|Exam Name||:||GIAC Secure Software Programmer(R) - CSharp.NET|
|Questions and Answers||:||550 Q & A|
|Updated On||:||February 22, 2019|
|PDF Download Mirror||:||Pass4sure GSSP-NET-CSHARP Dump|
|Get Full Version||:||Pass4sure GSSP-NET-CSHARP Full Version|
GSSP-NET-CSHARP Certification Brain Dumps Source : GIAC Secure Software Programmer(R) - CSharp.NET
Test Code : GSSP-NET-CSHARP
Test Name : GIAC Secure Software Programmer(R) - CSharp.NET
Vendor Name : GIAC
Q&A : 550 Brain Dump Questions
[Updated: April 17] — Microsoft introduced an “Azure Sphere” blueprint for hybrid Cortex-A/Cortex-M SoCs that run a Linux-based Azure Sphere OS and include conclusion-to-end Microsoft safety technologies and a cloud carrier. items based on a MediaTek MT3620 Azure Sphere chip are due with the aid of year’s conclusion. just when Google has begun to scan with leaving Linux at the back of with its Fuchsia OS — new Fuchsia particulars emerged late final week — lengthy-time Linux foe Microsoft unveiled an IoT platform that embraces Linux. these days at RSA 2018, Microsoft analysis introduced a mission known as Azure Sphere that it bills as a brand new category of Azure Sphere microcontrollers that run “a custom Linux kernel” mixed with Microsoft protection applied sciences. initial products are due with the aid of the end of the year aimed at industries together with whitegoods, agriculture, energy, and infrastructure.
in keeping with the flagship, Azure Sphere based MediaTek MT3620 SoC, on the way to ship in extent later this yr, here is now not a new category of MCUs, but rather a reasonably usual Cortex-A7 primarily based SoC with a pair of Cortex-M4 MCUs backed up by way of end to conclusion safety. It’s doubtful if future Azure Sphere compliant SoCs will feature diverse combinations of Cortex-A and Cortex-M, however here's evidently an on Arm IP based mostly design. Arm “labored intently with us to incorporate their Cortex-A utility processors into Azure Sphere MCUs,” says Microsoft.Azure Sphere OS architecture (click images to enlarge) principal chipmakers have signed as much as build Azure Sphere system-on-chips together with Nordic, NXP, Qualcomm, ST Micro, Silicon Labs, Toshiba, and more (see photo under). The utility enormous has sweetened the pot by way of “licensing our silicon protection applied sciences to them royalty-free.”
Azure Sphere SoCs “combine each true-time and software processors with developed-in Microsoft protection technology and connectivity,” says Microsoft. “each and every chip includes custom silicon safety know-how from Microsoft, impressed by 15 years of adventure and learnings from Xbox.”
The design “combines the versatility and vigor of a Cortex-A processor with the low overhead and precise-time ensures of a Cortex-M classification processor,” says Microsoft. The MCU includes a Microsoft Pluton safety Subsystem that “creates a hardware root of believe, shops private keys, and executes complex cryptographic operations.”
The IoT oriented Azure Sphere OS gives further Microsoft protection and a safety monitor in addition to the Linux kernel. The platform will ship with visual Studio building tools, and a dev kit will ship in mid-2018.Azure Sphere security aspects (click on photo to amplify) The third part is an Azure Sphere safety service, a turnkey, cloud-based mostly platform. The service brokers have faith for equipment-to-device and equipment-to-cloud communique through certificate-primarily based authentication. The service additionally detects “emerging security threats throughout the whole Azure Sphere ecosystem through on-line failure reporting, and renewing safety via application updates,” says Microsoft. Azure Sphere eco-gadget conceptual diagram (left) and checklist of silicon companions in many methods, Azure Sphere is akin to Samsung’s Artik line of IoT modules, which include super-comfortable SoCs which are supported by end-to-conclusion protection controlled by way of the Artik Cloud. One change is that the Artik modules are both Cortex-A purposes processors or Cortex-M or -R MCUs, which are designed to be deployed in heterogeneous product designs, in preference to a hybrid SoC just like the MediaTek MT3620.
Hybrid, Linux-driven Cortex-A/Cortex-M SoCs have develop into average in contemporary years, led through NXP’s Cortex-A7 primarily based i.MX7 and -A53-based i.MX8, in addition to many others including the -A7 primarily based Renesas RZ/N1D and Marvell IAP220.
The MediaTek MT3620 “changed into designed in close cooperation with Microsoft for its Azure Sphere comfy IoT Platform,” says MediaTek in its announcement. Its 500MHz Cortex-A7 core is accompanied with the aid of big L1 and L2 caches and built-in SRAM. twin Cortex-M4F chips help peripherals together with 5x UART/I2C/SPI, 2x I2S, 8x ADC, up to 12 PWM counters, and as much as 72x GPIO.
The Cortex-M4F cores are primarily dedicated to real-time I/O processing, “however can also be used for everyday intention computation and manage,” says MediaTek. They “may additionally run any end-user-offered working gadget or run a ‘naked steel app’ and not using a operating gadget.”
in addition, the MT3620 elements an remoted security subsystem with its personal Arm Cortex-M4F core that handles secure boot and cozy device operation. A separate Andes N9 32-bit RISC core helps 1×1 dual-band 802.11a/b/g/n WiFi.
The safety aspects and WiFi networking are “isolated from, and run independently of, end user purposes,” says MediaTek. “only hardware elements supported with the aid of the Azure Sphere at ease IoT Platform are available to MT3620 conclusion-clients. As such, protection points and Wi-Fi are best available by way of defined APIs and are mighty to programming mistakes in end-consumer applications regardless of no matter if these functions run on the Cortex-A7 or the user-attainable Cortex-M4F cores.” MediaTek adds that a building environment is available in line with the gcc compiler, and comprises a visual Studio extension, “allowing this software to be developed in C.”
Microsoft learns to like Linux
In contemporary years, we’ve seen Microsoft has increasingly softened its long-time anti-Linux stance by means of adding Linux guide to its Azure service and targeting home windows 10 IoT at the Raspberry Pi, amongst different experiments. Microsoft is an lively contributor to Linux, and has even open-sourced some technologies.
It wasn’t all the time so. For years, Microsoft CEO Steve Ballmer took turns deriding Linux and open supply while warning concerning the risk they posed to the tech industry. In 2007, Microsoft fought again towards the growth of embedded Linux at the cost of home windows CE and home windows mobile with the aid of suing corporations that used embedded Linux, claiming that one of the crucial open supply accessories had been in accordance with proprietary Microsoft technologies. via 2009, a Microsoft exec brazenly mentioned the threat of embedded Linux and open supply utility.
That same year, Microsoft turned into accused of the usage of its advertising and marketing muscle to convince workstation partners to stop providing Linux as an non-compulsory set up on netbooks. In 2011, windows eight got here out with a brand new UEFI equipment meant to cease users from changing windows with Linux on primary laptop systems.Azure Sphere promo video
Azure Sphere is purchasable as a developer preview to selected companions. The MediaTek MT3620 should be the first Azure Sphere processor, and items based on it'll arrive by way of the end of the 12 months. more advice can be found in Microsoft’s Azure Sphere announcement and product web page.related posts:
with the aid of Peter Waldman, Lizette Chapman, and Jordan RobertsonApril 19, 2018
excessive above the Hudson River in downtown Jersey city, a former U.S. Secret service agent named Peter Cavicchia III ran particular ops for JPMorgan Chase & Co. His insider threat group—most huge monetary associations have one—used computer algorithms to display screen the bank’s personnel, ostensibly to offer protection to against perfidious traders and different miscreants.
Aided by way of as many as 120 “ahead-deployed engineers” from the facts mining business Palantir technologies Inc., which JPMorgan engaged in 2009, Cavicchia’s neighborhood vacuumed up emails and browser histories, GPS locations from company-issued smartphones, printer and download undertaking, and transcripts of digitally recorded cellphone conversations. Palantir’s software aggregated, searched, sorted, and analyzed these information, surfacing key words and patterns of habits that Cavicchia’s group had flagged for knowledge abuse of company belongings. Palantir’s algorithm, as an instance, alerted the insider possibility crew when an worker started badging into work later than normal, an indication of skills disgruntlement. that might trigger extra scrutiny and might be physical surveillance after hours by bank security personnel.
Over time, despite the fact, Cavicchia himself went rogue. Former JPMorgan colleagues describe the environment as Wall road meets Apocalypse Now, with Cavicchia as Colonel Kurtz, ensconced upriver in his workplace suite eight flooring above the leisure of the financial institution’s safety crew. americans in the branch were greatly surprised that nobody from the financial institution or Palantir set any true limits. They darkly joked that Cavicchia turned into paying attention to their calls, analyzing their emails, observing them come and go. Some planted false assistance of their communications to see if Cavicchia would mention it at conferences, which he did.
all of it ended when the bank’s senior executives discovered that they, too, had been being watched, and what begun as a promising marriage of masters of large statistics and world finance descended into a spying scandal. The misadventure, which has in no way been suggested, also marked an ominous turn for Palantir, one of the crucial richly valued startups in Silicon Valley. An intelligence platform designed for the global warfare on Terror changed into weaponized towards regular americans at home.
founded in 2004 through Peter Thiel and a few fellow PayPal alumni, Palantir reduce its teeth working for the Pentagon and the CIA in Afghanistan and Iraq. The company’s engineers and items don’t do any spying themselves; they’re greater like a undercover agent’s mind, amassing and analyzing tips that’s fed in from the fingers, eyes, nostril, and ears. The software combs through disparate records sources—economic documents, airline reservations, mobile phone facts, social media postings—and searches for connections that human analysts may miss. It then items the linkages in colourful, easy-to-interpret pictures that look like spider webs. U.S. spies and particular forces adored it instantly; they deployed Palantir to synthesize and sort the blizzard of battlefield intelligence. It helped planners steer clear of roadside bombs, song insurgents for assassination, even search out Osama bin laden. The militia success resulted in federal contracts on the civilian aspect. The U.S. branch of fitness and Human services uses Palantir to detect Medicare fraud. The FBI uses it in criminal probes. The branch of place of origin protection deploys it to reveal air travelers and keep tabs on immigrants.
Police and sheriff’s departments in big apple, New Orleans, Chicago, and los angeles have additionally used it, commonly ensnaring in the digital dragnet individuals who aren’t suspected of committing any crime. americans and objects pop up on the Palantir display interior bins related to different containers via radiating lines labeled with the connection: “Colleague of,” “Lives with,” “Operator of [cell number],” “owner of [vehicle],” “Sibling of,” even “Lover of.” If the authorities have an image, the leisure is convenient. Tapping databases of driver’s license and identification photographs, legislations enforcement organizations can now determine more than half the population of U.S. adults.
JPMorgan turned into without problems Palantir’s R&D lab and examine bed for a foray into the fiscal sector, by way of a product called city. the two agencies made an bizarre couple. Palantir’s software engineers confirmed up on the bank on skateboards. Neckties and haircuts were too a whole lot to ask, but JPMorgan drew the line at T-shirts. The programmers had to conform to put on shirts with collars, tucked in when feasible.
As city become put in and sophisticated, JPMorgan made an fairness investment in Palantir and inducted the business into its hall of Innovation, while its executives raved about Palantir in the press. The application turned “information landfills into gold mines,” guy Chiarello, who was then JPMorgan’s chief counsel officer, advised Bloomberg Businessweek in 2011.
Chart: Dorothy Gambrell
Cavicchia became in cost of forensic investigations at the financial institution. through Palantir, he won administrative entry to a full range of corporate safety databases that had up to now required separate authorizations and a specific enterprise justification to make use of. He had unprecedented access to every thing, suddenly, all the time, on one analytic platform. He became a one-man country wide protection agency, surrounded by using the Palantir engineers, every one costing the bank as lots as $three,000 a day.
Senior investigators stumbled onto the whole extent of the spying accidentally. In might also 2013 the bank’s leadership ordered an internal probe into who had leaked a document to the new york times a few federal investigation of JPMorgan for perhaps manipulating U.S. electrical energy markets. proof indicated the leaker could have been Frank Bisignano, who’d lately resigned as JPMorgan’s co-chief operating officer to become CEO of First records Corp., the large funds processor. Cavicchia had used town to gain entry to emails in regards to the leak investigation—some written by using properly executives—and the financial institution believed he shared the contents of those emails and different communications with Bisignano after Bisignano had left the bank. (internal JPMorgan, Bisignano become considered Cavicchia’s purchaser—a senior government who included and promoted him.)
JPMorgan officers debated even if to file a suspicious undertaking file with federal regulators about the inner protection breach, as required by legislations each time banks suspect regulatory violations. They decided now not to—a controversial choice internally, in keeping with dissimilar sources with the bank. Cavicchia negotiated a severance contract and was forced to resign. He joined Bisignano at first facts, the place he’s now a senior vice president. Chiarello also went to First information, as president. After their departures, JPMorgan greatly curtailed its Palantir use, in part as a result of “it never lived up to its promised talents,” says one JPMorgan government who insisted on anonymity to discuss the determination.
The financial institution, First data, and Bisignano, Chiarello, and Cavicchia didn’t respond to separately emailed questions for this text. Palantir, in a statement responding to questions about how JPMorgan and others have used its software, declined to reply selected questions. “we are aware that potent expertise can be abused and we spend a lot of time and power making bound our items are used for the forces of good,” the observation said.
a whole lot depends upon how the business chooses to define respectable. In March a former computing device engineer for Cambridge Analytica, the political consulting enterprise that worked for Donald Trump’s 2016 presidential campaign, testified in the British Parliament that a Palantir employee had helped Cambridge Analytica use the personal statistics of as much as 87 million facebook users to enhance psychographic profiles of individual voters. Palantir spoke of it has a strict coverage in opposition t engaged on political issues, including campaigns, and confirmed Bloomberg emails through which it grew to become down Cambridge’s request to work with Palantir on distinctive activities. The worker, Palantir pointed out, labored with Cambridge Analytica on his own time. nonetheless, there changed into no mistaking the implications of the incident: All human members of the family are a be counted of checklist, able to be revealed by using a suave algorithm. everyone is a spidergram now.
Thiel, who turned 50 in October, long reveled as the libertarian black sheep in left-leaning Silicon Valley. He contributed $1.25 million to Trump’s presidential victory, spoke on the Republican conference, and has dined with Trump on the White residence. but Thiel has informed pals he’s had enough of the Bay enviornment’s “monocultural” liberalism. He’s ditching his longtime base in San Francisco and moving his very own investment businesses this year to l. a., where he plans to establish his subsequent undertaking, a conservative media empire.
As Thiel’s wealth has grown, he’s gotten more strident. In a 2009 essay for the Cato Institute, he railed in opposition t taxes, govt, ladies, terrible americans, and society’s acquiescence to the inevitability of demise. (Thiel doesn’t accept demise as inexorable.) He wrote that he’d reached some radical conclusions: “most significantly, I not accept as true with that freedom and democracy are appropriate.” The Twenties become the closing time one could feel “actually optimistic” about American democracy, he talked about; considering that then, “the monstrous enhance in welfare beneficiaries and the extension of the franchise to girls—two constituencies which are notoriously challenging for libertarians—have rendered the notion of ‘capitalist democracy’ into an oxymoron.”
Thiel went into tech after lacking a prized Supreme court docket clerkship following his commencement from Stanford legislations college. He co-founded PayPal after which parlayed his winnings from its 2002 sale to EBay Inc. right into a career in venture investing. He made an early bet on fb Inc. (where he’s still on the board), which accounts for many of his $three.three billion fortune, as estimated by using Bloomberg, and launched his career as a backer of huge ideas—issues like deepest house go back and forth (via an investment in SpaceX), inn alternate options (Airbnb), and floating island nations (the Seasteading Institute).
He began Palantir—named after the omniscient crystal balls in J.R.R. Tolkien’s Lord of the Rings trilogy—three years after the attacks of Sept. eleven, 2001. The CIA’s funding arm, In-Q-Tel, turned into a seed investor. For the function of chief government officer, he selected an historical legislation faculty friend and self-described neo-Marxist, Alex Karp. Thiel advised Bloomberg in 2011 that civil libertarians must embody Palantir, as a result of records mining is less repressive than the “loopy abuses and draconian policies” proposed after Sept. 11. The foremost method to prevent one more catastrophic attack without fitting a police state, he argued, was to supply the government the optimum surveillance equipment feasible, while building in safeguards against their abuse.
Legend has it that Stephen Cohen, one in all Thiel’s co-founders, programmed the initial prototype for Palantir’s application in two weeks. It took years, however, to coax valued clientele away from the longtime chief within the intelligence analytics market, a software business referred to as I2 Inc.
in a single experience missing from the glowing debts of Palantir’s early upward thrust, I2 accused Palantir of misappropriating its highbrow property via a Florida shell business registered to the family unit of a Palantir government. a corporation claiming to be a personal eye company had been licensing I2 application and development equipment and spiriting them to Palantir for more than 4 years. I2 said the cutout changed into registered to the family of Shyam Sankar, Palantir’s director of enterprise building.
As shown in the privateness breaches at fb and Cambridge Analytica, the pressure to monetize data at tech businesses is ceaseless
I2 sued Palantir in federal courtroom, alleging fraud, conspiracy, and copyright infringement. In its prison response, Palantir argued it had the right to acceptable I2’s code for the better respectable. “What’s at stake here is the ability of vital country wide security, defense and intelligence companies to access their own information and use it interoperably in whichever platform they opt for as a way to most readily protect the citizenry,” Palantir noted in its action to dismiss I2’s swimsuit.
The movement changed into denied. Palantir agreed to pay I2 about $10 million to settle the go well with. I2 was sold to IBM in 2011.
Sankar, Palantir employee No. 13 and now some of the enterprise’s true executives, additionally confirmed up in another Palantir scandal: the enterprise’s 2010 concept for the U.S. Chamber of Commerce to run a secret sabotage crusade in opposition t the group’s liberal opponents. Hacked emails released by the group nameless indicated that Palantir and two other protection contractors pitched outdoor attorneys for the organization on a plan to eavesdrop on the households of innovative activists, create fake identities to infiltrate left-leaning businesses, scrape social media with bots, and plant false tips with liberal groups to consequently discredit them.
After the emails emerged in the press, Palantir offered a proof comparable to the one it provided in March for its U.k.-based employee’s tips to Cambridge Analytica: It changed into the work of a single rogue employee. The business certainly not explained Sankar’s involvement. Karp issued a public apology and spoke of he and Palantir had been deeply dedicated to revolutionary causes. Palantir deploy an advisory panel on privacy and civil liberties, headed by using a former CIA lawyer, and beefed up an engineering neighborhood it calls the privacy and Civil Liberties team. The company now has about 10 PCL engineers on name to help vet purchasers’ requests for access to statistics troves and pitch in with pertinent concepts about law, morality, and machines.
during its 14 years in startup mode, Palantir has cultivated a mystique as a haven for stunning engineers who want to clear up large problems comparable to terrorism and human trafficking, unfettered by pedestrian concerns equivalent to making money. Palantir executives boast of now not using a single salesadult, relying as an alternative on be aware-of-mouth referrals.
The company’s early records mining dazzled challenge buyers, who valued it at $20 billion in 2015. but Palantir has on no account suggested a earnings. It operates less like a standard application business than like a consultancy, deploying roughly half its 2,000 engineers to customer sites. That works at well-funded executive spy agencies in quest of specialized purposes however has produced mixed effects with company valued clientele. Palantir’s high installing and protection costs repelled purchasers akin to Hershey Co., which trumpeted a Palantir partnership in 2015 handiest to stroll away two years later. Coca-Cola, Nasdaq, American specific, and residential Depot have also dumped Palantir.
Karp recognized the high-contact mannequin changed into complicated early in the business’s push into the company market, but options have been elusive. “We didn’t wish to be a features company. We wanted to do anything that changed into cost effective,” he confessed at a eu conference in 2010, in one of a number of unguarded comments captured in videos posted on-line. “Of route, what we didn’t respect turned into that this may be a good deal, a good deal harder than we realized.”
Palantir’s latest product, Foundry, aims to at last damage in the course of the profitability barrier with greater automation and less need for on-website engineers. Airbus SE, the big European aircraft maker, uses Foundry to crunch airline records about certain onboard components to song utilization and maintenance and expect restore issues. Merck KGaA, the pharmaceutical tremendous, has a protracted-time period Palantir contract to make use of Foundry in drug construction and supply chain management.
Deeper adoption of Foundry in the business market is essential to Palantir’s hopes of a huge payday. Some investors are weary and have already written down their Palantir stakes. Morgan Stanley now values the enterprise at $6 billion. Fred Alger administration Inc., which has owned stock given that at the least 2006, revalued Palantir in December at about $10 billion, in line with Bloomberg Holdings. One frustrated investor, Marc Abramowitz, currently received a court order for Palantir to reveal him its books, as part of a lawsuit he filed alleging the company sabotaged his try to find a buyer for the Palantir shares he has owned for more than a decade.
As proven in the privateness breaches at fb and Cambridge Analytica—with Thiel and Palantir linked to both sides of the equation—the pressure to monetize information at tech businesses is ceaseless. facebook didn’t grow from a website connecting college kids into a purveyor of consumer profiles and predilections value $478 billion by means of walling off very own facts. Palantir says its privacy and Civil Liberties crew watches out for inappropriate information demands, however it contains simply 10 people in an organization of two,000 engineers. nobody observed no to JPMorgan, or to whomever at Palantir volunteered to help Cambridge Analytica—or to a further organization keenly attracted to state-of-the-art records science, the los angeles Police department.
Palantir started work with the LAPD in 2009. The impetus turned into federal funding. After a couple of Sept. eleven postmortems known as for greater intelligence sharing at all ranges of law enforcement, cash began flowing to Palantir to assist construct records integration programs for therefore-referred to as fusion centers, beginning in L.A. There are now greater than 1,300 trained Palantir users at greater than a half-dozen law enforcement businesses in Southern California, together with local police and sheriff’s departments and the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives.
The LAPD makes use of Palantir’s Gotham product for Operation Laser, a program to identify and deter individuals prone to commit crimes. counsel from rap sheets, parole reviews, police interviews, and different sources is fed into the equipment to generate an inventory of people the branch defines as persistent offenders, says Craig Uchida, whose consulting firm, Justice & safety options Inc., designed the Laser gadget. The list is distributed to patrolmen, with orders to video display and forestall the pre-crime suspects as frequently as possible, the use of excuses akin to jaywalking or fix-it tickets. At each contact, officers fill out a box interview card with names, addresses, vehicles, actual descriptions, any neighborhood intelligence the grownup offers, and the officer’s personal observations on the discipline.
The playing cards are digitized in the Palantir equipment, adding to a continually increasing surveillance database that’s wholly attainable without a warrant. day after today’s facts aspects are automatically linked to these days’s, with the intention of generating investigative leads. Say a chronic offender is tagged as a passenger in a automobile that’s pulled over for a damaged taillight. Two years later, that same motor vehicle is noticed by an automatic license plate reader near a crime scene 200 miles throughout the state. As quickly as the plate hits the system, Palantir signals the officer who made the common cease that a car once linked to the continual wrongdoer become spotted near a crime scene.
The platform is supplemented with what sociologist Sarah Brayne calls the secondary surveillance network: the net of who is involving, friends with, or dozing with whom. One woman in the equipment, as an example, who wasn’t suspected of committing any crime, turned into recognized as having multiple boyfriends inside the same community of associates, says Brayne, who spent two and a half years embedded with the LAPD whereas gaining knowledge of her dissertation on big-facts policing at Princeton college and who’s now an associate professor at the tuition of Texas at Austin. “any one who logs into the gadget can see all these intimate ties,” she says. To widen the scope of viable connections, she provides, the LAPD has also explored deciding to buy private data, including social media, foreclosures, and dual carriageway counsel, digital camera feeds from hospitals, parking plenty, and universities, and start tips from Papa John’s foreign Inc. and Pizza Hut LLC.
The Constitutionality query
Why the courts haven’t ruled on whether Palantir’s analytical tools are felony
Civil rights advocates say the compilation of a digital dossier of someone’s lifestyles, absent a court docket warrant, is an illegal intrusion below the U.S. constitution. legislations enforcement officials say that’s no longer the case. For now, the query is unsettled, and that could be no accident. Civil liberties attorneys are trying to find a case to problem the constitutionality of Palantir’s use, but prosecutors and immigration brokers had been careful not to cite the software in evidentiary documents, says Paromita Shah, affiliate director of the country wide attorneys Guild’s national Immigration mission. “Palantir lives on that secrecy,” she says.
due to the fact the Seventies, the Supreme court docket has differentiated between shopping a person’s home or automobile, which requires a warrant, and looking out fabric out in the open or shared with others, which doesn’t. The justices’ considering appears to be evolving as new applied sciences upward push.
In a 2012 decision, U.S. v. Jones, the justices referred to that planting a GPS tracker on a automobile for 28 days without a warrant created this sort of comprehensive photograph of the target’s existence that it violated the general public’s not pricey expectation of privateness.
in a similar fashion, the courtroom’s 2014 decision in Riley v. California found that cellphones comprise so much own counsel that they supply a digital window into the proprietor’s intellect, and accordingly necessitate a warrant for the govt to look. Chief Justice John Roberts, in his majority opinion, wrote of cellphones that “with all they comprise and all they might also demonstrate, they cling for many american citizens ‘the privacies of existence.’” Justice Louis Brandeis, 86 years previous, wrote a searing dissent in a wiretap case that appears to perfectly foresee the introduction of Palantir.
“approaches can also in the future be developed,” Brandeis warned, “through which the govt, without casting off papers from secret drawers, can reproduce them in courtroom, and during which it might be enabled to expose to a jury the most intimate occurrences.”—Peter Waldman
The LAPD declined to remark for this story. Palantir sent Bloomberg an announcement about its work with legislations enforcement: “Our [forward-deployed engineers] and [privacy and civil liberties] engineers work with the legislations enforcement shoppers (together with LAPD) to ensure that the implementation of our utility and integration of their supply techniques with the utility is in line with the department’s prison and policy obligations, as well as privateness and civil liberties concerns that can also no longer at present be legislated but are on the horizon. We as a company verify the sorts of engagements and usual functions of our application with admire to these overarching concerns. Police companies have interior responsibility for ensuring that their assistance programs are used in a fashion in step with their guidelines and processes.”
Operation Laser has made L.A. cops greater surgical—and, in accordance with community activists, unrelenting. as soon as goals are enmeshed in a spidergram, they’re caught.
Manuel Rios, 22, lives within the back of his grandmother’s apartment on the excellent of a hill in East L.A., in the heart of the city’s gang enviornment. Tall with a good complexion and lightweight hair, he struggled in excessive college with depression and a learning disability and dropped out to work at a supermarket.
He grew up surrounded by means of chums who joined Eastside 18, the local affiliate of the 18th road gang, one of the most largest crook syndicates in Southern California. Rios says he changed into under no circumstances “jumped in”—initiated into 18. He spent years addicted to crystal meth and was as soon as arrested for possession of a handgun and sentenced to probation. but aside from a stint in county reformatory for a housebreaking arrest interior a metropolis rec middle, he’s prevented additional predicament and says he kicked his meth addiction remaining 12 months.
In 2016, Rios became sitting in a parked vehicle with an Eastside 18 chum when a police automobile pulled up. His pal ran, pursued by way of the law enforcement officials, but Rios stayed put. “Why should still I run? I’m not a gang member,” he says over steak and eggs at the IHOP close his domestic. The police lower back and handcuffed him. one in all them took his photo with a cellphone. “Welcome to the gang database!” the officer talked about.
seeing that then he’s been stopped more than a dozen instances, he says, and advised that if he doesn’t adore it he should flow. He has nowhere to go. His female friend simply had a baby girl, and he desires to be round for them. “they are saying you’re within the device, you could’t misinform us,” he says. “I inform them, ‘How am i able to be in the hood if I haven’t got jumped in? Can’t you guys tell people who bang and who don’t?’ They go through their records, not the real statistics.”
The police, on autopilot with Palantir, are using Rios towards his gang chums, not far from them, concerns Mariella Saba, a neighbor and group organizer who helped him get off meth. When total communities like East L.A. are algorithmically scraped for pre-crime suspects, statistics is fate, says Saba. “These are systemic tactics. When americans are always pressured in a gang context, it pushes them to join. They internalize being advised they’re unhealthy.”
In Chicago, as a minimum two immigrants have been detained for deportation by Immigration and Customs Enforcement officers in response to faulty suggestions in gang databases, in response to a pair of federal proceedings. Chicago is a sanctuary metropolis, so it isn’t clear how ICE found about the purported gang affiliations. but Palantir is a possible hyperlink. The business provided an “intelligence management answer” for the cook dinner County Sheriff’s office to combine tips from as a minimum 14 distinct databases, including gang lists compiled through state and local police departments, based on county facts. Palantir additionally has a $forty one million records mining contract with ICE to construct the company’s “investigative case management” equipment.
one of the most detained men, Wilmer Catalan-Ramirez, a 31-year-old body shop mechanic, changed into seriously injured when six ICE agents burst into his family unit’s home ultimate March and not using a warrant. He’d been listed in the local gang database twice—in rival gangs. Catalan-Ramirez spent the subsequent 9 months in federal detention, except the metropolis of Chicago admitted each listings were wrong and agreed to petition the feds to let him live in the U.S. ICE released him in January, pending a brand new visa software. “These circumstances are excellent examples of how databases crammed with unverified suggestions it really is regularly false can spoil americans’s lives,” says his lawyer, Vanessa del Valle of Northwestern school’s MacArthur Justice center.
When total communities are algorithmically scraped for pre-crime suspects, records is fate
Palantir is twice the age most startups are when they money out in a sale or preliminary public offering. The business should figure out the way to be rewarded on Wall street devoid of creeping out leading street. It may not be viable. For all of Palantir’s professed situation for individuals’ privacy, the single most important shelter against abuse is the one it’s making an attempt desperately to reduce through automation: human judgment.
As Palantir tries to court company customers as a more frequent application business, fewer forward-deployed engineers will mean fewer human selections. sensitive questions, equivalent to how deeply to pry into americans’s lives, will be answered more and more through synthetic intelligence and laptop-researching algorithms. The small crew of privateness and Civil Liberties engineers may locate themselves even less influential, because the urge for omnipotence amongst consumers overwhelms any self-imposed restraints.
computers don’t ask ethical questions; americans do, says John supply, one in every of Palantir’s suitable PCL engineers and a forceful suggest for mandatory ethics training for engineers. “At an organization like ours with hundreds of thousands of traces of code, each tiny decision might have big implications,” supply told a privacy conference in Berkeley final yr.
JPMorgan’s event continues to be instructive. “the world modified when it grew to be clear everyone may be centered using Palantir,” says a former JPMorgan cyber expert who labored with Cavicchia at one point on the insider chance team. “Nefarious concepts became trivial to implement; each person’s a suspect, so we monitored everything. It changed into an exquisite bad feeling.” —With Michael Riley
GSSP-NET-CSHARP Certification Brain Dumps Source : GIAC Secure Software Programmer(R) - CSharp.NET
Test Code : GSSP-NET-CSHARP
Test Name : GIAC Secure Software Programmer(R) - CSharp.NET
Vendor Name : GIAC
Q&A : 550 Brain Dump Questions
While it is very hard task to choose reliable certification questions / answers resources with respect to review, reputation and validity because people get ripoff due to choosing wrong service. Killexams.com make it sure to serve its clients best to its resources with respect to exam dumps update and validity. Most of other's ripoff report complaint clients come to us for the brain dumps and pass their exams happily and easily. We never compromise on our review, reputation and quality because killexams review, killexams reputation and killexams client confidence is important to us. Specially we take care of killexams.com review, killexams.com reputation, killexams.com ripoff report complaint, killexams.com trust, killexams.com validity, killexams.com report and killexams.com scam. If you see any false report posted by our competitors with the name killexams ripoff report complaint internet, killexams.com ripoff report, killexams.com scam, killexams.com complaint or something like this, just keep in mind that there are always bad people damaging reputation of good services due to their benefits. There are thousands of satisfied customers that pass their exams using killexams.com brain dumps, killexams PDF questions, killexams practice questions, killexams exam simulator. Visit Killexams.com, our sample questions and sample brain dumps, our exam simulator and you will definitely know that killexams.com is the best brain dumps site.
Killexams HP2-N33 test questions and answers | Killexams CAT-140 test questions | Killexams CPEA mock exam | Killexams 000-704 Practice test | Killexams C_HANATEC151 Practice Test | Killexams 9L0-047 exam prep | Killexams LOT-980 practice test | Killexams ISEB-PM1 free pdf | Killexams C_TADM51_731 study guide | Killexams HP0-M102 entrance exam | Killexams 1T6-323 bootcamp | Killexams 000-012 online test | Killexams HP0-451 sample test | Killexams 000-439 cheat sheets | Killexams C2010-579 practice questions | Killexams ITIL-F free pdf | Killexams 1Z0-061 essay questions | Killexams 77-602 braindumps | Killexams CCA-410 bootcamp | Killexams 000-153 boot camp |
Look at these GSSP-NET-CSHARP real question and answers
Are you looking for GIAC GSSP-NET-CSHARP Dumps of real questions for the GIAC Secure Software Programmer(R) - CSharp.NET Exam prep? We provide maximum updated and great GSSP-NET-CSHARP Dumps. Detail is at https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-element/GSSP-NET-CSHARP. We have compiled a database of GSSP-NET-CSHARP Dumps from real exams if you want to can help you put together and bypass GSSP-NET-CSHARP examination on the primary strive. Just put together our Q&A and loosen up. You will bypass the examination. Killexams.Com Offers Huge Discount Coupons and Promo Codes are WC2017, PROF17, DEA
We have Tested and Approved GSSP-NET-CSHARP Exams. Killexams.Com gives the most unique and most latest IT examination materials which practically comprise all statistics focuses. With the guide of our GSSP-NET-CSHARP examination substances, you do not should squander your possibility on perusing greater part of reference books and virtually need to burn through 10-20 hours to ace our GSSP-NET-CSHARP real questions and solutions. Whats greater, we supply you with PDF Version and Software Version examination questions and answers. For Software Version substances, Its presented to give the applicants mimic the GIAC GSSP-NET-CSHARP exam in a real state of affairs.
Killexams.Com Huge Discount Coupons and Promo Codes are as under;
WC2017 : 60% Discount Coupon for all assessments on website
PROF17 : 10% Discount Coupon for Orders extra than $sixty nine
DEAL17 : 15% Discount Coupon for Orders extra than $ninety nine
DECSPECIAL : 10% Special Discount Coupon for All Orders
Quality and Value for the GSSP-NET-CSHARP Exam : killexams.com Practice Exams for GIAC GSSP-NET-CSHARP are written to the highest standards of technical accuracy, using only certified subject matter experts and published authors for development.
100% Guarantee to Pass Your GSSP-NET-CSHARP Exam : If you do not pass the GIAC GSSP-NET-CSHARP exam using our killexams.com testing engine, we will give you a FULL REFUND of your purchasing fee.
Downloadable, Interactive GSSP-NET-CSHARP Testing engines : Our GIAC GSSP-NET-CSHARP Preparation Material provides you everything you will need to take GIAC GSSP-NET-CSHARP examination. Details are researched and produced by GIAC Certification Experts who are constantly using industry experience to produce precise, and logical.
- Comprehensive questions and answers about GSSP-NET-CSHARP exam - GSSP-NET-CSHARP exam questions accompanied by exhibits - Verified Answers by Experts and almost 100% correct - GSSP-NET-CSHARP exam questions updated on regular basis - GSSP-NET-CSHARP exam preparation is in multiple-choice questions (MCQs). - Tested by multiple times before publishing - Try free GSSP-NET-CSHARP exam demo before you decide to buy it in killexams.com
Killexams.com Huge Discount Coupons and Promo Codes are as under;
WC2017 : 60% Discount Coupon for all exams on website
PROF17 : 10% Discount Coupon for Orders greater than $69
DEAL17 : 15% Discount Coupon for Orders greater than $99
DECSPECIAL : 10% Special Discount Coupon for All Orders
Killexams CAT-020 boot camp | Killexams 310-084 test prep | Killexams 212-055 pdf download | Killexams C2070-588 bootcamp | Killexams 000-055 test questions | Killexams HP0-M30 reading practice test | Killexams C_HANASUP_1 practice exam | Killexams N10-006 test prep | Killexams P_SD_65 online test | Killexams 3M0-701 practice questions | Killexams 250-250 sample test | Killexams 70-778 real questions | Killexams 000-180 free test online | Killexams SC0-501 study guide | Killexams HP0-D12 Practice Test | Killexams 1Z0-869 exam prep | Killexams 000-M03 english practice test | Killexams CA0-002 exam prep | Killexams E20-475 practice questions | Killexams HP2-T18 test questions |
Is there GSSP-NET-CSHARP exam new sayllabus?
i have renewed my membership this time for GSSP-NET-CSHARP examination. I be given my involvement with killexams.com is so vital it isnt always feasible surrender through not having a membership. im able to simply agree with killexams.com exams for my examination. just this web site can help me obtain my GSSP-NET-CSHARP accredition and assist me in getting above ninety five% marks inside the examination. You all are certainly making an outstanding displaying. preserve it up!
GSSP-NET-CSHARP Questions and answers required to pass the certification examination at the start attempt.
The Dumps furnished with the aid of the killexams.com was simply some thing first-rate. just 300 out of 500 is highly enough for the exam, but I secured 92% marks in the actual GSSP-NET-CSHARP exam. All credit score is going to you human beings most effective. it is tough to assume that if I used any other product for my exam. it is tough to get an extraordinary product like this ever. thanks for everything you furnished to me. i will truely endorse it to all.
Where can I find GSSP-NET-CSHARP exam study help on internet?
My friends told me I could count on killexams.com for GSSP-NET-CSHARP exam preparation, and this time I did. The brain dumps are very convenient to use, I love how they are set up. The question order helps you memorize things better. I passed with 89% marks.
where can i find GSSP-NET-CSHARP trendy dumps questions?
killexams.com is really accurate. This exam isnt clean at all, but I were given the top score. One hundred%. The GSSP-NET-CSHARP preparation p.C. Includes the GSSP-NET-CSHARP actual examination questions, the modern updates and extra. So you analyze what you really need to realize and do no longer waste some time on needless things that simply divert your attention from what absolutely wishes to be learnt. I used their GSSP-NET-CSHARP trying out engine loads, so I felt very confident on the examination day. Now I am very happy that I decided to purchase this GSSP-NET-CSHARP percent, tremendous investment in my career, I also positioned my rating on my resume and Linkedin profile, this is a splendid recognition booster.
Do a quick and smart pass, prepare those GSSP-NET-CSHARP Questions and answers.
I am ranked very high among my magnificence pals on the list of terrific students however it simplest came about after I registered on this killexams.Com for a few examination assist. It become the excessive rating reading application on this killexams.Com that helped me in becoming a member of the excessive ranks at the side of different great college students of my elegance. The assets in this killexams.Com are commendable because theyre precise and extremely beneficial for education via GSSP-NET-CSHARP pdf, GSSP-NET-CSHARP dumps and GSSP-NET-CSHARP books. I am happy to jot down these phrases of appreciation due to the fact this killexams.Com deserves it. Thank you.
check out these real GSSP-NET-CSHARP questions and examine help.
I chose killexams.com due to the fact I didnt absolutely need to bypass GSSP-NET-CSHARP exam however I desired to skip with exact marks so that i might make a good affect on anyone. as a way to accomplish this I wished outdoor resource and this killexams.com became inclined to provide it to me. I studied over right here and used GSSP-NET-CSHARP inquiries to put together. I were given the grand prize of nice rankings within the GSSP-NET-CSHARP check.
It is Awesome! I got dumps of GSSP-NET-CSHARP exam.
I prepared the GSSP-NET-CSHARP exam with the assist of killexams.com GIAC check instruction cloth. it turned into complicated however typical very useful in passing my GSSP-NET-CSHARP examination.
It is really great help to have GSSP-NET-CSHARP Latest dumps.
The best IT exam prep I have ever come across. Actually my GSSP-NET-CSHARP exam is in a few days, but I feel so ready and reassured, especially now that Ive read all the positive reviews here. The testing engine seems to be very helpful, its easy to remember questions and answers, plus, if you keep going through them time after time, you start seeing a bigger picture and understand the concepts better. So far, Ive had great experience with Killexams!
Observed maximum GSSP-NET-CSHARP Questions in Latest dumps that I prepared.
My brother saden me telling me that I wasnt going to undergo the GSSP-NET-CSHARP examination. I be aware after I appearance out of doors the window, such a lot of one of a kind human beings want to be seen and heard from and that they sincerely want the eye human beings but im able to let you know that we students can get this interest whilst we pass our GSSP-NET-CSHARP check and i will let you know how I cleared my GSSP-NET-CSHARP test it become handiest when I have been given my have a look at questions from killexams.Com which gave me the wish in my eyes together all the time.
Updated and reliable brain dumps of GSSP-NET-CSHARP are available here.
Thanks to killexams.com team who provides very valuable practice question bank with explanations. I have cleared GSSP-NET-CSHARP exam with 73.5% score. Thank U very much for your services. I have subcribed to various question banks of killexams.com like GSSP-NET-CSHARP. The question banks were very helpful for me to clear these exams. Your mock exams helped a lot in clearing my GSSP-NET-CSHARP exam with 73.5%. To the point, precise and nicely explained solutions. Keep up the good work.
Killexams P8010-003 practice exam | Killexams HP0-M54 english practice test | Killexams 156-315-76 test questions | Killexams ST0-236 free pdf | Killexams M6040-427 entrance exam | Killexams DP-022W braindumps | Killexams NS0-511 sample test | Killexams C2150-612 test prep | Killexams C4040-122 bootcamp | Killexams 000-607 reading practice test | Killexams EC0-232 Practice test | Killexams 648-385 free test | Killexams 030-333 test questions and answers | Killexams 156-815-71 Practice Test | Killexams 1Z0-134 exam prep | Killexams 1Z0-498 practice questions | Killexams JN0-730 test questions | Killexams SY0-401 boot camp | Killexams 250-512 online test | Killexams 1D0-570 pdf download |
3COM [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
AccessData [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ACFE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ACI [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Acme-Packet [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ACSM [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
ACT [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Admission-Tests [12 Certification Exam(s) ]
ADOBE [91 Certification Exam(s) ]
AFP [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
AICPA [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
AIIM [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Alcatel-Lucent [13 Certification Exam(s) ]
Alfresco [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Altiris [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Amazon [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
American-College [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Android [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
APC [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
APICS [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Apple [69 Certification Exam(s) ]
AppSense [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Arizona-Education [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ARM [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Aruba [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
ASIS [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
ASQ [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
ASTQB [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
Autodesk [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Avaya [91 Certification Exam(s) ]
Axis [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Banking [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
BEA [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
BICSI [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
BlackBerry [17 Certification Exam(s) ]
BlueCoat [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Brocade [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
Business-Objects [11 Certification Exam(s) ]
Business-Tests [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
CA-Technologies [20 Certification Exam(s) ]
Certification-Board [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
Certiport [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
CheckPoint [39 Certification Exam(s) ]
CIPS [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
Cisco [305 Certification Exam(s) ]
Citrix [46 Certification Exam(s) ]
CIW [17 Certification Exam(s) ]
Cloudera [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
Cognos [19 Certification Exam(s) ]
College-Board [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
CompTIA [72 Certification Exam(s) ]
ComputerAssociates [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
CPP-Institute [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
CWNA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
CWNP [13 Certification Exam(s) ]
Dassault [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
DELL [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
DMI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ECCouncil [21 Certification Exam(s) ]
ECDL [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
EMC [126 Certification Exam(s) ]
Enterasys [13 Certification Exam(s) ]
Ericsson [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
Esri [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
ExamExpress [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Exin [40 Certification Exam(s) ]
ExtremeNetworks [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
F5-Networks [20 Certification Exam(s) ]
Filemaker [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
Financial [36 Certification Exam(s) ]
Fortinet [12 Certification Exam(s) ]
Foundry [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
Fujitsu [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
GAQM [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
Genesys [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
GIAC [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Google [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
GuidanceSoftware [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
H3C [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
HDI [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
Healthcare [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
HIPAA [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Hitachi [27 Certification Exam(s) ]
Hortonworks [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
Hospitality [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
HP [735 Certification Exam(s) ]
HR [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
HRCI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Huawei [21 Certification Exam(s) ]
Hyperion [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
IBM [1516 Certification Exam(s) ]
IBQH [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ICDL [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
IEEE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IELTS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IFPUG [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IIA [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
IIBA [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
IISFA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Intel [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
IQN [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IRS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISACA [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISC2 [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISEB [24 Certification Exam(s) ]
Isilon [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISM [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
iSQI [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
Juniper [61 Certification Exam(s) ]
Legato [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
Liferay [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Lotus [66 Certification Exam(s) ]
LPI [21 Certification Exam(s) ]
LSI [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Magento [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Maintenance [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
McAfee [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
McData [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Medical [25 Certification Exam(s) ]
Microsoft [354 Certification Exam(s) ]
Mile2 [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Military [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Misc [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Motorola [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
mySQL [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
NCLEX [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Network-General [12 Certification Exam(s) ]
NetworkAppliance [36 Certification Exam(s) ]
NI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Nokia [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
Nortel [130 Certification Exam(s) ]
Novell [37 Certification Exam(s) ]
OMG [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
Oracle [256 Certification Exam(s) ]
P&C [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Palo-Alto [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
PARCC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
PayPal [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Pegasystems [11 Certification Exam(s) ]
PEOPLECERT [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
PMI [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Polycom [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
PostgreSQL-CE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Prince2 [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
PRMIA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
PsychCorp [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
PTCB [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
QAI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
QlikView [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Quality-Assurance [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
RACC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Real-Estate [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
RedHat [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
RES [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
Riverbed [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
RSA [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Sair [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
Salesforce [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
SANS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
SAP [98 Certification Exam(s) ]
SASInstitute [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
SAT [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
SCO [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
SCP [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
SDI [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
See-Beyond [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Siemens [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Snia [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
SOA [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Social-Work-Board [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
SpringSource [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
SUN [63 Certification Exam(s) ]
SUSE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Sybase [17 Certification Exam(s) ]
Symantec [133 Certification Exam(s) ]
Teacher-Certification [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
The-Open-Group [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
TIA [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Tibco [18 Certification Exam(s) ]
Trend [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
TruSecure [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
USMLE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
VCE [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
Veeam [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Veritas [28 Certification Exam(s) ]
Vmware [54 Certification Exam(s) ]
Wonderlic [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Worldatwork [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
XML-Master [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Zend [6 Certification Exam(s) ]