|Exam Name||:||Certified in Production and Inventory(R) Management|
|Questions and Answers||:||588 Q & A|
|Updated On||:||April 19, 2019|
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CPIM exam Dumps Source : Certified in Production and Inventory(R) Management
Test Code : CPIM
Test Name : Certified in Production and Inventory(R) Management
Vendor Name : Maintenance
Q&A : 588 Real Questions
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Vertex Aerospace LLC primarily based in Madison, a global business which has 1,500 employees in Mississippi on my own, is accomplishing new heights. The business that offers aftermarket aerospace capabilities for executive and personal sector consumers recently saw the renewal of a U.S. Air force $ninety seven.5 million contract to control and preserve the base supply of its T-1A coach Fleet aircraft.
Vertex has supplied contractor logistics support for more than a hundred and seventy T-1As when you consider that the U.S. Air drive procured the Jayhawk plane in 1992.
Vertex Aerospace Logistics Director of courses John B. corridor says the company is honored to have managed the logistics and protection features of the pupil pilot trainers for about 27 years.
“Vertex is proud to continue its background of supporting the T-1A aircraft,” corridor mentioned. “We stay committed to providing strong, reliable contract performance in aid of the critical mission of training the next generation of USAF pilots.”
The enterprise has also lately extended within the core East. Vertex Aerospace, under its Vertex international Aerospace business line, opened an workplace in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, March 5.
And Vertex Aerospace has been selected as a qualifying offerer and awarded a contract under #N61340-19-D-0010 for the Naval Air techniques Command’s shriveled preservation, modification, Aircrew and linked features (CMMARS) program. The company spoke of this award will enable Vertex to compete for approximately $12.6 billion of future department of defense aviation logistics alternatives over the subsequent 5 years.
Vertex’s Aerospace protection functions business line Senior vice president and typical manager Richard Caputo says Vertex is competent for the challenge and excited to explore new alternatives inside the DOD.
“This award offers Vertex Aerospace the possibility to monitor our full arsenal of capabilities, which comprises aircraft preservation, logistics, and integration sustainment features,” pointed out Caputo. “we have served the U.S. military, Navy, Air force, and Marine Corps for over twenty years and are honored to proceed offering outstanding, mission-crucial features in help of our warfighters.”
Vertex Aerospace has been in Mississippi for greater than 40 years and in Madison on the grounds that 1989.
“We were previously a subsidiary of L-3 applied sciences, however after we have been sold in June ultimate year, we decided to hold our new headquarters here in Madison, noted Vertex Aerospace CEO and President John Ed Boyington. “Working in our trade requires deep technical capabilities and advantage, and in this particular area near universities and the capitol, we have access to a huge talent pool. Mississippi additionally has a very within your budget can charge of residing, which has attributed to our excessive rate of lengthy-time employees.”
The initial programs the company worked on have been commercial, specifically the Beechcraft’s King Air aircraft. Now, they primarily work with government businesses, here and overseas. The commercial aircraft they hold are derivatives that have been modified for government T-1 and C-12 plane and are maintained to FAA necessities.
The business is looking to expand the industrial piece of Vertex within the international market area.
“That’s why we chose the United Arab Emirates for our preliminary footprint for overseas growth – it’s an most advantageous area for enterprise in the vicinity,” Boyington stated. “
related to the CMMARS software, Boyington said they are seeing the entire military functions go to multi-award, indefinite delivery class contracts.
“These supply protection corporations, like Vertex, the ability to compete for contracts within a undeniable category of business companions to streamline and expedite the acquisition technique,” Boyington noted. “The CMMARS program will final about 5 years and abilities contracts will amount to $12 billion over that time length.”
Awardees of the CMMARS contract will supply contractor logistics and upkeep capabilities for DOD rotary and stuck wing aircraft, unmanned aircraft vehicles, and various weapon systems in help of continuous, worldwide operations for the Navy and different DOD and U.S. govt organizations.
“The U.S. army Aviation and Missile Command’s Multi-country wide Aviation special project workplace application (MASPO), the U.S. Air force’s plane upkeep business answer (ACES), and the branch of the Navy’s SeaPort next technology (SeaPort NxG) program are just one of the most other contract automobiles we're positioning ourselves to bid on,” Boyington stated.
Vertex’s Mission is to give features to their consumers 24/7, all over the world. “We do it appropriate the primary time – as a result of lives depend upon it,” Boyington mentioned. “Vertex has a popularity for performance excellence in two of the major focus areas for the U.S. military – offering plane readiness and pilot construction. From a protection standpoint, readiness is probably the most critical issue, and our militia’s readiness stages have atrophied over the years. Aviation is a extremely unhealthy profession. It’s unforgiving of mistakes. That’s why our mission is so crucial – we have to do it correct the first time.”
Vertex has greater than 4,300 personnel at sixty five U.S. and 35 international places. The business’s work force comprises about 1,900 veterans. The business has about 420 employees at its headquarters in Madison, about 508 employees at Columbus Air force Base, and about 348 at Naval Air Station Meridian.
Vertex Aerospace turned into originally established in Mississippi in 1975 as Beech Aerospace services, Inc. Vertex Aerospace LLC become acquired by using ny-based deepest fairness firm American Industrial partners June 30, 2018, in a $550 million deal. Madison was named as its new headquarters. Vertex become purchased from L3 technologies, together with Crestview Aerospace LLC, Flight overseas LLC, and TCS Aerospace LLC.
Boyington said the acquisition gives huge boom knowledge all the way through their firm’s a hundred global locations.
“That being mentioned, we at the moment are a Mississippi-based mostly agency and we plan to leverage native companies’ aid on every occasion feasible,” Boyington mentioned.
suggestions about the business and job announcements will also be discovered on the company web page at www.vtxaero.com, LinkedIn, fb, or Twitter.
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BEACHWOOD, Ohio, might also 9, 2018 /PRNewswire/ -- The U.S. branch of Agriculture (USDA) has announced that POWERply® endure™ BIO Adhesive from Tremco Roofing and building protection has earned the licensed Biobased Product label.
"We're proud to look POWERply undergo BIO Adhesive earn this consciousness from the USDA," noted Kurt Sosinski, market supervisor for Tremco Roofing's Modified Bitumen systems. "This product is made from 71 % biobased material and has an extremely-low level of VOCs (unstable biological Compounds), which helps make it practically smell free and meet California VOC limits. POWERply endure BIO Adhesive is cold process, a hundred% solids and totally cured and watertight inside 24 hours of application, that may shorten the length of many roofing initiatives. It additionally has greater than enough power to face up to the wind uplift pressures from typhoon force winds."
POWERply undergo BIO Adhesive joins these Tremco Roofing products which have earned the USDA licensed Biobased Product Label:
"together, these environmentally-friendly licensed Biobased products display Tremco Roofing's mighty commitment to helping our purchasers advance and hold greater sustainable facilities by using durable products which comprise these renewable elements," Sosinski said.
The USDA licensed Biobased Product label shows a product's biobased content, which is the portion of a product that comes from a renewable supply, comparable to plant, animal, marine, or forestry feedstocks. making use of renewable, biobased materials displaces the want for non-renewable petroleum-based mostly chemical compounds. Biobased items, through petroleum displacement, have performed an more and more essential role in cutting back greenhouse gasoline emissions that exacerbate international climate trade.
Biobased products are can charge-comparative, easily accessible, and function in addition to or more desirable than their regularly occurring counterparts.
in line with a report that USDA launched in 2015, biobased products contributed $369 billion to the U.S. economic climate in 2013 and assist, at once and in some way, 4 million jobs. The identical document discovered that biobased items additionally displace approximately 300 million gallons of petroleum per yr in the U.S., which is the equal of taking 200,000 automobiles off the street. The accelerated construction of renewable chemicals and biobased products contributes to the development and growth of the U.S. bioeconomy - where society appears to agriculture for sustainable sources of fuel, energy, chemicals, and materials.
About Tremco Roofing and building MaintenanceHeadquartered in Beachwood, Ohio, Tremco Roofing and constructing renovation helps manipulate building existence cycles for shoppers in schooling, healthcare, sports, government, manufacturing and a lot of other industries. Tremco Roofing and building maintenance is a division of Tremco incorporated, which has been in enterprise on account that 1928; we work closely with Tremco incorporated subsidiary WTI, which offers widely wide-spread contracting and roofing functions, and Canam constructing Envelope specialists, which offers air barrier analysis and options. www.tremcoroofing.com
in regards to the USDA BioPreferred software and certified Biobased Product labelThe BioPreferred application is a USDA-led initiative that assists the development and enlargement of markets for biobased products. The BioPreferred application is transforming the market for biobased products via two initiatives: necessary buying requirements for Federal Agenciesand Federal contractors and voluntary product certification and labeling.
Biobased items span a various latitude of purposes, similar to lubricants, cleansing items, chemicals and bioplastics. The USDA licensed Biobased Product label communicates a product's biobased content. Expressed as a percentage, biobased content is the ratio of non-fossil organic carbon (new organic carbon) to total biological carbon in a product. New organic carbon is derived from lately-created substances. the whole organic carbon in a product incorporates new organic carbon and ancient biological carbon that originates from fossil carbon substances, comparable to petroleum, coal, or naturalgas. approximately 2,800 items have earned the USDA licensed Biobased Product label as of August 2016. To be trained extra about the USDA certified Biobased Product label please visit www.biopreferred.gov, and follow on Twitter at https://twitter.com/BioPreferred.
View usual content material with multimedia:https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/tremco-roofing-and-building-preservation-adhesive-now-usda-licensed-biobased-product-300644881.html
source Tremco Roofing and constructing protection
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Hooi Chiew Thang 1Abstract
One of the major challenges in forest management is the sustainability of the resource itself, while the challenge for the conservation of biological diversity is not to `halt deforestation' but to secure a minimum set of strategically located primary forests in representative areas having high diversity and endemism. In addition to this, mechanisms and methodologies for valuation of the many diverse goods and services that the forest provides, especially those that are not readily traded in the marketplace, need to be further developed.
During the last two decades timber certification has not had a significant impact on the loss of tropical forests. In addition, timber certification is expensive and consumers in Europe and the United States of America are not willing to pay more for certified products.
Although timber certification is expected to promote economic and social equity, many small farmers and producers often find it too costly and are unable to access the capital, information and markets that certification is meant to offer. Furthermore, government involvement in timber certification is necessary as many of the timber certification schemes are yet to be self-financing and forest lands in many developing countries are owned by governments.
Timber certification's efficiency in promoting sustainable forest management is still subject to considerable debate at international level. At best, it has created greater awareness among forest managers and the many stakeholders on the need to balance protection and conservation of forest resources with economic uses.
There is also a need for a set of internationally agreed criteria and indicators for assessing sustainable forest management practices and timber certification, or at the very least, an international framework for their mutual recognition. Further research in the use of criteria and indicators for assessing sustainable forest management and in certification is also necessary, including the link between these and actual improvements in sustainable forest management.Introduction
Sustainable forest management (SFM) is a topical issue, not just for resource managers but also for people from all walks of life. This is not surprising, as SFM has been identified as essential to achieving sustainable development and as a means to eradicate poverty, reduce deforestation and the loss of biological diversity, arrest land and resource degradation, enhance food security, and increase access to safe drinking water and affordable energy.
It was not until the late 1970s that the necessity to conserve and manage the world's forests was recognized in the overall context of protecting the global environment. By the latter half of the 1990s, demands were made for criteria and indicators to be used to assess the level of forest sustainability and through timber certification.Sustainable forest management
Since the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in 1992, the major challenges facing SFM include the need to reduce deforestation and forest degradation through ensuring the sustainability of forest resources, to protect and conserve biological diversity and ensure the sustainable use of the genetic resources, and to enhance the full valuation of forest goods and services.Resource sustainability
Although everyone agrees that sustainability of the forest resource is of paramount importance to satisfy the needs of the present and future generations, it is not always clear what this means in terms of forest management at the field level. Clarifying this issue through the application of criteria and indicators of sustainability is a small but important step towards achieving SFM. This, together with management prescriptions and performance standards would create a sound basis for assessing SFM at the operational level and provide a link to voluntary timber certification.
The current international debate on criteria and indicators has also convinced many of the environmental non-governmental organizations (ENGOs) that were totally opposed to harvesting the natural forest just a few years ago that environmental and amenity values of forest can be maintained when timber is harvested. Similarly, forestry services, industries and forest owners have recognized that it is necessary and reasonable to modify and adapt forest harvesting practices to accommodate the need for environmental conservation. The important question is: `what obstacles remain, and how can they be overcome?'
In this context, the traditional system of sustained-yield management, which is based on the concept of an equilibrium between growth and harvest that can be sustained in perpetuity, will have to be replaced by a new paradigm of multi-resource forest management, which involves the simultaneous production of forest goods and services, and is compatible with the need to preserve the forest ecosystem and the environment.
A strong case has also been made for the further refinement of reduced-impact logging (RIL) technologies for application in the extensive areas of the tropics where timber production is still a viable option, as it has often been said that the construction of forest roads during timber-harvesting operations constitutes a major part of the total environmental degradation.
However, in many developing countries, forest roads that are properly designed, constructed according to environmentally sound engineering practices and well maintained often form part of the planned network of public roads that would provide convenient low-cost access to forest products, especially in rural areas, as well as serve the needs for forest management, conservation and protection. The revenue generated from the harvested forest products, notably industrial timber, would provide the much needed resources to enhance SFM in the long term. Thus, the challenge is to construct forest roads that minimize adverse environmental impacts and safeguard the productivity of the site, especially during forest harvesting.
In the coming years, much more attention will have to be paid to the importance of non-wood forest products as they are crucial for the rural economy of many developing countries in meeting subsistence and cultural needs, as well as in providing gainful employment and supplementing income. Emphasis should also be accorded to watershed management in order to enhance food production in high-yield areas, and to the review of current management practices so as to minimize the destructive nature and extent of wildfires on forests, which have adverse impacts on biological diversity, age-class distribution and sustainability.Resource conservation
Recent surveys on a global basis suggest that the current rate of species loss is high. One estimate has concluded that the continuation of current deforestation rates in tropical forest will lead to the loss of approximately 25% of the world's plant species in the next 20 years (IUCN et al., 1990). While depending on the assumptions used, it may eliminate between 5 and 15% of species by the year 2020 (WRI, 1989). As such, the rapid loss of biological diversity of tropical forest has become the subject of increasing national and international concern.
Hence, conservation of biological diversity in forest ecosystems requires some hard decisions from policy-makers. Choices will have to be made to prioritize one habitat or species over another. In some cases, long-term conservation strategies may also have to include the rehabilitation and the setting aside of primary forests. Mangroves and coastal forest ecosystems should also be given special attention as they are of major importance in the functioning of important life processes.
The challenge for biological conservation, therefore, is not to `halt deforestation' but to secure a minimum set of strategically located primary forests in representative areas with high diversity and endemism. The areas surrounding the biological reserves should also be simultaneously managed to meet social and economic goals. Similarly, in production forests, it is pertinent to identify `keystone' species or other components of special ecological value for protection and conservation.Resource valuation
Currently, many ecologists and economists believe that the world's forests have not been fully valued in economic terms. In this context, current economic valuation of forest resources, based on the monetary costs of extraction and distribution, has often resulted in inadequate incentives for sustainable resource use, which in turn induce over-consumption of forest products and environmental degradation. Hence, the system of incentives and penalties will have to be re-examined and reoriented to reflect the full costs of forest goods and services, including environmental costs. The internalization of environmental costs will dispel the assumption that the environment is a free commodity.
There is, therefore, a need to further develop mechanisms and methodologies for valuation of the many diverse goods and services that the forest provides, especially those that are not readily traded in the markets. Some of these include watershed protection, carbon sequestration and the conservation of biological diversity. The full valuation of forest goods and services would yield surpluses for countries to invest in and achieve SFM.Timber certification
Timber certification was proposed by ENGOs in the early 1980s as a means to address the destruction and loss of tropical forests. With continued pressure from ENGOs and growing competition among forest products and from non-wood substitutes, the focus on timber certification has expanded to also cover non-tropical forests and timber and timber products.
In January 2002, only an estimated 109 million ha or 2.8% of the world's forests have been certified through international or regional schemes such as the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) or the Pan-European Forest Certification Council (PEFC), as well as national schemes, for example those of Finland, Sweden, Norway, Malaysia, Indonesia and Brazil (ITTO, 2002). However, almost 92% of all certified forests worldwide are located in temperate, industrialized countries that are already well managed or nearly so, as they have the financial and technological means as well as the capacity, to implement sound management practices. This is not the case in developing countries in the tropics, which only account for about 8% of certified forests.Strengths and weaknesses
It is envisaged that through timber certification consumers would be able to discriminate between timbers emanating from sustainably managed sources and those derived from destructive or `unsustainable' sources. In theory, this would have the advantage of providing timber producers with an incentive to improve forest management practices, comply with agreed standards, gain certification and sell products at a premium price, assuming that consumers are prepared to pay a higher price for a `green' product (Counsell and Loraas, 2002). This could also enable them to increase or at least protect their market share and avoid market restrictions on their products.
Recent estimates on global forest cover by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO, 2001) indicate that between 1990 and 2000, the annual loss of natural forests in the tropics, where most of the deforestation is occurring, was 15.2 million ha. Although this figure was lower than the 15.5 million ha recorded for the period 1980-1990, it is evident that there was no significant reduction in the loss of tropical forests, despite some changes in definitions, methodology and updated inventory information used in the different assessments. Hence, timber certification has not had an impact on the loss of tropical forests in the last two decades.
In general, most timber certification schemes share a considerable degree of commonality between them. Although the grouping of indicators within individual criteria may differ from one scheme to another, the criteria agreed upon are conceptually very similar, covering policy, legal and institutional frameworks, extent of forest resources, forest health and condition, biological diversity, protective and productive functions, and the socio-economic benefits of forests. However, due to the heterogeneity of local conditions, threshold values and other performance standards required in timber certification schemes do differ and are best developed through a participatory process, taking into account existing standards in the country or region.
Concerns have been expressed that timber certification may give consumers the impression that unlabelled products, including those that have yet to be assessed, have been produced in an environmentally unsustainable way. It should also be noted that the total area of well managed forests is not only limited to areas that have been certified. Many uncertified forests, including those managed for timber production, may also be under SFM practices. In fact, if incentives to subscribe to timber certification were strong enough, importing countries would not have to resort to unilateral actions discriminating against imports of timber from unsustainable sources.
In addition, timber certification is expensive, as a study conducted in Malaysia has shown. The initial costs required to improve forest harvesting operations, as compared to current practices, would increase by US$65.05 or 62.5% per ha (Ahmad Fauzi et al., 2002), while the expected long-term gains from reduced post-harvesting activities have yet to be proven. In this connection, the success of timber certification introduced on a voluntary basis will depend on whether consumers are willing to pay more (`green premium') for timber products produced from sustainably managed sources.
However, according to Solberg (Solberg, 2003), consumers in Europe are not very willing to pay more for forest products emanating from certified forests. This is also true for the United States of America where 81% of companies that own and manage forest lands and 70% of companies that manufacture and sell certified products, but play no role in the management of forest lands, are sceptical that any premium will emerge (Auld, Cashore and Newsom, 2003). Hence, increased production costs may not be readily passed to the consumer without a reduction in consumption, although there are some market segments where willingness to pay a price premium could be observed and be exploited by the trade.
A number of forest owners and firms are currently undertaking timber certification or taking a phased approach to certification, especially in developing countries, as a way of demonstrating the quality of their forest management and to consolidate their competitive edge, reputation and the appearance of `good citizenship' in an increasingly uncertain global marketplace, even if it means sacrificing some of their autonomy (Sasser, 2003).
As timber certification is an instrument used to confirm the achievement of certain predetermined performance standards of forest management in a given forest area at a given point in time, the granting of certificates is in reality based on the expectation that management activities that ensure that the forest is sustainably managed would be undertaken throughout the rotation of the forest stand, which may not be the case. At the extreme, forest owners could harvest all the certified forests and sell every piece of the timber and lose the certificate after the money has been earned and the certificate is no longer needed. Hence, government policies and legislation have to be in place and enforced to ensure that forest owners are committed to long-term forest sustainability.
Government involvement is also necessitated by the financial requirements of timber certification schemes, because most of these schemes are yet to be self-financing and in many developing countries forest lands are owned by governments. Besides, governments are held accountable for the livelihood and well-being of their people, while timber certification institutions are not.Unresolved issues
The current proliferation of timber certification schemes may create problems for timber-producing countries, especially those that are export-oriented. Criteria and indicators based on the environmental conditions and needs of the importing country may be environmentally inappropriate, given the local conditions in the country of production. Furthermore, timber certification schemes using different sets of criteria and indicators to define and assess SFM have exacerbated the need for a set of internationally agreed criteria and indicators for assessing SFM practices at the forest management unit level, taking into account the different levels of socio-economic development of countries and their existing cultural and traditional values, or at the very least, an international framework for their mutual recognition (Thang, 2003).
Although timber certification is expected to promote economic and social equity, and in particular corporate social responsibility, by including governance by social and indigenous people's groups, as well as trade unions in forest management decision-making, at the same time timber certification appears to work against that goal. The small farmers and producers often find certification too costly, and they are unable to access the capital, information and the markets that certification is meant to offer. Many poorer countries are also finding this discriminatory.
Vested corporate interest in ensuring successful outcomes from timber certification may also result in certification institutions granting certificates to firms that have yet to fully achieve the required performance standards for SFM. However, the ability to manipulate the certification institutions and to use that certification institution to grant the certificate will depend on how much power a firm has and whether it can distinguish itself from its competitors in the marketplace. Similarly, certification institutions have a vested interest in sustaining and expanding their businesses and because of competition among them, some are actively discrediting their competitors and even go as far as to guarantee certification ex ante in order to obtain timber certification contracts (de Camino and Alfaro, 1998).
Certification schemes should further emphasize the social aspect of production, such as fair wages and decent working conditions, the production and sustainability of non-wood forest products, and the certification of carbon sequestered by forests to be traded, for example under the Clean Development Mechanism of the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.Conclusions
There is no `magic bullet' of universally applicable forest management practices that can be uniformly applied to ensure forest sustainability, as the definition of sustainable may vary with time and space as society's demands for forest goods and services change. Optimizing the various values to be derived from forests requires the conventional management unit to be managed in the context of the broader landscape. This remains one of the most important challenges for forest managers today in their quest to attain SFM.
The efficiency of timber certification as an instrument to promote SFM is still subject to considerable debate at international level. At best, the application of timber certification in assessing SFM has created greater awareness among forest managers of their social responsibility to minimize the loss of biological diversity and to protect the environment.
Furthermore, the development of performance standards, including criteria and indicators and timber certification through multi-stakeholder dialogues, has enhanced understanding among the many interested parties who are concerned with the sustainability of forest resources, especially the ENGOs, on the need to balance protection and conservation with economic uses. SFM is not the sum of ecological, social and economic sustainability, but rather their product.
The current acceptance of timber certification by over 30 countries worldwide, which are working on or have completed national certification standards or schemes, may have more to do with their desire to maintain existing market shares or to increase market access, especially to the importing countries in Western Europe and to a lesser extent the United States of America. However, some major timber markets have yet to adopt any timber certification scheme, such as China, which is still involved in adapting internationally and regionally agreed criteria and indicators for assessing SFM practices.
The open, transparent and ever-improving process of using criteria and indicators in assessing SFM and timber certification will need further research into the long-term sustainability of the forest resources, as well as the link between this process and actual substantive improvements in sustainable management, because, in reality, timber certification institutions do not currently certify that a management unit is sustainable, but that the predetermined management standards have been met.References
Ahmad Fauzi, P., Salleh, M., Mohd Shahwahid, H.O., Abdul Rahim, N., Awang Noor, A.G. & Mohammad Farid, A.R. 2002. Cost of harvesting operations in compliance with ITTO guidelines for sustainable forest management - a model project for cost analysis to achieve sustainable forest management. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Auld, G., Cashore, B. & Newsom, D. 2003. Perspective on forest certification: a survey examining differences among the US forest sector's views of their certification alternatives. In L. Teeter, B. Cashore & D. Zhang, eds. Forest policy for private forestry: Global and regional challenges. Oxford, CABI Publishing.
Counsell, S. & Loraas, K.T. 2002. Trading in credibility: the myth and reality of the Forest Stewardship Council. London, Rainforest Foundation.
De Camino, R. & Alfaro, M. 1998. Certification in Latin American: Experience to date. A Rural Development Forestry Network Paper, Network Paper 23c, Summer 1998, London, Overseas Development Institute.
FAO. 2001. State of the World's Forests 2001. Rome.
ITTO. 2002. Forest certification: pending challenges for tropical timber. ITTO Technical Series No.19. Yokohama, International Tropical Timber Organization.
IUCN et al. 1990. Conserving the world's biodiversity. IUCN/WRI/CI/WWF - US/World Bank.
Sasser, E.N. 2003. Gaining leverage: NGO influence on certification institutions in the forest products sector. In L. Teeter, B. Cashore & D. Zhang, eds. Forest policy for private forestry: Global and regional challenges. Oxford, CABI Publishing.
Solberg, B. 2003. Policy developments affecting demand, supply and international trade of forest products: a European perspective. In L. Teeter, B. Cashore & D. Zhang, eds. Forest policy for private forestry: Global and regional challenges. Oxford, CABI Publishing.
Thang, H.C. 2003. Malaysia's experience in applying criteria and indicators for sustainable forest management, including forest management certification. Paper presented at the International Conference on Criteria and Indicators for Sustainable Forest Management - the Contribution of Criteria and Indicators to Sustainable Forest Management: the Way Forward. Guatemala City, Guatemala, 3-7 January, 2003.
WRI. 1989. Keeping options alive: the scientific basis for conserving biodiversity. Washington D.C., World Resources Institute.
1 Deputy Director-General of Forestry (Planning and Development), Forestry Department Headquarters, Peninsular Malaysia, Jalan Sultan Salahuddin, 50660 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. firstname.lastname@example.org
Supply chain management is a growing field and a satisfying profession, as a recent survey from the Association for Supply Chain Management (APICS) found that 96 percent of those surveyed were highly satisfied with their career in SCM, with average rating of 8.4 out of 10. The survey also found that it pays to get certified. SCM pros with at least one certification get paid on average 19 percent more than those who aren’t certified, and those with two or three certifications earn salaries that are 39 percent and 50 percent higher than the median, respectively.
Whether you’re already making a career in supply chain management, or want to break into the field, here are eight supply chain management certifications that can round out your resume and give you a leg up against the competition.
The Association for Supply Chain Management (APICS) offers three certifications to demonstrate your SCM skills. To be eligible to take the CSCP exam, you’ll need three years related experience or a bachelor’s degree or international equivalent. To maintain the certification, you’ll need to earn a total of 75 professional development points every five years. If your certification isn’t maintained within five years, it will expire before the 10-year mark and you will be required to retake the exam. For every year that your certification is suspended, you’ll need to submit an additional 15 professional development points.
Exam fee: $695 for Plus members, $965 for Core and non-members
Retake fee: $450
Renewal fee: $75 for members, $150 for non-members
Expiration: 10 yearsAPICS Certified in Production and Inventory Management (CPIM)
You’ll need to pass two exams within three years to earn your Production and Inventory Management (CPIM) certification from APICS, and you’ll need to maintain your certification every five years by completing 75 professional development points. When considering the cost, remember that you’ll have to pay the fee for both exams — the fee only applies to one exam at a time. Like the CSCP certification, you’ll need to submit an extra 15 points for every year your certification is suspended if you let it lapse.
Exam fee: $495 per exam for Plus members, $690 per exam for Core and non-members
Retake fee: $250
Renewal fee: $75 for members, $150 for non-members
Expiration: 10 yearsAPICS Supply Chain Operations Reference (SCOR-P) Endorsement
The SCOR-P endorsement from APICS validates your knowledge in the Supply Chain Operations Reference (SCOR) model and methods. The SCOR model is a supply chain approach that helps link SCM to business goals, metrics, processes and other internal departments and stakeholders. The exam is included in the course, which extensively covers the SCOR model to help you apply it to real-life supply chain problems, support organizational goals, improve efficiency, organize SCOR projects and implement processes.
Exam fee: The exam is included in the course fee, which varies per program
Retake fee: $350
Renewal fee: N/A
Expiration: N/AISM Certified Professional in Supply Management (CPSM)
The Institute for Supply Management (ISM) offers a Professional in Supply Management (CPSM) certification that validates your knowledge on supply management functions across several industries. Pass three exams that you can take in any order — to qualify, you’ll need three years of full-time SCM experience in a position that isn’t clerical or support. To maintain and renew your certification after four years, you’ll need to earn 60 hours of approved continuing education credits. If you already passed ISM’s CPSD certification (see below), you will not need to take the foundation exam for the CPSM certification, since it’s included in both. If you aren’t already a member, the cost of the non-member fee for the exam also includes one year of ISM Direct membership.
Application fee: $119 for members, $179 for non-members
Exam fee: $229 for members, $379 for non-members
Retake fee: $379
Renewal fee: $75 for members, $150 for non-members
Expiration: 4 yearsISM Certified Professional in Supplier Diversity (CPSD)
The second certification from the ISM is the Certified Professional Supplier Diversity (CPSD) certification, which you can earn on top of the CPSM certification from ISM. The CPSD certification consists of two exams — but you can skip the foundational exam if you already hold your CPSM exam. To qualify for the exam, you’ll need three years of supplier diversity or management experience and a bachelor’s degree, or five years of experience. To maintain your certification, you’ll need to complete 50 hours of approved continuing education credits over a three-year period.
Application fee: $119 for members, $179 for non-members
Exam fee: $229 for members, $379 for non-members
Retake fee: $379
Renewal fee: $75 for members, $150 for non-members
Expiration: 3 yearsSCPro Council of Supply Chain Management Professionals (CSCMP)
The SCPro Council of Supply Chain Management Professionals (CSCMP) certification is unique in that it combines a multi-level education with a three-tiered exam process. There are three levels of SCPro certification and the first level, Cornerstones of Supply Chain Management, covers the fundamentals and eight elements of supply chain management. At the second level, Analysis and Application of Supply Chain Challenges, you’ll be tested on your ability to apply SCM knowledge in different scenarios. The third and final level, Initiation of Supply Chain Transformation, certifies your ability to “positively impact an organization” through a hands-on project that demonstrates your skills.
You will need to renew your certification for all three levels every three years, which will require 60 hours of eligible professional development activities. You will need to complete at least 20 hours of professional development annually, but no more than 30 hours per year.
Level 1 exam fee: $650 for members, $975 for non-members
Level 2 exam fee: $1,095 for members, $1,500 for non-members
Level 3 exam fee: N/A
Renewal fee: $50 for members, $100 for non-members
Expiration: 4 yearsSOLE Certified Professional Logistician (CPL)
The International Society of Logistics (SOLE) offers a Certified Professional Logistician (CPL) certification in logistics, which is a key element of supply chain management in certain industries such as commerce, defense, federal and local government agencies and education. The exam takes place over a six-hour period, with three two-hour sessions; you will need to pass all three exams before you can earn your certification.
To qualify for the CPL exam, you’ll need at least nine years’ experience practicing or teaching logistics and two years’ experience in at least two fields of logistics. Each year of undergraduate accredited coursework in logistics subjects is equivalent to one year of professional experience, up to four years. For those with a master’s degree or doctoral degree, you’ll need four or three years’ additional experience, respectively.
Exam fee: $225 for members, $375 for non-members
Retake fee: $50
Renewal fee: N/A
Expiration: Does not expireNCMA Certified Professional Contract Manager (CPCM)
The National Contract Management Association (NCMA) offers multiple certifications, including the Certified Professional Contract Manager (CPCM). Candidates for the exam will need a strong understanding of the Certified Management Body of Knowledge (CMBOK), business and training education and a minimum of five years’ experience in a relevant field. The NCMA also offers a Certified Federal Contract Manager (CFCM) certification for those working in or with the government and a Certified Commercial Contract Manager (CCCM) certification for those in the commercial industry.
Application fee: $210 for members, $410 for non-members
Exam fee: $125 for domestic, $150 for international exams
Retake fee: $100 for domestic, $130 for international exams
Renewal fee: $95 for members, $145 non-members
Expiration: 5 years
Copyright © 2018 IDG Communications, Inc.
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