arches. The latter are filled out with large 22-inch alloy wheels and size 285/40 tires.
Wide rear shoulders taper towards the rear, forming a sporty rear end with maximum presence. The thin LED rear lights underscore the impressive overall width. The horizontally aligned rear has a clean and organized layout and the tailgate extends far into the bumper, which creates a low load sill.
Interior Anyone looking through the windows into the closed T-Prime Concept GTE discovers one aspect above all else: sporty and stylish elegance and the horizontal orientation of its surfaces. A closer look reveals a mix of cool aluminum (surrounds, door handles), blue leather (upper part of dashboard, door panels, steering wheel rim) and glossy-black surfaces (wing-shaped front side of dashboard, center console, door accents and multifunction switch arrays on steering wheel). Forming a contrast are the warm color hues of the wood accents (wrapping around the dashboard and doors, propshaft tunnel trim) and other leather surfaces (seats, trims beneath wood accents). The interior is transformed into a mobile living space in its interplay of colors and materials, perfected ergonomics (including individual seats in the rear) and a new operating aesthetic. In the T-Prime Concept GTE Volkswagen is presenting a living automotive world whose atmosphere matches that of the connected, progressive, personal residence.
As soon as a door of the SUV concept is opened, the variety of functions of the digital interior reveals itself. The team of designers and engineers behind the car has exploited an opportunity to create an entirely new concept of vehicle and infotainment control in the T-Prime Concept GTE, completely forgoing conventional switches. With the exception of the steering wheel stalks, all controls are implemented as touch-sensitive surfaces with white backlighting or—in the case of gearbox control—have been engineered to be completely new “by-wire solution.” A key feature of user operation is gesture control. Proximity sensors and voice control are also used throughout the vehicle.
Forming one visual and functional unit are the Active Info Display (digitalized instruments) and the infotainment display (head unit). Located under a continuous, elegant glass surface, which is slightly curved—a world first in a vehicle—and aligned towards the driver for optimal ergonomics, they merge to form the newly developed Curved Interaction Area. Spanning the area in front of the driver like an arc, the Curved Interaction Area symbolizes the cockpit of the future—a future that will begin at Volkswagen as early as 2017.
The new Active Info Display of the T-Prime Concept GTE has a 12.0-inch screen. All indicators are virtually implemented in software—such as the power meter that is typical of a Volkswagen with a plug-in hybrid drive and, of course, the speedometer. In the middle, between these two round instruments, all imaginable information can be shown by thematic tiles. In Navigation mode, for instance, a 3D map display can be shown. Here the power meter and speedometer are relocated to the sides to make more room for the map display. Information such as navigation and assistance functions, phone contact images or the coverflow of the media library may be shown, depending on what is needed.
The curved home screen of the 15.0-inch infotainment head unit can be configured by the driver or front passenger. Here, three thematic tiles can be freely arranged on a defined screen grid or can be bundled. Users can fill a large main screen area with a wide variety of content or menu levels, such as two smaller thematic sub-areas. Content includes the media library, weather data, voicemails or navigation instructions. In exactly the same way, the individual thematic tiles of the Active Info Display can be configured in the head unit first, and can then be moved to the digital instruments by a swiping motion. This is a new technological and intuitive type of user operation that is simply fun to use. The user can always press a home button located low and at the middle of the head unit to return to the top menu level from any other menu. To the left and right of the home button are capacitive control surfaces for climate control and for seat heating and seat ventilation.
Revolutionary features of the T-Prime Concept GTE include “by wire” control of the gear shift unit for the 8-speed automatic gearbox on the center console. This is implemented as an elegantly designed glass scroll wheel with a chrome surround that is fitted with sensors which enable intuitive operation of functions. Located in front of this glass scroll wheel is a display with a virtual scroll wheel—as soon as the driver operates the real roller, the roller in the display turns accordingly. Implemented as touch-sensitive surfaces are the controls around the glass scroll wheel for the hazard warning lights, the Auto Hold function, starting and stopping the engine and the electric parking brake.
Another highlight is the multifunction steering wheel without switches. The smooth surface of the multifunctional areas use touch feedback. The individual functions are activated by pressure or with a swipe gesture. When the surfaces are touched, the driver of the T-Prime Concept GTE gets touch feedback, or “pre-sensing”, which lets the driver locate the function. As soon as the driver activates the function, the control gives stronger tactile feedback.
A 9.6-inch display surface is also located between the two individual seats in the lounge-like rear seating area; it was integrated in the continuous surface of the center console. From here, users can adjust climate controls and seat adjustments using touch-sensitive surfaces. A tablet (10.1-inch) snaps onto each backrest of the front seats. These tablets let rear passengers access all conceivable media library functions.
The color and materials of the T-Prime Concept GTE are based on water, earth, wood, metal, and fire, in tribute to Chinese lifestyle, where these five elements are inseparably intertwined. Water, the all-dissolving and flowing element is reflected in the petrol-blue body paint color “Beihai Blue” (inspired by a beach on the South China Sea). Xirallic®—a cyan-colored substance with crystal effect pigments—makes the paint sparkle when viewed from above; meanwhile a deep sea blue is seen on the edges. The instrument panel and the back sides of the seats carry the exterior color scheme over into the interior with the turquoise blue leather color “Ipanema Blue”.
The earth is a solid element that brings everything into balance, and leather and Alcantara in the light-grey contrasting color “Mistral” create a visual effect of earth in the interior, including the seats. Wood is created by combining earth and water. Open-pored wood accents in “Walnut Trunk” make it possible to visually experience this natural material very intensely. Cool metal as a shaping external force can be found in the polished and satin aluminum accents, both exterior and interior. Finally, the burning element of fire sets the scene; Volkswagen uses the look of fire for the leather piping on the seats in the color “Himalayan Brown.”
The Acer TravelMate 4010 (4011WLCi) is a mid-range Intel Centrino laptop with a budget price. It sports a 15.4″ widescreen WXGA LCD and weighs just under 6.2lbs.
Acer TravelMate 4011 (view larger image) Acer TravelMate 4010 (4011WLCi configuration):
Reasons for Buying I bought this laptop for class and general wireless use. Having a laptop in class allows me to type out all of my notes and stay connected wherever I am on campus. I needed a budget laptop, and this fit the bill quite nicely. I also wanted a laptop that I could use around the apartment so I wouldn’t be tied to my desktop all the time. However, I quickly realized I began using my laptop quite a bit more than my desktop, and it eventually turned into my desktop replacement.
I take the laptop to campus everyday, and there are some shortcomings. Because the laptop has a 15.4″ screen, it’s relatively large. Unless you’re sitting at a table, don’t expect to have any room atop of your desk for anything other than your laptop.
My Acer TravelMate 4010 (4011WLCi) was purchased locally at Circuit City for $650 after rebate ($750 – $100 rebate) in the last week of August 2005. It was quite the deal at the time- as there are hardly other Centrino laptops under 700 dollars that could match the specs of this TravelMate. I also went through 3 of the laptops due to quality issues, as discussed in the build quality section.
The TravelMate is designed just like the many other laptops Acer produces. It features the 5 degree angled curve keyboard that the Acer Ferrari line possesses, which I find to be exceptional; however, the overall feel of the typing is not noticeably different than conventional laptop keyboards. It’s two toned- silver and black.
Acer TravelMate 4011 open (view larger image)
When closed, the laptop is fairly flush. The screen turns on when the panel is raised about 20 degrees up and can open to about 190 degrees. The LCD “turn off” button is located on the upper right side between 2 of the hinges, and it is not easily accessible by the finger (although it is possible to press it down with skinny fingers).
Beneath the laptop, the end user has access to the Battery, RAM, HDD, CPU and HSF, and the mini-PCI slot.
Acer TravelMate 4011 underside (view larger image)
There are 4 launch buttons above and to the right of the keyboard: E-Mail, WWW, Empowering Technology (Acer settings), and Launch Manager. All 4 launch buttons can be customized to run any application, file, or web address, along with custom OSD labels.
To the right of the launch buttons is the power button, which lights up green when the system is on. To the left of the launch buttons are 3 status LEDs. The left most is Caps Lock, the middle is Num Lock, and the right most is HDD activity.
Launch buttons on the top right side of the keyboard area (view larger image)
The touchpad is centered on the bottom edge of the laptop and has a 4-way scroll button, along with equally sized left and right click buttons.
Above and to the left of the keyboard is the onboard microphone, which works well.
On the front end of the laptop, you have the left and right speakers on the left and right most edges, respectively.
Moving inward from the left, you have a blocked of infrared port. Yes, that’s right. There is no actual IR Receiver, but the cutout is there. This is because Acer uses the same chassis for higher end models, which have an IR receiver. It is quite annoying.
Further left, we have 2 LEDs. The first is the power status LED, which is green when on and red when in standby, and the second is the charging status LED, which lights up yellow when charging and green when fully charged.
Continuing left, we have 2 button/LEDs. The left is to toggle the power of the Bluetooth chip, which does not exist in the laptop. But once again, since this chassis is used in other models, they left it in. Pressing the button actually results in saying “No Device” on the OSD, so the button is wired in correctly. One would assume if they added in Bluetooth via the mini-PCI slot, it would begin to function, and presumably light up blue. The other LED, which lights up red, toggles the WiFi power. It blinks red when connecting, and stays red when connected, and off otherwise.
Moving along, we have 3 audio ports. The first is the Line In, second is Mic In, and third is the Line Out/Head Phone.
Finally, we end on a single USB 2.0 port.
Front view of laptop (view larger image)
The left side of the laptop houses the “removable” optical bay. At first glance, one would assume it’s removable, since it looks like it could easily slide out, but on second glance, one will see that once again, we have a cut out for a place where one could release the optical bay. So the only way to remove it is to take apart the laptop (not completely, of course).
Left view of laptop (view larger image)
On the right side of the laptop, starting from the left, we see another cutout for a mini FireWire port that does not exist. Moving along, we see the Type II PCMCIA PC Card Slot. Above that, we see a nice place for say, a multimedia card reader! But once again, we only see a blocked off piece of plastic. Moving along we have twin USB 2.0 ports, followed by a cutout of what you would presume to be an S-Video port. That’s right; this has no TV-out. Further along, we have the RJ45 LAN jack and the RJ11 Modem jack. We finish with the HSF vent, which blows out warm air whenever the fan is on.
Right side view of laptop (view larger image)
The back side of the laptop houses the battery, VGA out, and security lock. The battery has both a release and lock lever, and feels very secure in place when locked. (And in case you’re interested, when you take apart the area around the VGA port, you guessed it, there’s a cutout for a DVI port!).
Laptop view of back (view larger image)
Before I continue, let me tell you I’m on my third TravelMate, and this is the best in terms of quality. My first one I picked up was faulty. When I closed the screen, it would BSOD (Blue Screen of Death) and the picture would scramble (and if anyone cares, it had Samsung ICs on the RAM). Also, the screen hinge wasn’t as tight as my current one is.
After exchanging it for a new one the problem was fixed, and over all, the laptop wasn’t bad. But after about 3 days, my space bar started “squeaking.” I popped it off, put it back, and the problem was fixed, until the next day when it squeaked again. I once again popped it off, tried putting it back on, and noticed one of the plastics tabs had broken, so although the space bar could go back on, it was a lot more “wobbly.” Now I’m not going blame this one on Acer- but I can tell you I’ve popped off a lot of space bars, and this is the first one to go.
After convincing Circuit City to give me another one, I noticed something pleasantly odd about the third one. The palm rest area (left and right side of the touch pad) was quite a bit sturdier. Before, I could flex that area down quite a bit, but now I can’t. To my surprise, there is a layer of thick foam under the palm rest- something that wasn’t there in my previous two TravelMates. How did I find this out, you ask? The PC Card slot “flap” would not go down! I had to exert quite a bit of force to make it go down (as if I was inserting a card), and when I finally got it down, you can clearly see the foam above it. Then as I release the flap, you guessed it, it would not return all the way up because it was stuck on foam. I kid you not. Of course I was able to finally force it up, but I was ready to go back to Circuit City, but I was reluctant because I would never be able to find a deal like this again. Plus, the palm rests are a lot sturdier now.
With that being said, this laptop is both a “flexer” and a “wobbler.” Yes, the screen wobbles like no other. Now the hinges them self don’t move- in fact, you need to exert quite a bit of force to change the overall tilt of the panel, but give it a slight push on the top center part of the screen, and watch it yo-yo back and forth slower and slower over a period of 5 seconds.
The keyboard has a slight flex to I when pressed down, but nothing that would affect your typing, but annoying none the less. The black area above the keyboard (in line with the launch buttons) flexes down quite a bit with some pressure. As mentioned, the palm rest area is quite sturdy. Beneath the laptop, you can easily flex it some areas, mainly the removable compartments.
The hinges are made of cheap plastic, and they feel the same way. They can move vertically quite a bit, and if your shirt gets stuck on it, chances are the hinge will break off before your laptop moves with it.
When closed, you can press down the front screen edges to make it touch the bottom portion of the laptop, but the center is firmly touching. On the back end where the hinges are, you can press down that area as well, because the hinges have some give. I don’t know if this is due to poor build quality or if it’s a feature. The hinges are surrounded by plastic. I will also say the screws around the hinges could be screwed in quite a bit more than how they were shipped.
Twisting the screen does not produce any ripples and neither does putting pressure on the back side of the panel (however, with a reasonable amount of force, you can make it happen, but nothing like some HPs and Dells I’ve seen, where you can make the entire screen ripple).
However, one thing that doesn’t seem too well designed is the back side of the LCD panel. Although it’s difficult to get ripples to show, due to its slight convex shape, you can flex down the outer plastic. I’ve purposely sat on the laptop closed, and nothing broke, so you shouldn’t be too worried.
Holding the laptop by one of the corners produces no creaks or flex, but you can really tell the laptop is under a lot of tension in this position.
The touchpad and respective buttons are all fine.
Keyboard and Touchpad
As mentioned above, the keyboard has the 5 degree tilt to it that many other Acer notebooks have. Overall, this doesn’t make any difference in my typing than a conventional laptop keyboard. The rest of it is basically standard, with the exception of the Euro and Dollar symbol to the left and right of the up arrow key, respectively.
Keyboard and touchpad view (view larger image)
The touch pad feel quite nice: smooth enough to flow easily, but it has enough friction for precise control. The left and right mouse buttons are pretty standard as well, and they produce a noticeable click when pressed. The four way scroll button works as expected as well, also producing a noticeable click sound when pressed (and thus causes annoyances in class- but don’t get me wrong, it’s not that loud; it’s about the same as a normal mouse click sound). The touchpad is built by Synaptics, and through the drivers, you can configure many settings, including a virtual side and virtual scroll area.
Screen and Speakers
The screen is a 15.4″ Widescreen WXGA+ LCD at resolution of 1280 x 800. Although I could not find the exact specs for this LCD panel, I can tell you that the response time isn’t bad, as “ghosting” is on par with my 16ms Acer LCD. Contrast and brightness are all acceptable by today’s standards, and it is even through out, with no apparent “bleeding” on the edges. However, the viewing angle isn’t that great, but on par with most other current (non “bright view”) laptops. My laptop came with no dead pixels.
Screen off (view larger image)
Screen displaying all white (view larger image)
Screen displaying all black (view larger image)
Screen displaying color (view larger image)
Above you can compare the contrast when the screen is off, black, white, or colorful.
Audio is powered by the popular Conexant AMC chipset, which serves its purpose. The over all quality is once again on par with most other laptop speakers, and it can get loud enough to fill a small room. Overall, they’re not bad. Sound from the headphone jack is about the same as from the headphone jack on my external USB SoundBlaster Live and rotating the plug around does not produce any static.
Performance The laptop is Centrino certified, meaning it includes the Intel i855 (GM/GME) chipset, along with the Intel Pentium M 725 1.60GHz 400MHz FSB 2MB Cache Dothan core processor. The hard drive is only 4200RPM with 2MB cache, and it really degrades the overall system performance, and it is quite clear from my tests that it is the limiting factor in boot and application load times. 512MB of RAM comes equipped at the timings of CAS 2.5 — 3 — 3 — 7. It also comes with Mobile Intel Extreme 2 Graphics, which dynamically shares 64MB of memory.
The overall video performance is what you’d expect from an Intel Extreme graphics chipsets. It’s fine for everyday work and photo editing, but don’t expect to play anything more demanding than the Quake III Arena engine. This laptop can play Quake III Arena at all the lowest quality settings, but at its native resolution of WXGA+ at around an average of 100FPS. At XGA resolutions, a constant 125FPS can be achieved, even at medium quality settings.
System boot time will vary from system from system, but from power on to getting to Google takes my system 33 seconds. The ACER POST takes about 2 seconds, which is followed by the Windows XP boot process.
CPU performance is excellent, as are all Dothan based Pentium M’s. Best way to describe it is by giving you the numbers. On battery power, you can configure it to run at 600MHz or 1600MHz.
Although laptop overclocking isn’t very popular, this TravelMate can overclock quite nicely. Laptop overclocking is just like desktop overclocking, except we are much more limited in the variables we can change. On most Centrino laptops, you only have access to adjust the FSB, multiplier (lower only), and occasionally, the RAM Timings. You have no control over the CPU VCore or VDimm.
The RAM:FSB ratio is locked at 5:3, and the AGP/PCI clock can not be locked at 66/33MHz. Therefore, increasing the FSB will overclock both the RAM and the AGP/PCI clock.
My RAM won’t go any lower than 2.5-3-3-7 at the stock 166MHz (DDR333) speed, so I left it as that. We can only lower the multiplier, so initially I left it at the stock 16x.
So that leaves us with traditional FSB overclocking. The stock FSB on this Centrino laptop is 100MHz. First I had to find out what clock generator I had so I could download the right Clockgen (which I did by trial and error, and whichever gave me the correct initial readings). I have the CG-CY28346 clock generator, and I used SetFSB (ClockGen would always cause BSODs at higher FSBs for some strange reason), the ThinkPad X31 version.
So now the process is quite simple; just increase the FSB and measure stability. Since the AGP/PCI clock isn’t locked, when you hit around 115MHz, you lose onboard sound. Simply restoring the FSB back to 100MHz will restore the sound, and if it doesn’t, a simpl reboot will (I have an external USB Sound Blaster which continues to work). My laptop is prime stable for over 8hrs (no errors/warnings, stopped at 8hrs) at 127MHz FSB, which results in a 16x127MHz = 2.032GHz CPU, and a RAM speed of 208MHz (DDR416).
The load temperature increased from 61 degrees to about 68 degrees Celsius, while the idle temp stayed consistent around 51 degrees. Below are the benchmarks at 2.032GHz.
Increasing the FSB to 128MHz will result in the LCD to flicker, and going to 129MHz dramatically decreases its stability and 130MHz and on will usually result it distorted display followed by a BSOD.
I always have my laptop overclocked when on AC power, and it’s but doing quite nicely. You can run it overclocked in battery mode without problems, both at 16x and 6x multipliers. However, the battery drains about 20% faster compared to 100MHz FSB.
The TravelMate comes with the Intel PROSet 2200BG 802.11b/g compliant mini-PCI wireless card. Acer cleverly located the antenna behind the LCD so that it’s not blocked off by any components. Acer calls this their BLALHALAH. I would say it gets only a slightly stronger signal than my friends who have the same chipset in their Toshiba or HP, but in practical use, you will probably not be able to get a usable signal if other WiFi devices can’t.
Battery life of the TravelMate is quite good, and the best way to describe is to simply give you the numbers. All of these numbers are while the laptop is in use, either typing on MS Word or surfing the net if connected.
Lowest Brightness, 600MHz, LAN OFF, WiFi OFF, CardBus OFF: 3h 04mLowest Brightness, 600MHz, LAN OFF, WiFi ON, CardBus OFF: 2h 38m
Medium Brightness, 600MHz, LAN OFF, WiFi ON, CardBus OFF: 2h 19mMedium Brightness, 1600MHz, LAN OFF, WiFi ON, CardBus OFF: 1h 48mMedium Brightness, 1600MHz, LAN ON, WiFi OFF, CardBus OFF: 1h 49m
High Brightness, 1600MHz, LAN OFF, WiFi ON, CardBus OFF: 1h 36mHigh Brightness, 1600MHz, LAN ON, WiFi OFF, CardBus OFF: 1h 38m
Leaving the system on standby takes about 5% battery life for every hour.
Operating System and Software
The system comes preinstalled with Windows XP Home Edition with Service Pack 2, along with all the necessary drivers and Acer software. Upon turning it on and setting it up, it prompts you to burn a Backup Recovery CD. However, there is a 3GB hidden partition which can be activated via the POST process to restore the system to factory defaults. The system comes formatted with 3 partitions: 1 hidden Acer recovery partition and 2 equal FAT32 partitions, one for the OS (C:) and one for storage (D:).
The Acer software is among the best I’ve seen for any laptop and desktop for that matter. The Empowering Technology suite has a host of power management features. You can create custom profiles that control the delays for screen off, hard disk off, stand by, brightness, and CPU speed. It also reports an accurate reading for percentage and time left of the battery on power and with Standby time left.
Acer Software power management application (view larger image)
Along with power management settings, you have all the system information you would want, along with all the BIOS options readily available to read and alter in Windows. There is also a Multi-monitor (projector) settings program.
I have yet to experience Acer Technical Support, as any problems I had initially were resolved with the retailer. I have, however, read on the forums that they do provide exceptional support. The Acer’s International Traveler’s Warranty should also be a plus for those who need support out of the country.
All in all, this is a fine laptop for the price. Despite some of the issues I have with the build quality and the initial problems I had when purchasing the laptop, it seems to be worth every dollar, and I love the overclock abilities this laptop possesses.
Pricing and Availability
The Acer 4011WLCi is currently available at CircuitCity.com for $699.99
Blockchain technology is a phenomenon of the last decade and it gained a lot of attention, especially in late 2017 and early 2018. Most people have already at least heard of Bitcoin, but blockchain technology is much more than Bitcoin. There are thousands of cryptocurrencies and their use cases are far beyond just transferring value. For good or bad, death rate within this new emerging industry is massive and many of these cryptocurrencies won’t be around in few years time.
This text was written to give you a deeper understanding of fundamentals that are not only going to help HPB survive this bear market, but they will also make HPB thrive in the next bullrun.The problem and the solution
As you probably know, the blockchain industry has been plagued with a low Transactions Per Second (TPS) bottleneck. Everyone who’s been around for a while remembers when CryptoKitties congested the most popular smart contract platform Ethereum to the point where it became pretty much unusable and I think this made many people realize how far from readiness for mass adoption blockchain technology actually is.
Different projects take different paths to tackle this bottleneck. Some decided to increase their performance by significantly lowering the number of nodes, some are trying to solve this on a software level, for example by implementation of sharding. One thing these projects have in common is that all of them use conventional hardware that was not designed for running blockchain, and this is where HPB differs.
HPB is a product of HPB Foundation and Shanghai Zhaoxi Network Co., Ltd. Zhaoxi is an innovative blockchain technology research and development company founded in 2014 by Xiaoming Wang. They are taking a very unique approach to tackling the TPS bottleneck to balance the blockchain trilemma — how to be fast enough to enable mass adoption but not at the expense of decentralization and (thus) security. HPB has a permissionless blockchain architecture that combines customized open-source hardware (the BOE, or Blockchain Offload Engine) with High Performance Blockchain software. If you remember how ASIC miners changed BTC mining, or how GPUs changed the gaming industry, you might likely come to the conclusion that creating a dedicated hardware is a very logical step to take for the whole industry. Even internet speed was vastly increased thanks to hardware advancements such as ADSL or fiber optics. HPB is the first player in the market that has successfully designed and manufactured hardware dedicated to enhance blockchain transaction speed.Blockchain Offload Engine — picture from “Le Phantome” node. BOE unboxing video -https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BnDdZNioXFc BOE HARDWARE
Part of the BOE is the ECDSA (Ecliptic Curve Digital Signature Algorithm) module that performs signature verification at high rate and is essential for the network to be able to process thousands of signatures per second.
The BOE has an in-built hardware random number generator to protect transactions and increase security. Any malicious actors on the network would have to overcome not only software, but also the hardware part of the network. Blockchain data is already well protected, but this component adds another layer of security for HPB.
Other parts of the BOE are the MAC module that handles processing of data packets transferred from Ethernet cables and the TCP/IP Offload engine (TOE), which optimizes throughput for high-speed Ethernet systems.
As the name of the hardware indicates, its purpose is to offload CPU load from the node servers. At the BOE Launch and Reveal event in July 2018 there was a live test of two identical servers — one with the BOE hardware unit and one without. The non-BOE server took 40 seconds using 76% of CPU to process 200,000 inspection data. The one with the BOE took 8 seconds to process the same amount of data, using only 5% of the CPU. That’s 5 times faster while using only a fraction of CPU! You can see this test at 48th minute of BOE launch and reveal event video (link at the end of the article).
Using BOE hardware has another significant advantage. Some other projects very often use VPS services to host their nodes, which adds another layer of centralisation because sometimes too many nodes use the same VPS service (EOS nodes most often use AWS for example), and if a VPS provider has some issues, then many nodes using it have issues as well. Also, once the network reaches higher constant TPS, nodes will need to rent more CPU, resulting in much more energy consumption and thus much higher costs.
HPB nodes are much more energy efficient and less costly because vast majority of the CPU load is performed by the BOE unit itself. Furthermore, all HPB nodes are obligated to use the BOE hardware, which means they can’t use VPS service and that makes the network more decentralised.
To further optimize the network performance, HPB is using a dedicated HPB server network instead of universal one.
The HPB MainNet went live in late September 2018 and is currently run by 150 nodes. Thanks to the BOE hardware, the network is capable of achieving more than 5,000 TPS globally and 10,000 TPS within China, where most nodes are located. This makes HPB faster and much more decentralised and secure than many competitors that are run by only a fraction of the nodes that HPB has.
Even though current TPS is already incredible, the team has a plan to increase the performance soon: “In the coming months we will increase our TPS through a multi-step approach. First, we will further enhance parallel processing of transactions by optimizing the organization of data in the transaction pool. Secondly, we will perform network protocol optimizations to streamline network traffic. Thirdly, we will design a new virtual machine that runs on our BOE.”Picture made by “Le Phantome” node HPB TEAM
HPB has a team of over 60 full-time employees and developers who profit from having experience in huge companies such as IBM, Alibaba, Huawei, UnionPay and others. I won’t go much into detail since you can check yourself on the HPB website, but I do want to briefly introduce the CEO — Xiaoming Wang.
Xiaoming Wang has over 10 years of experience in finance and big data. He is one of the founders of UnionPay Smart — the Big data division of the largest payment processor in the world, UnionPay. I will come back to this later in the article. He is a blockchain pioneer, who is very well known as Blue Lotus among the Chinese blockchain community. He’s been lecturing in Asia about the advantages and use cases of blockchain technology for years. He was the person who wrote the Chinese version of Ethereum’s official document, he wrote a series of books including a “Blockchain developer guide” and many scientific articles about blockchain. In March 2018 he received the “Most innovative CEO” award at the 4th annual Blockchain Finance and Fintech China event. If you look at the attendees and partners of this conference, it seems like a decent award to receive.HPB is a highly flexible project
It should not come to you as a surprise, after what you’ve just read about the CEO, that HPB is in many ways similar to Ethereum. The source code is 80–90% based on ETH, it uses Go-ethereum and HPB also adopted a similar gas/fee system to ETH. This might be just a coincidence or a very pragmatic step. Ethereum has one of the largest developer communities, and since Ethereum is open-source and software parts of the two projects are similar, any software solution adopted by ETH should not be hard to implement on HPB with slight modifications if needed or desired.
HPB supports the General Virtual Machine (GVM) mechanism. This GVM also supports code from other blockhains, allowing for greater flexibility. Currently Ethereum VM and NEO VM are supported and HPB is capable of adding new VMs as needed through its modular design. This basically means that dapps on ETH or NEO can interact with HPB should they run into scenarios requiring high performance.
HPB is working on their Blockchain middleware project, which is currently being tested by Chinese community Fupin.
The HPB community only found out recently that HPB supports sidechains. This means for example that core technological and/or software updates can be tested on a sidechain prior to public release. HPB is also offering BaaS (Blockchain as a Service), providing end to end solutions and consulting for enterprises that want to take advantage of of blockchain technology for their business.
HPB generally takes very wide and holistic approach towards blockchain industry. The team recognises that different entities have different needs and motivations. A game developer has very different priorities than a financial institution for example. While a game developer might enjoy developing his game on a public blockchain, financial institution might not be happy with all their data being stored on a public ledger. HPB takes a hybrid approach where it works as a public blockchain platform where anyone can come and build their dapps but at the same time they can reach partners or developers that want more freedom in terms of their consensus algorithm, privacy etc through their BaaS offering and side chains. This allows HPB to build massive ecosystem with many different entities that can easily and safely interact and exchange data between each other
Use cases of HPB are endless since performance is not an issue, but the whitepaper mentions mainly big data, gaming and anti-counterfeiting traceability.Node system and consensus algorithm
The number of nodes that run HPB network is 150, of which 31 are High Performance Nodes and the rest are Candidate Nodes. The number of nodes will increase to 300 in the future, of which 61 will be High Performance Nodes and the rest are Candidate nodes. HP nodes are responsible for synchronization and block generation while Candidate Nodes process transactions. The algorithm rotates the nodes and any Candidate Node can become an HP node at any time.
The block rewards are distributed as followed:
2/3 of the block rewards are allocated to HP-Node that generated a new block and all CandidateNodes. For each block generated, the HP-Node responsible for the block generation receives 35% of the block reward, and all other Candidate-Nodes evenly divide the remaining 65% of the block rewards.
1/3 of the block rewards is allocated according to the proportion of community votes that all BOE-Nodes obtained.Minimum node requirements. Source: HPB node plan 2.0
70% of nodes are decided by voting, 6% of nodes are run by the HPB foundation and 24% of nodes are issued by invitation (Enterprises that can easily deploy dapps and serve target users; Academic institutions; Developers; Non profit organizations..). Some of invited nodes are currently: Tianshu Society — an organization of the Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications; The Distributed Intelligent System Laboratory of Shanghai Jiaotong University or Bixin. All invitees will be contributing to R&D of the network.
Another aspect that makes HPB unique is that it adopts its own consensus algorithm — Proof of Performance. This algorithm takes into account three key factors when choosing an HP node: network bandwidth (50% weight), ranking of community voting (35% weight) and number of HPB coins held (15% weight). This way all nodes are incentivized to add as much performance to the network as possible.
HPB adopts an inflationary system. Current inflation is capped at 3% of the initial token supply and once another 150 nodes are added, it will increase to 6% of initial token supply. Fixing the maximum inflation rate to initial token supply means that the real inflation will actually decrease each year.Node map from end of 2018. There are currently 18 nodes from outside Asia region. HPB Coin
HPB coin is the fuel of the whole HPB ecosystem. Some of the use cases are:
- It is needed by developers to issue smart contracts- It is used as gas for transactions- New projects can hold HPB and launch ICOs to raise funds- New partners, businesses or dapps need to hold HPB coins to create their side chain or access Blockchain-as-a-Service offering- Coin holders can vote for nodes and influence the way the network is governed- Nodes also need to hold HPB coins, whereas the more they hold, the higher their chance to become HP-node and receive higher block rewards.- Initial coin supply is 100,000,000 HPB.Coin allocation according to HPB whitepaper. PARTNERSHIPS
This is where it’s getting really interesting. Remember the company founded by HPB’s CEO that handles the big data of the largest payment processor in the world? Yes, UnionPay Smart. To give you an idea what UnionPay is and how insanely big it is — UnionPay is something like Visa or MasterCard, but it is bigger than both of them combined. It processes about 80% of all transactions in China with annual turnover about 80 trillion Yuan! Well, guess what blockchain they are going to use for their big data authorization and traceability dapp? HPB! This is possibly one of the biggest partnerships in crypto space.
One of the speakers at the BOE acceleration engine launch and reveal event in July 2018 was the COO of UnionPay Smart, who described the issues and challenges big data faces nowadays. These are primarily: privacy leaks, revenue generated without user consent, identity fraud, and adapting to the new GDPR standard. He describes all these points in more detail during his speech. You will find the link to the subtitled video at the end of this text. He also called HPB “the most pragmatic blockchain”.
“We have completed the base blockchain infrastructure and developed an early-stage beta system that can extract and process data from legal documents. Key outstanding tasks includes transforming different types of legal documents into a standardised set of smart contracts and developing a front-end user interface, which is convenient to use for all stakeholders.” — from the latest update on UnionPay Smart dapp.
SME Finance forum
This is another partnership with a major financial institution. HPB has become a member in the SME finance forum in the International Finance Corporation (IFC) of the World Bank group. IFC, a sister organization of the World Bank, is the largest global development institution focused exclusively on the private sector in developing countries. The SME Finance Forum works to expand access to finance for small and medium businesses. It operates a global membership network that brings together financial institutions, technology companies and development financial institutions to share knowledge and promote growth of SMEs (Small to Medium Enterprises). Globally, SMEs account for 9 of 10 businesses, 50% of world GDP and two thirds of world jobs. Zhaoxi will take place in member working groups and build its knowledge of SME financing through member engagement and Forum events. Through this partnership, HPB is linked to global policy-making networks such as the World Economic Forum, G20, OECD, APEC and AFI. “200 million businesses worldwide need financing to invest, grow and create new jobs. We are proud to have Zhaoxi join our network of 140 members who work to expand access to finance for small and medium businesses,” — Matthew Gamser, CEO of the Forum.
“Partnering with the SME Finance Forum allows us to effectively position ourselves to develop blockchain infrastructure for SMEs. We are excited to learn from other members and explore opportunities throughout SME financing together,” said Xiaoming Wang, Founder and CEO of Zhaoxi.
You can find HPB on the memberlist on the SME official webpage, I will put you link at the end of the text. I think membership in such an institution gives HPB a lot of credibility and it will open many doors to potential partners.
This is another huge partnership for HPB. Laya.one is a venture of gaming industry giant Laya.box. To give you an idea how huge Laya is, here are some facts from their recent Q&A:
Now you know how big they are, the point is that Laya.one will be using HPB and its corresponding BOE engine to bolster their digital signature processes. The digital signatures ensure and identify each players’ identity and relevant assets. The current system uses the CPU of the system server to execute signature verifications. As you already know, HPB can offload the work onto the BOE and significantly improve verification speed and thus network performance. As the whole platform will be open-source, the game logic (such as chance-based events, rarity of items etc) is apparent to all users, all items are owned by players and stored safely on the blockchain and all trading is traceable. All these features bringing gaming experience to another level.
It’s fair to say that Laya doesn’t have a partnership exclusively with HPB. Their absolute blockchain will be connected to other blockchains such as ETH, EOS or NEO for example.
Other partners of HPB include NEO (angel investor), Nebulas, BitShares, Okex, Bixin, Pchain, Bottos, Oath Protocol, Coinbucks, InVault, Atlas Protocol and many more.
It is also worth noting here that HPB has already set up their first international dev incubator in Crypto Valley in Switzerland. Switzerland is one of most, if not the most, pro-crypto nations in Europe, it is a place to be for any blockchain project that aims to succeed on a global scale and Crypto Valley is the fastest growing tech-hub in Europe.Infographics of partners from FluidFlow. Other facts and information about HPB
HPB is ahead of its initial roadmap since the MainNet was meant to be released in 2019.
BOE hardware is currently configured to work only at 50–60% of it's full capacity.
HPB was awarded “Hurun blockchain innovators TOP 50 projects” award. They also received the “Blockchain infrastracture with most potential 2017” award at the Financial Technology Introduction awards.
Marketing-wise, HPB didn’t participate in crazy altcoin bull run in early 2018. When I found out about HPB in late Feb/early March, there were literally two videos about HPB on Youtube and generally very little content to find for English speaking people. The HPB team always said that marketing will start only after their product is up and running smoothly. As a result, most of the crypto space is unaware of HPB's existence and the community is pretty small compared to other projects.
Well, the product is up and running now and we are starting to see the first marketing initiatives from the team. Danny Rowshandel mentioned in his interview with Brad Laurie that 2019 is where HPB wants to make a marketing push in key areas where they believe they can get a solid marketshare.
As this bear market lasts longer than many expected, we start seeing projects running out of money and cutting their operations. Not the case for HPB. HPB, on top of $8–10 million from ICO, received $10 million in private investment from OKex and other strategic partners in April 2018. According to Danny Rowshandel, Managing Director of International Business of HPB, HPB has enough funds to go another 2–3 years.
HPB takes global warming seriously. They made a minor adjustment and replaced the fan of BOE unit with an energy efficient sustainable heat sink to make nodes more eco-friendly.
An approximate energy consumption of one HPB node is only about 25.2kWh per week or 1310.4 kWh/year (data provided by “Lunar Node” after 4 months of running HPB node).
HPB shared a sneak peak of the CEO Xiaoming Wang working on what appears to be a “quad-BOE”. In one of early bi-weekly reports the team announced that TPS linearly increases with the number of BOE units on the board. Releasing “quad-BOE” would therefore significantly increase TPS performance, but there’s no need for that now. It will take a good couple of years to reach the current 5000 TPS potential on a regular basis. The BOE hardware is already giving HPB huge advantage over “software-only” projects and this advantage will be even more significant in future.
That’s it from me. I believe you have all the major information about High Performance Blockchain now. I kindly invite you to do your own research on this projects as you will find there is much more than what you’ve just read.
If you like this article, please give it some claps and share it with your friends.
Thank you for reading
Sources and interesting links:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=riO-SB_BMK0&t=1s — BOE launch and reveal event
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=674FSw__JuQ&t=1 — highly informative interview with Danny Rowshandel from HPB, hosted by Brad Laurie. Highly recommend to watch.
https://www.blockhaven.ca/releases/high-performance-blockchain-a-future-giant — is HPB set up to become a future giant?
https://www.blockhaven.ca/releases/what-makes-hpb-undervalued — an article dedicated to current HPB price
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GAQM [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
Genesys [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
GIAC [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Google [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
GuidanceSoftware [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
H3C [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
HDI [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
Healthcare [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
HIPAA [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Hitachi [30 Certification Exam(s) ]
Hortonworks [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
Hospitality [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
HP [750 Certification Exam(s) ]
HR [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
HRCI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Huawei [21 Certification Exam(s) ]
Hyperion [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
IAAP [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IAHCSMM [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IBM [1532 Certification Exam(s) ]
IBQH [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ICAI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ICDL [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
IEEE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IELTS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IFPUG [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IIA [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
IIBA [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
IISFA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Intel [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
IQN [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IRS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISACA [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISC2 [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISEB [24 Certification Exam(s) ]
Isilon [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISM [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
iSQI [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
ITEC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Juniper [64 Certification Exam(s) ]
LEED [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Legato [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
Liferay [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Logical-Operations [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Lotus [66 Certification Exam(s) ]
LPI [24 Certification Exam(s) ]
LSI [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Magento [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Maintenance [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
McAfee [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
McData [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Medical [69 Certification Exam(s) ]
Microsoft [374 Certification Exam(s) ]
Mile2 [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Military [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Misc [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Motorola [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
mySQL [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
NBSTSA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
NCEES [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
NCIDQ [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
NCLEX [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Network-General [12 Certification Exam(s) ]
NetworkAppliance [39 Certification Exam(s) ]
NI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
NIELIT [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Nokia [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
Nortel [130 Certification Exam(s) ]
Novell [37 Certification Exam(s) ]
OMG [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
Oracle [279 Certification Exam(s) ]
P&C [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Palo-Alto [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
PARCC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
PayPal [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Pegasystems [12 Certification Exam(s) ]
PEOPLECERT [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
PMI [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Polycom [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
PostgreSQL-CE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Prince2 [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
PRMIA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
PsychCorp [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
PTCB [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
QAI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
QlikView [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Quality-Assurance [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
RACC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Real-Estate [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
RedHat [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
RES [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
Riverbed [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
RSA [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Sair [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
Salesforce [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
SANS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
SAP [98 Certification Exam(s) ]
SASInstitute [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
SAT [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
SCO [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
SCP [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
SDI [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
See-Beyond [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Siemens [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Snia [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
SOA [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Social-Work-Board [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
SpringSource [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
SUN [63 Certification Exam(s) ]
SUSE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Sybase [17 Certification Exam(s) ]
Symantec [134 Certification Exam(s) ]
Teacher-Certification [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
The-Open-Group [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
TIA [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Tibco [18 Certification Exam(s) ]
Trainers [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Trend [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
TruSecure [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
USMLE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
VCE [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
Veeam [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Veritas [33 Certification Exam(s) ]
Vmware [58 Certification Exam(s) ]
Wonderlic [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Worldatwork [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
XML-Master [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Zend [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
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