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overlook concerning the recoil-worthwhile identify; ESET Cyber security professional is an effective anti-virus suite for Mac. AV-check gave ESET CSP an ideal rating on its widespread and commonplace malware test in December, essentially the most recent verify available. Our personal tests produced an analogous effect when trying out ESET CSP on a MacBook working macOS Mojave (AV-check used excessive Sierra).
ESET had no hindrance blocking off most of the threats on WICAR’s check website of normal web-primarily based assaults. The most effective situation we seen turned into that ESET didn’t realize the Adobe Flash hacking team leak; youngsters, we demonstrated on Safari devoid of an active Flash plugin.
relocating over to identify tests with malware from the objective See repository, ESET automatically detected trojans, backdoors, and ransomware. These threats were detected as quickly because the malware become unzipped, and ESET alerted us to the subject and started automated clean-up. reckoning on the category of malware, ESET’s approach is to eliminate the malware code from within documents and other information as opposed to deleting the whole factor. That’s no longer all the time the case, youngsters; ESET did now and then delete entire DMG files.IDG
ESET Cyber security pro’s domestic display.
Like many suites, ESET offers to scan USB drives as quickly as you plug them in, and you'll choose to mark some drives as secure in order that ESET will no longer scan them should you use them in the future.
ESET’s home windows protection additionally comes extremely rated. ESET sensible safety obtained a AAA rating from SE Labs for its July to September 2018 exams. AV-Comparatives scored ESET information superhighway safety round ninety eight to 99 % on all of its exams, whereas AV-verify’s most contemporary circular of testing did not include ESET for home windows.
basic, ESET’s protection on Mac is awfully first rate and sooner or later protected us from the more ordinary malicious threats.Interface and lines
ESET’s fundamental consumer interface on Mac is corresponding to what we’ve considered on home windows. Navigation is made convenient on left-hand rail with all moves performed on the whole part of the window. From the home reveal ESET CSP suggests eco-friendly check marks for not simply your desktop, however additionally your firewall, net, and e-mail, and there’s a parental manage status indicator as smartly.
a professional-level protection suite is nothing if it doesn’t have additional protection facets beyond fundamental scanning and precise-time coverage. Yet there isn’t a whole lot here in comparison to ESET’s base suite. The extras encompass a firewall and parental manage, and that’s it. There’s no password manager as many different safety suites offer, or a disk “cleaner” like Norton security Deluxe has for sniffing out duplicate and pointless data.Pricing
ESET protection professional for Mac is priced at $50 per yr for a single Mac and $10 for each further Mac as much as 5, after which it's $5 for each and every further Mac up to ten Macs. it's best that the cost is per-gadget and you may add as many as you want, so as an alternative of paying $ninety to cowl up to 5 devices—a typical pricing scheme—which you could just pay for three or four machines. nonetheless, the cost is somewhat excessive considering the fact that our latest favorite Mac antivirus suite, Sophos home premium, is just $50 to cowl 10 instruments.IDG
ESET CSP’s tools part.
Two different objects of observe in ESET CSP consist of the tools and Cybersecurity practising sections. the previous allows you to see which approaches on your Mac are accessing the community, which is best for superior users however a bit unreadable for every person else.
We’re a little upset this area doesn’t include the “connected domestic computer screen” purchasable on home windows. The home windows feature means that you can study your complete home community, the entire gadgets on it, and any knowledge concerns. Avast safety pro on Mac has the same feature, and these community screens will handiest turn into extra valuable as extra elementary bits of our homes log on together with lighting fixtures, thermostats, and appliances.
Cybersecurity practising, meanwhile, is a good theory to encompass in a safety suite. All it does is link to a webpage on ESET’s website the place which you could study average precautions to take in opposition t malware attacks, phishing sites, and most reliable practices for password management, two-ingredient authentication, and greater. It’s a fine concept as a useful resource for clients unfamiliar with the fundamentals of online safety.final analysis
ESET Cyber security seasoned gives you the entire insurance plan you want, plus a firewall, and parental controls at a higher than regular fee. The further equipment aren’t a good deal to get excited about, and we’d want to see the latest community computer screen morph into the linked domestic function obtainable on the windows edition. still, the insurance policy is solid and that’s what counts most with a safety suite.To comment on this article and other Macworld content, visit our facebook web page or our Twitter feed.
On the heels of Tim prepare dinner’s comments at a Brussels privacy event this afternoon, facebook’s former protection chief is criticizing Apple privacy practices in China. Alex Stamos, who served as facebook’s chief safety officer from 2015 through this year, took to Twitter to voice his issues regarding Apple privacy within the nation (by way of CNBC).
As we mentioned this morning, prepare dinner’s comments in Brussels covered praise of GDPR across Europe, as well as a call for privacy regulation in the u.s.. Stamos takes challenge with prepare dinner’s perspective towards privacy in public differs from Apple privateness practices in China.
as an instance, Stamos stated Apple’s block of VPN functions in China, as well as its resolution to flow the iCloud records of clients in China to executive-owned servers:
Apple makes use of hardware-rooted DRM to disclaim chinese clients the ability to install the VPN and E2E messaging apps that might permit them to avoid pervasive censorship and surveillance. Apple moved iCloud facts into a PRC-managed three way partnership with uncertain influences.
In reference to cook’s indirect criticism of agencies like Google and fb, Stamos wrote that he doesn’t desire the “media to create an incentive structure that ignores treating chinese language residents as much less-deserving of privacy protections as a result of a CEO is inclined go dangerous-mouth the business mannequin of their simple competitor, who uses advertising to subsidize cheaper instruments.”
subsequently, Stamos called on Apple to “come clear” on how iCloud works in China, and for it to “stop environment destructive precedents” for a way American groups get up to the chinese Communist celebration:
Apple needs to come clean on how iCloud works in China and prevent surroundings damaging precedents for how willing American companies will be to service the inside safety desires of the chinese language Communist party.
based on difficulty about less demanding entry to user statistics for the executive, Apple stated earlier this year that it still holds all encryption keys to iCloud servers in China. It also confirmed that no statistics has been made purchasable because of the iCloud server change within the country.
study our full coverage of cook’s privacy keynote right here. What do you suppose of Stamos’ feedback? Is he right in arguing Apple’s has a double normal when it comes to privateness? tell us down in the feedback.
Subscribe to 9to5Mac on YouTube for more Apple news:
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My girlfriend was on the prowl for a new vehicle not too long ago, and decided on a Subaru. Not only do the company's vehicles arguably receive some of the highest safety ratings in the States, but their policy of across-the-board all wheel drive is another nicety I love about them. Even so, she wouldn't think of ditching her safety belt, no matter how safe the cars claim to be.
Likewise, sizable portions of American society lives out in rural areas where crime and theft are almost unheard of. Yet they most likely still use locks on all of their doors, and keep them locked shut at night. Their risk of forced entry or other crimes are leagues lower than in congested urban areas (like my neck of the woods, Chicago) but they still follow plain commonsense.
So this begs the question: how has Apple gotten a free pass on the falsehood that its OS X (and now iOS) users just don't need anti-malware software? As an IT professional who has personally cleaned off numerous Macs each year for the past 2-3 years, it really irks me that Apple still hasn't admitted that this falsehood is endangering an entire slice of our computing society.
Even though we don't push this mantra at our company, knowing full well it's a borked belief, you won't find the same honesty from any Apple Store employees. Salespeople at Best Buy and other retailers that I've encountered suffer from the same misleading tunnel vision. Apple's done a great job coercing the last decade of Mac buyers that malware just doesn't exist on Macs. Yet the evidence continually points in the opposite direction.
To prove my point, try doing a search for "antimalware" or "antivirus" on the Apple support website. The single official article you will find referencing either of these terms is a posting ironically titled "Mavericks Server Admin: Security best practices". In it lies the sole inking on Apple's help website as to the need for antivirus software.
But there's a gotcha: this article was meant for admins of the server edition of OS X -- not for average end users.
Per Apple, users running Mavericks server should:
Install antivirus tools, use them regularly, and update virus definition files and software regularly. Although viruses are less prevalent on the Mac platform than on Windows, they still pose a risk.
I thought the last batch of OS X server admins dried up when Apple ditched the enterprise formally and killed off Xserve. I was mistaken -- they still exist it seems. As do malware strains on the Mac, they halfheartedly admit.
Apple's Ailing Pitch: Security Through Obscurity Works
The fruit company spent the better part of the first decade of this century basking in its own nirvana while Windows XP was the leading posterchild of the Windows malware epidemic. While Microsoft was kicking into gear the vision that Bill Gates set forth in getting serious about Windows security, Apple was lobbing cannonballs at Windows users with its "I'm a Mac" television ad series.
One such ad put this security debate front and center, in plain user speak. This 2006 ad poked fun at the Windows virus scene via an exchange between the Windows and Mac user where the Windows guy was suffering from an ailment, and mentioned how many malware strains hit the platform in the last year. The Mac guy states bluntly in response: "Not Macs".
Apple's official flag of security through obscurity was formally planted. As such, Apple users have been miffed into believing that this is actually a safe practice to ascribe to. But this is Apple we are talking about. What they say must be true.
While the rest of the 2000s flew by with Apple picking up considerable batches of Windows converts, by 2010 the tide was starting to shift. Well known voices in the tech industry were starting to speak against the tide, like Alex Stamos and Mac security specialist Charlie Miller.
They asserted claims that took different means to an end, but concluded on relatively the same thing: Windows (Vista, 7) was finally a more secure platform than OS X. While Microsoft spent the better part of the last decade getting extremely serious about security in Windows, Apple considered security as an almost afterthought. A dirty word inside Cupertino, some could say.
David Harley penned an interesting piece on the official ESET blog which let loose something most industry pundits already figured: that Apple has only recently started realizing it must get serious about its relationship with the anti-malware software security industry.
While the infection risk on Macs isn't nearly as prevalent as on Windows machines, the falsehood that Macs have always been malware free is anything but true. This graphic outlines just a sampling of some viruses that have hit Apple's 'untouchable' systems. (Image Source: TopTenReviews)
This is in complete contrast to Microsoft, which has been on the forefront of working with AV makers to ensure their products can work to secure Windows users in the best manner. Microsoft even publicly admitted recently that its own first-party Security Essentials product shouldn't be considered a viable long term solution for users as it only provides a bottom baseline of security. This doesn't say much about Security Essentials, but at least provides a frank honesty for Microsoft's user base.
In short, Microsoft isn't hiding behind any security veils. Its transparency on security topics affecting its products should be lauded. Aside from numerous first party blogs dedicated to such topics (here is one example, and another for kicks) they even host a public Security Response Center detailing bulletins on security patches, threats, and other items affecting its products. Its ecosystem of sub-blogs and TechNet articles trickle into a further myriad of information overflow.
In contrast, Apple hosts a single simple site dedicated to security for its products, primarily just listing out links to patches, general product info, press contacts, and a few bulleted best practices on security in Apple devices. Compared to the deluge of information Microsoft publishes, this is rather pittance in comparison.
Apple's real message from its pathetic security information resources? Security isn't a real big problem for us. If only the media wasn't so accepting of this, perhaps Apple would change its tune.
Aside from Apple's recent covert courting of anti-malware companies with products for the Mac, Apple has not been shy in pushing an idealistic mantra of security through obscurity for its OS X faithful.
There's a problem with this thinking, however, that is negating its applicability: Mac users aren't so obscure anymore. As of March 2014, OS X users represent a full near 8 percent of the computing population. If you're hinging your security beliefs on belonging to the crowd of "little guys" you'd better hope that too many people don't make the jump from Windows for the same comfort.
The whole concept of security through obscurity isn't much of a proven concept as a core security best practice. In combination with other security tenets, it may hold some weight, but not in an Apple-like way that has been passed as religion to OS X users for the last decade.
In fact, the United States National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), the same body that provides reference standards for much of government, academia, military, and other entities, calls out this concept outright in its "Guide to General Server Security." In short, "System security should not depend on the secrecy of the implementation or its components".
The mighty NIST isn't the only one calling this theory out for what it's worth. Tony Bradley of PCWorld wrote on this topic back in 2012, pointing out rightfully that "Security is more a result of user awareness and behavior. Risky behavior is risky behavior regardless of the operating system".
Other such online articles point at the same holes in this mentality. Rebecca Herold penned one such piece, as did Christine Barry from Barracuda Networks.
Apple's insistence on comfort from security through obscurity perpetuates risky behavior by OS X users which is arguably leading malware writers to find them as a rather juicy target -- and one that is only getting juicier. A mass of users nearing 10 percent of the computer population that most likely has zero security software running? And not to mention, generally having a higher disposable income? That's a winning combination for the criminals that run modern botnets and malware rings.
Eugene Kaspersky, CEO and founder of well-known security firm Kaspersky, said back in 2012 that Apple is roughly 10 years behind Microsoft in terms of security. His assertion is based in the understanding that Apple's market share of OS X has been growing rapidly, and the walled garden approach to security just isn't cutting it anymore.
Kaspersky joked, “Welcome to Microsoft's world, Mac. It's full of malware".
OS X and Linux/Unix: Security Breaches at the Gates
Matt Baxter-Reynolds of ZDNet recently penned an interesting piece outlining just how sloppy the situation surrounding Apple's latest SSL mess was. After breaking down the code behind the bug, Matt outlines the whys of how this should have never came out of Cupertino.
More importantly, he alludes to the double standard that exists in how Apple gets a relative pass from the security press industry, but if (just if) this happened to Microsoft, there would have been a downright outpouring of media scrutiny.
Regardless of the soft press Apple gets on its security mishaps, one thing that this SSL bungling does show is that Apple's internal code auditing and security practices just aren't up to the levels they should be. Matt said it point blank: "The fact that this code made it into production at all is a shocking indictment of Apple's engineering team".
Surely, the SSL mess has nothing to do with malware infections and the average uninformed user could write this off as a simple one-off blunder. But just peruse some of OS X's recent history with malware, and you may recant that judgment.
Sophos recently reported on a new malware strain that infects OS X users via an "undelivered courier item attack" and even formally recommends in its official 2014 Security Threat Report that Mac users install and use antivirus software. The same 2014 report outlines other numerous Mac malware outbreaks that hit the scene in 2013 alone.
Two months ago, in early February, news of a new Bitcoin stealing OS X malware strain came out that aims to do just that: take Bitcoins behind your back.
And what was regarded as one of the largest Mac malware infections in Apple history, Flashback, which took over 650,000+ systems in 2012, seems to be back on the scene affecting a portion of OS X users -- likely unknowingly.
Apple spent the better part of four years convincing people that Windows machines were so passé in more ways than one. A big selling point they pushed, and still do, is that Macs just don't get viruses like PCs. This wive's tale is increasingly untrue, and will in my opinion lead to a downright epidemic of Mac malware , much like what hit Windows XP back in the early to mid 2000s. (Image Source: MaxPictures.com)
But Apple isn't the only one who's feeling the pinch of indiscriminate malware these days. Unix, once thought to be nearly bulletproof in IT circles, had its clean image wiped away in March when ESET researchers outlined Operation Windigo which involved a command-and-control malware operation affecting over 25,000 Unix servers worldwide.
This trojan scheme was meant to target end users that visited websites being hosted by these Unix systems, and ultimately steal data for criminal profiteering.
Another operating system with Linux roots, Android, is experiencing an explosive growth of malware to the tune of nearly 600 percent according to Sophos. More than 650,000 malware strains have been identified by Sophos to date (as of Feb 2014). While a large majority of the malware is flooding in through third party app installations, the malware is doing the usual rounds of mischief: data theft, command and control, etc.
Is betting all of your cards on obscurity alone such a good prescription? You can make your own conclusions.
Apple Should Get Honest: Mac Users Need Security Software, Too
Eugene Kaspersky's frank words on Apple's public stance on OS X malware should stand as a warning to Cupertino that the happy days for OS X are coming to an end. In fact, I'd argue that those days are already over. With nearly 8 percent of the computing population using Macs, this crowd is no longer the niche that could sit and laugh at their Windows counterparts.
Apple used to be nothing more than a trendy alternative for users, and now, the belief that turned portions of Windows users is coming back to bite them square in the foot. How long will Apple keep holding up the smoke and mirrors regarding Mac security, both in OS X development and in end-user recommendations?
Consider this food for thought. Just 3-4 years ago, the number of anti-malware options for the Mac were counted on one hand.
Today, Wikipedia shows that no less than 21 options exist for securing your Mac. Quite a jump, I'd say.
Does Apple know something that the anti-malware companies don't? Or, more likely, is it that Apple is just continuing to play naive to the realities that the rest of the security industry understands? If there wasn't a market for OS X security software, trust me, these security behemoths wouldn't be investing troves of development time and money in such products.
But as their research (which I described above) continues to show, Apple's marketing department continues to filter out the realities of industry trends. One of Apple's biggest selling points for OS X is crumbling at the hands of thirsty malware criminals, and Cupertino doesn't yet have an interest in ditching its marketing taglines for the sake of being honest with its users. For that alone, I seriously doubt the long term future of OS X as a safe operating system next to Windows and Linux.
As a consultant, I'm doing the best I can to educate my customers. But I can only fight an uphill battle with so much ammunition. The media gives Apple a regrettable pass on its security situation, and in turn, allows it to likewise perpetuate the debunked notion of security through obscurity.
Sophos stated that it detects about 4,900 pieces of malware each week on Macs systems its software protects. This figure was from 2012. We can only imagine how much higher this is today, and more importantly, how much undetected malware is sitting on unprotected Macs at this moment. (Image Source: Sophos Security Threat Report 2013)
To the average user I encounter, the sad mistaken belief still holds that Microsoft doesn't know security, but Apple does. Because, as they tell me, their friend has a Mac, whose other friend also has a Mac, and all of them never get viruses. When I ask if they know this because they run proper anti-malware software, they call the idea ludicrous. I guess there's a certain comfort for Apple users who would rather blindly believe in the bunked status quo.
It's only a matter of time until a massive malware epidemic hits the Mac. One that will literally have Apple shipping its users coupons for complimentary copies of anti-malware software. The recipe for disaster is written on the walls. A near 10 percent slice of the computing population which has zero education in running security software. Users that have arguably higher disposable incomes (on average) than their Windows counterparts.
If you were a criminal, wouldn't you call this crowd a rather soft and desirable target? Just like house thieves that will outright pass up homes that advertise their usage of alarm systems, these crooks see Mac users in a similar vulnerable light.
Wake up, Apple. When, not if, a malware epidemic breaks out for OS X, don't be surprised when legions of faithful users migrate back to Windows.
Everything comes full circle, eventually.
Image Credit: ConstantinosZ/Shutterstock
Derrick Wlodarz is an IT Specialist who owns Park Ridge, IL (USA) based technology consulting & service company FireLogic, with over eight+ years of IT experience in the private and public sectors. He holds numerous technical credentials from Microsoft, Google, and CompTIA and specializes in consulting customers on growing hot technologies such as Office 365, Google Apps, cloud-hosted VoIP, among others. Derrick is an active member of CompTIA's Subject Matter Expert Technical Advisory Council that shapes the future of CompTIA exams across the world. You can reach him at derrick at wlodarz dot net
A version of this post originally appeared on Tedium, a twice-weekly newsletter that hunts for the end of the long tail.
We have strong opinions about our corporate giants, what they should (or shouldn’t) do, or how they should (or shouldn’t) act.
We want them to listen to us, and understand our needs as users and consumers. But too often, they get too big and they have to balance out your interests with their own—as well as everyone else’s.
This, sometimes, creates situations in which some of a company’s biggest fans feel compelled to take its ideas in a different direction. It’s with this in mind that I’d like to discuss why the Hackintosh, a machine (usually with an Intel CPU) that runs MacOS on hardware Apple does not make, is an interesting cultural trend, rather than just a way to cut Apple out of a share of its profits.
The roots of the fateful decision that gave us the Hackintosh date to 2001, when an Apple employee, working remote, spent his time building a version of Mac OS X, the then-new operating system Apple adapted from NeXTStep, that was compatible with Intel’s x86 platform.
This proved a key move, creating a backup plan in case PowerPC got long in the tooth (as it eventually did), and when Apple leadership found out about this remote employee’s solo endeavor, the company immediately did something unexpected: It tried to convince another company to make Mac clones.
At a Hawaii golf course, Steve Jobs met with Sony executives to show them what could technically be called the first “Hackintosh,” a Sony VAIO laptop that was running OS X on an Intel processor.
Jobs, a fan of Sony’s, had famously been opposed to Macintosh clones, shutting down a clone program that had harmed Apple’s bottom line, but was apparently willing to make an exception for Sony, whose VAIO line was well-regarded at the time. But bad timing on Sony’s part killed the deal. The problem? The VAIO line was already successful with Windows, so it didn’t need OS X.
The result was that the world didn’t get an Intel Mac until 2006. But despite Apple’s best early efforts, there was only so much it could do to prevent other PCs from being able to run its iconic operating system.
This would later prove important for some of the operating system’s biggest fans.“Your karma check for today: There once was a user that whined his existing OS was so blind, he’d do better to pirate an OS that ran great but found his hardware declined. Please don’t steal Mac OS! Really, that’s way uncool. (C) Apple Computer Inc.”
— A passage from a kernel extension, dating to 2006, called “Don’t Steal Mac OS X.kext”. This file, a protected binary that Apple designed, essentially, to serve as a confirmation that the machine was running real hardware, has proven to be fairly weak protection over time, with system hackers getting past its restriction long ago. (You should not remove it from your machine, by the way, even if you’re running a real Mac. It’s the perfect way to stop your Mac from working in one fell swoop.) Despite this, Apple has made little effort to fortify the weak security in the decade-plus since then, with some speculating that it’s partly due to the fact that these users are very often Apple customers who are deeply embedded in the ecosystem—i.e. the very people a company like Apple wouldn’t want to piss off.
Comedian and entrepreneur Paul Chato, who has been using Macs for a long time. Image: YouTubeAmong Hackintosh’s more high-profile users: A comedian with a long history in tech
The Hackintosh community is, admittedly, relatively small—in no small part because of the technical learning curve that often comes with the practice. It’s effectively a subculture borne from the combination of two other subcultures: Apple superfans and hobbyists who build their own computers.
But it does draw in some highly passionate users, many of whom are experts at creative pursuits, in part because of the user base Apple’s machines long fostered. Case in point: Paul Chato.
These days, Chato is an entrepreneur who runs a web design firm, but back in the late ’70s and ’80s, he was best known as a primary member of a popular Canadian comedy troupe named The Frantics, which had a weekly series on CBC Radio that introduced sketches like the legendary “Last Will (Boot to the Head).”
At its peak, the troupe even had its own television show, Four on the Floor, which notably introduced a truly Canadian superhero, Mr. Canoehead.
Though his early success was in sketch comedy, Chato’s career has largely been in technology, including, at one point, as the producer of a popular Myst-style adventure game. More recently, though, Chato has found a degree of success as a YouTuber, operating a vlog that offers up his irreverent take on the mostly tech-related things he’s passionate about.
In an email interview, Chato explained that the mixture of tech and humor came naturally, appearing in Frantics sketches such as “I Sell Computers.”
“The Frantics were probably the first to deal with humour in comic books and nerd life long before The Big Bang Theory popularized it,” Chato said. “So, it’s part of my continuum.”
The Hackintosh-driven coverage, on the other hand, was something of a happy accident, a byproduct of his tech-related pet peeves, many of which are related to the fact that Apple doesn’t make a computer for him.
Two years ago, in one of his earliest clips on the channel, Chato drew attention to the fact that he has used Apple products for more than 30 years—from the original all-in-one to a variety of modern-day MacBook Pros—but moved to producing Hackintosh machines instead. “I feel absolutely abandoned by Apple in terms of meeting my needs,” he stated in the video.
Since then, he’s recorded lots of Hackintosh-related content (along with theories as to what the long-promised Mac Pro reboot should look like), with one particular highlight coming a few months ago, when Chato used his soapbox to discuss the way that Hackintosh brings him joy—in part because of all the problem-solving and tweaking involved.
He noted the process of building a Hackintosh helped get him closer to his son. “Apple kind of ignores the bonding aspects of building a DIY Mac,” he told me.
DIY and Apple don’t particularly go hand-in-hand, but on the other hand, didn’t the company just tell us to “share your gifts”?
Some people who share their gifts can’t do it particularly well with Apple’s current lineup.Five different ways that people can run MacOS without owning a Mac
If you’ve ever asked a tech support question on the internet, you probably are aware that support forums are often overloaded, full of people who ask obvious questions about their devices and software.
Now imagine trying to offer tech support to people who are willingly messing with bootloaders and trying to edit obscure system files to make their machine do something it technically isn’t designed to do.
This has led to more aggressive moderation policies on some of the most popular forums in Hackintosh-land. Tonymacx86, for example, is an incredibly useful website for Hackintosh builds, but it’s worth noting that the forum can feel a bit standoffish if you’re new to it, if only because their platform has to deal with a lot of repeated questions. A lot.
A lot of the time, a Tonymacx86 thread takes a certain shape:
A user has fairly technical problem that a layperson could never make heads or tails of but an expert might be able to spot right away.
A moderator tells the user they need to share their reporting files to highlight in detail what the machine is going through. Also, they need to read the FAQ, which is highly detailed, and that they should use the search tool, which goes back many years.
The user responds, either successfully following the rules or begging for mercy. In the latter case, they do not get said mercy generally and are told to go read the FAQ again.
This goes on and on sometimes for days, and reflects both a high level of patience among moderators (seriously, kudos), and a strange power dynamic unlike any I’ve seen on the internet: In a way, the approach almost discourages the community from getting too big.
I asked Chato for his insights on this, and his suggestion, basically, is to RTFM.
“I think the frustration of the ‘experts’ comes from the fact that many questions come from people who have not done any research at all or half-read an install,” he explained. “So, my first bit of advice is to research the crap out of what you need to know, read it all, and then ask your question.“
His second piece of advice deals with motivation: Often, he notes, these sites have a contingent of people trying to simply pirate software who aren’t doing their research, “and they ask stupid questions about [motherboards] and CPUs that are so far off the Hackintosh mark that it’s just plain insulting.”
There’s a chasm of sorts in the Apple community, not unlike the one that existed when jailbreaking was a more popular practice among iPhone owners: Some just wanted to use the tools to improve their experience, because Apple wasn’t giving them something they wanted; others wanted an easy way to get something for free.
“You can tell a real enthusiast because it’s obvious they still own a Mac,” Chato argued. “They aren’t asking for a pirated distro of the MacOS.”
Hackintoshing is an interesting process because, in cases like Chato’s and (admittedly) my own, it highlights a dichotomy between the company and its supporters: It’s a user base, one technical enough to jump through numerous hoops, that loves a company’s product so much that they’re willing to subvert it to get that product in its unvarnished form, because the company’s growth has left them behind.
In 2006, it might have been the case that people Hackintoshing were trying to experiment or get a deal. These days, I think there are a lot more people in this community who simply want Apple to give them what they want so they can do their jobs, and then to get out of the way. These people still want iPhones and iPads, will still buy Apple accessories, and gladly want to be part of the company’s ecosystem. But if they can’t get in the front door, feeling burned by thin keyboards and slow updates, they’ll go in through the back, even if there’s more broken glass on that side of the building.
Think of it like computing’s version of the “Rural Purge”—that infamous situation where the TV networks decided to reboot their programming to meet the needs of advertisers, who wanted young, urban viewers. Even if the networks had moved on to Mary Tyler Moore, People still wanted to watch Lawrence Welk and Hee Haw, so the show’s creators found alternate paths to the airwaves, as well as new ways to make a buck. Callous corporate decision-making can’t kill the interest that easily.
Perhaps like those old Buck Owens and Roy Clark performances, this Hackintosh stuff doesn’t appeal to everyone, but it carries a niche that cares enough about this platform to ignore the proper path and deal with all the minefields that come with it.
In that light, the sometimes brusque nature of the Hackintosh community is understandable, beyond people being sick of newbies. They have an investment to protect.
There’s this phenomenon that has defined the way that the tech community has reacted to things, called the “Hug of Death,” also known as the Slashdot Effect.
Essentially, the idea is this: If you run a site that gets picked up on a popular aggregator, so many people are likely to go visit that it disables your site entirely. In a way, it’s an inversion of the Streisand Effect, in that its growing popularity actually chokes its success by overexposing it.
In a way, Hackintosh survives because it’s not too overexposed. It occasionally shows up on popular tech YouTube channels like Snazzy Labs and Linus Tech Tips and frequently gets highlighted in mainstream technology publications, but it’s something that is too hard for a regular Mac user to do and has the unintentional side effect of teaching Apple about technical issues that it is looking to avoid in later iterations of its hardware. Not enough people are hugging it to kill it just yet.
Sure, there are worries that Apple will use its T2 security chip, which it has added to its recent devices, to shut out Hackintosh users someday, or that the company’s embrace of a custom ARM chipset will eventually render the Hackintosh obsolete. That said it should be noted that some hardware virtualization techniques for the ARM-based iOS already exist, with one being offered by a startup named Corellium. (Corellium’s use case, targeted at mobile developers and security researchers, was acquired by the boutique hacking shop Azimuth Security last year.)
As tools like KVM can replicate chipsets like ARM on x86 platforms, it’s not out of the realm of possibility that options will still exist if Apple does change things up in a few years, even if it changes what exactly a Hackintosh is.
Apple can learn technical things from the things Hackintosh breaks internally, whether by highlighting flaws inside the kernel or by introducing hardware that may eventually show up in a future Apple system, but the existence of this gray-area market in the first place highlights the disparities between Apple’s marketing—thin and light machines, whether on a desk or in a bag—and what its most engaged power users actually want.
“In the end, I don’t think Apple trusts the OS,” Chato argues. “That’s what really bothers me. I don’t think they realize that if they put MacOS in a nice, plain box that doesn’t thermal throttle it will sell really well. It’s the OS, stupid.”
For a company known for its dramatic risks, perhaps the riskiest move it could make is listening to this fan base that clearly isn’t served by its current offerings.
It’s no butterfly keyboard mechanism, but it could be a game changer.
Researchers from Indiana University and the Georgia Institute of Technology said that security holes in both iOS and OS X allow a malicious app to steal passwords from Apple’s Keychain, as well as both Apple and third-party apps. The claims appear to have been confirmed by Apple, Google and others.
We completely cracked the keychain service – used to store passwords and other credentials for different Apple apps – and sandbox containers on OS X, and also identified new weaknesses within the inter-app communication mechanisms on OS X and iOS which can be used to steal confidential data from Evernote, Facebook and other high-profile apps
The Register says the team reported the flaws to Apple in October of last year. At that time, Apple said that it understood the seriousness of the flaws and asked the researchers to give it six months to address them before the exploit was made public. In February, Apple requested an advance copy of the paper, yet the flaws remain present in the latest versions of both operating systems …
Researchers were able to upload malware exploiting the vulnerabilities to both iOS and Mac App Stores, despite Apple’s vetting. The compromised apps were approved for both platforms.
The team say that they tested the exploit against a wide range of both Mac and iOS apps, and found that almost 90% of them were “completely exposed,” allowing the malware full access to data stored in the apps – including logins.
AgileBits, developer of the popular 1Password app, said that it could see no way to protect against the exploit. Google’s Chromium security team said that it believed it would be impossible to protect against the attack at an application level, and responded by removing Keychain integration for Chrome.
Based on a video released by the team (below), a commentator on Hacker News appears to be correct in suggesting that while the malware cannot directly access existing Keychain entries, it can do so indirectly by forcing users to login manually and then capturing those credentials in a newly-created entry.
Keychain items have access control lists, where they can whitelist applications, usually only themselves. If my banking app creates a keychain item, malware will not have access. But malware can delete and recreate keychain items, and add both itself and the banking app to the ACL. Next time the banking app needs credentials, it will ask me to reenter them, and then store them in the keychain item created by the malware
For now, the best advice would appear to be cautious in downloading apps from unknown developers – even from the iOS and Mac App Stores – and to be alert to any occasion where you are asked to login manually when that login is usually done by Keychain.
The researchers say the seriousness of the vulnerabilities cannot be over-emphasised.
The consequences of such attacks are devastating, leading to complete disclosure of the most sensitive user information (e.g., passwords) to a malicious app even when it is sandboxed. Such findings […] are just a tip of the iceberg.
As ever, the best practice is never to allow either your browser or a password manager to store your most sensitive logins, such as for online banking.
Check out additional videos over at The Register.
A separate Mac BIOS/EFI vulnerability revealed earlier this month would allow an attacker to take permanent control of a Mac even after reformatting the drive, while a bug in the iOS Mail app could allow convincing-looking phishing attacks.
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