|Exam Name||:||Assessment: IBM Lotus Notes Domino 8.5 System Administration Update|
|Questions and Answers||:||102 Q & A|
|Updated On||:||April 19, 2019|
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A2040-956 exam Dumps Source : Assessment: IBM Lotus Notes Domino 8.5 System Administration Update
Test Code : A2040-956
Test Name : Assessment: IBM Lotus Notes Domino 8.5 System Administration Update
Vendor Name : IBM
Q&A : 102 Real Questions
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IBM’s latest quarterly monetary results fortify a growing to be problem: The expertise giant may additionally subsequently develop into an additionally-ran within the cloud computing and synthetic intelligence markets. The present company state of affairs is a bit similar to IBM within the 1990s — which tried and did not make OS/2 the preferred software platform for customer-server computing — finally dropping out to windows computers along with windows NT and Linux servers.
part of IBM’s existing problem involves the manner it reviews monetary results. by way of lumping collectively cloud and cognitive software income into one line merchandise, the business may also definitely be undermining a comparatively decent (though far from stellar) cloud story.
For its Q1 of fiscal 2019, IBM the day gone by pronounced:
The salary beat Wall highway’s expectations, however revenues have been short of analyst expectations, SeekingAlpha says.IBM increase strikes: mixed effects
IBM CEO Ginni Rometty for the reason that 2012 has been reshaping the enterprise for growth markets corresponding to cloud features, cognitive computing, cell, protection and more. IBM has also been selling off slow-increase or no-increase utility organizations.
The business’s existing fame, generally speaking, hasn’t impressed me. among the many reasons:
Amazon net functions and Microsoft Azure are operating away with the public cloud market, whereas Google Cloud Platform is at least giving chase with some new and creative MSP-oriented strikes.
as a result, many ISVs (unbiased software companies) and MSPs are embracing multi-cloud administration recommendations that extend throughout AWS and Azure — and, increasingly, Google. IBM every so often pops up in that multi-cloud administration conversation — but not frequently sufficient, individually.
IBM’s reply to the cloud problem contains purchasing purple Hat for hybrid-cloud application. The idea: purple Hat business Linux (RHEL) is awfully usual within on-premises data centers and throughout public clouds. buying crimson Hat, therefore, gives IBM rapid credibility as a multi-cloud and hybrid cloud utility company.
That’s proper. but there are three complications with the IBM-crimson Hat method:Challenges and opportunities
a few bottom-line realities are reasonably clear:
In other words, IBM leaders overlooked probably the most important element of the cloud era — they didn’t make Watson handy to devour.
OS/2 Warp Deja Vu?: For me, it’s a case of deja vu. Roughly 25 years ago, IBM OS/2 can also have been the strongest working device in the marketplace. but the most effective expertise didn’t win as a result of (A) it was complex to installation/eat and (B) lacked ISV assist. speedy forward to latest day, and identical developments are surfacing with IBM Cloud and Watson — particularly as ISVs flock to Azure and AWS.
When OS/2’s restrained alternatives became clear, IBM went out and purchased Lotus Notes to flow into the faster-growth groupware collaboration market. It became a good stream for about a decade — unless Microsoft trade Server eventually beaten IBM in that sector.IBM: where’s the Killer idea?
quick forward to current day. IBM has well-nigh misplaced the general public cloud wars, and should acquire red Hat to try and win the hybrid cloud wars. Amid all that, IBM’s standard business is retaining up reasonably well. common cloud revenues are starting to be.
decent gains and cash stream will fund R&D, and there are additional alternatives on the horizon. Chief among them: Areas like Blockchain and safety.
In security, IBM delivered double-digit boom in Q1 2019, and has respectable traction with danger management application and functions choices, together with QRadar and Resilient, CFO Jim Kavanaugh noted all through the day past’s salary call. additionally, IBM’s protection intelligence operations and consulting services, which observe and reply to protection threats for valued clientele, are gaining momentum, he brought.
those are promising anecdotes. however universal, it’s clear to me that IBM’s so-called strategic imperatives haven’t thoroughly paid off for the enterprise, its customers or its partners.
IBM's contract to promote (Lotus) Notes and Domino in addition to Sametime and Connections to world tech enterprise HCL turned into introduced final December. The deal is still going through the regulatory procedures in order to be finalized. So whereas particulars on the long- and medium-time period development of IBM Connections are at present restrained, we comprehend far more details about what is going to occur with Notes and Domino, considering the fact that the plans have been — to a huge extent — already published earlier than the announcement of the deliberate takeover. And the global launch of Domino version 10, which took vicinity before the introduced acquisition, points how to this future.the secret About Domino
Domino-based mostly purposes still play a vital and at times mission essential role in lots of agencies. in spite of the fact that in many instances those organizations changed the Notes email customer with Outlook, the Domino apps remained. though sales pitches counseled corporations “simply exchange Notes apps with SharePoint,” businesses quickly discovered the excessive charge and complexity of creating any such swap, if it changed into even feasible.
So Domino applications are nevertheless operating in the back workplaces that assist the company. Their existence is frequently stored a secret, because a lot of these companies now pay software licenses to Microsoft and IBM as an alternative of replacing Domino.
Which brings us again to a traditional energy and a fable round Notes and Domino: The means to strengthen an app inside hours of idea. company owners would have a brief speak with IT over lunch or at the watercooler a couple of business challenge they'd and Notes developers would design and roll out a solution in brief time. To be sincere, on occasion these apps have been lousy, but tons of applications did precisely what the company owners desired them to do.
these applications developed on previous releases of Notes and Domino are in lots of instances still running with minor adjustments to the code over 10 years later. The Domino platform made it feasible to put into effect options instantly and relatively inexpensively, solutions that would have required tremendously extra effort in different environments for identical consequences. commonly these solutions are — forgive the just about ancient-fashioned term — workflow purposes.
related Article: Why Did IBM sell Lotus and other utility products to HCL?Domino's Rebirth
For some years IBM looked as if it would have forgotten and not noted this electricity of the Domino platform. Yet during the past 12 months, HCL (and IBM) rediscovered this knowledge and concentrated on modernizing and increasing the chances of Notes and Domino in fast utility construction.
IBM and in flip HCL have dedicated to detach themselves from the heavyweight Eclipse framework. As outlined, we've got already considered the primary prototypes of the Notes App that run on iPad, iPhone and Android. A "lightweight" customer is within the making. meanwhile, Notes functions can also run within the browser as a result of streamlining. All this has the purpose of liberating Domino and Notes from the nimbus of out of date application and pointing a way to a contemporary future. "Domino changed into the primary no-SQL database and it is improved than ever nowadays," HCL vice president and universal manager, collaborative workflow patterns Richard Jefts is quoted as announcing.
linked Article: a way to offer protection to Workflows when they cross enterprise Boundariesnext Steps for HCL and Domino
The strikes mark a return to Notes and Domino's roots: a device which allows for quickly software developments from and for business owners, whereas additionally featuring the capability to modernize present legacy applications correctly.
For Domino to continue in the market, the goal now has to be to win over new clients with the argument that Domino purposes can also be developed faster and extra economically. Analyst firm Forrester worked with IBM to create a profitability study, "the entire economic influence of IBM Domino" (pdf), which shared fantastic figures with regards to the licensing prices, elements needed and integral infrastructure to use the software.
past Domino, Jefts desires to bring the long run development of solutions like Domino, Sametime, Portal, Connections and Commerce under one umbrella to create deeper integrations between the individual products. Rumors are additionally circling that HCL wants the Domino database to become the backend for all products. here is definitely a medium-time period vision because it isn't as easy to substitute the backend of IBM Connections or Portal.
For Notes and Domino, IBM and HCL have issued clear statements about the further building as much as edition 11. This changed into viable because HCL and IBM had agreed upon corresponding plans before the introduced takeover. For different items, similar to IBM Connections, valued clientele and involved parties will have to wait unless the antitrust authorities approve the deal and the subsequent completion of the takeover. This should still ensue within the now not too far-off future.
So, what does the longer term hang for Notes, Domino and the different products? Very tough to assert. The response and comments from users and consumer associations has to date been very positive. They appreciate a mid-term method and respect the refocus on the usual strengths of the products. however past setting up, modernizing and increasing the items, HCL has to succeed in an additional area, too: It has no time to lose to beginning aggressively advertising the solutions in the key markets to maintain present purchasers and win new ones. For a company historically doing functions business, this should be would becould very well be a brand new challenge.
Stefan Pfeiffer is working in advertising for IBM in Germany. prior to his time at IBM he was working for FileNet (which got got by means of IBM) and MIS AG.
Multinational computing gigantic IBM is including to its arsenal of blockchain patents with a new implementation to control facts and interactions for self-driving cars (SDVs). The patent was published with the aid of the us Patent and Trademark workplace on April 2.
IBM — which has, according to the files, in the past filed extensive patents for a number of innovations concerning self sustaining automobiles — outlines that a blockchain gadget may quite simply enhance SDV configurations with the aid of enabling for mighty privateness and tips validation.
The context for prospective blockchain implementation could be a gadget wherein an SDV interacts and predicts the conduct of the drivers of non-self reliant automobiles regional.
The patent first outlines the quite a lot of parameters that will also be used to verify nearby drivers’ conduct, the use of a big selection of sensor applied sciences, and how these may also be used to optimize risk evaluation in accordance with the envisioned and the precise maneuver of nearby cars/drivers.
“watching, detecting, and sensing of the driving force conduct information can be collected by means of the in-automobile sensors of the driving force's automobile in precise-time and uploaded onto a cloud information hub, special [...] as a Mobility suggestions Hub (MIH), to which the SDV can subscribe to,” the patent outlines.
IBM proposes that blockchain can boost this complicated building and real-time use of environmental analytics and prediction models by using enabling full statistics functionality, while holding the privacy of others.
according to IBM, sensor statistics can also be logged into a blockchain system wherein public key infrastructure (PKI) is used to generate “the appropriate public-inner most pair associate to every SDV/driver, in which each statistics uploading or gaining access to transaction is cryptographically signed the use of private key.” The patent notes that the system would simplest allow approved entities to access the statistics.
The patent outlines how an SDV can then entry the predicted conduct of the neighborhood drivers in true-time via skill a blockchain client application — by using scanning, for instance, a nearby registration number plate number.
As up to now suggested, American automobile manufacturing giant accepted Motors has additionally filed its own blockchain patent for an answer to manipulate information from autonomous vehicles.
An analysis of blockchain-linked patents filed by means of August 2018 revealed that IBM turned into almost neck-and-neck with China’s Alibaba in terms of the maximum variety of such patents filed by way of any international entity. The tech gigantic has additionally continued to pursue assorted new blockchain patents in 2019.
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Taking aim at the Microsoft Office franchise on the Macintosh, IBM announced Tuesday that its free Lotus Symphony suite of personal productivity applications will come out of beta for the Apple Inc. hardware platform later this month.
Symphony, which was introduced by IBM in September 2007, is already available for Windows and Linux PCs. Now it will compete for Macintosh business with Microsoft Corp.'s market-leading Office for Mac software as well as fellow upstarts such as Apple's own iWork suite and OpenOffice.org, with which Symphony shares a common technical heritage.
[ See how Symphony, Google Docs, and Zoho match up against Office in InfoWorld's Test Center review | Discover the top-rated IT products as rated by the InfoWorld Test Center. ]
Released in October, OpenOffice.org 3.0 is the first version of the open source software that can run natively on Mac OS X; prior releases required the use of the X11 Unix windowing environment. Symphony is based on an older version of OpenOffice.org, although the code has been heavily modified by IBM.
The Symphony applications can be downloaded free of charge. Users can buy relatively inexpensive support contracts under a program launched last June by IBM, which is making the Mac announcement in conjunction with the annual Macworld Conference & Expo in San Francisco.
In addition to the various desktop application offerings, Mac users also can turn to Web-based office suites, such as Google Docs and, if Macworld-related rumors are correct, an upcoming cloud version of iWork.
IBM also released Version 8.5 of its Lotus Notes collaboration software for the Mac. Similar to Notes 8 for Windows and Linux, Notes 8.5 for the Mac sports a revamped user interface that offers simplified access to multiple features at the same time. For instance, from within the Notes interface, end-users can see who is online among their contacts in the companion Lotus Sametime instant messaging and VoIP software and then quickly begin Sametime conversations, IBM said.
Notes 8.5 also offers integration to public Web calendars hosted by Google Inc. or Yahoo Inc., according to IBM. And it stores e-mail attachments on Lotus Domino servers, thereby using up to 40 percent less space than previously. The upgrade works only on Macs that are running Mac OS X 10.5, the latest version of Apple's operating system -- more popularly known as Leopard.
In addition, IBM released a Version 8.5 update for its Web-based iNotes application, which lets Notes users access their e-mail via the iPhone's Safari browser. The vendor launched iNotes in September.
Computerworld is an InfoWorld affiliate.
This story, "IBM finalizing free Symphony office suite for Macs" was originally published by Computerworld.
Before delving into the inner workings of the OSGi console, it is best to briefly explain OSGi. OSGi stands for Open Services Gateway initiative framework. This framework allows software to be written and executed as independent components. In OSGi-speak, these components are referred to as bundles. OSGi is used in a wide range of applications, from client programs such as Eclipse and IBM Lotus Notes, to mobile phones, to server applications such as IBM Lotus Domino. As a result of their modular nature, OSGi bundles can be started, stopped, and debugged on an individual basis, without the need for stopping or restarting the entire platform. Both the Domino server and the Notes client use Eclipse’s implementation of OSGi (Equinox) as their OSGi runtime platform.
OSGi was added to the Domino platform in release 8.5.2. As a result, in Domino 8.5.2, the XPages runtime was repackaged to run as OSGi bundles (instead of just a regular collection of Java JARS), also referred to as Eclipse plug-ins.
The OSGi console allows for the input of commands that the OSGi platform then performs. The platform posts the results of such commands back to the console. The OSGi platform itself has a whole host of commands that can simplify the troubleshooting of problems. The OSGi console can assist developers in developing XPages controls and applications, as well as assisting support personnel in diagnosing runtime issues. Developers who extend the XPages runtime by creating libraries will find the OSGi console commands to be a particularly powerful tool in analyzing problems. The OSGi console is of particular use when the developer/administrator needs to know whether individual plug-ins (or sets of plug-ins) are loading correctly or which version of a plug-in is in use.
As mentioned earlier, OSGi is embedded within both the Notes client and the Domino server. Depending on where your XPages application is running (whether on the client or the server), your method of accessing the OSGi console will vary. We start by explaining how to access the OSGi console on the Domino server.
OSGi is embedded within the HTTP task on the Domino server, as a result, the OSGi console is started automatically whenever the HTTP task is started. OSGi console commands are routed to the OSGi console via the HTTP task. That is, when entering an OSGi console command on the Domino server, the user must tell the HTTP task to route the specified command to the OSGi console—for example:tell http osgi <<command>>
Here, <<command>> is the name of the OSGi console command. Any OSGi command can be executed using the preceding syntax.
When it comes to OSGi commands, every developer and administrator should know several rudimentary commands. These commands can be your “go to” commands when problems arise—say, when you suspect bundle loading might be a factor. Even when you do not think that bundle loading is the problem, it is often best to first confirm that the bundle is actually loaded before proceeding with other debugging techniques.
Table 3.2 lists some of the more commonly used OSGi commands that are available to use for diagnosing plug-in issues on the Domino server (and also the Notes client). In Table 3.2, bundle-symbolic-name is referenced extensively. This is the name by which the OSGi platform references bundles. bundle-symbolic-name correlates directly to the Bundle-SymbolicName manifest header, often referred to as the plug-in name.Table 3.2. OSGi Console Commands
tell http osgi diag <bundle-symbolic-name>
Diagnoses the status of the bundle whose name is provided. Determines whether the bundle is resolved and, if not, states why the bundle is not resolved.
tell http osgi ss <bundle-symbolic-name>
Lists the status of all bundles in the system. Optionally, a symbolic name or a symbolic name prefix can be provided to obtain the status of a particular bundle or a subset of bundles.
tell http osgi start <bundle-symbolic-name>
Starts the bundle with the specified symbolic name.
tell http osgi stop <bundle-symbolic-name>
Stops the bundle with the specified symbolic name.
tell http osgi b <bundle-symbolic-name>
Prints metadata relating to the specified bundle.
tell http osgi headers <bundle-symbolic-name>
Lists the OSGi headers for the specified bundle.
tell http osgi help
Lists all the OSGi command available on the server, along with some text describing each command.
All the commands listed in Table 3.2 can be entered via the Domino server console, with the results of such commands being printed back to the console, as illustrated in Figure 3.4.
Figure 3.4. Running an OSGi command on the Domino Server Console
All the commands referenced in Table 3.2 can alternatively take the bundle id as a parameter (instead of the bundle-symbolic-name). The bundle id is a numeric ID that the OSGi runtime assigns to the bundle during platform initialization. The ID might vary from instance to instance of the platform, but users might find it easier to input than having to enter the entire bundle symbolic name. Examples of how to determine and use the bundle id are given later in this chapter.
Rarely does a single OSGi console command answer all the questions on why a plug-in is not loading or operating as expected. The following sections explain in greater detail how you can use each of these commands and the results you can expect to see from executing such commands.diag <bundle-symbolic-name>
This is one of the most valuable commands in your arsenal and will likely be the one you’ll use most frequently when diagnosing issues. You can use this command to determine whether a bundle is resolved within the OSGi platform. The status returned by this command will be one of the following:
If No unresolved constraints is the returned status, it suggests that the system has recognized the bundle and that all dependencies of the bundle are satisfied. When an Unresolved constraint status is returned, it suggests that one or more bundles or packages that the bundle requires are missing or cannot be loaded. It is worth noting here that a bundle might still fail to start even though the OSGi console reports that the bundle has been resolved. If a bundle fails to start and is resolved, some code in the bundle’s activator likely is failing (throwing an exception).
Sample usage:tell http osgi diag com.ibm.xsp.core
Listing 3.8 shows the typical output of running the diag command against the com.ibm.xsp.core plug-in.Listing 3.8. Result of Running the diag Command Against a Specific Bundle—Successful Case > tell http osgi diag com.ibm.xsp.core 10/17/2011 09:43:14 PM initial@reference:file:../../shared/eclipse/plugins/com.ibm.xsp. core_18.104.22.16810629-1645/ 10/17/2011 09:43:14 PM No unresolved constraints.
In this case, the diag command reports that there were No unresolved constraints against the entered bundle symbolic name—in other words, the system recognizes the given bundle. Upon closer examination, the user can obtain further information about the bundle in question. It can determine where the bundle being used by the platform is installed, and the platform-assigned bundle id can also be obtained.
From reading the console output, the user can see that the bundle is installed to ../../shared/eclipse/plugins/com.ibm.xsp.core_22.214.171.12410629-1645. The location specified is relative to the osgi/rcp/eclipse directory, which is a child of the Domino program directory. In this case, the console output indicates that the plug-in is installed at: <domino program directory>/osgi/shared/eclipse/plugins.
Finally, the output states the platform-assigned bundle id for the specified bundle. 119 is the id assigned to this bundle in this example. As stated previously, the OSGi commands listed here can use the bundle id interchangeably. In this example, executing the following command has identical output to that in Listing 3.8.
Sample usage:tell http osgi diag 119
Listing 3.9 shows sample output of running the diag command in an unsuccessful scenario.Listing 3.9. Result of Running the diag Command Against a Specific Bundle—Error Case > tell http osgi diag com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt 09/09/2011 04:05:51 PM update@../../../data/domino/workspace/applications/eclipse/plugins/com. ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt_126.96.36.199108111413.jar  09/09/2011 04:05:51 PM Direct constraints which are unresolved: 09/09/2011 04:05:51 PM Missing host com.ibm.xsp.extlib_0.0.0.
In Listing 3.9, you can see that the OSGi platform reports that the bundle in question is not resolved as a result of a missing dependency. We can see from the console output that the OSGi platform has actually found the bundle that we are looking for (com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt), but as one of the bundles that com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt depends on is not resolved, the com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt bundle does not get resolved itself. Looking a little more closely at the console output, we can determine the following:
The bundle com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt is installed at ../../../data/domino/workspace/applications/eclipse/plugins/com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt_188.8.131.52108111413.jar. We now know that this path is relative to the <domino program directory>/osgi/rcp/eclipse directory. Hence, we can deduce that com.ibm.extlib.sbt is installed at the <domino program directory>/data/domino/workspace/applications/eclipse/plugins/ directory.
The OSGi platform–assigned bundle id for this bundle is 116.
One other tidbit of information can be extracted from the console output, in this case. The final line of the output tells us that the host is missing:Missing host com.ibm.xsp.extlib_0.0.0
This tells us that the bundle we are looking for (com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt) is, in fact, a plug-in fragment, and the unresolved constraint (com.ibm.xsp.extlib) is the host plug-in.ss, ss <bundle-symbolic-name>, or ss <bundle-name-prefix>
Similar to the diag command, this command quickly determines the status of a particular bundle—or all the bundles installed in the platform. Users can optionally specify a bundle name or a bundle name prefix to get the status of specific bundles. The returned status shows the bundle id, state, and bundle name of all bundles. In many situations, this command is just as useful as the diag command because it also reports the status of a bundle. This command does not tell the user why a particular bundle is not loading, but it does tell the user the state of a bundle.
Sample usage:tell http osgi ss
Listing 3.10 shows the result of running the ss command without any parameters.Listing 3.10. Result of Running the ss Command Without Any Bundle Name Parameter > tell http osgi ss 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM Framework is launched. 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM id State Bundle 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM 0 ACTIVE org.eclipse. osgi_3.4.3.R34x_v20081215-1030-RCP20110624-1648 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM Fragments=57, 76, 88, 89, 235 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM 1 RESOLVED org.eclipse.equinox. event_1.1.0.v20080225 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM Fragments=32 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM 2 RESOLVED com.ibm.pvc.jndi.provider. java.nl_184.108.40.20610625-0109 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM Master=71 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM 3 RESOLVED com.ibm.eclipse.equinox. preferences.nl_220.127.116.1110624-1648 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM Master=85 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM 4 <<LAZY>> com.ibm.icu. base_3.8.1.v20080530 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM 5 RESOLVED com.ibm.pvc.servlet. jsp_18.104.22.16810625-0109 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM 6 RESOLVED org.apache.commons. logging_22.214.171.12410625-0109
Listing 3.10 lists a subset of the information that displays when this command is run in a normal server environment. However, the listing does show all the information needed to understand the output of the command.
The command outputs several important pieces of information about each bundle:
Sample usage:tell http osgi ss com.ibm.xsp.extlib
Listing 3.11 shows the result of running the ss command with a bundle prefix specified.Listing 3.11. Result of Running the ss Command, Specifying a Bundle Prefix > tell http osgi ss com.ibm.xsp.extlib 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM Framework is launched. 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM id State Bundle 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM 108 RESOLVED com.ibm.xsp.extlib. conns_126.96.36.19910724 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM Master=117 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM 109 RESOLVED com.ibm.xsp.extlib. domino_188.8.131.52107241628 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM Master=117 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM 112 RESOLVED com.ibm.xsp.extlib. oneui_184.108.40.206107241628 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM Master=117 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM 115 RESOLVED com.ibm.xsp.extlib. stime_220.127.116.11107241628 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM Master=117 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM 117 ACTIVE com.ibm.xsp. extlib_18.104.22.168107241628
Similar to Listing 3.10, Listing 3.11 shows the results of executing the ss command, only this time the command is passed a bundle symbolic name as a parameter. The ss command finds all bundles on the system that either start with the parameter or have a bundle symbolic name that is the same as the parameter. Listing 3.11 lists all the bundles, along with their bundle id and state.
Table 3.3 lists all the possible states of an OSGi bundle.Table 3.3. OSGi Bundle States
The bundle is uninstalled and is unusable.
The bundle has been installed, but the platform has not yet resolved it.
The bundle has been resolved and is in a position to be started.Note that it is still possible for the bundle to fail to start, even though it has been resolved by the environment.
Similar to RESOLVED, the platform has resolved the bundle and is in a position to be started. The bundle is not yet ACTIVE because it has been configured (via its bundle manifest) to be initialized lazily–that is, only when another ACTIVE bundle references the bundle will it be activated.
The bundle is in the process of starting. Either another bundle has specifically caused the bundle to start (by referring to a class within the bundle) or the user has manually started the bundle via the console. Rarely is a bundle in this state because it is transient.
The bundle is in the process of shutting down. Similar to STARTING, a bundle rarely is in this state.
The bundle is running within the OSGi platform.
Developers and administrators should be aware that, on the Domino server, the state of a bundle is not persisted from one session to the next—that is, after the HTTP task is restarted, any bundles that were started manually in the previous session must be started again. Luckily, the ss command has an argument for filtering all bundles in a given state. The ss command can filter the bundles based on their state, by appending -s [state] to the command syntax.
Sample usage:tell http osgi ss -s active
Figure 3.5 shows the output of running the ss command with the -s active argument.
Figure 3.5. Result of running the ss command in the Domino server consolestart <bundle-symbolic-name>
This command requests that the platform manually start the specified bundle. Calling this command does not guarantee that the specified bundle will be started. An exception can still occur during bundle initialization that would cause the bundle initialization to fail. Performing an ss command after the start command reports the status of the bundle. This command is helpful when a new bundle has been installed on the server, but the administrator or developer is not in a position to restart the HTTP task to start the new bundle.
Sample usage:tell http osgi start com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt
Figure 3.6 shows that, by running a combination of the ss and start commands, a bundle can be started and its state can be verified.
Figure 3.6. Result of running the start and ss commands in the consolestop <bundle-symbolic-name>
This command tells the platform to stop the specified bundle. Users should be careful when calling this on a production environment. In some cases, it might not be possible for the platform to stop the bundle. If this is the case, the reason will be printed to the console.
Sample usage:tell http osgi stop com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt
Figure 3.7 shows how running a combination of the ss and stop command stops a bundle and verifies its state.
Figure 3.7. Result of running the start and ss commands in the consoleb <bundle-symbolic-name>
This command prints all metadata relating to the specified bundle. The metadata includes imported packages, required bundles, exported packages, bundle location, and so on. This command is useful when the developer needs to quickly verify that the bundle loaded by the platform has the meta information that the developer believes it has.
Sample usage:tell http osgi b com.ibm.xsp.extlib
Listing 3.12 shows a subset of the output from running the b command against a specified bundle.Listing 3.12. Sample Result of Running the b Command Against a Specified Bundle tell http osgi b com.ibm.xsp.extlib 09/09/2011 02:15:21 PM update@../../../data/domino/workspace/applications/eclipse/plugins/com. ibm.xsp.extlib_22.214.171.124107241628NTF.jar  09/09/2011 02:15:21 PM Id=117, Status=<<LAZY>> Data Root=C:Program Files\IBM\Lotus\Domino\data\domino\workspace\.config org.eclipse.osgi\bundles\117\data 09/09/2011 02:15:21 PM No registered services. 09/09/2011 02:15:21 PM No services in use. 09/09/2011 02:15:21 PM Exported packages 09/09/2011 02:15:21 PM com.ibm.xsp.extlib.actions.client; version="0.0.0"[exported] 09/09/2011 02:15:21 PM com.ibm.xsp.extlib.actions.client.data; version="0.0.0"[exported] 09/09/2011 02:15:21 PM com.ibm.xsp.extlib.actions.client.dojo; version="0.0.0"[exported] 09/09/2011 02:15:21 PM com.ibm.xsp.extlib.actions.client.dojo.fx; version="0.0.0"[exported] 09/09/2011 02:15:21 PM com.ibm.xsp.extlib.actions.server; version="0.0.0"[exported] headers <bundle-symbolic-name>
This command causes the OSGi header information for the specified bundle to be printed to the console. This command is convenient for checking information such as the packages that a specific bundle exports or the bundles that the specified bundle depends upon. All the information stored in the bundle’s manifest.mf file is printed to the console.
Sample usage:tell http osgi headers com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt
Listing 3.13 shows the result of running the headers command on the Domino server console.Listing 3.13. Sample Result of Running the headers Command with a Specified Bundle Name tell http osgi headers com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt 09/09/2011 04:34:52 PM Bundle headers: 09/09/2011 04:34:52 PM Bundle-ClassPath = .,lib/httpclient- 4.0.1.jar,lib/httpcore-4.0.1.jar,lib/commons-codec-1.3.jar,lib/ oauth-20100527.jar,lib/ oauth-consumer- 20090617.jar,lib/oauth-consumer-20100527.jar,lib/oauth-httpclient4- 20090913.jar,lib/oauth-provider-20100527.jar 09/09/2011 04:34:52 PM Bundle-ManifestVersion = 2 09/09/2011 04:34:52 PM Bundle-Name = IBM Social Business Toolkit 09/09/2011 04:34:52 PM Bundle-SymbolicName = com.ibm.xsp.extlib. sbt;singleton:=true 09/09/2011 04:34:52 PM Bundle-Vendor = IBM 09/09/2011 04:34:52 PM Bundle-Version = 126.96.36.199108111413 09/09/2011 04:34:52 PM Export-Package = com.ibm.xsp.extlib.fragment,com.ibm.xsp.extlib.model,com.ibm.xsp.extlib. resources,com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt.activitystreams,com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt. activitystreams.entry,com.ibm.xsp. extlib.sbt.activitystreams.queue,com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt.connections,com. ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt.connections.meta,com.ibm.xsp.extlib.security. authorization,com.ibm.xsp.extlib.security .authorization.beans,com.ibm.xsp.extlib.security.oauth_10a,com.ibm.xsp. extlib.security.oauth_10a.servlet 09/09/2011 04:34:52 PM Fragment-Host = com.ibm.xsp.extlib 09/09/2011 04:34:52 PM Manifest-Version = 1.0
Listing 3.13 lists many different OSGi headers. You can find a full list of OSGi headers and their descriptions in the official OSGi specification: www.osgi.org/download/r4v43/r4.core.pdf.help
This command tells the OSGi platform to print all commands that it supports, along with a short description of each command.
Sample usage:tell http osgi help
Figure 3.8 shows the sample output from running the help OSGi command on the Domino server console.
Figure 3.8. Result of running the help command in the console
Forest Service adopts messaging architecture
The change will make data more accessible, Agriculture's Anne F. Thomson Reed says.Lotus Notes and Domino serve as portals to Web and legacy systems data
By Chris Driscoll
The Forest Service has embraced a single, nationwide Internet and intranet Web architecture, using Lotus Notes as its core messaging system and Lotus Domino as its Web server and development tool for easy access to the information stored in its legacy systems.
The service chose a product built around a messaging architecture to move information efficiently from e-mail to Web systems and to plug mobile users into its network. Domino also can serve as a common front end for accessing other Agriculture Department information systems.
Under the contract administered by Agriculture's chief information officer, the Forest Service is setting up 32,000 Lotus seats for users in the United States, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands.
The eventual cost will run about $4.1 million, according to the agency.
'Exchanging information with all interested parties has always been difficult and time-consuming,'' Agriculture CIO Anne F. Thomson Reed said. 'Preparation and draft reviews for an environmental assessment can last for several months. Using Notes and Domino's discussion group, e-mail, calendaring and collaboration, the Forest Service information will be more accessible.''
The contract includes education, consulting and software maintenance services, and seat licenses. It was a significant sale for Lotus Development Corp., said Michael Sheehan, director of federal sales.
'One of the reasons the Forest Service chose us is that it wanted to communicate with the Bureau of Land Management within the Interior Department, which has also standardized on Domino,'' Sheehan said. The BLM buy had been a $1 million-plus contract for Lotus.
BLM provides similar public services and has corporate-government partnerships like those of the Forest Service, so the two agencies communicate frequently, Reed said.
Lotus' consulting services will help the Forest Service migrate from Hewlett-Packard OpenMail, its current messaging server software, and client e-mail software from Applix Inc. of Westborough, Mass.'The education services include training in Domino use and administration.
The Forest Service had a long list of criteria when it bought the new messaging and information management products.'To start with, the agency wanted an open environment with industry standards and protocols that did not exist when its legacy Unix systems were built. The new systems had to interoperate with those of other federal, state and local agencies, as well as corporate suppliers and partners. And the new systems had to meet security requirements.
The Domino software will run on many of the 1,200 IBM RS/6000 servers at Forest Service locations around the country. They have PowerPC processors and run AIX, IBM's version of the Unix operating system. The Forest Service recently finished an 18-month installation of the servers to replace minicomputers from Data General Corp. of Westborough, Mass.
The service had to comply with several Agriculture objectives outlined in a strategic information technology plan that covers 1998 to 2002.
The plan requires all USDA agencies to conform to an enterprise network security policy and a TCP/IP architecture.
Domino can serve Internet clients such as Web browsers, Post Office Protocol 3 mail clients and news readers, but because it is based on a messaging system, it also supports other client types such as Messaging Application Programming Interface mail clients, telephones and pagers.
It can handle Rich Text Format, Hypertext Markup Language, standard image formats, Simple Mail Transfer Protocol and Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions mail, and standard audio and video formats.
The Forest Service will use Domino to build Web applications for accessing its databases via the Open Database Connectivity protocol and Structured Query Language.
Domino's directory manages resource information such as:
' User profiles and e-mail addresses
' Server and database administration and configuration
' Security certificates and access controls
' Replication of schedules and network paths.
The directory is programmable. If a Web application has to be replicated to another Web server elsewhere, such as an outsourced server or mirror site, all the Web pages, the application logic and the directory are replicated at once as an integrated set.
Domino's security features will authenticate Forest Service users and passwords, control access lists and encrypt Web sessions through the Secure Sockets Layer. The access control lists can restrict user rights down to specific fields on a page. Some users will have rights to modify or update information on an existing Web page directly from a browser.
Depending on the page or field that a user is reading, Domino assigns certain roles to the user:
' No Web access to a database or its associated views and pages, which lets the developers hide sensitive menu items or buttons
' Depositor rights to enter data in a database
' Reader rights to view pages only
' Author rights to create and post new pages and edit or delete Web pages the author created
' Editor rights to read, write, update and delete pages created by others.
Domino also can handle Web financial transactions through IBM Corp.'s MQSeries and Trade-Link middleware.
'The feature of Domino that really made the sale happen is a robust development environment,'' said Kathy Wilson, Lotus' government-industry marketing manager.
Domino supports the Common Object Request Broker Architecture and Internet Inter-ORB Protocol for exchanging software objects. The Forest Service programmers can make their enterprise applications communicate with those of government or private organizations that follow the same standards.
The Environmental Protection Agency and the Census Bureau also use Lotus Domino and Notes, Lotus officials said.
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