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CAP - Certified Automation Professional - Dump Information

Vendor : ISA
Exam Code : CAP
Exam Name : Certified Automation Professional
Questions and Answers : 395 Q & A
Updated On : February 16, 2018
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CAP Questions and Answers



An authentication method uses smart cards as well as usernames and passwords for authentication. Which of the following authentication methods is being referred to?

  1. Anonymous

  2. Multi-factor

  3. Biometrics

  4. Mutual

Answer: B


In 2003, NIST developed a new Certification & Accreditation (C&A) guideline known as FIPS

199. What levels of potential impact are defined by FIPS 199? Each correct answer represents a

complete solution. Choose all that apply.

  1. Low

  2. Moderate

  3. High

  4. Medium

Answer: A, C, D


Which of the following is NOT an objective of the security program?

  1. Security organization

  2. Security plan

  3. Security education

  4. Information classification

Answer: B

Walter is the project manager of a large construction project. He'll be working with several vendors on the project. Vendors will be providing materials and labor for several parts of the project. Some of the works in the project are very dangerous so Walter has implemented safety requirements for all of the vendors and his own project team. Stakeholders for the project have added new requirements, which have caused new risks in the project. A vendor has identified a new risk that could affect the project if it comes into fruition. Walter agrees with the vendor and has updated the risk register and created potential risk responses to mitigate the risk. What should Walter also update in this scenario considering the risk event?

  1. Project contractual relationship with the vendor

  2. Project communications plan

  3. Project management plan

  4. Project scope statement

Answer: C


During which of the following processes, probability and impact matrix is prepared?

  1. Plan Risk Responses

  2. Perform Quantitative Risk Analysis

  3. Perform Qualitative Risk Analysis

  4. Monitoring and Control Risks

Answer: C


During qualitative risk analysis you want to define the risk urgency assessment. All of the following are indicators of risk priority except for which one?

  1. Symptoms

  2. Cost of the project

  3. Warning signs

  4. Risk rating

Answer: B

Which of the following statements about Discretionary Access Control List (DACL) is true?

  1. It is a rule list containing access control entries.

  2. It specifies whether an audit activity should be performed when an object attempts to access a resource.

  3. It is a list containing user accounts, groups, and computers that are allowed (or denied) access to the object.

  4. It is a unique number that identifies a user, group, and computer account

Answer: C


Which of the following is used to indicate that the software has met a defined quality level and is

ready for mass distribution either by electronic means or by physical media?

  1. DAA

  2. RTM

  3. ATM

  4. CRO

Answer: B


Which of the following processes is a structured approach to transitioning individuals, teams,

and organizations from a current state to a desired future state?

  1. Configuration management

  2. Procurement management

  3. Change management

  4. Risk management

A security policy is an overall general statement produced by senior management that dictates what role security plays within the organization. What are the different types of policies? Each correct answer represents a complete solution. Choose all that apply.

  1. Systematic

  2. Regulatory

  3. Advisory

  4. Informative

Answer: B, C, D


Which of the following is a standard that sets basic requirements for assessing the effectiveness

of computer security controls built into a computer system?

  1. TCSEC

  2. FIPS

  3. SSAA


Answer: A


Which of the following statements correctly describes DIACAP residual risk?

  1. It is the remaining risk to the information system after risk palliation has occurred.

  2. It is a process of security authorization.

  3. It is the technical implementation of the security design.

  4. It is used to validate the information system.

Answer: A

ISA CAP Exam (Certified Automation Professional) Detailed Information

ISA Certified Automation Professional® (CAP®) Certification Program
CAP Logo
ISA CAP certification provides a non-biased, third-party, objective assessment and confirmation of an automation professional's skills – specifically, the CAP exam is focused on direction, definition, design, development/application, deployment, documentation, and support of systems, software, and equipment used in control systems, manufacturing information systems, systems integration, and operational consulting. The CAP certification exam reflects the documented knowledge, skills, and abilities needed for competent job performance.
ISA’s CAP® program:
Sets the standard for the automation professional
Promotes safety and improves productivity
Establishes your professional credentials
Prepares you for additional job responsibilities
Improves ROI by impacting mission critical decisions
Proves that you're an automation leader
Search for an ISA Certified Automation Professional
Who are ISA CAPs?
Working in process automation and manufacturing automation industries around the globe, CAPs are responsible for the direction, definition, design, development/application, deployment, documentation, and support of systems, software, and equipment used in control systems, manufacturing information systems, systems integration, and operational consulting. CAPs are an elite group of automation professionals that have proven they possess an extensive knowledge of automation and controls. CAPs have documented evidence that they possess the expertise and qualifications to excel in their fields.
How was the ISA CAP® Examination created?
Questions on the exam were derived from the actual practice of automation professionals as outlined in the CAP Role Delineation Study and job task analysis. Using interviews, surveys, observation, and group discussions, ISA worked with automation professionals to delineate critical job components to develop test specifications to determine the number of questions related to each domain and task tested. This rigorous program development and ongoing maintenance process ensures that CAP certification accurately reflects the skills and knowledge needed to excel as an automation professional.
Basic Continuous Control
Process Instrumentation • Analytical Instrumentation • Continuous Control • Control Valves • Analog Communications • Control System Documentation • Control Equipment
Basic Discrete, Sequencing, and Manufacturing Control
Discrete Input & Output Devices and General Manufacturing Measurements • Discrete and Sequencing Control • Motor and Drive Control • Motion Control
Advanced Control Topics
Process Modeling • Advanced Process Control • Control of Batch Processes • Environmental • Environmental Monitoring • Building Automation
Reliability, Safety, and Electrical
Alarm Management • Reliability • Process Safety and Safety Instrumented Systems • Electrical Installations • Safe Use and Application of Electrical Apparatus
CAP exam content, preparation for test, final resultBy Abdul RaufThe CAP exam is offered either as a paper-based or computer-based format. The paper-based test is offered only on special occasions (e.g., after CAP review courses offered by ISA or after ISA Automation Week). Electronic testing is offered through test centers worldwide. The CAP exam consists of 175 multiple choice questions covering seven different domains as described in the CAP Body of Knowledge to be answered in four hours. Pacing yourself is the key to clearing the exam. If you are unable to solve a question, you can mark it and revert back to it later. Plan your time so as to answer at least 50 questions an hour and keep the last half hour to ponder any questions you had marked.Here is a personal analysis on the exam content, which will help you better prepare your study plan.Nature of questionsa. 85-90% of the questions were from "A Guide to the Automation Body of Knowledge"b. 5-10% were related to NEC, NFPA, and ISA standardsc. 5% were randomly selectedDifficulty level (1 being least and 10 being most)a. 30% were in between 1-4b. 50% were in between 5-8c. 10% were in between 9-10Additional notesa. What are standard documents in a project life cycle (URS, FDS, DDS, and UTPs)? What information does each one of these cover?b. Practice questions to calculate project life-cycle cost and comparison of difference projects with different life-cycle costs.ISA does not share any information about scores and marking criteria. At the end of the exam, you will be notified if you have passed or need to retake it.CAP reference materialThere are numerous CAP resources available at ISA's website ( Some of the reference material includes: Certified Automation Professional Study Guide, Second Edition: The Study Guide contains a list of the CAP domains and tasks, 75 review questions, and answers complete with justifications. References that were used for each study guide question are also provided. A Guide to the Automation Body of Knowledge, Second Edition: Edited by Vernon L. Trevathan, father of the CAP program, with contributions from more than 35 leading experts. This book defines the most important automation concepts and processes, while also describing the technical skills professionals may require for implementation in today's industrial environment. CAP Learning System: This tool includes a seven module printed textbook and 500 online sample questions. Online sample questions and answers explained with reasoning, help to carve your study plan and reinforce your knowledge base with a practice test. CAP Exam Review Course (EC00): This is a three-day instructor-led course offered at different locations throughout the U.S. It provides a thorough review to areas included in the CAP Body of Knowledge like field devices, control and simulation, alarm management best practices, safety instrumented systems, maintenance management, workflow structures, and project management. After this review course, ISA offers the CAP test in paper and pencil format without any fee. CAP Online Exam Review Course (EC00E): ISA's CyberU online instructor-assisted training course utilizes pre-recorded training modules, additional text materials, online evaluations, and e-mail discussions. Students will have access via e-mail to an instructor. This course runs for nine weeks. The course includes a copy of the CAP Learning System.Sample questionsSample questions are a must before attempting the actual exam. The sample questions will help you refine your study plan and focus on areas that need to be studied in detail. When your preparation is complete, you can revisit them to ensure your readiness for the exam. References for sample questions: CAP Learning System comes with 500 online sample questions with reasoning for correct answers. InTech publishes one CAP sample question in every issue. They are available online at a CAP ChampionCAP Champions are your personal guides to finding your way to success. These individuals have successfully passed their CAP and will assist you in refining your study plan, selecting study material that best fits your needs and share their own personal experiences. ISA maintains a list of active CAPs, and you can easily locate someone in your area at products and renewalWithin 30 days of taking and passing your exam, you will receive a packet from ISA containing: CAP certificate signed by the ISA president CAP badge you can stick to your shirt CAP pocket ID CAP sticker for your safety helmetIf for some reason you are unable to pass your test, you can sit for a retest after 30 days with a fee of $170. You can take it twice within a nine-month eligibility period.CAP certifications are valid for three years. Within four months of your certification expiration, you need to submit an application for renewal. You will be required to earn 135 Professional Development Hours (PDH). One year of relevant experience worth 30 PDHs, so three years of experience will gain you 90 PDHs. Remaining 45 PDHs can be earned using professional trainings, ISA web seminars, and courses.Being CAP helped me grow more visible among my peers and enhanced my reach to new job opportunities. My professional networking has increased, and I am getting more invitations and views over LinkedIn profile. But the best part throughout the journey was rediscovering my passion in automation. Most of my previous experiences and exposures were limited to process automation, but now I have discovered others domains of automation like batch processing, MES, and SIS design. Looking ahead is fun now!
Integration and Software
Digital Communications • Industrial Networks • Manufacturing Execution Systems and Business Integration • System and Network Security • Operator Interface • Data Management • Software • Custom Software
Deployment and Maintenance
Operator Training • Checkout, System Testing, and Startup • Troubleshooting • Maintenance • Long-Term Support and System Management
Work Structure
Automation Benefits and Project Justifications • Project Management and Execution • Interpersonal Skills
CAP Program Requirements & Documentation
General criteria to qualify to take the CAP examination include a commitment to the ISA Code of Ethics, a completed application with documentation included to support the education and experience requirements, and the application fee. Applicants must meet either the qualifications outlined in I or II below to be eligible to sit for the CAP exam.
Acceptable work experience and education requirements:
I. If you hold a 4 year technical degree:
Four-year academic degree from an accredited educational institution in a technical or technology field including engineering, chemistry, physics, math, etc.
Related work experience
Related experience means a minimum of five years of work in the automation field. One (1) year of work experience means 1,500 hours of active employment. A cumulative total of 7,500 hours of documented work experience is required during the five-year period prior to your application date. Passing the CAP Associate Recognition Program exam counts as one (1) year of work experience.
II. If you hold a 2 year degree or do not have a degree:
Related work experience
Related experience means a minimum of ten (10) years of work in the automation field. One (1) year of work experience means 1,500 hours of active employment. A cumulative total of 15,000 hours of documented work experience is required during the ten (10) year period prior to your application date. An Associate Degree in automation or a related technology from an accredited educational institution will count as two (2) years of work experience.
Evidence of responsible charge position
Two (2) work related references should be submitted that demonstrates that the applicant has had at least two (2) years experience in automation in a position of responsible charge. Each reference should be completed and signed by a former supervisor or someone who is in a position to attest to the applicant’s responsibilities. At least one of the references must be signed by a current or former supervisor.
Responsible charge does not refer to management control or administrative functions such as accounting, labor relations, or marketing.
The span of control necessary to be considered in a position of responsible charge includes:
Personally makes critical automation project decisions, or reviews and approves proposed decisions prior to implementation, including consideration of alternatives.
Judges the quality of other technical specialists and the validity and applicability of their recommendations before such recommendations are incorporated in the work.
Work experience and educational periods may not overlap when compiling the total number of years required for this certification.
ISA reserves the right to audit information provided in your certification application. A random selection of applicants will be chosen for audit. If your application is audited, you will be required to verify your employment history, education, and position of responsible charge as it relates to your application eligibility. Applicants who are audited must complete an audit form and return to ISA within sixty (60) days of audit notification. Failure to do so will result in revocation of your application and certification.
Frequently Asked Questions About the Certified Automation Professional (CAP) Program
Electronic Testing
Testing Windows
Application and Documentation
CAP Application Audit Process
Examination Process
Resource Materials
Private Testing
Electronic Testing
The CAP exam is offered in an electronic format through the Prometric global network of testing centers. For more information on testing center locations, visit Paper and pencil exams will still be offered for private companies in the US. Check the box on your application for electronic testing and review the details below as they apply to electronic testing vs. private exam sites.
When can I take the CAP electronic exam?
Each year, the CAP exam is available electronically during three testing windows. Each exam testing window will have a deadline for applications to be considered for testing in that window. Eligible candidates will only be able to test during the testing windows.
As of 1 January 2011, the candidate eligibility window, or testing window, has been extended to twelve (12) consecutive months. Once your application is approved, testing must be completed within your assigned twelve-month testing window which is based on your application submission/postmark date. Please allow six (6) weeks for application review and notification of eligibility to test and testing window assignment.
In order to schedule an exam, you will need to send your completed application by the specified application deadline for your preferred exam testing window. The application deadlines and testing windows are as follows:
Exam Testing Window Exam Application Postmark/Submission Deadline
Window 1: 1 March 2016 – 28 February 2017 Friday, 15 January 2016
Window 2: 1 July 2016 – 30 June 2017 Sunday, 15 May 2016
Window 3: 1 November 2016 – 31 October 2017 Thursday, 15 September 2016
Your first exam testing date and all rescheduling and retesting must be scheduled during the testing window for which you are approved to test.
You may reschedule your exam once, and the rescheduled date must be during your approved testing window.
You may schedule up to two (2) retests during your approved twelve-month testing window. Each retest must be scheduled a minimum of 30 days after your last exam date (this includes your initial exam date).
If you do not successfully pass the CAP or CCST exam within your twelve-month testing window, you must reapply for the exam by submitting a new application and fee. Once approved you will be given a new twelve-month testing window based on your application submission/postmark date.
What are the fees?
Application fees
$330 ISA Member
$445 Affiliate Member/Community Member/List
There are no group discounts for certification application fees.
Reschedule Fees with proper advance notification
Candidates may reschedule an exam appointment during their six month eligibility period if they contact Thomson Prometric at least 48 hours prior to the scheduled exam time for United States/Canadian test centers and at least 5 days prior to the scheduled exam time for Non-United States/Canadian test centers. No reschedule fee will apply.
Region Advance Notice Required
United States/Canada 48 Hours Prior to Scheduled Exam Date
Non-United States/Canada 5 Days Prior to Scheduled Exam Date
Reschedule Fees without proper advance notification
Candidates who do not sit for their scheduled exam and do not give proper advance notice of intent to reschedule their exam will incur a fee of $135.
Retest Fees
You may retest twice within your twelve-month eligibility period for a fee of $180 for each retest. If you are outside the twelve-month eligibility period, full application fees will apply. Retest must be 30 days after last exam date.
No-Show and Late Arrivals
For candidates who fail to appear for a scheduled exam, or arrive more than 15 minutes after the scheduled start time, fees will apply. See Reschedule fees without proper advance notification. You must reschedule your exam within your twelve-month eligibility period.
What forms of payment does ISA accept for the application fee and/or private testing fees?
ISA will accept check, certified check, money order, or wire transfer in US Dollars. Make checks payable to ISA. For wire transfer account information, please contact ISA Customer Service at or +1 919-549-8411. The following credit cards are accepted: AMEX, Discover card, Master Card, and VISA. Purchase orders are not accepted.
Payment should be received with the application. If you are sending payment separately please include this information with the application. Applications cannot be processed without payment.
Is the application fee refundable?
CAP fees are NOT refundable. It is the responsibility of the applicant to thoroughly review the requirements for the examination. No refunds will be made for applicants who do not appear for testing on the appropriate test date. If, however, ISA cancels the exam date you registered for, and you cannot reschedule, a refund may be offered.
Application and Documentation
Please choose the appropriate box on the CAP application for electronic testing or private site testing. All documentation requirements remain the same whether you test electronically or in a private site.
Does the application have to be typed?
The printed application may be typed or handwritten legibly in ink. Please do not use pencil.
Where do I mail my completed CAP application form and payment?
Send all materials to one of the following addresses:
1. With check or money order payment (through regular postal delivery): 2. With credit card payment (and for Overnight Delivery):
Certified Automation Professional Program
P.O. Box 12277
Research Triangle Park, NC 27702-2277 USA
+1 919-549-8411
Certified Automation Professional Program
67 T.W.Alexander Drive
Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 USA
+1 919-549-8411
Will I receive notice of my eligibility status?
Allow up to four weeks after submitting your application for notification of eligibility and eligibility code for electronic exam scheduling. You cannot schedule an electronic exam until your application has been approved and you have received your eligibility notice. For private site exam candidates, you will be contacted by ISA within two weeks of receipt of your application.
What documentation is necessary to meet the testing requirements?
As an applicant, you must meet the testing requirements as outlined in the Program Handbook under Requirements on the CAP web page. Back-up documentation with original signatures that verifies all work experience and training, and official transcripts that document your education are necessary ONLY if your application is audited. See CAP Application Audit Process (below).
Signatures to verify employment and position of responsible charge must be original - scanned or electronic signatures are not acceptable. Certificates of completion do not qualify as documentation of training or as an apprenticeship. Copies of transcripts are not accepted. It is the applicants' responsibility to read, understand, and complete the necessary documentation for the audit process.
Do all of the details of Work Experience, Position of Responsible Charge, and Education need to be completed on the application?
Yes. ISA reviews the details to ensure your work experience, duties in a position of responsible charge, and education meet the minimum requirements for qualification. ISA reserves the right to contact current and previous employers to verify the information submitted. In the event your application is audited, the information received in the application will be compared to what is submitted in the CAP Application Audit Appendix. See CAP Application Audit Process.
How do I get verification of my previous employment?
You must contact previous supervisors and have them sign the Verification of Employment form for that particular period of employment. This form is provided in the CAP application. Information needed to process the form includes your name, title, location of employment, name of company, dates of employment, description of work activities, and your supervisor's signature. To meet the requirements for CAP, the entire period must be documented by signed Verification of Employment forms. ISA will not send these documents to previous employers. It is your responsibility as an applicant to submit all of the necessary documentation.
What if a previous employer is no longer in business or my former supervisor cannot be located? How do I verify this period of employment?
A colleague can verify this period of employment by signing the Verification of Employment form in the presence of a Notary Public.
What if I cannot locate anyone to verify a period of employment?
To apply for certification, you must document the entire period necessary to fulfill the requirement. If you cannot fully document the years, then you must postpone your application.
Does my military experience qualify towards the CAP requirements? If so, how do I document this period?
Your military experience will qualify as long as it relates to CAP responsibilities as defined in the program guide. To document this period, a copy of your military DD 214 form and a written or typed description of the duties you performed must be submitted.
Why do I need to keep a copy of my CAP application before submitting it to ISA?
If ISA contacts you regarding your application, you will need to refer to what you submitted. ISA is not able to fax or mail the application if you need this information, or if the application is selected for audit.See CAP Application Audit Process (below).
CAP Application Audit Process
How will I know if I have been audited?
Any CAP applicant selected for audit will receive notification via US Mail at the address used when the CAP application was submitted to ISA. It is the applicants' responsibility to maintain their current, preferred address with ISA to ensure notifications are received.
Why was my application selected for audit?
All CAP applications are subject to audit. A random selection of CAP applications will be chosen for audit.
How do I complete the necessary audit documentation?
If your application was selected, you will be required to verify your employment history, position of responsible charge, and education as it relates to your application eligibility. Download the CAP Audit Documentation that was part of the original application and follow the instructions to submit the necessary documentation.
How long do I have to submit audit documentation?
Applicants who are audited must complete the CAP Audit Documentation and return it with all necessary documentation to ISA within sixty (60) days of audit notification. Failure to do so will result in revocation of your application and certification.
This appendix should be completed only if you are notified by ISA that your CAP application is being audited. Please review the audit requirements so you are aware of what documentation you will need to submit in the event that your application is audited.
What if I am unable to provide the necessary documentation?
If you have not yet taken the CAP exam, your application will be denied. If you have already passed the CAP exam your certification will be revoked. See Application and Documentation (above) to review what information is required.
Examination Process
What will I receive after I submit my CAP application?
If your application does not include all the necessary documentation, you will be notified and given an opportunity to provide the remaining documentation to meet the requirements. Once your application is approved, you will receive an Eligibility Letter with information on how to schedule your exam date and location for electronic exams, or a Confirmation Letter with the date, time, and site address of your private site exam.
Once my application is approved, how long am I eligible to test?
You are eligible to take the exam for twelve (12) months after your application is postmarked to ISA. You must complete all testing in that time period.
Once I take the examination, how long will it be before I am notified of my status?
For candidates who take the exam electronically you will receive immediate results of your pass/fail status. If you pass, your certificate and wallet card will be mailed within thirty (30) days. If you take the exam in a private site, notification of your status wiill be mailed within thirty (30) days of your exam date.
How is the passing score set for the CAP exams?
A modified Angoff Method is used to determine the pass point for each form of each exam. The modified Angoff Method uses expert judgements to determine the difficulty level of the exam. The easier the exam, the higher the pass point. Likewise, the more difficult the exam, the lower the pass point.
The following is a basic outline of the modified Angoff Method (some details have been omitted):
A group of Subject Matter Experts (SMEs) independently rate each exam question within a given form of the exam. The ratings are defined as the probability, or likelihood, that an acceptably (minimally) competent person with the requisite education and experience will answer the question correctly. An acceptably (minimally) competent person is defined as someone who adequately performs all job functions safely and requires no further training to do so.
The SMEs review each exam question as group. A statistical consensus is reached for the difficulty rating of each exam question.
After the data are refined, the final step is to calculate the mean, or average, of all the test question ratings. This becomes the overall pass point estimation.
When do I need to arrive at the test site?
For electronic exams, candidates should arrive at the exam location no later than the scheduled exam time. For private exam sites, candidates must report to the exam location 30 minutes prior to the start time of the exam to sign-in and receive instruction. All examinations are given in a four hour time period.
What should I bring with me to the exam site?
The following is a listing of items you need to bring to the exam site. A calculator will be provided on the computer for those taking the exam electronically.
Electronic Exam candidates:
Your Confirmation Letter from Prometric and a government issued photo ID
Private Exam candidates:
Your Confirmation Notice from ISA
A government issued photo i.d.
A non-programmable self-powered or battery-operated calculator
Two (2) number 2 pencils
Are there any materials I cannot bring to the exam?
All exams are closed book for both electronic and private site exams. No reference material will be allowed in any exam room. A calculator will be provided on the computer for those taking the exam electronically so electronic exam candidates will not be allowed to bring one in. A location for personal items such as a pocket book, palmtop, mobile phone, or pager will be made available to you. Please note that storage space will be limited.
Is there a grievances/appeal process in the event I am not awarded CAP certification?
If an ISA CAP applicant feels he/she was wrongly denied certification, original or renewal, from the CAP program, then he/she has the right to appeal. To review the Grievances Appeal Process click here.
Resource Materials
What study materials are available to help me prepare for the CAP program?
A study guide is available for the CAP exam and provides practice with similar types of questions as those found on the CAP exam. A Guide to the Automation Body of Knowledge is a complete overview of all technical topics covered by the CAP program. Learn more about these valuable CAP study resources, including how to purchase them, by visiting Contact ISA at +1 919-549-8411 for further information.
Are there any preparatory courses for the CAP program?
A CAP Review Course is available as a preparation course for taking the certification exam. This course is offered by ISA and can be offered at your location. ISA also offers an automation professional curriculum of courses as well as distance education to assist those preparing for CAP. An ISA Training Service Consultant can give you more information. Simply e-mail Matt Rothkopf at for more information on ISA Training Courses.
Where do I learn more about the CAP Learning System?
The CAP Learning System is a comprehensive CAP exam preparation tool. As of 1 January 2014, the ISA CAP Learning System is no longer available for purchase. Individuals that purchased the system in 2013 will have support for the system until 31 December 2014. As alternative preparation options, ISA recommends our multi-day classroom CAP exam review course (EC00) or our NEW multi-week, online, self-study CAP exam review course (EC00E) which will be available starting in April 2014.
If I need to reschedule the date for which I initially registered for an electronic exam, what do I need to do?
You may reschedule only one time and the rescheduled date you choose must be within twelve (12) months of the application date. You must reschedule an exam more than 48 hours before the exam date for an exam in the United States or Canada, or more than 5 days for any other Prometric testing center. Candidates who do not sit for their scheduled exam and do not give proper advance notice of intent to reschedule their exam will incur a fee of $135.
If I need to reschedule the date for which I initially registered for a private site, what do I need to do?
If you need to reschedule your private exam date with less than 45 days before the exam date due to a situation which prevents you from taking your exam as scheduled, the fee is $135. You may only reschedule one time, and the rescheduled private date you choose must be within twelve (12) months of the initial exam date. There is no fee if you reschedule your exam prior to 45 days before the exam date. Please mail the reschedule form with payment to ISA.
Is there a time period that must pass before I can retest?
Yes, you must allow thirty (30) days from the last exam date to retest within your twelve-month eligibility period. Download the Retest Form and mail the completed form with payment to ISA.
Is there are retest fee?
Yes, the restest fee is $180 per retest. You must submit the retest fee and a Retest Form each time you want to retest.
How many times can I retest?
You may retest a maximum of two times within your twelve (12) month eligibility period. Retest within twelve (12) months of the date of the original testing, and you only pay the retest fee rather than the entire application fee.
How will I know I need to renew?
ISA sends renewal reminders in the forms of letters, postcards, and e-mails; however, it is the responsibility of the certificant to send the paperwork in at the appropriate time. Please ensure that you keep your contact information updated with ISA so that you will receive these notifications.
What is the renewal fee?
Renewal by PDPs (without an exam)
$205 ISA Member
$320 Affiliate Member/Community Member/List
Renewal by exam
$330 ISA Member
$445 Affiliate Member/Community Member/List
How do I apply for CAP Renewal?
You are required to renew your CAP certification every three years. Renewal applicants must pay the renewal fee ($205 ISA Member; $320 Affiliate Member/Community Member/List) and submit a Renewal Application indicating the Professional Development Points (PDPs) earned in the three-year renewal period. If you renew by exam, the fees are $330 ISA Members and $445 Affiliate Member/Community Member/List. Download the Renewal Policies and Renewal Application or call ISA at +1 919-549-8411. Payment must be received with the Renewal Application.
When is my CAP Renewal Application due?
Renewal applications will not be accepted more than 90 days prior to your certificate expiration date. Your CAP Renewal Application is due postmarked 60 days prior to the expiration date printed on your CAP certificate. This will allow each CAP to maintain Active Status of the certification. The Renewal Application will be mailed to each CAP six (6) months prior to the expiration date on each CAP's certificate. 150 Professional Development Points (PDPs) are required for renewal. Please refer to the CAP Renewal Policies for details on what qualifies for PDPs.
How many Professional Development Points (PDPs) do I need to renew?
150 PDPs are required to renew your certification if the renewal application is received by ISA postmarked by your certification expiration date. To reinstate your certificate after your expiration date, you must submit your application postmarked within four (4) months after your certification date. If you do not renew within 4 months after your expiration date, your certification is considered lapsed and you must submit a new application and retest to reinstate your certification.
How do I keep records of the PDPs I earn during the three year certified period?
Use the Personal Log you received to record the number of points earned in each Activity Category. Remember to document any relevant activities, including signed statements from employers, CEU transcripts, or certificates of completion with the number of hours for training programs. Keep this information with the Personal Log in the event your CAP Renewal Application is selected for audit.
What is a Renewal Audit?
A random selection of renewal applications will be audited, and those certificants will be required to provide verification of the points listed on the application.
How do I get a copy of my CAP certificate in case I lose it or if my supervisor wants one?
To receive a duplicate copy of your certificate, send a written request to ISA with your mailing address and payment of $15 each for a duplicate certificate or wallet card ($30 for both). Once your payment is received, a certificate and/or wallet card will be mailed to you.
How is CAP different from the Control Systems Engineer (CSE) program?
The CSE is a professional engineering (P.E.) license that can only be presented by a State Board of Engineering in the US CSE is a legal license to practice engineering and the exam focuses on control systems. CAP is a certification program that documents a candidate's knowledge not only in control systems but in the broader area of automation. CAP will be offered and recognized internationally.
Private Testing
How do I establish a local test site for the CAP examinations?
If you are inside the US and have four or more applicants to test, ISA will contact a local proctor to administer the exam at your location at no additional charge. If you have less than four applicants to test, the site fee is $295. Contact ISA for information on private test offerings in the United States. ISA no longer offers private exam sites outside the US Contact Fabra Justics at +1 919-990-9284 or for the details.
When are applications due?
Applications for private exam sites must be received by ISA six (6) weeks prior to the desired exam date.
Are fees different when testing at a private site?
No, individual fees remain the same regardless of whether you are testing at a private site or electronically.

Administrat CAP

CAP exam :: Article by ArticleForgeGun assessment: classic cap and ball revolver calibers get the ballistic gel look at various

basic cap and ball revolvers meet contemporary ballistic gelatin: 31-caliber Colt baby Dragoon, 36-caliber 1861 Navy revolver, and 44-caliber Uberti Colt 1848 Dragoon. (photo: Terril James Herbert)

I have at all times questioned exactly how potent those Civil struggle pistols had been. i might wager most gun individuals have a passing familiarity with the percussion revolver that got here to dominate handgun know-how roughly from the mid-1840s up through 1870.  Firearms just like the Colt 1851 Navy, 1860 army, and Remington New mannequin army have been widely fielded in the American Civil struggle and during Western growth and agreement before giving approach to more useful cartridge revolvers just like the Colt 1873 Single action army and the Smith & Wesson No. 3.

examine firearms: upper left—1848 Dragoon 44 caliber revolver; middle—1861 Navy 36 caliber revolver; correct—1848 baby Dragoon 31 caliber revolver. (photo: Terril James Herbert)

there is loads of counsel out on these handguns on the web nowadays, a few of which is spot on, a few of which is not. There in no way was a definitive reply, in my mind, as to how useful these handguns have been and i grew tired of stereotypical responses like: If it turned into first rate satisfactory for Hickok, it is first rate ample nowadays.

Of course, firearms of all types will also be lethal. however i wished to look simply how a good deal. So, I ran over to, grabbed some 10 % calibrated ordinance gel, and determined to see what these weapons can do on a simulate of residing, human tissue.

The blocks are sixteen inches in length and that i stacked them end to conclusion to make sure no projectile could break out the combined thirty-two inches of gelatin. With everything install, it was time to prep the contenders.

How they stack up

during this verify, we used probably the most ordinary calibers in the cap and ball world: 31, 36, and 44. Let’s take a quick look at what every caliber brings to the table:


a better appear on the wound channel, or lack thereof, of the 31-caliber revolver’s ball. which you can see that the small channel extends beyond the remaining resting place of the ball. (photo: Terril James Herbert)

The check revolver for 31-caliber is my Colt child Dragoon. Small 31 caliber handguns have been the primary pocket revolvers on the scene and were prevalent across the world, by and large with civilians. despite the fact, all the way through the American Civil conflict, savvy officers and guys on both sides snapped these little gemstones up for private protection.

the weight used changed into a .323” diameter lead ball. Conical choices had been obtainable within the 19th century, but there become little weight change, so I went with this common fodder. The chamber was stuffed lots of the approach with 15 grains of FFFg Goex black powder earlier than seating the ball.

The pistol became fired from one foot away, to avoid lacking the block. The shot landed well in the gel. The lead ball shot into the gel projected thirteen inches before bouncing lower back to the eleven-inch mark.

The wound music confirmed little deviation and comparatively little harm to the gel, itself.

The recovered ball showed no indications of deformation, although the rifling marks are certainly visible.


subsequent up with the 36-caliber 1861 Navy revolver provided by my verify partner, Murpheysmuskets. 36 caliber guns shot a nominal .375” bullet or ball. This caliber changed into special a Naval caliber, since it become designed to kill human pursuits. 36 caliber revolvers had been the first real belt pistols.

a better appear at the 36 and 44-caliber wound channels. both bullets stopped neatly into the 2nd block of gelatin. (photograph: Terril James Herbert)

by the point of the Civil battle, percussion revolvers were being fed by means of paper cartridges and conical bullets. in the case of the revolving pistols of “naval caliber”, that become a load of about 20 grains of powder beneath a 130-grain bullet. We upped the cost to a close maximum 25 grains of powder over a forged Lee a hundred thirty grain conical.

The 36 turned into fired into the block and it left a modest path of destruction, pretty greater in its wound channel than the 31, whereas out penetrating the latter by way of more than a factor of two. It traversed the primary block with some limited stretching on the entrance. It exited the first block and sailed into the 2nd before tumbling and stopping sideways on the twenty-six-inch mark.

The recovered bullet’s nose had been overwhelmed, forming a wadcutter category of projectile on influence. regardless of that, the bullet retained one hundred % of its weight.

forty four-caliber

at last, the greatest often discovered caliber of revolver all the way through the American Civil war became the forty four, an army caliber, supposed for removing both horses and guys. through that point, a .456-inch diameter 216 grain projectiles had been getting used over about 30 grains of powder in ordinance paper cartridges. but the final contender in this gel test become a Uberti-made Colt 1848 Dragoon. though officially retired by using 1860, these revolvers were issued out all over the warfare. At just about twice the weight of a typical 1860 army Colt, the Colt Dragoon digested fifty-five grains of powder over the equal weight projectile.

The look at various projectiles. the primary three are unfired. The closing three were retrieved from the gel. (picture: Terril James Herbert)

We used a fifty-5-grain can charge with a 220 grain Kaido conical bullet, the closest to be found to the customary weight.

When the Dragoon became touched off, it became handy to see why it—together with the Colt Walker—are the strongest handguns ever issued to the united states militia. These hundreds may well be pushed to the 1,000-fps border with amazing blast and concussion.

The discharge at such shut a spread CAP sucked air into the entry wound, creating a small fire as the bullet zipped in the course of the first block, creating a wound cavity in the first six inches. It traversed the first block, tumbled and came to leisure within the 2nd block, at twenty-nine inches.

The bullet flattened into a wadcutter shape, however retained almost a hundred % of its weight.

As a comparison, a 9mm ball circular became fired from a Glock 19. We have been unable to seize the bullet, however the ball circular left wound tune identical, even though now not as colossal, as the 44, before it skipped out of the 2nd block. It didn't react as violently upon influence, unlike the forty four.

last ideas

So is this check pointless? most likely so. nobody consists of a percussion revolver in the 21st century. nevertheless it is enjoyable to discover what these handguns are able to. here is effortless for dissecting the previous, but additionally has a practical software with handgun hunters.

The simplest conclusion to be drawn is that cap and ball revolvers are no joke. the entire generalizing about these handguns being susceptible are comfortably no longer proper.

Is there any merit? yes, on paper black powder revolvers are inefficient. Black powder become imbedded smartly on the floor of the 2nd block, displaying that black powder does not burn fully. you're going to not get actual excessive velocity from any black powder firearm. getting to a thousand fps within the forty four requires a magnum load over a conical bullet. The 36 may also additionally touch that barrier with a full charge and a lighter, lead ball. The 31 by no means left 700fps territory. These guns are inefficient, but they work very neatly.

All three calibers exceed or surpass the FBI 12-18-inch threshold for handgun effectiveness in 10 % ordnance gel. If the gradual-action animation is to be believed, the 36 and 44 have more suitable energy imparting capabilities than the 9mm FMJ projectile tested.

in the conclusion, notwithstanding we not want percussion caps or a 2nd pistol for a quick reload, even the percussion revolver is capable of outstanding hurt and a fine deal of fun too.

not dangerous for ancient know-how.

Blazers’ Meyers Leonard Talks Expectations

Realizing your proper skills in the NBA is a really complex project. at the moment, avid gamers are drafted at 19 or twenty years historic and many times are anticipated to function at a high level appropriate away. having said that, the power from enthusiasts, media and others can be overwhelming at a young age, especially if you happen to are falling wanting expectations. Portland trail Blazers core Meyers Leonard has realized this and is starting to center of attention on what’s really vital.

“I’ve realized i can’t are trying to delight every person anymore,” Leonard instructed Basketball Insiders. “For anything rationale, I’m very polarizing. loads of instances, individuals both truly like me or they truly don’t. i can say proper down to my roots that it’s frustrating for me because I want everyone to like me, that’s simply the guy i'm. I’m a americans-pleaser and it’s irritating.”

Leonard’s father, James, handed away when Leonard was six years historic. That left his mom to lift Meyers and his brother by herself. They moved from apartment to condominium, enduring vigor and water shut-offs, dwelling on what they might find the money for (which changed into close to nothing). Leonard’s mom, Tracie, changed into victimized with crippling again pain that left her housebound after her husband’s loss of life. in the second grade, Leonard would discover a surrogate household to support him in a time of need. Brian Siler, an insurance agent in Robinson, Illinois, knew of the family’s condition and have become Leonard’s surrogate father.

From there, Leonard grew to become a right-ranked prospect in high-school basketball. A five-megastar participant who turned into recruited with the aid of many schools, Leonard determined to dwell near home and attend the college of Illinois. playing two seasons at Illinois, Leonard performed probably the most highest honors, similar to becoming an All large-10 honorable point out in his sophomore season. After his 2nd season at Illinois, Leonard declared for the 2012 NBA Draft.

“With the 11th decide on within the 2012 NBA Draft, the Portland trail Blazers choose Meyers Leonard out of the university of Illinois.”

those had been the phrases that could take Leonard from a small-city prospect to an NBA participant. Leonard turned into 20 years old at that time. The expectations had been high for Leonard. enthusiasts saw this skilled, 20-12 months ancient seven-footer who turned into chosen within the lottery and believed he had the potential to be a franchise cornerstone. however every thing takes time. sadly, enthusiasts customarily can also be impatient when it involves the construction manner and that’s the place things can become elaborate for the gamers.

The Blazers drafted Leonard as a result of his knowledge; it wasn’t always going to be a “plug-and-play” circumstance. In his rookie yr, Leonard would take a seat behind LaMarcus Aldridge and J.J. Hickson, enjoying about 17 minutes per video game. The next two seasons can be a good deal of the equal.

despite the fact, this past offseason, Leonard had a huge resolution to make. He turned into offered a $forty million contract extension with the Blazers, however he opted to decline the offer to look at various free agency at the conclusion of the 2015-16 campaign.  As Portland had misplaced 4 of five starters, he regarded himself a entrance-runner for a beginning place. It appeared like a sensible play, as the Blazers had cap house and Leonard appeared to be healthy. however because of accidents and an all at once decent birth for the crew, he would lose his possibility. Leonard would eventually be shut down in March of closing season, as he would bear season-ending shoulder surgery.

by means of that aspect, it looked like Leonard may additionally go somewhere else on the grounds that he’d declined the extension and nonetheless hadn’t entirely tapped into that talents everyone spoke of when he became drafted.

“It changed into an entire nightmare final year,” Leonard observed. “ultimate year become the toughest year of my life, not even shut. I lied to my whole family unit the whole year. I informed them i used to be okay. I wasn’t. I got here from nothing and that i grew to become down $forty million.”

despite turning down the big contract, Leonard remained with the Blazers. Now at age 24, Leonard did loads of reflecting last offseason. Coming into media day, he become outspoken about his summer season and simply how grateful he became to be again in Portland.

“It’s insane, man,” Leonard spoke of about his adjustments in the offseason. “I believe so a good deal greater at ease obtainable. I didn’t play on the conclusion of the year. I didn’t even get to educate this summer and i didn’t get to play this summer. I simply consider so plenty improved accessible. i do know now that I’m not a protecting legal responsibility at all. I’m feeling more advantageous at the rim, I’m feeling stronger at my rebounding. Offensively, I feel like I’m doing extra. in preference to just capturing, i will reduce to the rim. I’m just feeling comfortable and confident. i do know that I can also be a very effective participant and somebody that can support this crew win.”

He appeared relieved that he could be sincere concerning the condition and at last turn to the subsequent chapter in his life.

past simply how he feels, Leonard feels like he’s introduced some muscle and received some agility. His means to hit the three-element shot while being a seven-footer gives him an extreme talents over many NBA massive guys. this is only 1 element of his standard video game, which he is carrying on with to enhance.

“It’s coming, i will be able to suppose it,” Leonard stated involving accomplishing his knowledge.

nonetheless it’s now not just basketball that Leonard feels revitalized in, it’s his life. He has distinctive journals where he logs what he’s grateful for and why. He’s managed to disregard the negativity and the critics whereas getting returned to his roots.

“I don’t have time for people who are negative,” Leonard spoke of. “My wife knows that. The number one thing I hate about the rest is negativity. That has become whatever thing that’s had much less and less an impact on me. it is what it's. I simply hope everybody would love me, but i do know that’s just now not going to be the case. I consider that I’ve enhanced significantly considering I’ve gotten here and i’ll continue to enhance. [Reaching my potential], it’s coming. I referred to that this summer season. i do know that I can also be a really advantageous participant. I have to proceed to have the appropriate attitude, the correct approach to every single online game and continue to fight to exhibit americans what I’m in a position to doing.”

Leonard’s attitude and viewpoint are fresh and he in truth looks chuffed with where he’s at. despite the fact, he did state that he is involved concerning the world and what’s occurring within the nation so far as social injustice.

“It’s in reality, truly unhealthy what’s happening in our nation, and it’s sad too,” Leonard told Basketball Insiders. “I suppose blessed that my mother and my surrounding family who took care of me turning out to be up raised me to love all and sundry no be counted who they're: tall, short, white, black, non secular and affairs of state. everyone’s going to have an opinion about whatever thing in existence and loads of instances individuals disagree on issues. That’s simply the manner it is and i can’t realise all the hatred and simply every thing that’s going on. I don’t comprehend ample of the information about every thing that’s happening on this planet, however it’s sad what the area is presently. there's loads of top notch americans in this world. mainly for us [in the U.S.], we’re very blessed. i do know in my place it’s very effortless for me to say, ‘Wow, I’m so blessed. I’m no longer on the streets or homeless.’ however there are such a lot of individuals on earth working like loopy for so much much less cash. We’re all just so blessed and that i simply desire every person cherished each and every other.”

This season, the Blazers want Leonard to be positive greater than ever. They take a seat at eleven-10 on the season, which is not the place they expected to be. They went out and added veteran leadership in Evan Turner and Festus Ezeli whereas conserving all their key contributors who were free agents like C.J. McCollum, Allen Crabbe, Maurice Harkless and Leonard. practically, the Blazers brought lower back each person in hopes of constructing on their success from ultimate season. however hasn’t worked out as they’d planned yet.

“It’s been up and down most likely,” Leonard referred to. “That’s the effortless answer. It’s simply little things here and there. I’m a big time believer in staring at movie and realizing movie. now and again it may be a large that didn’t container out or every now and then it can be a defend that didn’t get the ball sufficient on a choose-and-roll. maybe we as a bunch didn’t speak in shielding transition or we didn’t execute on the offensive conclusion. There’s only one little factor on every play by means of someone, nonetheless it all provides up if you’re at a video game. So it’s not like our foundation defensively has changed. It’s proven. We’ve proven that it works. just whatever thing like a overlooked field out or a ignored dunk contest—there’s whatever each play – now not every play, however lots of the plays.

“It’s simply whatever thing small that finally ends up adding up over the video game, which adds up over a highway shuttle, which adds up for the total season so far. That’s why we show flashes where people are like, ‘Holy crap. Why can’t they be like this all the time?’ It’s simply turning a notch up on our mental focus as a result of our effort is there, it really is. each now and then, we don’t get a runback in protective transition or whatever occurs, but in particular it’s simply whatever little right here and there. once we shore it up and continue to construct chemistry, we’re going to be just excellent.”

up to now, Leonard is averaging six facets and 3.3 rebounds in 15.8 minutes per video game. but records don’t show everything with Leonard. His capacity to unfold the flooring for a team with many typical big men is enjoyable and something the Blazers can utilize.

“I think that I actually have the capability to have an effect on the online game statistically and outdoors of information,” Leonard stated. “I in fact believe that I actually have a tremendous impact offensively, notwithstanding it doesn’t display up in a stat ebook, because teams’ bigs struggle to protect me on the three-aspect line. a lot of people talk about, ‘well if they begun switching choose-and-rolls might you go to the block and ranking?’ Yeah, I’m working on that. but we've [Damian Lillard] and C.J. My concept process is both house the flooring or are attempting and get a rebound because they (Dame and C.J.) can score on each massive in the NBA. in order that’s the mismatch. Some individuals say, ‘Oh they are going to just swap the select-and-rolls on you.’ ok wonderful, then watch Dame and C.J. go to work. I believe just like the impact of how convenient the online game flows on the offensive conclusion after I’m obtainable is substantive.

“Defensively, I think like i'm an awful lot more advantageous. The online game is much slower on the shielding conclusion of the court docket. I may care less about statistics, however they desire me to rebound out of my enviornment, they need me to go after extra. from time to time I get boxed out and i could go get it or I may let the ball drop and let the protect grab it. I do should be greater assertive. Like I’ve talked about, I deserve to be aggressive, assert myself and make my presence greater usual on the ground. actually, all I care about is profitable. So if I actually have a guy that I deserve to hold off the glass and somebody else gets [the rebound], then we’re excellent and i’m good with that.”

Leonard isn’t egocentric, upset or complaining about his function. He’s becoming in with this crew and is familiar with that he can give this team more. His new video ‘constructed To upward push‘ truly captures what he’s undergone and indicates one of the vital hardships he’s overcome.

sometimes lovers overlook that basketball avid gamers are additionally human beings. within the social media age, we have greater entry to gamers and with that, they see extra negativity than ever. That’s very true in the event that they’re no longer dwelling as much as collective expectations. within the case of Leonard, he’s been called all types of names and has been criticized in lots of approaches. He’s had many obstacles to overcome. but he’s discovered a method to dam it out, resulting in his most comfortable season yet – both on and off the court.

Have whatever thing to add to this story? Share it within the comments.

minimum trading fee: Market cap check brought

The Singapore trade (SGX) mentioned closing evening it has got tremendous comments to a proposal involving revised minimal buying and selling price suggestions.

it's including a market capitalisation check to the minimal buying and selling expense requirement for mainboard-listed businesses.

A mainboard company whose share rate is under the minimal trading fee of 20 cents, but has a six-month regular daily market cap above $forty million, can prevent falling onto the SGX watch record under the new concept.

The SGX noted it has selected a evaluate every six months, in June and December each and every 12 months, "because it strikes a balance between being too short-term and too protracted".

if they meet the criteria, companies on the watch record may also post functions to exit the record in March and September each yr.

The revised minimum trading expense standards had been made advantageous the day prior to this.

The SGX spoke of a one-time evaluate of the businesses on the record, in keeping with previous minimum buying and selling fee guidelines, was conducted on Thursday.

The SGX observed 14 corporations that did not meet the brand new criteria had been faraway from the checklist, which has now 54 firms.

the first evaluate of organizations affected by the revised standards is on June 1.

corporations on the checklist now, whose shares have six-month quantity-weighted average rate and market cap under the brand new price thresholds, will stay on the watchlist with what the SGX referred to as "a 36-month cure period" ranging from June 1.

folks that fail the new price thresholds will enter the checklist that day, pointed out the SGX.

SGX chief regulatory officer Tan Boon Gin observed in an announcement: "we're always searching for ways to increase our regulatory framework to peer if we will obtain the identical preferred outcome with a extra refined and calibrated strategy. we will continue to have interaction the industry to locate an equilibrium between the highest regulatory necessities and the linked can charge of compliance."

Rachael Boon

Index checks publish-OPEC rally

traders are keeping an in depth watch on the upcoming meeting of the united states Federal Reserve, which is widely expected to raise fees on the lower back of a growing US financial system. AP/Bullit Marquez, file picture

MANILA, Philippines – The stock market enjoyed a submit-organization of Petroleum Exporting international locations (OPEC) resolution rally remaining week but it surely is still to be seen no matter if or no longer the positive momentum can be sustained, analysts referred to.

The benchmark Philippine inventory alternate index (PSEi) is anticipated to check the 6,seven hundred to six,900 ranges subsequent week.

“we will predict the index to alternate within the 6,seven-hundred to six,900 latitude for subsequent week, ahead of the Dec. 14 Federal Open Market Committee assembly,” referred to Victor Felix, fairness analyst at AB Capital.

investors are maintaining a close watch on the upcoming assembly of the U.S. Federal Reserve, which is widely anticipated to elevate charges on the again of a becoming US economic system.

US Fed chair Janet Yellen noted an interest hike could be drawing close. She noted that due to the fact the USA job market and different economic indications continue to enrich, a circulation to raise hobby quotes “may well develop into appropriate especially soon.”

The market snapped out of its dropping streak last week after the OPEC decided to cap production, pushing global markets together with the Philippines greater.

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OPEC agreed to cut back output to address the international give glut which has been felt for years. 

OPEC agreed to cut 1.2 million barrels per day (bpd), which become at the higher end of expectations of 0.7 to 1.2 million bpd. 

“Our index became on a downtrend early this week forward of the OPEC meeting and the uncertainty of a creation cut. The oil cartel stunned skeptics by means of agreeing to a huge-primarily based curbing of output, which even protected non-member Russia,” Felix stated.

Felix said oil expenditures were rallying due to the fact that the announcement, from beneath $45 per barrel to above $50 per barrel at latest.

“This experience can also have the wonderful conclusion within the volatile oil cost ambiance considered this 12 months. optimistically, member countries can stick with their covenants neatly into subsequent year, with analysts forecasting WTI crude oil prices to attain $70 per barrel by using end-2017,” he pointed out.

Aehr look at various techniques to take part within the Fifth Annual Midtown CAP Investor Summit in ny

FREMONT, Calif., Dec. 02, 2016 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Aehr check methods (NASDAQ:AEHR), a worldwide agency of semiconductor verify and burn-in equipment, these days introduced that Gayn Erickson, President and CEO, will participate within the Fifth Annual Midtown CAP Investor Summit 2016 being held December eight, 2016 at Le Parker Meridien resort in big apple city.

Aehr test will publish its presentation materials used on the convention on the Investor family members portion of the company's website at

"We seem forward to discussing how our new FOX wafer degree test and burn-in items give pleasing and enormously helpful test and burn-in solutions for our shoppers and are positioning Aehr test for future boom and success within the growing built-in circuit and sensor reliability and check markets," referred to Erickson. "These markets include stacked flash reminiscence for commercial enterprise strong State force purposes, car infotainment and advanced driving guidance systems, and mobility applications for smartphones and wearable devices. Our new products include unique single and multi-wafer burn-in and look at various programs that present comparatively cheap, totally parallel testing solutions to enhance reliability and yield of our purchasers' items."

The Midtown CAP Summit is hosted by govt management from the following taking part corporations: Aehr verify methods ( AEHR ), Axcelis (ACLS), superior power Industries (AEIS), Brooks Automation (BRKS), Camtek Ltd (CAMT), Cohu (COHU), Electro Scientific Industries (ESIO), FormFactor (form), inTEST agency (INTT), Intevac (IVAC), Kulicke & Soffa (KLIC), Nanometrics (NANO), Rudolph applied sciences (RTEC), Ultratech (UTEK),) and Xcerra organization (XCRA), and will characteristic a "round-robin" structure such as a sequence of small neighborhood conferences.

The Midtown CAP Summit is by way of invitation best and is open to accredited investors and publishing research analysts.

About Aehr examine systems

Headquartered in Fremont, California, Aehr test systems is a global provider of check techniques for burning-in and testing common sense and memory integrated circuits and has an put in base of greater than 2,500 methods international. expanded satisfactory and reliability wants of the car and Mobility integrated circuit markets are riding further check necessities, capacity wants and opportunities for Aehr examine products in kit and wafer degree look at various. Aehr examine has developed and added a few creative products, including the ABTSTM and FOXTM families of look at various and burn-in systems and WaferPak contactors. The ABTS systems are used in creation and qualification checking out of packaged elements for both low-vigour and excessive-power logic as well as memory instruments. The FOX household of methods includes single and multi-wafer full wafer contact examine and burn-in systems used for burn-in and practical test of complex gadgets, such as main-edge memories, digital sign processors, microprocessors, microcontrollers and methods-on-a-chip. The WaferPak contactor contains a different full wafer probe card capable of checking out wafers up to 300mm that makes it possible for IC producers to operate examine and burn-in of full wafers on Aehr test FOX programs. For extra counsel, please visit Aehr examine's website at

Contacts: Aehr look at various SystemsKen SpinkChief monetary Officer (510) 623-9400 x309 MKR community Inc.Todd Kehrlior Jim ByersAnalyst/Investor Contact (323) 468-2300

supply: Aehr verify techniques


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