|Exam Name||:||Cisco Connected Grid (Engineer)(R) Knowledge Verification|
|Questions and Answers||:||56 Q & A|
|Updated On||:||February 15, 2019|
|PDF Download Mirror||:||Pass4sure 650-127 Dump|
|Get Full Version||:||Pass4sure 650-127 Full Version|
650-127 exam Dumps Source : Cisco Connected Grid (Engineer)(R) Knowledge Verification
Test Code : 650-127
Test Name : Cisco Connected Grid (Engineer)(R) Knowledge Verification
Vendor Name : Cisco
Q&A : 56 Real Questions
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TORONTO and WATERLOO, ON--(Marketwire - Nov 1, 2012) - The college of Waterloo and Cisco ( NASDAQ : CSCO ) these days introduced an agreement to establish a Cisco systems research Chair in smart Grid, if you want to promote, support, and lead research, development and innovation in the use of applied sciences and solutions for wise vigour grids.
"Waterloo is committed to excellence in analysis within the fields of engineering, atmosphere, science and know-how," talked about Feridun Hamdullahpur, president and vice-chancellor of Waterloo. "This collaboration with Cisco will assist the university continue its research excellence in these areas and construct innovative options within the area of power techniques so that we can also address one of the vital challenges dealing with us these days."
Cisco is offering $1 million over the next 5 years to establish the Cisco Chair in wise Grid. The chair will focal point research on the complete integration of counsel science and technology ideas for vigor grid as a way to raise its protection, reliability and constructive efficiency of key add-ons similar to storage and renewable substances. This research will support outline the subsequent era electrical energy grid, or 'future grid,' in terms of concepts, suggestions and applied sciences and their capabilities to force collaboration, productivity and effectivity within the energy sector in Canada.
"Cisco is proud to work with Waterloo to further technology innovation and assist outline the subsequent technology electricity grid," spoke of Cisco Canada president Nitin Kawale. "Waterloo has a smartly-earned recognition for excellence in engineering in the province of Ontario, partly due to its commitment to create a critical mass of scholars and analysis help infrastructure. The tuition knows the value of IT analysis and development for Ontario and Canada as an entire, and or not it's a imaginative and prescient Cisco is delighted to take part in."
The Cisco Chair in wise Grid is Professor Srinivasan Keshav. He has been a professor of desktop science at Waterloo and Canada analysis Chair in tetherless computing given that 2003. he will engage in actions directed at superior applied sciences and strategies so one can involve analysis, construction and innovation in the use of transformational enterprise architectures, applied sciences and solutions for smart grids. The chair will searching for to extra the institution's strategic dreams and lengthy-range imaginative and prescient to place the college as some of the precise universities on earth, whereas working carefully with the school's other chairs to enhance innovation, training and educational activities on the school.
about the school of Waterloo in only half a century, the school of Waterloo, discovered at the heart of Canada's technology hub, has develop into certainly one of Canada's main finished universities with 34,000 full- and part-time students in undergraduate and graduate programs. Waterloo, as domestic to the realm's greatest post-secondary co-operative schooling software, embraces its connections to the world and encourages enterprising partnerships in getting to know, analysis and discovery. within the next decade, the university is dedicated to building a far better future for Canada and the world via championing innovation and collaboration to create solutions significant to the needs of these days and day after today. For more information about Waterloo, consult with www.uwaterloo.ca.
Cisco ( NASDAQ : CSCO ), the global chief in networking that transforms how people join, communicate and collaborate. Cisco Canada Co., a unconditionally owned subsidiary of Cisco, has places of work throughout Canada committed to consumer support, revenue and repair. For ongoing news, please go to http://newsroom.cisco.com/canada/.
Cisco and the Cisco brand are emblems or registered emblems of Cisco and/or its affiliates within the U.S. and other international locations. a listing of Cisco's emblems will also be discovered at www.cisco.com/go/trademarks. Third-birthday party trademarks mentioned are the property of their respective house owners. the use of the notice partner doesn't imply a partnership relationship between Cisco and any other company.
RSS Feed for Cisco: http://newsroom.cisco.com/rss-feeds
São Paulo, Brazil, might also 4, 2015 – Cisco will give communications infrastructure to “energy+”, the wise metering program of Eletrobras, an incredible Brazilian electric utility with a view to serve the states of Amazonas, Alagoas, Acre, Piaui, Rondonia and Roraima. With World bank’s funding of R$ 1,2 billion, Energia+ venture will allow operational effectivity with the aid of improving provider great and handle of non-technical losses, which attain 22% in the North and 10% within the Northeast of Brazil in comparison to required energy, in line with the national electric powered power agency (ANEEL).
The meters use the Cisco® FAN architecture (container enviornment community) that works with an advanced Meter Infrastructure (AMI) that will be utilized in eighty,000 meters at the first stage of the project. Cisco’s necessities based IPv6 answer is flexible, highly comfy, and resilient, and it permits the implementation of different options, with automation in the distribution of power, administration of crew at the box, and integration with legacy system.
With the AMI, the gathered records should be transmitted in real time by the instant community without delay to Eletrobras Metering Intelligence core. With that, it’s feasible to greater monitor and handle the energy meters and sooner or later the power grid, permitting the identification and correction of gaps in the distribution structure quicker.
additionally, the solution will also facilitate a reduction in operational expenses, in view that it's going to decrease the displacement of technical groups to places discovered at far off areas. For the customer, in return, it means a way to monitor and control their own consumption.
"here is an ingenious challenge in order to support us optimize our carrier and the manner we work. With wise meters, tips of consumption could be despatched at once to our Metering Intelligence core, decreasing displacement of technical teams and extending the accuracy of measurements," says Paulo Lucena at Eletrobras .
"The largest advantage for this venture is extra visibility and more handle over the energy network. For Cisco, to be chosen as part of this undertaking reinforces our skills in sensible Grid and our dedication to make a contribution to innovation within the country," observed Marcus Luz, Operations Director, enterprise at Cisco Brazil.
The implementation of the AMI assignment, as a part of energy+ program, will be held by way of the consortium that includes Siemens, Itron, Telefonica and Telemont, a Cisco associate, to provide smart Grid in cities attended through Distribution businesses of Eletrobras. Full implementation of the task is expected to be accomplished in 2017.
on the next stage, the sensible Grid will enable corporations to promote their surplus power quota and permit pay as you go presents and dynamic pricing. Cisco FAN architecture is in accordance with an open expertise platform that makes use of industry requisites, for that reason ensuring the construction of recent purposes and services and relentless innovation.
Cisco (NASDAQ: CSCO) is the international leader in IT that helps corporations seize the alternatives of tomorrow through proving that marvelous issues can ensue should you connect the up to now unconnected. For ongoing news, please go to http://thenetwork.cisco.com.
Cisco and the Cisco brand are logos or registered trademarks of Cisco and/or its affiliates in the U.S. and different countries. a listing of Cisco's trademarks can also be found at www.cisco.com/go/logos. Third-birthday celebration emblems outlined are the property of their respective homeowners. the use of the notice partner doesn't indicate a partnership relationship between Cisco and any other business.
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The Cisco enterprise was started in December 1984 by Leonard Bosack. The company organizes effective training for its candidates in order to certify competent individuals in the IT sphere. Cisco offers a wide range of credentials related to different IT fields.
One of the most popular credentials from Cisco is CCNP Routing and Switching certification. If you possess it, then you automatically become a sought-after professional. Note that if you want to sit for the CCNP R&S exam and obtain the credential, you are expected to pay a fee for participation.
To get CCNP Routing and Switching certification, you need to pass 3 exams: 300-101 ROUTE, 300-115 SWITCH, and 300-135 TSHOOT. In this article, we will focus on the first exam.
Cisco 300-101 ROUTE is the code that refers to Implementing Cisco IP Routing exam that gives a successful test taker CCNP Routing and Switching or CCDP credentials. This certification exam checks the candidates’ comprehension and abilities in the area of routing and managing networks of various difficulties.
Successful candidates are proved to be well-equipped in the areas of upgraded IP addressing and routing, as well as the implementation of scalable and secure Cisco routers connected to LAN, WAN, and IPv6. The test encompasses the configuration of routing solutions that are very secure so that the certified employee could offer help to the branch offices and mobile workers.(C) Monika Rams
The test validates the candidate’s abilities and knowledge in routing, as well as in using IP addressing and routing in connection with LANs, WANs, and CCNP Certification exam also entails the configuration of routing solutions for both small and large enterprises. All individuals are required to accept the confidentiality agreement before sitting for the exam at the official test center.
Usually, the exam consists of around 45-65 questions that are expected to be completed by the candidate within a time period of 2 hours. The questions are provided in the following types: multiple-choice questions requiring one answer, multiple-choice questions requiring several answers, drag and drop, filling in the gaps, and simulations. Cisco has plenty of tutorials to illustrate all these question types. The provided questions are always in a particular sequence, and the student has no freedom of moving back and forth in answering them. Once a question is selected, it has to be answered.
Percentage weight of the tested areas:
The listed topics just provide a general picture of the expectations for the exam however other related areas may also be tested. The list may also be altered before the test without prior notice.
Immediately after the test, the candidates are given their performance reports along with the mark breakdowns for every section of the completed exam. The passing score and the test questions may be changed any time that is why they are not published. The exam is available in the English and Japanese languages and is registered only through Pearson VUE. The test fees vary, depending on the currency, so in order to find out what sum you are supposed to pay, you have to select your country of residence. Pearson provides two ways for the candidates to make exam payments:
An interested individual is supposed to contact the official test delivery partner in his or her area to apply for the exam. The policies for scheduling may vary, depending on your country. For example, the users from the US and Canada may schedule their tests within the period of six weeks before the exam day. The candidates who have failed in the certification test are allowed to retake it only 5 days after the missed attempt.
Preparation and Training
Cisco itself provides the candidates with adequate training and testing programs in order to equip them with the relevant skills needed in the IT field.
Review questions are always available to help the test takers in revision. Each of the exam topics is followed by three questions. However, these questions are not similar to the real test ones, they are only meant to guide the student during the revision process.
Apart from the review questions, Cisco provides its candidates with resources in the form of online learning and useful links that are always available on all official exam web pages. Its learning network gives all examinees free membership, which offers full access to all exam topics, IT training videos, live seminars, revision materials, study groups, forums, and much more. More training resources are also provided by Cisco Press, the publishing branch of the company.
After completing 300-101 ROUTE, you will need to pass 300-115 SWITCH and 300-135 TSHOOT exams. Here is a brief description of these two tests:
300-115 SWITCH exam is intended to validate your skills related to verifying, configuring, and planning the application of enterprise switching solutions.
Exam 300-135 TSHOOT is designed to verify your knowledge linked to planning and performing maintenance on enterprise routed and switched networks and performing network troubleshooting.
A successful individual who passes all the tests can earn CCNP or CCDP certification (see the details on the Cisco official website). A holder of CCNP certification is eligible for networking jobs at the enterprise level, such as a network administrator, a network engineer, a network technician, or a systems engineer.
Moreover, an individual holding CCDP credential is open to the following senior IT roles: a senior network design engineer, a senior analyst, a cyber-protection analyst, or a network designer.
300-101 exam leads to a couple of major certifications that are called CCNP and CCDP. Both of them can open very promising career opportunities. Therefore, it is an essential course to be considered by the individuals working in the field of IT who are interested in routing and switching. After the completion of the certification, they are guaranteed to become sought-after specialists in the IT job market. Still, you don’t have to limit yourself with just one certification. You can acquire additional knowledge by taking some other exams and credentials like 300-075 CIPTV2 exam which leads to CCNP Collaboration certification. Thus, you can create numerous opportunities and expand your career.
Cisco offers extensive training for their candidates and provides them with the required study resources. This makes the company the best choice to work with, as the resources they offer are just incredible.
Their exams are easily accessible, as they are offered in most countries. This also allows a large number of people to take the course and become certified. The company does not tolerate cheating, so the certification test is invigilated. The employers will be confident when hiring a person with Cisco certification because the credentials of this company are always genuine. The practical section of the exam equips the students with the actual skills needed in the real IT job sector.
Presenting the TECH30 2017: YourStory’s pick of the top 30 technology startups from India
The coveted list of Tech30 startups for this year was announced on the second day of TechSparks on September 23. Starups from Artificial Intelligence (AI), healthtech, cyber security, and cryptocurrency made it to the list.
It was an exhilarating two days which saw the best of the tech and startup world coming together. Like every year, we are proud to announce our pick of India’s most promising technology startups - the TECH30.
Some of the TECH30 alumni include Capillary Technologies, Forus Health, Moonfrog Labs, Loginext, Freshdesk and more.
This year, we received an overwhelming response from startups and more than 2500 startups from a wide range of sectors and all across India applied.
This year’s theme was Make It Matter where we brought honest stories of success, struggle, and failure from doers and thinkers both in India and abroad. And here are this year’s brightest sparks, the companies that made it matter and it to the Tech30 list:
Presenting this year’s brightest sparks, the companies that made it to the Tech30 list:
AppSecure India has two key products:
2. BigDeals in Business Network Pvt Ltd : Bigdeals is an end-to-end platform for buying real estate online. It offers an on-demand secure neutral ‘escrow’ bank account powered by ICICI Bank for second-sale properties. Bigdeals’ cloud technology brings the property broker and property developer to a customer’s smart device and helps conduct an assisted purchase.
The company is co-founded by Ashwin Chawwla and Manoj Manohar.
3. Coinsecure: Co-founded by Benson Samuel and Mohit Kalra, Coinsecure is India’s first real-time Bitcoin exchange application. It offers open order books and provides the first app that is exclusively targeted at active Bitcoin traders.
The app enables users to buy, sell, send, receive and accept Bitcoin with ease. Users can place their bids and asks, withdraw and deposit funds, and check pending orders. While the app targets traders, it is simple and easy to use for beginners as well.
4. DataGlen Technologies Pvt Ltd: DataGlen provides IoT (Internet of Things) cloud platform solutions to manage distributed energy resources such as solar plants, energy storage, and microgrids. The company has pivoted once, from a horizontal IoT platform and marketplace to a more vertical-specific solution in the energy domain.
DataGlen is co-founded by Deva Seetharam, Tanuja Ganu and Sunil Ghai, who have one-and-a-half decades of combined experience at IBM Research, India. DataGlen offers two solutions currently:
5. EnCloudEn: EnCloudEn is a technology platform to deliver and manage private cloud-based IT infrastructure, helping mid-size organisations attain their IT transformation swiftly at less than half the cost.
EnCloudEn helps with:
EnCloudEn is co-founded by Abinash Saikia, Satya Kishore and Vishwa Vijoyendra Narayan.
6. Euler Systems: Euler Systems uses data science and AI to revolutionise businesses that may not be native AI and data businesses. The strong co-founding team behind Euler Systems include Himanshu Nautiyal, Krishna Raghav and Sandeep Kadam. Himanshu is the former head of Data Science at Yahoo. Krishna was a hedge fund analyst at Sequence Capital in his last stint, while Sandeep was vice president (Engineering) at Saavn.
Euler Systems uses AI and statistical learning to optimise pricing, revenue, and cost. The company augments experts with virtual assistants. Its current work includes trader assistants for asset managers, revenue manager assistants for hotels, and retail merchandising, pricing, stock selection, and pipeline maintenance assistants for retailers.
7. EZkirana: Co-founded by Piyush Priyam and Srinvas Gorur, EZkirana is a one-stop shop for all procurement activities for hotels, restaurants, and caterers (HoReCa).
EZkirana drives its services via:
8. farMart: farMart helps farmers get easy access to a wider range of productivity-enhancing machines. The company provides a technology platform for them to rent out their under utilised machinery to fellow farmers. It is co-founded by Alekh Sanghera, Mehtab Hans, and Lokesh Singh.
Farmers can book a wide variety of agriculture machinery via farMart’s mobile app or through its call centre. farMart’s proprietary algorithm routes the order to the nearest machinery owner and the company undertakes the delivery of the machinery. farMart collects the payment from the farmer and credits it to the owner’s bank account. They also collect feedback on the farmer’s work.
9. Flux Auto: Flux Auto is developing modular self-driving technology for trucks. This will optimise business models by ensuring that fleets run on the best routes and are fuel-efficient. It also wants to reduce incident rate by predicting and preventing accidents.
Company’s co-founders Pranav Manpuria and Abhishek Gupta are graduates of the Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, and RV College of Engineering, Bengaluru
Flux Auto’s technology is built as an a er-market accessory that can be installed on any new or existing truck with ease. The technology also uses vision systems (cameras) and other sensors to achieve a level of accuracy similar to LIDARs (light detection and ranging devices) without incurring the high costs.
10. Gayam Motor Works (GMW): Co- founded by Raja Gayam, Rahul Gayam and Sri Harsha Bavirisetty, Gayam Motor Works (GMW) produces advanced electric bikes and electric passenger and cargo autorickshaws.
The electric vehicles are low maintenance and ensure zero emissions. GMW’s vehicles – SmartAuto and Limitless Electric Bike – are connected to mobile and cloud through IoT (Internet of Things) technology. This technology enables many features such as smart metering, battery health monitoring, real-time vehicle tracking, traffic-based route optimisation, and vehicle unlocking through the mobile phone.
11. HappyEMI / Hyperkonnect Technologies Pvt Ltd: HappyEMI is a peopleless and a paperless consumer finance platform providing shoppers with instant financing at the point-of- sale in stores and online platforms.
HappyEMI analyses a customer’s creditworthiness through alternative data using the scoring engine. This data is extracted from the customer’s digital footprint such as from social
media, text messages, and calls. The user can enter all required information via the HappyEMI app. HappyEMI uses eKYC to verify the users, eSign for the loan agreement and Aadhaar to authenticate users. Settlement is processed to retailers in a two- day timeframe.
HappyEMI is co-founded by Suhas Gopinath and Anmol Vij.
12. Innoflaps Remedy Pvt Ltd: Innoflaps has developed home-based medical devices and provides dedicated services to help children needing cochlear implants, and to those su ering from delayed speech and language development, hearing impairment, Down Syndrome, autism, and ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder). It also helps people with stammering and tinnitus.
The company is co-founded by Prashant Goyal and Soniya Gupta.
Innoflaps has developed four portable, battery-operated, and easy- to-use medical devices. These include:
13. Instasafe: InstaSafe is a cloud web security company that increases business productivity and application presence while keeping them secure.
The InstaSafe Secure Access is a SECaaS (security as a service) solution that provides a self-service style delivery of secure remote access (SSL-VPN) through the cloud. InstaSafe Cloud Web Security is a cost-e ective, cloud-based web security service that protects company websites, web applications, and web services.
InstaSafe is co-founded by Sandip Panda, Biju George and Prashanth Guruswamy. Together, they have four decades of work experience in companies such as Symantec, Radware, Quantum and Blue Coat System.
14. Lavelle Networks: Lavelle Networks builds and solves enterprise networking challenges for location-hungry markets such as retail, healthcare, logistics, hospitality, and finance. The platform allows any enterprise to order NaaS (networking as a service) for each location.
Lavelle Networks provides COTS (commercial off-the-shelf) hardware- and so ware-defined networking platforms to solve the challenge of connecting enterprises to hybrid cloud applications. Key use cases include centralised cloud-controlled network management, monitoring, and data optimisations for faster and safer access to cloud applications. Its USP is keeping customers’ networks simple, safe, and swift .
Before starting Lavelle Networks, co-founders Shyamal Kumar and Karthik Madhava both worked at Versa Networks.
15. Miklens Bio Pvt Ltd: Miklens Bio manufactures bio-based agri inputs that aid alternative, chemical-free farming. The company is an R&D powerhouse with a bio-technolological edge in the agriculture sector. Founder Santosh Nair is the former CEO of Camson Biotechnologies Ltd, a wholly integrated agriculture biotechnology company.
Entailing rigorous research, its products are developed from microbes and their subsequent secondary metabolites. Unlike broad-spectrum, synthetic chemicals, these products work specifically against particular pests, without harming beneficial organisms. Besides being natural replacements for chemical pesticides, they are cost-effective and assimilate into the ecosystem without leaving toxic residue.
16. Klathrate Trade Platform Pvt Ltd: Co-founded by Prasen Lonikar and Akashkumar Bammrotwar, Klathrate is an end-to-end open-account trade finance platform. It connects banks, buyers, and suppliers across one network, and is designed to streamline and automate settlements, reduce fraud risk and break down costly data silos.
Klathrate is the financial operating network for global trade powered by distributed ledger technology. The Klathrate Network acts as a global “fabric” for trade by providing partners and network participants with a much smarter, more secure, and more e icient way to move value and assets around the world.
The applications and solutions are built on the Klathrate Network including a multi-bank and multi-lender trade asset marketplace. They provide flexible working capital solutions for businesses and APIs that allow easy connection into the network.
17. Morph.ai: Morph.ai is a B2B SaaS (so ware as a service) platform where businesses can create, manage, and evolve chatbots to increase awareness, improve lead quality, and drive sales.
Morph.ai offers the platform to build chatbots for conversational marketing, which helps companies reach out to a business’s potential customers in real-time and pursue high-quality leads. This creates instant engagement, personalised interactions with customers, and a one-on-one follow-up channel.
Morph.ai’s co-founders Pratik Jain, Abhishek Gupta and Niyati Agarwal met as colleagues at Spinklr. They had earlier co-founded Supertext, a conversational commerce platform for consumers to have intelligent and engaging conversations with chatbots.
18. Niramai Health Analytix Pvt Ltd: Niramai has developed a novel, non-contact, and non-invasive breast cancer screening solution. It is safe, privacy-aware, portable, and enables detection of early-stage malignancy.
Before starting Niramai, co-founders Nidhi Mathur and Geetha Manjunath both worked at Xerox Research Center India. While Nidhi was senior product manager, Geetha served as Lab Director (Data Analytics).
Niramai’s solution is built on Thermalytix©, its patented technology. It is an artificial intelligence-led diagnostic-platform that uses thermal image processing and machine learning algorithms for reliable and accurate breast cancer screening to identify potential malignancies. The end-to-end solution includes off-the-shelf hardware, Niramai’s own so ware, training, auto- generation, and certification of reports, support, and maintenance.
19. OCEO Water: OCEO Smart Water Purifier is an intelligent, sustainable, and cost-effective way to dispense drinking water in homes as well as public spaces. With OCEO Smart Sensor innovation, the company measures and monitors drinking water usage, and maintains safe drinking and water hygiene at all times. It’s key offerings include:
The company is co-founded by Vikram Gulecha and Mahendra Dantewadiya.
20. Oorjan Cleantech Pvt Ltd: Oorjan Cleantech is a roof top solar platform that helps homes and businesses design, finance, and implement their rooftop PV (photovoltaic) systems. It also provides lifetime performance monitoring.
Oorjan offers instant and multiple price options and financing to customers using complex algorithms driven by geospatial info, weather APIs (application program interfaces), solar irradiation data and customer electricity consumption.
21. Paratus Knowledge Ventures Pvt Ltd: Co-founded by Bhargavi Risbud and Amol Patkar, Paratus Knowledge Ventures aims to bridge the gap between academics and professional success. It helps students develop a cognitive aptitude and life skills via a series of aptitude tests, olympiads, group discussions and real-life situations on its platform called Fundamentor.
Fundamentor is an adaptive, gamified, time-effective, and fun learning platform. The primary use-case is for students from Classes 3 to 10, helping them develop capabilities in problem solving, decision making, creative thinking, and communication. The secondary use case is among underprivileged children, to learn basic numeracy and literacy skills. Fundamentor’s combination of local language videos and language-agnostic games helps develop these skills.
22. Preksh Innovations Pvt Ltd: Preksh Innovations has developed an AR/VR (augmented reality/ virtual reality) technology platform that allows retailers to create immersive online shopping experiences for their customers.
The proprietary technology enables users to virtually walk through o line stores on the web, pick products, and shop. Within the virtual walk-throughs, the products are ‘tagged’ and linked to
the e-commerce back end of retailers using APIs (application programme interfaces). This provides a seamless and immersive experience to consumers. Preksh Innovations also has the experience available on VR gadgets where the visuals mimic a real-world shopping experience.
Preksh Innovations is co-founded by Sathvik Muralidhar, MA Kodandarama and Sharath Chandrashekar.
23. Qure.ai: Qure.ai helps diagnose disease and recommend personalised treatment plans from healthcare imaging data. With deep learning algorithms classifying X-rays, CT scans or MRIs, Qure.ai helps physicians prioritise cases and enables more accurate diagnosis, leading to better and cheaper outcomes for patients.
Qure.ai is co-founded by Prashant Warier and Pooja Rao. Previously, Prashant co-founded Imagna Analytics, an AI-powered personalised digital marketing firm that was acquired by Fractal Analytics.
Qure.ai uses deep learning algorithms to accurately detect and highlight abnormalities in medical images, reducing chances of misdiagnosis. With the help of multiple artificial intelligence (AI) frameworks such as image processing, visualising neural networks, state-of-the art research papers in computer vision and natural language processing (NLP)-based analysis of case histories, the app integrates the results of processed images with the viewing interface through cloud-based deployment.
24. Spectral Insights: Spectral Insights has built a full vertical integrated solution for pathology labs and hospitals. It converts manual microscopy operations into digital images and provides tools to significantly boost a pathologist’s efficiency in making a diagnosis.
Spectral Insights’s core portfolio comprises of proprietary spectral camera and an image analytics studio. Its fully automated digital microscope has been built for Indian (and the developing world’s) lab conditions. The software modules deal with most of the microscopy workload in a pathology lab or hospital.
Spectral Insights is co-founded by three former IMEC India colleagues - Prashanth Perugupalli, Dr. Sumit Nath and Dr. Dipankar Das. Prashanth was IMEC India’s Managing Director, while Sumit and Dipanakar were Principal Scientists there.
25. StomatoBot Technologies Pvt Ltd: StomatoBot Technologies is developing a computer vision product, WatchMan, an automated CCTV surveillance system providing proactive mobile alerts in near-real time, way beyond the capabilities of ordinary CCTVs. WatchMan functions in three steps:
The software identifies potentially undesirable incidents using computer vision, machine learning and deep learning models. Its cutting-edge technology uses face detection and reports instances of perimeter breach, insu icient lighting, blurring, motion and obstruction in the field of view (FoV), as well as loss of power and network to the camera. WatchMan also does vehicle counting and classification.
Anand Muglikar co-founded StomatoBot Technologies with his wife Rajashri and his father Anil, who’s in his sixties. Anand has been working in the field of computer vision for almost half a decade.
26. ThreatLandscape: ThreatLandscape is a cybersecurity firm providing advanced threat intelligence to security operations teams, cyber threat analysts, and incident responders with real-time insight on existing and emerging threats.
ThreatLandscape is co-founded by Abhishek Bhuyan, Navtej Singh and Praveen Hebbagodi. Abhishek and Navtej have more than two decades’ combined experience in security and vulnerability research. Praveen is a former director of engineering at Akamai Technologies.
ThreatLandscape offers one-click contexts with historical and real- time linkages between threats, campaigns, actors, and exploits. This helps prioritise alerts to reduce response time and increase the productivity of Security Operations Centres (SOCs) by 10X. ThreatLandscape also identifies trending vulnerabilities and offers first-hand information about misuse across any application to allow patch management teams prevent hacks.
27. Unocoin Technologies Pvt Ltd: Co-founded by Sathvik Vishwanath, Harish BV, and Abhinand Kaseti. Unocoin is India’s leading Bitcoin and blockchain company where users of its wallet can securely buy, sell, store, use, and accept Bitcoins.
28. Vicara: Vicara is a human augmentation startup developing a wearable technology that can help people work with their real and digital surroundings. Its product Kai is a minimalist wearable device that recognises hand gestures to interact with the digital world intuitively. It enables professionals to seamlessly interact and enhance productivity by creating a gesture-based computer experience.
Vicara is co-founded by Adarsh Warrier and Abhishek Satish, both engineering graduates from VIT University, Vellore.
29. Vitacloud Digital Health Pvt Ltd: VitaCloud adopts a data-driven approach to manage chronic health conditions. Its IoMT (Internet of Medical Things) platform helps care providers and patients to collaboratively manage chronic diseases by combining connected technologies, data, and the human touch.
VitaCloud is co-founded by Vinod Shankar, Rahul Upputuri and Rohin Bhargava, all previously working at Capgemini. There, Vinod was director and India/APAC head, Rahul a big-data researcher, and Rohin a data management and governance practice lead.
VitaCloud’s IoMT platform pulls data, in real time, from di erent health sources like wearables, in-home medical devices, laboratory reports, nutrition databases and population health studies to create a comprehensive health profile. It provides:
Caregivers and businesses can integrate VitaCloud’s services through a comprehensive API (application programming interface) or deploy a full-stack solution.
30. WareNow Services Pvt Ltd: Delhi-based Ware offers flexible, affordable, tailor-made, and on- demand warehouse solutions to connect businesses to available warehousing space across the country. It aims to systematise the highly unorganised warehousing sector in the Indian market.
Ware’s dynamic model is a viable way of purchasing warehousing services on demand – paying for only what is used – instead of owning distribution centres or signing contracts with third-party logistic providers.
Its system seamlessly integrates with the business functions and is easy to operate. Ware puts all the information in one place so that communication between the customer and the warehouses is efficient, relevant, and transparent.
Ware is co-founded by Aditya Goel and Rahul Raj, both IIT- BHU graduates.
Stay tuned to read the individual profiles of TECH30 2017.
Over the past month, Future Now has been covering the “grand challenges” we face as a society in a series of articles, videos and graphics. We polled a panel of people from various fields about the vital issues they believe deserve more attention – you can browse 50 of those responses below, which we’ll continue to draw on throughout this year. There’s a lot to digest in one sitting – so dip in, reflect, come back...
You can also catch up on the stories inspired by these responses that we’ve published to date here: The Grand Challenges.
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danah boyd, Principal Researcher at Microsoft ResearchData-driven technologies are increasingly being integrated into many different parts of society, from judicial decision-making processes to automated vehicles to the dissemination of news. Each of these implementations raises serious questions about what values are being implemented and to whom these implementations are accountable. There is increasing desire by regulators, civil society, and social theorists to see these technologies be “fair” and “ethical,” but these concepts are fuzzy at best. Meanwhile, there are significant trade-offs and local decisions that technical actors face on a day-to-day basis that shape the very structure of these systems. Developing responsible sociotechnical systems will require bridging the social-technical gap that can easily emerge as social actors and technical actors speak past one another.
Missy Cummings, Professor, Humans and Autonomy Lab, Duke UniversityI think one of the most important challenges faced by robotic systems of the future, which include driverless cars, drones, surgical and manufacturing robots, is how will we be able to certify these systems as safe, particularly those that embed artificial intelligence? By their very nature, artificial intelligence algorithms reason probabilistically and as uncertainty increases in the world, uncertainty increases in an algorithm’s ability to successfully and safely come to a solution. Presently we have no commonly-accepted approaches and without an industry standard for testing such stochastic systems, it is difficult for these technologies to be widely implemented.
Kate Darling, Research Specialist at MIT Media Lab. Fellow at the Harvard Berkman Klein Center for Internet & SocietyCompanies are going to follow their market incentives. That’s not a bad thing, but we can’t rely on them just to be ethical for the sake of it, for the most part. It helps to have regulation in place. We’ve seen this in privacy, or whenever we have a new technology, and we figure out how to deal with it.
Ezekiel Emanuel, Vice Provost for Global Initiatives and chair of the Department of Medical Ethics and Health Policy at the University of PennsylvaniaI think one of the big issues is going to be unemployment: automation, artificial intelligence, virtual reality. It seems pretty inevitable it’s going to create displacement of workers, ie unemployment. If you look at what gives people meaning in their lives, it’s three things: meaningful relationships, passionate interests, and meaningful work. Meaningful work is a very important element of someone’s identity.
Viktor Mayer Schonberger, Professor of Internet Governance and Regulation, Oxford Internet InstituteMy #1 issue is not the future of democracy (or related issues such as fake news, Trump, social networking bubbles, or even cybersecurity), but the future of humanity. As we are developing more and more ways to let computers take over reasoning through adaptive learning, we are faced with an existential question: what is it – long term – that makes us human? It used to be doing calculus, playing Chess (or Go), flying airplanes, driving cars, having a conversation, playing Jeopardy, or cooking (to name a few). What if data-driven, learning algorithms can do all that? What’s the essence of being human – is it radical creativity, irrational originality, craziness and illogicality? And if so, are we then shaping our learning institutions to help humans develop and nurture exactly these skills (our competitive advantages). In short, for me 2017 marks the year, when intra-human problems slowly begin to pale when compared to this more fundamental and existential one.
Peter Norvig, Director of Research, GoogleArtificial intelligence has proven to be quite effective at practical tasks – from labeling photos, to understanding speech and written natural language, to helping identify diseases. The challenge now is to make sure everyone benefits from this technology. It's important that machine learning be researched openly, and spread via open publications and open source code, so we can all share in the rewards.
Richard Alan Peters, Associate Professor of Electrical Engineering, Vanderbilt UniversityIn my opinion, the most important breakthrough in robotics and AI to come is the learning of concepts by learning sensory-motor coordination. An intelligent agent (animal or robot) that can manipulate the physical world while sensing the results of said manipulation forms one half of a complex dynamical system. The other half is the world. Complex dynamical systems form patterns in nature. In the case of an animal (including humans) that pattern occurs in the brain and spinal cord system. It relates sensing to action and vice-versa. In a robot, I like to call this “natural intelligence” to distinguish it from artificial intelligence which is usually acquired by a disembodied computer. Among other things this approach solves the symbol grounding problem (how an agent’s internal symbols relate to the physical world. This has been puzzled over since Aristotle.) And it solves the “frame problem” by providing a physical context for deliberative thought.
AI, although very useful, will never approach human intelligence until it is embodied. That is, of course, a hypothesis, a conjecture that has yet to be proven. But I believe we are close. These ideas were first set down by Rodney Brooks at MIT in the 1980’s. Brooks hypothesis isIntelligence is an emergent phenomenon that is the result of embodiment, situatedness, development and interaction.
Bruce Schneier, international security technologistThe Internet of Things is giving computers the ability to affect the world in a direct physicalmanner. As this happens to more and more things, the particular ways in which computers fail will become the way everything fails. This means more catastrophic failures, as bugs and vulnerabilities affect every instance of a piece of software. This will completely change how wethink about the risks of computerised cars, computerised appliances, computerised everything.
Tomotaka Takahashi, founder of Kyoto University’s Robo GarageIn 2017, cloud funding and hardware start ups are going to collapse. Because of the fake demo videos, people’s expectations to technology is getting too high, and no product can satisfy them. Only a few strong companies and products, such as Amazon Echo, can survive. I believe people are going to demand Echo with more humanity and portability, and social robots like RoBoHoN will find its market in five years.
Jonathan Zittrain, Professor of International Law at Harvard Law School and the Harvard Kennedy School of Government, Professor of Computer Science at the Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Director of the Harvard Law School Library, and Faculty Director of the Berkman Klein Center for Internet & SocietyI'm concerned about the reduction of human autonomy as our systems -- aided by technology -- become more complex and tightly coupled. Artificial intelligence is making some real progress right now, and our work is less to worry about a science fiction robot takeover, and more to see how technology can be used to help with human reflection and decisionmaking rather than to entirely substitute for it. If we "set it and forget it," we may rue how a system evolves, and that there is no clear place for an ethical dimension to be considered.
CITIES AND GLOBAL DEVELOPMENT
Mary Barra, CEO, General MotorsThe auto industry stands at an inflection point where rapidly advancing technology and evolving customer needs offer a unique opportunity to transform our relationship with customers, communities and the environment. Thanks to connectivity, electrification, autonomous vehicles and car- and ridesharing, the way customers interact with our vehicles is going to change in a way that hasn't happened since the industry was born more than 100 years ago. Some view this as a disruption – we believe it represents a tremendous opportunity to make people’s lives safer, simpler and better. Realising these changes demands the ability to recruit from a talented pool of diverse candidates with Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) expertise. Today, there is more demand for some STEM areas than there is available new talent and the demand continues to grow. It’s one of the reasons we are committed to doing all we can to encourage young people to pursue careers in STEM, particularly in Technology and Engineering.
Nootan Bharani, Lead Design Manager, Place Lab – Place Lab, University of ChicagoA pivot from just climate change to segregation. Specifically, the widening gap between wealthy and impoverished people, worldwide. Climate change is a causal factor in the increased(ing) disparity. So too are racism and classism.
Climate change exacerbates the challenges thrust upon impoverished people. The use and habitation of spaces demonstrates this clearly – the quantity, quality, and increasingly, the ability of one’s space to protect from harsher and unexpected elements.
Solutions should be structural as well as grass roots. Sound policy as well as micro-local community-based. Intentional systems got us into this pickle, and intentional systems will need to be part of the process to reach toward common vision and goals.
Scratching the surface are programmes offered by governments and utilities, to assist homeowners to weatherise their structures. Impoverished communities still lack the resource/capacity to capture full use of technologies – methods are already known and commonplace in sustainable new construction. The most robust and innovative energy efficiency programs are yet to benefit those that would feel the greatest impact from the captured savings.
Culture is intersectional, is an arbiter. Culture is part of the solution to finding common ground between wealthy and impoverished (and all in-between).
Vernacular architectures are expressions of the people and culture in a particular locale, in particular climates. My “dream” of seeing more vernacular architecture overlapped with contemporary design is a desire to see cultural identities expressed as much as it is a desire to see climate adaptive solutions for space.
Larry Burns, former corporate vice president of Research and Development for General MotorsAccording to the World Health Organisation, over 1.2 million people a year die from crashes on the world’s roadways. This is epidemic in scale. Traffic safety experts predict that over 90% of roadway fatalities can be eliminated when driverless vehicle technology reaches its full potential. Regulators, police organisations and liability experts responsibly caution that we cannot let driverless technology get in front of safety. However, like with all epidemics, we also have a responsibility to realise the full potential of cures as soon as possible. While we must be prudent, we also must not let those with vested interests in human driven cars slow progress. We must work together to safely accelerate the realisation of driverless vehicles. Reaching this imperative one-day sooner could save over 3,000 lives!
Vishaan Chakrabarti, Associate Professor of Practice at Columbia Graduate School of Architecture, Planning and PreservationThe major new challenge for the fields of architecture and urbanism will be to build what I call the "Public Metropolis," which means cities that are more ecologically sound, more equitable, more humane in their deployment of technology, more intense in their creation of new infrastructure, and more fervent in their roles as beacons for a free, diverse and open global society in a time when nativism and fascism are on the rise. The debate of whether to build dense, transit-based cities as the most environmentally sound growth model in a world in which billions are reaching the middle class is largely settled: the question that remains is not whether to build better cities, but how. Great civic architecture for both public and private projects will be pivotal to this question by enabling the creation of new cultural buildings, commercial projects, and infrastructures that read and write with the specifics of a place, so that we maintain local identities in a global world.
Lucy Jones, Science Advisor for Risk Reduction for the United States Geological SurveyWe do a great job as a society of funding and supporting innovative research – we really admire that aspect of it. What we do a very bad job at is making the interface between that esoteric research and how people can actually use the information.
People want predictions (for earthquakes). But people have to understand the scientific process. That’s problem number one: The communication phase. People on the outside turn to us (researchers) for answers, and we are so caught up in the scientific process that we know no answer that we’re talking about is final. There’s this gap that we’re not helping people understand, and it’s actively discouraged – if you have a young scientist who’s brilliant on TV explaining earthquakes, they may say no, I’m not going to do this because it’s going to hurt my career.
Rochelle Kopp, founder and Managing Principal of Japan Intercultural CounselingI would say that one of the biggest challenges for the 21st Century as relates to Japan and Asia, and indeed the rest of the world, is related to questions of immigration (which includes refugee issues). These have of course received a lot of attention in the media, but the discussions are often stuck at a basic level, and governmental policies and programs are often not sufficiently addressing the issues.
Specifically as for Asia: Japan, as well as Korea and China, are rapidly ageing and thus there will be increasing demand for labor in those countries, whereas many surrounding countries have surplus amounts of labour. Already we see Japan is very dependent on foreign labor in sectors like agriculture and construction, although not through formal immigration but rather through exploitative “trainee” programs.
Part of the debate around immigration and acceptance of refugees, both in Japan and other countries, relates to how to integrate people from another culture into a society. This is my field, of cross-cultural communication and understanding. There is a lot of room for further application of the lessons of the cross-cultural field in areas outside of business (where they are most often being utilised today), to help countries address issues related to immigrants and refugees.
Chris Leinberger, Nonresident Senior Fellow – Metropolitan Policy Program, Brookings InstituteThe real political and societal changes I’m seeing are taking place at the micro-local level: the biggest sociopolitical movement has been the organisation at the “place” level of the neighbourhood level, at least in this country. It’s under the radar screen – we are fundamentally inserting a new level of governance in society, and it’s taking the form of neighbourhood associations at the super local level, taking the form of improvement districts, special assessment districts, like in Midtown Manhattan. All of these places are becoming organised.
Every neighbourhood in this country has a neighbourhood organisation – 30 years ago this didn’t exist. Today, virtually every neighbourhood is organised. Business improvement districts in particular are making leaps and bounds in the management of our society and they are recognising and working with technology firms to far better understand how these places work. The next big technological jump is a software jump: we now have the hardware. The issue is coming up with software that will create the mega database that will understand every part of the built environment at the place level, and eventually, the metropolitan level.
Right now, nobody knows what’s in Midtown [Manhattan]. We don’t know what percentage of that is office; what percentage of that is retail. We didn’t have those data sets 15 years ago, and we didn’t have the software, and we certainly didn’t have the computing capability.
So when a city or when a business improvement district makes a major capital investment in the future, you could foresee the time that we’ll be able to say, ‘okay, let’s build the Second Avenue subway. It’ll cost us $5bn and this is the expected economic and tax revenues we will get from that based on this data set, and we will then decide what to do – and we will look at secondary consequences like gentrification and see how we’re going to address that based upon those future projects we make.’ We will learn much better how to plan, build, and pay for these places; invest in the right thing. Right now conclusions are based on guestimations, like ridership. We’re getting closer to saying this is going to be the economic and fiscal benefit of doing that, and here are the unintended consequences we need to be concerned about: congestion, gentrification, displacement, whatever. All those tools will help place managements. This is a new field of place management.
Edward Paice, Director, Africa Research InstituteIn Africa, very rapid urban growth – spatial and demographic – is occurring without adequate planning (or, in many locations, any planning at all). Even where master plans have been drawn up, these tend to be either ‘fantasy designs’ drawing on wholly inappropriate models such as Dubai or Singapore; or they mimic equally inappropriate plans drawn up for cities in Europe or the US. Urbanisation in Africa is occurring in its own distinctive fashion and there are significant variations within and between countries. But one common feature is that the economies of nearly all towns and cities are predominantly informal. The creation of long-term, decent jobs by the state and private enterprise is woefully inadequate; industrialisation remains for the most part absent. For African urbanisation to become a positive economic and social development, as opposed to a ticking time-bomb, urban planning needs to incorporate total populations, not simply the rich and middle classes; this is the only way that the economic potential of the majority can be harnessed for the national good. How can this be done? Firstly, citizens have to be involved. Community participation in slum redevelopment initiatives has proven to be a far more productive and cheaper way of going about things than imposing ill-conceived, expensive schemes from above. Secondly, the technology exists to facilitate the rapid planning required – for example, data collection with mobile phones and satellite imagery have already been beneficial. Thirdly, urban-dwellers everywhere – voters – can mobilise even more effectively to ensure that their elected representatives deliver more. We are seeing this occurring in more and more towns and cities and it is a very positive development for cities, for infrastructure development and for democracy. Even in autocracies there is always room for citizens to organise and thereby secure services or rights that they have been denied. The final, essential, component is political will. This has been conspicuously lacking, but more determined and competent mayors and city leaders are emerging and the power of example is considerable.
The majority of Africans will live in towns and cities by 2050. Management consultancies and international financiers routinely claim that rapid urbanisation is one of the great pluses in the investment case for Africa. As things stand, this is hyperbolic nonsense. For towns and cities to drive economic growth and livelihood improvement, more imaginative and effective urban planning and management are imperative; and the provision of public goods must replace a narrow focus on the wellbeing of elites.
Nick Reed, Academy Director at the Transport Research LaboratorySafety of travel – by that I mean not just the 1.3m that die on the roads each year (clearly unacceptable) but also the broader implications (effects on mental health and respiratory illness through poor air quality; need to move sustainable travel – walking and cycling to tackle obesity, diabetes etc)
Automation – as we move towards automated, electric vehicles, need to consider the effect on employment and wider implications of how we access mobility. Travelling on busy roads at peak hours could become the preserve of those who can afford to pay – how does that affect commuting etc; how will this change urban planning etc.
AI – automated vehicles are one application of AI but what are the wider implications for employment (need for universal basic income?), privacy and security
Shin-pei Tsay, Executive Director, Gehl InstituteWithin urban areas, a significant constraint today and into the future will be how people move around the city. Many extoll the potential of technology to overcome that problem. Whatever technology may accomplish, we will still need to think about how space is used: automated and ride-sharing vehicles take up as much room as regular cars, whether they're on the road or parked off the street. Going into the future, urban space still needs to be designed to maximize places for people to congregate, which are key to building social connections, fostering a sense of belonging, and encouraging community efficacy. Space for human connection is often not considered at all against technological solutions in cities.
Without the design of places to support a social dimension, cities will not thrive regardless of how much technology we attempt to integrate, design for, and adopt. Public health outcomes increase when isolation diminishes and people connect. We save billions in environmental costs if we plan for places that encourage people to spend time outside. We even reduce economic limitations in labor markets when we plan for places that allow people to shorten their commute distances and have access to stores, schools, and other daily services.
It's always fun to consider panaceas that can theoretically solve age-old problems (in this case, growing populations with increasing travel needs). However, not nearly enough attention is given to the social impacts of these new solutions. We must carefully consider how they may change the physical shape and design of our cities in the future. Most importantly, we must be aware of how they might isolate us. After all, by limiting our ability to socialize, technology may only generate new problems to replace the ones it "solved."
HEALTH AND HUMANITY
Nicholas Agar, professor of ethics at the Victoria University of WellingtonRecent advances in gene editing suggest a future in which we can radically upgrade human genomes. We might use tools including CRISPR to rewrite genes that influence traits such as intelligence and lifespan. We should bear in mind when we contemplate this enhanced future that the obvious answers aren’t always the right ones. The human genome isn’t something we should seek to build a wall around, protecting it from all change. But a rush to enhance ourselves may erase aspects of our humanity that proper reflection reveals as valuable. More IQ points aren’t better than fewer in the straightforward way that more money is better than less. We risk oversimplifying what’s involved in enhancement. Proper reflection on what about us we might want to preserve takes time – it should draw on a wide range of perspectives about what it means to be human. It’s difficult to set aside this time for ethical reflection when new technological possibilities seem to be coming thick and fast.
Luke Alphey, visiting professor, Department of Zoology, University of OxfordAgricultural pest insects, and mosquitoes transmitting diseases, are long-standing problems for which we still have no satisfactory solution, indeed the problems are becoming more pressing. Modern genetics can potentially provide powerful new means for controlling these ancient enemies with greater effectiveness and precision – for example minimal off-target effects on the environment – than currently-used methods. Gene drives are just one aspect of this, but perhaps encapsulate some of the issues. One gene drive system, involving inserting into mosquito cells a large amount of foreign (to the mosquito) DNA in the form of an intracellular bacterium (Wolbachia), has entered field trials in several countries. This specific system has avoided the “genetic” or “GMO” label and regulatory system by adroit marketing and some technicalities and perhaps illustrates what could be done if the field were not caught up in the baggage and polarised politics of the GM crops “debate”. Potential applications of genetic methods in public health and conservation biology, for example, have very little in common with GM crops; lumping them together risks poor debate, poor policy and – in my view – potential delay or loss of huge human and environmental benefits.
Elizabeth Bradley, Professor of Grand Strategy, Head of Branford College, Professor of Public Health and Faculty Director of the Yale Global Health Leadership InstituteThe tremendous impact that social, environmental and behavior factors have on our health overall. Recent research has shown that a country’s ratio of health to social service spending is predictive of some key health outcomes, like life expectancy, infant mortality, and maternal mortality. Genetics and health care play a role, but social, environmental, and behavioral factors have far greater impact on the whole health of a population.
Some examples of social service investments include job training, supportive housing, and nutritional support – all of which have traditionally had an underestimated focus of attention. Health and social services should be better integrated toward the achievement of common metrics, like lower rates of smoking, obesity, and depression. More research is needed, to measure the health care cost savings of early childhood education or income support programs, and to identify the most sustainable integrated models. Meaningful change in our world’s health may come less from investing in medical care than in addressing the social determinants of health.
Chelsea Clinton, Vice Chair, Clinton FoundationRead Clinton’s extended response about the US opioid epidemic.
Jennifer Doudna, Professor of Molecular and Cell Biology and Chemistry at the University of California, Berkeley, co-inventor of CRISPR-Cas9 technologyAs a co-inventor of CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing technology, I am delighted to see that this groundbreaking ability to “cut and paste” genes so efficiently is being harnessed as a strategy to create new food, therapeutics, materials and methods for controlling the spread of diease.
A challenge moving forward is how to best engage the public with this fundamental science that really can positively impact human life and the world we live in. I believe that we must continue to discuss and consider the profound societal and ethical impacts of CRISPR technology and ensure that it is not abused.c
Joel Garreau, author, journalist, Professor of Law, Culture and Values, Sandra Day O’Connor College of Law, Arizona State UniversityThe major challenge consuming me is that the wheels are coming off the Enlightenment right now, on our watch, and it’s our own damn fault.
The GRIN technologies – the genetics, robotics, information and nano revolutions – are advancing on a curve. Meanwhile, we humans are trying to process this exponential change with our good old v. 1.0 brains. With precious little help at all from those creating this upheaval.
Folk are not stupid. They can clearly detect the ground moving beneath their feet, and that of their children and jobs and futures. When the ground moves beneath her feet, any sane primate looks for something apparently solid to hold onto. Anybody with apparently simple stories about what’s going on, forcefully told, *will* get attention.
You’ve doubtless seen the data about how the most common job in the vast majority of states is truck driver. So what are we doing? We’re obsoleting these jobs as fast as we can, with a hand wave about how, “Oh, they’ll find better jobs.” While, meanwhile, the rate of suicide and drug addiction and protest voting among the solid middle-aged former middle-class soars. These guys are not stupid. They know they’ve been had. And we’re going to pay for it. And don’t tell me the solution is to have the robots just give them a guaranteed income. Humans require meaning as surely as food.
The days when scientists could not [care] about the impact of their work on cultural, values and society are over. If they ever existed, which they didn’t, but that’s water over the dam.
I can’t tell you how many times I’ve talked to guys working on, oh, something like massively increasing the number and power of mitochondria in human cells. And I’m like, you know that if you massively increase the amount of energy creation in cells, you’re talking about changing what it means to be human, right? Are you intentionally trying to create supermen? And the answer every time is “Wow, what a fascinating question, I never thought of that.”
It’s not that these scientists are stupid, obviously. It’s that they’re tunnel-vision. They don’t wake up thinking about how they can change the human race. They wake up thinking about how they’re going to wire the goddamn monkey. That’s just the way these guys are.
Fix it. Get out of your silo. If you can’t figure out the societal and cultural implications of what you’re doing, start seeking out people who might, and start systematically having lunch with them. And then invite the most interesting ones into your lab with the goal of them becoming partners.
One example of this was the scientist who was spending her life finding the biomarkers for a disease for which there was no cure. Mercifully, her lab was among the first to start systematically bringing in partners from entirely outside. One of them asked, “What’s the point of creating despair? Might it be possible for you to find it interesting to search for a biomarker for a disease to which there is a cure?” To which she replied, of course, “Wow, what a fascinating question, I never thought of that.” But once it was pointed out to her, she happily did find another interesting biomarker problem that was culturally useful.
Culture moves slower than does innovation. That’s just what humans are like. Deal with it, or watch the collapse of the Enlightenment as they ever increasingly come at you with torches and pitchforks – and correctly so. Mary Shelley knew her humans.
My wife and I used to raise border collies. Border collies make terrible pets. You can not give an intelligent species nothing to do. If you don’t give them sheep, or something comparably interesting, they will come up with something to occupy their great minds. And you may not like it.
Laurie Garrett, Pulitzer Prize-winning science journalist, senior fellow for global health at the Council on Foreign Relations1. Greatest frustration: It is deeply annoying and vexing that CRISPR-cas9 and other gene editing techniques are being applied to treatment of rare diseases and a host of pharmacology development, but little investment is directed toward application of state-of-the-art gene editing or metagenomic sequencing and detection for point-of-care diagnostics creation. There are many exciting developments at the lab bench level that could translate into "Star Trek"-like abilities to wade into epidemic hysteria and swiftly identify who is infected, and with what organism. There are even innovations that allow identification on-the-spot of infections with previously unknown microbes, based on conserved genetic regions found in classes of viruses or bacteria. But nobody seems interested in bankrolling such game-changing innovations for production on a mass scale. It's a market failure issue – a where's-the-profits problem. If Ebola broke out somewhere tomorrow we are better off today in that some methods for quickly identifying the virus in blood samples exist, but even now they remain noncommercial, require a laboratory and have no relevance to real-world conditions.
2. In 2009-10 some in the national security community were obsessed with concern about gain-of-function research, mainly on flu viruses. Researchers were deliberately creating forms of H5N1 and H7N9 and H1N1 that could be passed mammal-2-mammal, probably human-to-human. The goal on researchers' parts was to understand what genetic switches had to occur to turn a bird flu into a potentially catastrophic human airborne transmissible pandemic strain. But of course the work was very dangerous – especially if it got into the wrong hands.That was then, this is now: The technology of gene modification is far more advanced, and application of cutting edge gene excision and incision techniques makes gain-of-function work potentially far easier, and more dangerous. The two governments that were taking the lead on dual-use research of concern issues (UK and US) are both preoccupied now with very different problems and new leadership. And the WHO was the lead global agency – it is facing a major leadership change. So we have no guidance regarding how governments are likely to view these issues.
Tim Jinks, Head of Drug Resistant Infections at Wellcome TrustModern medicine depends on doctors having effective drugs to treat infections. But many common infections are becoming more difficult to treat because bacteria are becoming resistant to the drugs available. Drug-resistant infection – or antimicrobial resistance – is a very serious health threat to us all. Already it results in around 700,000 deaths a year globally. Within a generation it could be 10 million; it could mean we can no longer safely carry out not only complex, lifesaving treatments such as chemotherapy and organ transplants but also more routine operations like caesareans and hip replacements. More needs to be done to improve our ability to diagnose, treat and prevent drug resistant infections and to speed up development of new antibiotics to replace those no longer effective in protecting us against deadly infections.
Anit Mukherjee, policy fellow at the Center for Global DevelopmentTechnological innovation is progressing rapidly not only in the digital sphere but also in areas such as health, education, nutrition, food safety and life-saving/enhancing drugs. However, the gains of these new technologies are being captured by a minority of the population both domestically and internationally. While the digital divide has received more attention (and being bridged significantly), inequality is manifesting in other sectors that ultimately affect peoples’ well being. One outcome is human migration which is not only political but also economic and social. The other is the more frequent outbreaks of diseases, epidemics and pandemics such as ebola, MARS and Zika. In a world where there is a sentiment against movement of goods and people, how can developing societies adapt to increasing inequalities and build systems of governance to ensure human security?
Pardis Sabeti, Associate Professor of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology and of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard UniversityThe recent Ebola and Zika epidemics exposed our global vulnerabilities to deadly microbial threats and highlighted the need for proactive measures in advance of outbreaks and swift action during them. At the same time it shows our ability to prevent, diagnose, and treat deadly infectious diseases through new technologies. It is a time of great potential for devastation or advancement for one of the greatest challenges of our lifetimes.
Robert Sparrow, adjunct professor, Centre for Human Bioethics, Monash UniversityWhat does justice require of wealthy Northern states when confronted by mass migration from increasingly impoverished Southern countries as a result of accelerating climate change?
How should we respond, both ethically and emotionally, to the knowledge that we are living through one of history’s fastest periods of extinction and that this catastrophe is the result of humankind’s activities?
As technological developments increasingly drive social change, how can democratic societies empower ordinary people to have a say in the decisions that shape the technological trajectories that will in turn determine what the future looks like?
How can the public have meaningful input into the character of the algorithms that will increasingly determine both the nature of their relationships with other people on social media and their access to various important social goods?
How can we prevent an underwater arms race involving autonomous submersibles over the coming decades?
Should we use “gene drives” to try to eliminate disease vectors in nature?
How can we ensure that questions about meaning and values, and not just calculations of risks and benefits, are addressed in decisions about human genome editing?
Eric Topol, Scripps Transatlantic Science InstituteOur major challenge is related to our new capability of digitizing human beings. That is, via biosensors, DNA sequencing and imaging, we can define each individual’s medical essence. But the problem is that this generates many terabytes of data, which includes real-time streaming of key metrics like blood pressure. Aggregating and processing the data, derived from many sources, with algorithms and artificial intelligence (particularly deep learning) is a daunting task. Once we can do this, we’ll be on our way to a virtual medical coach – your smartphone providing instantaneous feedback on all your health and medical metrics to help prevent you from getting sick.
Mike Turner, Head of Infection and Immunobiology at Wellcome TrustInfectious disease outbreaks are a growing threat to health and prosperity in our modern world. Vast amounts of international travel, increasing urbanisation and a changing climates means that viruses can cross borders and spread around the globe faster than ever before. Recent outbreaks like Sars, Ebola and Zika have all shown how unprepared the world is to deal with epidemics. To stand any chance of tackling this threat, we need new vaccines, stronger healthcare systems and a better coordinated global response.
At Wellcome, we’re working to address this threat in a variety of ways; we are a founding partner of the Coalition for Epidemics Preparedness Innovations (Cepi) that will develop new vaccine candidates against infections we know could cause a serious epidemic. The WHO also needs to be much better funded and have the mandate to respond swiftly and effectively when diseases do begin to spread. Only by investing, coordinating and working together can we expect to prepare the world for the next inevitable epidemic.
Watch our animation with words by Bill Gates on Cepi’s vaccine plans.
Gavin Yamey, professor of the practice of global health, Duke University Global Health InstituteI believe one of the most urgent global issues that we face in 2017 and beyond, and one that we are woefully ill-prepared for, is the threat of epidemics and pandemics. We have three enormous gaps in the global system of preparedness. First, many countries have weak national systems for detecting and responding to outbreaks. Second, we have too few vaccines, medicines, and diagnostics for emerging infectious diseases with outbreak potential. Third, at the international level, we simply don’t yet have a robust, joined-up approach to providing the essential components of a preparedness and response system – like surge capacity in producing vaccines in a crisis, an inter-connected global surveillance system, or a global reserve corps of emergency responders. Closing these three gaps is one of the most urgent global priorities if we are to avert a potential world catastrophe. For example, if we suffer another flu pandemic similar to the 1918 “Spanish flu,” the World Bank estimates that there could be 71 million deaths and a global recession costing over $3 trillion.
Homi Kharas, senior fellow and deputy director of Brookings Institute’s Global ProgramThe battle for sustainable development will be won or lost in cities. 150 million people are moving to cities each year. By 2050, over 7 billion people will live in cities (80% of the world), and cities will be responsible for 75% of global carbon emissions. Cities are places where infrastructure gets locked in for decades, if not centuries, but city planners must make investments now in a world where technology is changing rapidly where people live, work and play, and how they access buildings, transport, energy and waste management. The fastest growth is happening in thousands of secondary cities where mayors and city managers are not well schooled in technical urban planning. Often, these secondary cities must collaborate with each other to deliver services effectively across boundaries within larger metropolitan areas.
Carey King, assistant director, University of Texas at Austin Energy InstituteWe need a discussion as to what political leaders, business leaders, and citizens think is an appropriate distribution of wealth across the entire population. This focuses on the real question (how many people have what, independent of the size of the economy, though the two are linked) instead of discussing how to shape policies and taxes to achieve an unspecified growth target independent of wealth distribution. Trump, Brexit, and Le Pen are representations that people understand growth only for the elite in the West is no longer tenable.An issue that has not received enough attention in the media and popular understanding is that the Earth is finite and this fact will have real world physical, economic, social, and political implications. Neoclassical economics ignores this obvious fact, yet it is used to guide most policy (eg, economic projections and scenarios), including that for climate change mitigation. Thus, we are using an economic theory that is simply incapable and inapplicable for informing an unprecedented transformation of the economy.
Vijay Padmanabhan, Asian Development Bank, Technical Advisor (Urban)The one major challenge we will face due to urbanisation will be 'water security'. We are already grappling with this problem across our developing member countries and with deteriorating river or surface water quality, lack of sufficient ground water sources and increasing dependence on sea water as a supply source, we have to bring in innovations in water management. Treatment technology, water aquifer mapping, recycling and reuse of wastewater, etc. are areas of R&D investment.
ADB is working with a large number of utilities to address these issues and as we engage on a long term basis with many cities and utilities, we will be actively exploring opportunities to bring in value for money propositions so that the utility benefits in the long term. We are also connecting with industry leaders to understand market trends so that we can bring the best to our developing member countries.
William Ryerson, founder and president, the Population Institute and Population Media CenterPerhaps a summary is that the human enterprise has outgrown the long-ability of the planet’s renewable resources to support us at our current numbers and our current rates of consumption and waste generation. Climate change is just one piece of evidence of this fact. Technological improvements, while potentially important in reducing per capita impact, are not sufficient to make us sustainable unless we also stop growth in human numbers and reduce average consumption, while simultaneously lessening the gap between the richest and the poorest people on the planet. Sustainability is a term that is not well understood and is misused, but the reality is that any activity that is not sustainable will stop. So far, non-renewable resources are what are primarily driving our economic engine. But by definition, non-renewables are being depleted and for the most part will stop being economically available in this century. So we must plan rapidly for the day when humanity can live using just renewable resources, while maintaining the biodiversity that makes the planet habitable. In truth, sustainability is the ultimate environmental issue, the ultimate health issue, and the ultimate human rights issue.
Strategies that help to bring about changes in societal behaviour, including reproductive behavior, are critically important in achieving sustainability. Use of entertainment media is a key component of such strategies, since a large share of humanity consume entertainment mass media during free time. For that reason, Population Media Center utilises long-running serialised dramas in various countries to create characters that gradually evolve into positive role models for the audience to bring about changes in social norms on a broad array of critical issues. Attached are three documents that describe this work and its effects.
Jim Watson, Director of the UK Energy Research CentreWe need to think about how the system will fit together as our energy systems change.Globally speaking there is still a lot of people – 1.5 billion or so – who do not have access to modern energy services. There is going to be a lot of rising demand from regions like Africa.
One of the big challenges of deploying new energy technologies, particularly these intermittent renewables like wind and solar, is the impact they have on the system. It used to be that in the summer it was a really quiet time for the grid operator compared to the winter, but now they are having this peak in generation in summer due to solar energy when demand is low. They are having to juggle this as we cannot store electricity in large quantities yet. This is a new way of operating for them.
With the sort of changes we are seeing in energy systems around the world, cheaper and better storage is going to be a big part of the solution. When it comes to heating for somewhere like the UK, you might need storage that lasts several months. You get a lot of energy generated in the summer and you might need it in the winter to heat homes. This is an area that is really ripe for innovation and we are really only at the start of deploying and trailing those. It is a critical part of this new system we are trying to create.
FUTURE OF THE INTERNET, MEDIA AND DEMOCRACY
Peter Barron, VP Communications, EMEA, GoogleGoogle was built on providing people with high-quality and authoritative results for their search queries. We strive to give users a breadth of diverse content from variety of sources and we’re committed to the principle of a free and open web. Judging which pages on the web best answer a query is a challenging problem and we don’t always get it right. When non-authoritative information ranks too high in our search results, we develop scalable, automated approaches to fix the problems, rather than manually removing these one-by-one. We recently made improvements to our algorithm that will help surface more high quality, credible content on the web. We’ll continue to change our algorithms over time in order to tackle these challenges.
Rohit Chandra, VP Engineering, YahooSearch providers face a confluence of human and technology challenges. While we provide the portal for users to find information, we depend on content creators and distributors to apply journalistic discipline to what they are creating. The scale of popular social networks has democratized publishing, which effectively lets anyone – regardless of their intentions or qualifications – produce content that can appear journalistic.
Another challenge is that technology-driven online engines like ours learn through click-feedback or “crowd-sourcing.” That runs the risk of perpetuating a “herd-mentality” – in which if lots of users start chasing a particular news source (maybe based on shock value rather than credibility), our AI-systems could accidentally “learn” and treat that source as highly valued or credible.
I do see a need in the market to develop standards, perhaps from an organization like Nielsen. Facebook and others are working on this, too. The answer has to be a combination of technology and editorial; we can’t fact-check every story, but there must be enough human eyes on the content that we know the quality bar stays high.
Eddie Copeland, director of government Innovation at Nesta, a UK charity that has looked at the future of democracy in the digital worldRather than waiting for politicians to make decisions and then we all argue over whether what they say reflects reality, we could have tools that engage people much earlier in the process so they can be involved in formulating ideas and drafting legislation, following the course of how ideas go from concept to becoming laws and how effective they are in reality. It might just give you a fighting chance of making people feel part of a system rather than observing it from the outside.
Nonny de la Pena, virtual reality journalist and CEO of Emblematic GroupCall me idealistic, but I really believe if you have an informed global citizenry, then people are going to make better decisions. We are going through the pain of, how do we convey information that’s accurate? People may not be looking at traditional media for their solutions. I think for audiences, VR is a totally different type of story. There is nothing in print or radio or broadcast that can let you walk around in actual space. That kind of effort, of making those kinds of pieces, is going to get easier and easier. You’ll be walking around the scene, not looking at flat screen or video.
When you walk around, it’s a whole other level. Now your body can engage. Now when I go to the movies, I find the frames so artificial – I can see the box. I see the square. When I put on a headset, I see the world. The fact that audiences are going to be engaged with this kind of storytelling make sit a very important opportunity for journalism to embrace.
Ben Fletcher, senior software engineer at IBM Watson Research who worked on a project to build an AI fact checkerWe got a lot of feedback that people did not want to be told what was true or not. At the heart of what they want, was actually the ability to see all sides and make the decision for themselves. A major issue most people face, without knowing it, is the bubble they live in. If they were shown views outside that bubble they would be much more open to talking about them.
Kevin Kelly, founding executive editor of Wired MagazineThe major new challenge in reporting news is the new shape of truth. Truth is no longer dictated by authorities, but is networked by peers. For every fact there is a counterfact. All those counterfacts and facts look identical online, which is confusing to most people. The only way a fact becomes accepted as true is to be networked with other facts consider to be true. Like in Science, all truth is provisional, although some is more provisional than others. The Truth is really a network of truths, and each of these true facts is probabilistic. The probability of a fact being true is increased by the degree it is networked with other true facts and the reliability of truthfulness by its source. So the challenge before us is to begin to construct a truth signaling layer into the fabric of facts, particularly online. This will be a multi-generational effort that will resemble the construction of wikipedia, but goes far beyond it.
Stephan Lewandowsky, a psychologist at University of Bristol who studies persistence of misinformation in societyHaving a large number of people in a society who are mis-informed and have their own set of facts is absolutely devastating and extremely difficult to cope with.
There are solutions available – using the technology that has given rise to this problem. Turning it upside down by changing the algorithms in Facebook or on Google to nudge people into sharing or consuming news that are slightly outside their normal comfort zone. What is happening now is that the cookies you gather as you browse the web will tell the website what it is you like.
The way to get out of this polarisation is for these algorithms to suggest something that I might not like or agree with but is not so offensive to me that I wouldn’t look at it. That way you can keep people from self-radicalising in these ecological bubbles. That sort of technological solution is one good way forward. I think we have to work on that.
Alexios Mantzarlis, chair of the International Fact Checking NetworkI see a challenge in the flood of reasonable-looking information out there making it harder to distinguish between sources of information. Search algorithms are as flawed as the people who develop them. We should think about adding layers of credibility to sources. We need to tag and structure quality content in effective ways.
Will Moy, director of Full Fact, an independent fact checking organisation based in the UKEven if we have structures that impose constraints on people in power and we put pressure on powerful people to be honest with us, in a sense, all of that is being circumvented by social media. On Facebook, political bodies can put something out, pay for advertising, put it in front of millions of people, yet it is hard for those not being targeting to know they have done that. They can target those people based on how old they are, where they live, what skin colour they have, what gender they are.
These messages are so common and so targeted, they are capable of having a massive influence on public decisions. We have never had a time when it has been so easy to advertise to millions of people and not have the other millions of us notice. You can’t take out an advert in a newspaper and not have the people you are not targeting not notice. that is a really profound change. We shouldn’t think of social media as just peer to peer communication – it is also the most powerful advertising platform there has ever been.We need a more equipped environment - we need watchdogs that will go around and say hang on, this doesn’t stack up and ask them to correct the record. There is a role for watchdogs and there is also a role for all of us.
Paul Resnick, professor of information at the University of Michigan who developed a tool for identifying rumours on social media called RumourLensThe fundamental challenge we now face is how to handle a setting where anybody can get their views disseminated without intermediaries to prevent the distribution. Somehow there still has to be some process of collectively coming to some agreement of what we are going to believe and what we think are consensual facts.
A lot of what I have seen in terms of approaches to deal with that are trying to do things that are focused on assessing the content of factual claims to try to verify whether they are true or not.
I don’t think that at its heart will be the mechanism. I think that it is going to be not figuring what to believe but who to believe.
Most individuals can’t personally verify most factual claims that we hear. If you think about some of the things you personally believe that are fact, there are many that you have not personally verified. It would be tremendously inefficient for all of us to try to personally verify all of these things. We have to have a setting where we trust other people.
Victoria Rubin, director of the language and information technology research lab at Western University, Ontario, CanadaIf there are people who are willing to blatantly refuse to believe that something is a lie, no matter how hard you try, they won't listen. I'm not sure what amount of evidence is needed in this new paradigm of journalism to get newsreaders out of their new bubbles. Human psychology is the main obstacle, unwillingness to bend one's mind around facts that don't agree with one's own viewpoint.
We're studying how news framing affects attribution of blame for events described in the news, and whether there is mitigating effect of partisan beliefs. The second newer misleading type of fakes that's gaining traction is native ads (specifically, in news), or sponsored content that's disguised as editorials, or what's formerly known as advertorials. Such misleading practice constitutes an internal threat to the profession of journalism and may further deteriorate mainstream media trust. If information users are unaware of the Native Ads original promotional nature, they may find themselves insufficiently informed or misled by its content.
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PostgreSQL-CE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
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Trainers [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
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VCE [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
Veeam [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
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Vmware [58 Certification Exam(s) ]
Wonderlic [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Worldatwork [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
XML-Master [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Zend [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
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