|Exam Name||:||C.P.M. Module 2: Supply Environment|
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|Updated On||:||April 22, 2019|
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posted on 03 April 2019
Written by using Steven Hansen
The ISM non-manufacturing (aka ISM functions) index and the Markit PMI functions Index continued their increase cycle however declined.
Analyst Opinion of the ISM and Markit capabilities Survey
both services surveys are in enlargement - and declined this month. These are weaker experiences than remaining month.
From Econoday:Consensus diversityConsensus exactMarkit facilitiesfifty four.8 to 55.1 54.8 55.three ISM facilities54.0 to fifty nine.558.0 fifty six.1 strong upturn in functions undertaking, but enterprise expectations drop to lowest since December 2017
economic exercise in the non-manufacturing sector grew in March for the a hundred and tenth consecutive month, say the nation's purchasing and provide executives in the latest Non-Manufacturing ISM® file On business®.
The document became issued these days by using Anthony Nieves, CPSM, C.P.M., A.P.P., CFPM, Chair of the Institute for provide administration® (ISM®) Non-Manufacturing company Survey Committee: "The NMI® registered 56.1 percent, which is 3.6 percent points lessen than the February studying of 59.7 percent. This represents continued growth within the non-manufacturing sector, at a slower cost. The Non-Manufacturing company recreation Index decreased to fifty seven.4 p.c, 7.three percentage facets reduce than the February analyzing of 64.7 p.c, reflecting boom for the 116th consecutive month, at a slower price in March. the brand new Orders Index registered fifty nine percent, 6.2 percent elements lower than the reading of sixty five.2 percent in February. The Employment Index extended 0.7 percent point in March to fifty five.9 p.c from the February reading of 55.2 percent. The expenditures Index extended four.3 percent features from the February studying of fifty four.4 p.c to fifty eight.7 percent, indicating that costs improved in March for the 22nd consecutive month. in line with the NMI®, sixteen non-manufacturing industries reported boom. The non-manufacturing sector's boom cooled off in March after powerful boom in February. Respondents stay commonly positive about standard company conditions and the economic system. They nevertheless have underlying issues about employment supplies and skill constraints."
The sixteen non-manufacturing industries reporting growth in March — listed so as — are: construction; other functions; expert, Scientific & Technical services; fitness Care & Social counsel; accommodation & meals functions; Public Administration; Mining; administration of businesses & help features; Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & searching; Transportation & Warehousing; actual property, apartment & Leasing; tips; Arts, leisure & undertaking; Utilities; Finance & coverage; and Wholesale exchange. the two industries that shriveled in March are: tutorial functions; and Retail alternate.ISM capabilities Index
There are two sub-indexes in the ISM features which have first rate correlations to the financial system - the enterprise endeavor Index and the new Orders Index - both have first rate song records in spotting an incipient recession - both ultimate in territories linked to enlargement.
This index and its associated sub-indices are fairly unstable.
The complete ISM manufacturing and non-manufacturing survey table are beneath.
Econintersect does give severe consideration to this survey as the carrier sector bills for eighty% of the financial system and 90% of employment. besides the fact that children, this an opinion survey and isn't complicated information.Caveats on the use of the ISM Non-Manufacturing Index:
here is a survey, a quantification of opinion. besides the fact that children, as cited above, certain facets of this survey have good to miraculous correlation to the economic system for as long because it has been in existence. Surveys lead hard records by means of weeks to months and may supply early perception into altering situations.
The main ISM non-manufacturing index (NMI) is so new that it does not have sufficient statistics background to have legit simple task about the way it correlates to the economy. again, two sub-indices (enterprise exercise and new orders) do have decent correlation for the restricted historical past available.
No survey is accurate in projecting employment - and the ISM Non-Manufacturing Employment Index is not any exception. however there are some standard correlation in tendencies in case you stand some distance ample returned from this graph, month-to-month actions have not correlated neatly with the BLS carrier Sector Employment statistics.
The ISM non-manufacturing survey does not assemble a composite index like its manufacturing cousin. The enterprise endeavor index, which is in reality equivalent to the construction index in the manufacturing survey, is generally followed as the key determine from this survey.
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New Orders, creation, and Employment transforming into
organization Deliveries Slowing at Slower fee; Backlog becoming
uncooked materials Inventories becoming; consumers' Inventories Too Low
costs reducing; Exports and Imports becoming
TEMPE, Ariz., March 1, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- economic exercise within the manufacturing sector improved in February, and the universal economy grew for the 118th consecutive month, say the nation's give executives within the latest Manufacturing ISM® record On business®.
The document turned into issued nowadays with the aid of Timothy R. Fiore, CPSM, C.P.M., Chair of the Institute for give administration® (ISM®) Manufacturing business Survey Committee: "The February PMI® registered 54.2 p.c, a lower of 2.four percentage elements from the January studying of 56.6 %. the new Orders Index registered fifty five.5 %, a decrease of 2.7 percentage points from the January reading of 58.2 p.c. The construction Index registered 54.8 percent, 5.7-percentage element lessen compared to the January reading of 60.5 %. The Employment Index registered fifty two.3 percent, a reduce of 3.2 percentage aspects from the January reading of 55.5 p.c. The corporation Deliveries Index registered fifty four.9 percent, a 1.three percent element lower from the January analyzing of fifty six.2 percent. The Inventories Index registered 53.4 p.c, a rise of 0.6 percent aspect from the January reading of 52.8 %. The fees Index registered forty nine.four p.c, a 0.2-percentage factor reduce from the January reading of 49.6 p.c, indicating lessen uncooked materials expenditures for the second straight month after very nearly three years of raises.
"comments from the panel replicate persevered increasing enterprise energy, supported via super demand and output, youngsters each had been softer than the prior month. Demand growth persevered with the brand new Orders Index attaining the mid-50s, the shoppers' Inventories Index scoring lessen and ultimate too low, and the Backlog of Orders returning to a low 50's enlargement stage. Consumption (construction and employment) persisted to expand, however fell a combined eight.9 elements from the old month's stages. Inputs — expressed as service provider deliveries, inventories and imports — stabilized at a mid 50's degree and had a mild terrible affect on the PMI®. Inputs proceed to mirror an easing company environment, proven by way of fees Index contraction.
"Exports continue to extend, at a little enhanced quotes in comparison to January. The manufacturing sector continues to expand, but inputs and prices indicate easing of deliver chain constraints," says Fiore.
Of the 18 manufacturing industries, 16 pronounced boom in February, in right here order: Printing & related assist activities; material Mills; computer & digital items; Electrical device, appliances & add-ons; Fabricated metal items; Paper products; wood products; primary Metals; Chemical items; food, Beverage & Tobacco items; Miscellaneous Manufacturing; Petroleum & Coal items; Transportation gadget; equipment; furnishings & linked products; and Plastics & Rubber items. The most effective trade reporting contraction in February is Nonmetallic Mineral items.
WHAT RESPONDENTS ARE asserting
MANUFACTURING AT a glance
rate of trade
starting to be
turning out to be
turning out to be
valued clientele' Inventories
Backlog of Orders
turning out to be
New Export Orders
universal economic climate
turning out to be
Manufacturing ISM® file On company® facts is seasonally adjusted for the new Orders, creation, Employment and agency Deliveries Indexes. *number of months moving in latest route.
COMMODITIES stated UP/DOWN IN rate AND briefly supply
Commodities Up in PriceAluminum*; electronic accessories (7); Paper-based mostly products; Plastic components; Printed Circuit Board Assemblies (2); steel* (6); metal — hot Rolled* (2) and steel items* (10).
Commodities Down in PriceAluminum* (5); Caustic Soda (5); reminiscence (2); Oil; metal* (6); metal — hot Rolled* (6); and metal items* (2).
Commodities in short SupplyCapacitors (20); digital accessories (10); and Resistors (16).
The variety of consecutive months the commodity is listed is indicated after each merchandise. *suggests each up and down in rate.
FEBRUARY 2019 MANUFACTURING INDEX SUMMARIES
PMI®Manufacturing multiplied in February, as the PMI® registered 54.2 %, a decrease of 2.four percentage aspects from the January studying of fifty six.6 percent. "This indicates increase in manufacturing for the 30th consecutive month. The PMI® reversed a January raise in expansion basically via a selection softening of a combined eight.9 aspects in production and employment. The index reached its lowest degree of enlargement considering the fact that November 2016, when the PMI® measured fifty three percent," says Fiore. A reading above 50 p.c indicates that the manufacturing economic climate is frequently expanding; below 50 % suggests that it's often contracting.
A PMI® above 42.9 %, over a period of time, commonly shows a spread of the normal economic system. therefore, the February PMI® indicates growth for the 118th consecutive month within the usual economic climate and 30th straight month of increase within the manufacturing sector. "The previous relationship between the PMI® and the typical economic system indicates that the PMI® for February (54.2 p.c) corresponds to a three.three-% enhance in actual gross home product (GDP) on an annualized foundation," says Fiore.
THE closing twelve months
may additionally 2018
commonplace for 12 months – fifty eight.0
excessive – 60.8
Low – 54.2
New OrdersISM®'s New Orders Index registered 55.5 % in February, which is a decrease of two.7 percentage elements when compared to the 58.2 percent pronounced for January, indicating boom in new orders for the 38th consecutive month. "consumer demand expansion softened compared to January, with 4 of the exact six business sectors expanding," says Fiore. a brand new Orders Index above 52.5 %, over time, is often according to an increase in the Census Bureau's collection on manufacturing orders (in regular 2000 greenbacks).
Thirteen of 18 industries said increase in new orders in February, in here order: wood products; laptop & electronic products; Printing & related support activities; Fabricated metal items; simple Metals; furniture & linked items; Plastics & Rubber items; Chemical items; Miscellaneous Manufacturing; Paper items; food, Beverage & Tobacco items; Electrical gadget, home equipment & components; and equipment. The simplest business reporting a lessen in new orders in February is Nonmetallic Mineral items.
ProductionISM®'s construction Index registered fifty four.8 p.c in February, which is a reduce of 5.7 percent aspects when compared to the 60.5 percent said for January, indicating increase in creation for the thirtieth consecutive month. "production enlargement persisted in February, however at a slower pace compared to January. creation become no longer in a position to hold tempo with customer-inventory demand and was now not able to avoid a increase in backlog orders. climate situations inflicting manufacturing facility shutdowns might also have contributed to the weaker expansion efficiency," says Fiore. An index above fifty one.7 percent, over time, is generally in step with a rise within the Federal Reserve Board's Industrial production figures.
The 12 industries reporting growth in creation all through the month of February — listed so as — are: Printing & linked assist activities; Chemical items; Miscellaneous Manufacturing; Electrical machine, home equipment & components; laptop & electronic products; Petroleum & Coal items; Fabricated metal items; basic Metals; Paper items; Transportation machine; meals, Beverage & Tobacco items; and machinery. The four industries reporting a lessen in creation in February are: textile Mills; Nonmetallic Mineral products; furniture & connected products; and Plastics & Rubber products.
EmploymentISM®'s Employment Index registered fifty two.3 p.c in February, a reduce of three.2 percent elements when compared to the January analyzing of 55.5 percent. This suggests growth in employment in February for the twenty ninth consecutive month. "Employment persevered to extend, but at the lowest degree due to the fact November 2016, when the index registered fifty one.6 p.c," says Fiore. An Employment Index above 50.eight percent, over time, is frequently in keeping with a rise within the Bureau of Labor statistics (BLS) facts on manufacturing employment.
Ten of 18 manufacturing industries suggested employment growth in February, in here order: attire, leather & Allied products; Nonmetallic Mineral products; Electrical gadget, appliances & components; food, Beverage & Tobacco items; Plastics & Rubber items; simple Metals; desktop & electronic items; equipment; Transportation equipment; and Chemical items. the two industries reporting a reduce in employment in February are: wood items; and Fabricated metal products. Six industries pronounced no change in employment in February compared to January.
corporation DeliveriesThe birth performance of suppliers to manufacturing companies slowed in February, because the agency Deliveries Index registered fifty four.9 percent. here is 1.3 percentage features lessen than the fifty six.2 p.c mentioned for January. "here's the 36th straight month of slowing enterprise deliveries, with the index recording its lowest level of expansion considering the fact that may also 2017, when it registered fifty four.three %. company delivery improvement contributed to mild good points in inventory enlargement," says Fiore. A analyzing under 50 p.c indicates sooner deliveries, whereas a studying above 50 percent indicates slower deliveries.
The 12 industries reporting slower supplier deliveries in February — listed so as — are: textile Mills; apparel, leather-based & Allied products; Fabricated metal items; Petroleum & Coal products; primary Metals; Nonmetallic Mineral products; Transportation machine; Miscellaneous Manufacturing; meals, Beverage & Tobacco products; equipment; Chemical products; and desktop & electronic products. No trade mentioned sooner employer deliveries in February. Six industries said no trade in supplier deliveries in February compared to January.
Inventories*The Inventories Index registered fifty three.4 percent in February, an increase of 0.6 percentage aspect from the fifty two.8 % reported for January. "Inventories extended for the 14th consecutive month, at a faster fee than the outdated month. This increase is as a result of endured development in business enterprise start performance. inventory growth completed its optimum stage in view that August 2018, when the index reached fifty five.4 p.c," says Fiore. An Inventories Index more desirable than 44.3 p.c, over time, is generally in keeping with enlargement within the Bureau of financial evaluation (BEA) figures on ordinary manufacturing inventories (in chained 2000 bucks).
the 10 industries reporting better inventories in February — listed so as — are: fabric Mills; wood products; Printing & related assist activities; Paper items; furnishings & related items; Transportation gadget; equipment; Electrical device, appliances & add-ons; desktop & digital items; and Fabricated steel products. The three industries reporting a decrease in inventories in February are: simple Metals; Plastics & Rubber products; and Miscellaneous Manufacturing.
valued clientele' Inventories*ISM®'s valued clientele' Inventories Index registered 39 percent in February, which is 3.8 percentage points reduce than the forty two.eight p.c stated for January, indicating that valued clientele' inventory degrees have been considered too low. "shoppers' inventories are too low for the twenty ninth consecutive month and recorded their lowest stage due to the fact December 2010, when the index registered 39 percent. Low client inventories proceed to symbolize future creation-increase competencies," says Fiore.
The handiest business reporting purchasers' inventories as too excessive all over the month of February is attire, leather-based and Allied products. the 10 industries reporting customers' inventories as too low all the way through February — listed in order — are: Chemical items; machinery; simple Metals; Plastics & Rubber items; desktop & digital items; Fabricated metallic products; Miscellaneous Manufacturing; food, Beverage & Tobacco products; Electrical device, appliances & components; and Paper products. Six industries stated no change in inventories in February compared to January.
fees*The ISM® expenses Index registered 49.4 % in February, a lower of 0.2 percent element from the January reading of 49.6 %, indicating a reduce in uncooked substances prices for the second straight month. The expenditures Index has dropped 22.2 percentage features during the last four months. "costs gotten smaller for the 2nd straight month. Decreases were stated in aluminum, metal, metal-based products, a considerable number of chemicals and plastic resins. steel costs have returned to more average levels. expense increases and shortages proceed for passive electronic components," says Fiore. A expenses Index above 52.5 percent, over time, is generally consistent with an increase in the Bureau of Labor statistics (BLS) Producer fee Index for Intermediate substances.
Six of the 18 industries said paying expanded expenditures for uncooked materials in February, in here order: Printing & connected aid actions; fabric Mills; desktop & electronic products; Transportation gadget; Miscellaneous Manufacturing; and equipment. The eight industries reporting a reduce in costs for uncooked materials in February — listed so as — are: furnishings & linked items; wood products; Electrical machine, home equipment & components; Plastics & Rubber products; Paper items; Fabricated steel items; Chemical products; and food, Beverage & Tobacco items.
Backlog of Orders*ISM®'s Backlog of Orders Index registered fifty two.3 % in February, which is 2 percentage facets greater than the 50.three percent said in January, indicating order backlogs grew for the month. "Backlogs multiplied all over February regardless of the softening of boom in new orders indicating construction struggled to sustain with incoming demand," says Fiore.
The nine industries reporting boom in order backlogs in February — listed in order — are: wood items; Printing & linked guide activities; laptop & digital products; Electrical gadget, appliances & accessories; simple Metals; Paper products; Transportation gadget; Miscellaneous Manufacturing; and machinery. The seven industries reporting a decrease in order backlogs right through February in right here order are: attire, leather-based & Allied products; cloth Mills; Petroleum & Coal products; furnishings & connected items; meals, Beverage & Tobacco items; Plastics & Rubber items; and Chemical items.
Backlog of Orders
New Export Orders*ISM®'s New Export Orders Index registered 52.eight % in February, 1 percent point higher in comparison to the January reading of 51.eight p.c, indicating boom in new export orders for the thirty sixth consecutive month. "Export orders endured expansion at more desirable fees than the prior month, however nonetheless at low stages of enlargement, per the prior 4 months. Two of the six big trade sectors contributed to the expansion," says Fiore.
The seven industries reporting boom in new export orders in February — listed in order — are: timber items; furniture & related items; Miscellaneous Manufacturing; Chemical items; meals, Beverage & Tobacco products; machinery; and Plastics & Rubber products. the two industries reporting a decrease in new export orders in February are: attire, leather-based and Allied products; and Fabricated metal products. 9 industries mentioned no change in new export orders in February.
New Export Orders
Imports* ISM®'s Imports Index registered 55.three % in February, a rise of 1.5 percentage points when in comparison to the fifty three.eight percent suggested for January, indicating that imports grew in February for the 25th consecutive month. "Imports expansion more desirable, reversing a three-month expansion decline that changed into due in part to persevered pastime to import previous to the Lunar New 12 months, in addition to to evade potential tariff increases on March 1. The index recorded its ultimate growth performance given that June 2018, when it accomplished 59 percent," says Fiore.
The 13 industries reporting growth in imports all through the month of February — listed in order — are: wood items; fabric Mills; Nonmetallic Mineral items; Electrical machine, home equipment & components; furniture & linked products; Plastics & Rubber products; Miscellaneous Manufacturing; equipment; Chemical products; Transportation machine; meals, Beverage & Tobacco products; computer & digital items; and Fabricated metallic items. No trade suggested a reduce in imports right through February.
*The Inventories, consumers' Inventories, expenses, Backlog of Orders, New Export Orders and Imports Indexes do not meet the authorised criteria for seasonal adjustments.
purchasing PolicyAverage commitment lead time for Capital expenses reduced via two days in February to 146 days. ordinary lead time for construction materials changed into unchanged at 68 days. common lead time for preservation, repair and working (MRO) substances reduced by way of three days to 33 days.
1 12 months+
About This ReportDO now not CONFUSE THIS national document with the a lot of regional paying for reports released throughout the nation. The countrywide record's information reflects the total U.S., whereas the regional stories comprise essentially regional facts from their local vicinities. also, the suggestions within the regional stories is not used in calculating the results of the countrywide document. The information compiled in this report is for the month of February 2019.
The records presented herein is acquired from a survey of manufacturing supply executives in accordance with suggestions they have got accumulated within their respective agencies. ISM® makes no representation, aside from that stated inside this liberate, regarding the particular person business facts collection approaches. The information may still be in comparison to all other economic statistics sources when used in decision-making.
information and method of PresentationThe Manufacturing ISM®file On enterprise® is in keeping with information compiled from purchasing and provide executives nationwide. The composition of the Manufacturing company Survey Committee is stratified in response to the North American business Classification system (NAICS) and each of here NAICS-primarily based business's contribution to gross domestic product (GDP): meals, Beverage & Tobacco items; material Mills; apparel, leather-based & Allied items; timber products; Paper products; Printing & related support actions; Petroleum & Coal items; Chemical products; Plastics & Rubber items; Nonmetallic Mineral products; fundamental Metals; Fabricated steel items; equipment; computing device & digital items; Electrical gadget, home equipment & accessories; Transportation machine; furniture & related products; and Miscellaneous Manufacturing (products corresponding to scientific device and elements, earrings, carrying goods, toys and workplace materials). The statistics are weighted in accordance with every industry's contribution to GDP. beginning in January 2018, computation of the indexes is accomplished applying unrounded numbers.
Survey responses mirror the change, if any, within the current month compared to the old month. For every of the indicators measured (New Orders, Backlog of Orders, New Export Orders, Imports, creation, company Deliveries, Inventories, shoppers' Inventories, Employment and costs), this record shows the percent reporting each response, the web difference between the variety of responses in the positive economic route (greater, stronger and slower for service provider Deliveries) and the terrible financial route (lower, worse and quicker for organization Deliveries), and the diffusion index. Responses are uncooked facts and are certainly not changed. The diffusion index contains the % of nice responses plus one-half of these responding the identical (considered high-quality).
The ensuing single index number for those meeting the standards for seasonal adjustments (PMI®, New Orders, production, Employment and corporation Deliveries) is then seasonally adjusted to permit for the consequences of repetitive intra-yr diversifications ensuing primarily from ordinary variations in weather circumstances, a variety of institutional arrangements, and ameliorations brought on by non-moveable vacations. All seasonal adjustment factors are field annually to relatively minor changes when conditions warrant them. The PMI® is a composite index in accordance with the diffusion indexes of five of the indexes with equal weights: New Orders (seasonally adjusted), production (seasonally adjusted), Employment (seasonally adjusted), agency Deliveries (seasonally adjusted), and Inventories.
Diffusion indexes have the properties of leading symptoms and are effortless abstract measures showing the existing course of change and the scope of change. A PMI® studying above 50 % shows that the manufacturing economic system is often expanding; below 50 % shows that it is generally declining. A PMI® above forty two.9 p.c, over a period of time, indicates that the usual economy, or gross home product (GDP), is commonly increasing; beneath forty two.9 %, it is frequently declining. the gap from 50 percent or forty two.9 percent is indicative of the extent of the expansion or decline. With one of the most indicators within this record, ISM® has indicated the departure aspect between enlargement and decline of similar govt series, as decided by regression analysis. The Manufacturing ISM®report On company® survey is sent out to Manufacturing company Survey Committee respondents the first a part of every month. Respondents are requested to handiest record on assistance for the present month. ISM® receives survey responses during most of any given month, with nearly all of respondents generally waiting except late within the month to post responses as a way to give the most correct picture of existing company activity. ISM® then compiles the record for unencumber on the primary business day of right here month.
The industries reporting boom, as indicated within the Manufacturing ISM®document On business® monthly file, are listed in the order of most growth to least boom. For the industries reporting contraction or decreases, these are listed in the order of the maximum degree of contraction/reduce to the least level of contraction/decrease.
Responses to purchasing policy replicate the % reporting the current month's lead time, the approximate weighted number of days ahead for which commitments are made for Capital expenses; construction substances; and protection, fix and working (MRO) substances, expressed as hand-to-mouth (five days), 30 days, 60 days, ninety days, six months (180 days), a 12 months or greater (360 days), and the weighted general number of days. These responses are uncooked information, not ever revised, and never seasonally adjusted due to the fact that there is no gigantic seasonal sample.
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About Institute for give management®Institute for deliver management® (ISM®) serves provide administration professionals in additional than 90 nations. Its 50,000 individuals all over control about US$1 trillion in corporate and executive give chain procurement yearly. centered in 1915 because the first give management institute on the planet, ISM is committed to advancing the practice of give management to force cost and aggressive talents for its participants, contributing to a affluent and sustainable world. ISM leads the profession throughout the ISM file On company®, its highly viewed certification courses and the ISM Mastery model®. This file has been issued by way of the association because 1931, aside from a 4-year interruption all through World battle II.
the full text version of the Manufacturing ISM®document On company® is posted on ISM®'s website at www.ismrob.org on the first company day* of each month after 10:00 a.m. ET.
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every enterprise that offers a product or carrier has a deliver chain administration branch. With the increase within the complexity of provide chains, all organizations are seeking for individuals who will also be respectable managers and lead the provide chain with minimal considerations. Certifications in SCM can also be a good enhance for any individual who aspires to a profession in this box. The intention of this article is to extend upon the available diagnosed SCM certifications within the united states and to help budding supply chain executives of their efforts to preserve abreast of this rapidly altering area.
certainly, many professional institutions, universities, faculties and even businesses are increasing their training classes, including certifications, within the area of supply chain management. The focus of those lessons is not just on typical supply chain disciplines, comparable to stock management and the basics of procurement, however additionally to tackle collaboration competencies, strategic planning, work culture and guidance expertise, to identify just a few.
Given the variety of alternatives, settling on a certification is tremendously stylish on the expectations of the individual, his or her experience and career expectations. as an instance, for somebody with a global standpoint, the APICS certifications are identified throughout the globe, while college-offered certifications are improved identified in the united states in comparison to different parts of the area.
In here pages, we present details on the certifications provided by way of professional corporations comparable to APICS, CSCMP and ISM, along with certificates courses accessible at more than forty universities and academic associations. The intention is to give a primary understanding of the class of certifications available as well as information the eligibility requirements, expectations and necessities for completion of the certificates software. Please keep in mind that assistance on certification programs is area to change. We extremely advocate that readers check the respective certification software websites before making a final determination.
With over forty one,000 individuals and greater than 250 foreign partners, APICS is likely one of the main professional associations within the field of supply chain and operations management. The firm offers three major certifications: APICS licensed in production and inventory management (CPIM), APICS certified provide Chain expert (CSCP) and APICS deliver Chain Operations Reference professional (SCOR-P).APICS licensed in creation and stock management
APICS CPIM is recognized global as a common for creation and stock handle. Candidates customarily be trained the fundamentals of production and inventory administration, such as the required terminologies, ideas, demand planning and administration, procurement, scheduling, continuous improvement and linked areas. CPIM is a identified addition to the profile of any person looking to develop a career in provide chain management; it's just about a necessity for people whose every day actions involve working in production and stock administration, operations, provide chain administration, procurement, paying for and substances administration departments.
Candidates need to previous five modules to earn the APICS CPIM certificate:
each module should be taken individually. the entire modules ought to be accomplished within 10 years of taking the first module examination, and APICS CPIM scores are legitimate for 10 years. There is not any particular order finishing touch, but it surely is suggested that they be accomplished in the order listed above.
There are a few substances available to aid candidates look at for these modules. The APICS website (apics.org) gives information to assist exam preparation and to handle the questions requested right through the examination.
apart from the basics of supply Chain administration module, the APICS CPIM modules contains 75 varied choice questions, together with 15 pretest questions and 60 operational questions. The fundamentals of deliver Chain management module includes 105 questions, together with 25 pretest questions and 80 operational questions. Pretest questions are not counted in the remaining rating however are used for analysis applications. Candidates are given three hours to complete a module check. ranking range from 265-330 and candidates are required to rating above 300 to circulate the examination.
To hold the APICS CPIM certification popularity, candidates need to earn a total of seventy five aspects every 5 years. Failure to preserve may additionally cause the suspension of CPIM credentials and also require a candidate to re-take all of the tests.APICS certified supply Chain skilled Certification application
The APICS CSCP certification changed into launched in 2006. given that then, greater than sixteen,000 gurus from essentially 79 nations have earned this designation.
APICS CSCP certification distinguishes a candidate as an industry skilled in the field of deliver chain administration. It is among the most widely identified certification courses and is also essentially the most renowned designation by means of many employers. APICS CSCP exams are provided at places world wide.
The software makes a speciality of improving an expert’s potential within the container of global deliver chain administration in areas similar to consumer relations, tips know-how enablement, logistics and overseas alternate.
To be eligible for the APICS CSCP, one need to have:
The APICS CSCP exam incorporates three modules, which should be mastered for certification.
There are a couple of resources purchasable to support candidates look at for these modules. The APICS website (apics.org) provides suggestions to aid exam guidance and to handle the questions requested all through the examination.
To maintain the APICS CSCP certification repute, candidates have to earn a total of seventy five elements every five years. These points can also be earned with the aid of carrying on with education, publications and service to the operations management career. Failure to keep can also cause the suspension of CPIM credentials and also require a candidate to re-take all the tests.APICS supply Chain Operations Reference – knowledgeable
APICS SCOR-P mannequin helps provide chain experts manipulate and measure the efficiency of a worldwide provide chain using the SCOR model. generally identified, the SCOR-R certification enables professionals to enhance the performance of their deliver chains using the capabilities won in SCOR model.
The APICS SCOR-P certification allows for candidates to standardize efficiency metrics, create gold standard practices that have an effect on give chain performance, and the management of important give chain components. in an effort to be eligible for this certification, candidates need to have five years of event working in deliver chain administration. APICS conducts three days of coaching for the APICS SCOR-P
exam. while attendance at the training sessions isn't a pre-requisite to taking the examination, candidates are required to buy the SCOR course with a purpose to attend the exam.
After buying the SCOR path, the candidate will receive an e-mail with a notice to time table (NTS) the exam date. This NTS is valid for six months.APICS licensed in Logistics, Transportation, and Distribution (CLTD) software
The APICS certified in Logistics, Transportation and Distribution (CLTD) designation assesses people according to a finished body of abilities, top of the line practices and requirements. earning the CLTD credential validates a professional’s advantage in the logistics, transportation and distribution.
Launched in 2016, this program elements a single desktop-primarily based exam developed round new courseware, self-examine and teacher-led schooling alternatives.
The APICS CLTD application includes eight modules vital to the logistics industry, including:
The APICS website (apics.org) gives many supplies on the CLTD studying equipment to support individuals prepare for the examination.
To practice for the APICS CLTD, publish an eligibility application two weeks earlier than registration. The eligibility software must consist of:
with a purpose to preserve the certification, designees must abide by way of the APICS Code of Ethics, which may also be discovered on the APICS website (apics.org/cltd). additionally, someone should earn a complete of seventy five protection features and follow for protection every five years. These features may also be earned through continuing training—presentations, publications, and tutorial development—service to the operations administration occupation, and/or knowledgeable membership. If the credentials don't seem to be maintained, the certificate might be suspended. every additional 12 months of suspension, as much as 5 years, requires further professional building element to ensure that the certification to be reinstated. After five years of suspended credentials, the candidate may be required to take the exam once more.
The SCPro provide Chain administration Certification is obtainable via the Council of give Chain management professionals (CSCMP).
SCPro certification is a 3-level certification manner that validates knowledgeable’s ability to verify enterprise challenges and readily put into effect improvements in the area of give chain administration.
level One. stage one certification contains eight modules and demonstrates an excellent basis of talents in all areas of provide chain administration. with the intention to finished this stage, candidates are required to have a bachelor’s diploma or 4 years of important work experience.
degree Two. level two certification covers the analysis and utility of deliver chain challenges. to be able to be eligible for degree two, candidates should have a bachelor’s diploma and three years of labor adventure or, on the other hand, seven years of labor event along with degree one certification.
level Three. stage three certification requires candidates to operate arms-on evaluation within a working atmosphere and to create an in depth mission plan that generates consequences reminiscent of raise in ROI, cost rate reductions and improvements. with a purpose to be eligible for level three, a candidate may still have a bachelor’s diploma and 5 years of work adventure or, however, 9 years of work event together with stage one and stage two certifications.
Candidates with all three ranges of certification can demonstrate to an organisation that they're smartly versed with the most crucial concepts required to manage these days’s supply chains.
The certified commercial enterprise Analytics professional software, delivered by the use of a dynamic e-gaining knowledge of platform, offers comprehensive working towards and development within the area of advanced analytics. The software is designed to build the analytics capabilities of enterprise specialists in any respect degrees and within varied purposeful areas. gurus will enhance their mastery of the analytics suggestions and equipment quintessential to effortlessly analyze, predict and influence enterprise performance.
while this application is presently provided to agencies in quest of to enrich the knowledge of its teams, it'll soon be purchasable to people.
tips can be found on the Hackett Institute website thehackettgroup.com/certified-business-analytics-authorities/.
With almost 45,000 participants international, the Institute for provide management is likely one of the biggest global organizations focused on enhancing procurement and supply management. ISM has licensed basically 60,000 procurement professionals in additional than 30 countries international.
The supply management application helps candidates develop into specialists in important areas of supply chain administration such as sustainability, strategic sourcing and forecasting.
The eligibility requirements for this exam are:
in an effort to earn this certification, candidates should finished so as right here three checks.
training substances for this certification can also be discovered on the ISM website (instituteforsupplymanagement.org).ISM’s licensed professional in service provider variety (CPSD) program
The enterprise variety program (CPSD) is top-quality for specialists who participate within the construction of business enterprise diversity initiatives.
The eligibility requirements for this examination are:
preparation materials for this certification will also be discovered on the ISM web page (instituteforsupplymanagement.org).
NLPA SPSM Certifications
The next stage purchasing affiliation (NLPA) at present offers three certification tiers which are open to provide chain authorities who're members of the NLPA. A fourth degree is anticipated to be accessible in 2017.
The SPSM application covers basic procurement talents and includes six online buying classes and an examination that focuses on probably the most positive purchasing and supply administration concepts, tactics, and strategies. Candidates have up to 365 days to finished the application, but it surely can also be achieved in much less time.
stage 2, or the SPSM2 certification, is open to individuals who've earned the SPSM certification and covers world procurement management. The program consists of 4 on-line procurement courses and an exam.
level three, or the SPSM3 certification, is attainable to people who have earned the SPSM and SPSM2 certifications. The program is designed to support professionals master the abilities to collaborate with other departments resulting in even more suitable effects and a greater bottom-line impact. The application carries 4 online procurement classes and an exam.
degree four will cowl social accountability and strategic employer range practices.
tips is accessible on the NLPA website (nextlevelpurchasing.com).
SIG college Certification
The SIG college certification is focused on enforcing methodologies and superior practices within the areas of strategic sourcing, outsourcing, governance, chance and compliance. A 12-week route is at the moment attainable for licensed Sourcing gurus, with on-line courses being delivered for certified Sourcing Executives and licensed Governance and chance professionals. The curriculum is obtainable to individuals at all degrees of their sourcing careers who are seeking practicing opportunities. every certification level incorporates modules with interactive instructions and conclusion-of-unit assessments. each certification is valid for 5 years and changed into developed utilising main online superior practices more suitable with vital actual-world experiences.
information is obtainable on the SIG tuition website (http://sig.org/sig-college)down load the complete record of give Chain management expert organizations & Universities July 27, 2018
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KIYOSU, Japan--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Apr 2, 2019--Toyoda Gosei Co., Ltd. will exhibit at Auto Shanghai 2019, to be held in Shanghai, China on April 16–25. The Toyoda Gosei booth will display products for use in EVs and other electrified vehicles and autonomous driving, as well as a range of automotive parts that contribute to safety, well-being and comfort. Toyoda Gosei will quickly meet the needs of local customers in the key market which is expected to experience further growth.
This press release features multimedia. View the full release here: https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20190401005289/en/
Toyoda Gosei booth (image) (Graphic: Business Wire)
1. Autonomous driving
Next-generation front module (concept model)
Systems that sense the surroundings using cameras and LIDAR to support autonomous driving are integrated into radiator grilles and other exterior parts, providing both attractive design and safety functions. “Exterior communication lamps” with LEDs that inform people nearby of upcoming vehicle operations are also included.
Next-generation cockpit module (concept model)
This module creates relaxing interior spaces while much of the driving is left to the vehicle. They are equipped with instrument panels and console boxes that function as human-machine interfaces, while next-generation steering wheels are equipped with cameras, sensors and other functions to detect the driver’s condition.
2. Electrified vehicles
Cooling system mock-up (concept model)
This mock-up provides suggestions for the use of plastic cooling pipes to optimize battery and motor cooling systems. Making these pipes of plastic also contributes to lighter vehicle weight.
Plastic battery cases
Plastic battery cases provide a cooling function for longer battery life and insulating function for safety. They are already used on the Corolla/Levin PHV sold in China.
About Toyoda Gosei
Established in 1949 and headquartered in Kiyosu, Aichi Prefecture, Japan, Toyoda Gosei is a leading specialty manufacturer of rubber and plastic automotive parts. Today, the Toyoda Gosei Group provides a variety of high-quality products internationally, with a network of approximately 100 plants and offices in 18 countries and regions. Through its flexible, integrated global supply system and leading-edge technologies, Toyoda Gosei aims to grow as a global company that acts flexibly and swiftly in today’s dramatically changing business environment, delivering the highest levels of satisfaction to customers worldwide through safety, comfort, well-being and the environment.
View source version on businesswire.com:https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20190401005289/en/
CONTACT: Toyoda Gosei Co., Ltd.
KEYWORD: ASIA PACIFIC CHINA JAPAN
INDUSTRY KEYWORD: ENERGY OTHER ENERGY TECHNOLOGY HARDWARE MOBILE/WIRELESS MANUFACTURING AUTOMOTIVE MANUFACTURING ALTERNATIVE VEHICLES/FUELS AUTOMOTIVE AFTERMARKET
SOURCE: Toyoda Gosei Co., Ltd.
Copyright Business Wire 2019.
PUB: 04/02/2019 12:00 AM/DISC: 04/02/2019 12:00 AM
Copyright Business Wire 2019.
Walmart has pledged to source 100% more sustainable cotton
The retailer announced the new targets at its 2019 Sustainability Milestone Summit yesterday (10 April), during an update on its responsible sourcing work alongside NGOs, industry groups, governments, and suppliers to improve the lives of workers in the global apparel supply chain with a particular focus on women.
The goals, which Walmart says reinforce its commitment to sustainable textiles, fall into two categories; sourcing more sustainable fibres, and reducing manufacturing impact.
As part of the first target, the retailer has pledged to increase the use of recycled polyester fibre, setting a goal of using 50% recycled content by 2025 and to source 100% more sustainable cotton.
In addition, as part of its bid to reduce manufacturing impact, by 2022, Walmart US stores will source apparel and home textile products only from suppliers working with textile mills that use the Sustainable Apparel Coalition's Higg Index Facility Environmental Module (FEM) – a self-assessment tool that helps factories assess their sustainability performance and share results with supply chain partners in areas including water use, waste, emissions and chemicals management.
Meanwhile, Walmart will also prioritise sustainable chemistry, setting a goal to reduce the discharge of priority chemicals from the textile manufacturing process.
During the summit, the retail giant also announced Walmart Canada is joining Project Gigaton, the platform through which the retailer is working with suppliers to avoid 1bn metric tonnes – a gigaton – of emissions from global value chains by 2030.
Canada is the company's third international market to work with suppliers towards emissions reductions.
In the first two years of Project Gigaton, Walmart said many suppliers are already delivering results on their goals and report avoiding more than 93m metric tonnes of emissions toward the one gigaton goal.
In an effort to make it easier to add to the more than 1,000 suppliers already participating in the platform, Walmart also plans to publish its Project Gigaton Calculators, which are designed by Walmart and NGOs for suppliers to use in reporting progress toward the Project Gigaton goal.
"We are encouraged by the engagement of our suppliers in Project Gigaton," said Kathleen McLaughlin, senior vice president and chief sustainability officer for Walmart Inc. "To achieve our ambitious climate goals, we aim to expand and deepen that engagement. The progress to date shows how companies can contribute to climate action through practical actions all along the product supply chain. Ultimately, building sustainable supply chains requires collective action from everyone – not only our associates and suppliers, but customers, business in general, and civil society."
Walmart also outlined progress towards its goal of being powered by 100% renewable energy – and to power 50% of its operations with renewable energy by the end of 2025. Over the past year, the retailer completed contracts for 136 new solar and wind projects, which will supply the company an additional estimated 2.14bn kilowatt hours of renewable energy annually – the equivalent electricity usage of over 260,000 homes in a year.
Ever since U.S. President Donald Trump, the world’s most powerful climate-change skeptic, embraced “beautiful clean coal” (his words) as a fundamental resource for U.S. security, investors in renewable energy have been wondering about the political risks associated with wind and solar energy.
During a March rally in Michigan, Mr. Trump doubled down on coal by attacking the alternatives: He made the absurd claim wind turbines cause cancer and can’t possibly provide enough power when you need it. “If it doesn’t blow, you can forget about television for that night,” the President told his adoring crowd.
He is by no means the only politician pushing back against renewable energy.
Ontario Premier Doug Ford abruptly cancelled 758 renewable-energy contracts in the province last year, blaming wind and solar farms for a rise in electricity costs. And in Alberta, Jason Kenney’s United Conservative Party says it will roll back the province’s climate regulations if it wins next week’s election. That could mean terminating a carbon tax, killing subsidies for wind and solar power and allowing the most efficient coal-fired plants to remain open longer.
But far from recoiling, sophisticated investors and the top executive ranks of the renewable-energy sector are reacting to these shifting political winds with shrugs. Renewable energy, they argue, is viable with or without political assistance, and these experts remain attached to the promise of spectacular growth over the coming decades.
“As renewable power becomes a lot cheaper – and coal, on a relative basis, is more expensive – there are coal plants all across the United States that are shutting down prematurely,” said Andrew Lin, a managing director at DBRS, a credit-rating agency.
And that’s good news for companies such as Algonquin Power & Utilities Corp., a $7.2-billion player that owns and develops renewable power-generation assets in Canada and the United States and also distributes energy services to customers.
“It’s all about the economics,” said Ian Robertson, Algonquin’s chief executive officer.
“The ultimate political U-turn we’ve seen, with the change in administration in the United States from Obama to Trump, has done nothing to dampen the opportunity in renewable energy. Why? It is now being fuelled by an economic proposition rather than sustainability or environmental benefits. These benefits are, in many respects, coming for free,” Mr. Robertson said.
Mike Crawley, CEO of Northland Power Inc., which has wind farms and solar facilities in Canada, Germany and the Netherlands, agrees. “The cost of renewable power has been falling so dramatically that government intervention is not nearly as imperative to the sector as it was maybe 10 years ago,” he said.
Indeed, government incentives supporting renewable energy are mostly legacy policies from when wind and solar needed a helping hand. U.S. federal incentives are now being phased out.
The high level of confidence among executives should resonate with investors who have been startled by some of the recent political rhetoric. Investing in wind or solar generation, and the technologies that drive them, used to be a risky bet that was best suited to investors who simply wanted to align their money with environmental responsibility.
Now, though, the bet is looking increasingly attractive – to the point where it doesn’t require a socially conscious investing agenda. The bet also offsets simmering frustration with Canada’s struggling traditional energy sector, as a number of global investors distance themselves from the environmental risks associated with the oil sands.
The viability of renewable energy and its global surge underpins bullish enthusiasm for companies such as Brookfield Renewable Partners LP, Algonquin Power, Northland Power and Boralex Inc. – Canada’s leading green energy producers, which are positioning themselves for strong growth in wind and solar power across the world.
Sure, plenty of risks remain: Not all players will succeed as competition heats up and envisioned growth meets the sticky issue of generating strong returns. But it’s comforting to know some of the world’s biggest pension funds are on board, underscoring the potential among shrewd investors with long-term horizons.
The Canada Pension Plan Investment Board (CPPIB) created a power and renewables group in late 2017 to focus on investing in wind, solar, hydro and other energy assets in emerging markets and elsewhere, with the understanding that solar and wind power generation will double over the next seven to 10 years, accelerating the cost competitiveness of renewable energy. The group, led by Bruce Hogg, made investments totalling $2.9-billion in its first year and expects to make a similar investment each year going forward.
“Within developed markets, we’re still seeing an energy transition from fossil fuels – specifically and most importantly coal – to renewables. But the lion’s share of where the capital is going to go is emerging markets,” Mr. Hogg said.
The Ontario Municipal Employees Retirement System (OMERS) is also involved. Last year, it acquired Leeward Renewable Energy, LLC, a U.S. wind-power operator that has 19 wind farms in nine states, for a total installed capacity of 1.7 gigawatts.
OMERS is also backing ArcTern Ventures, a Toronto-based venture-capital firm that has raised $150-million as it focuses on investments in early-stage clean technologies.
Murray McCaig, a managing partner at ArcTern, noted that the firm’s investments are not predicated on supportive political policy, but rather the ability to compete successfully against incumbents. Political tailwinds in the form of, say, a carbon tax or new environmental standards simply speed things along.
“We look at that as a cherry on top,” Mr. McCaig said.
Renewable power has come a long way in the past decade.
In 2009, the then-Liberal government in Ontario sought a global leadership role along with countries such as Germany and Spain. The province ushered in the bitterly contested Green Energy Act that year and began awarding high-priced, long-term contracts to wind and solar developers.
The province suffered from the curse of the early adopter, however, with the government hoping that a willingness to absorb high prices would translate into manufacturing jobs – which, for the most part, failed to materialize – while supporting a clean-energy mandate that included the phase-out of coal-fired electricity.
Renewable energy was expensive compared with traditional generation sources. Under Ontario’s feed-in tariff, wind energy producers in 2009 were paid 13.5 cents a kilowatt hour under power-purchase agreements, while solar energy providers received as much as 80.2 cents for rooftop installations, contributing to a steep run-up in electricity prices in the province.
However, due to a combination of better technology and the benefits of scale, renewable-power prices have tumbled over the past decade and are now competitive with traditional sources of power in many jurisdictions, turning what was once a novel approach to energy generation into a big, viable business.
And not just in Ontario. In December, the Alberta Electricity System Operator – which runs the province’s grid – announced that it had entered into three wind contracts for a total of 763 megawatts at an average cost of 3.9 cents/kWh. The Alberta government announced in February it had contracted for 100 MW of solar capacity at a price of 4.8 cents/kWh.
Prices are even lower in parts of the United States. Idaho Power stunned the energy industry two weeks ago by announcing a deal for 120 MW of solar power at a record-low price of just 2.2 US cents/kWh.
New York-based Lazard Ltd., a financial-advisory and asset-management firm, produces an annual survey of average electricity prices around the globe, a work that is considered the bible among industry executives because it calculates the levellized cost of electricity – the average price needed to break even over the life of a project. The takeaway from the most recent survey, released in November: Prices of electricity from large-scale solar and wind projects had declined to the point that, even without subsidies, they were at or below the cost of power from conventional sources such as coal, nuclear and even natural gas in some locations.
According to Lazard, the low-end cost for onshore wind is US$29/mWh, compared with an average marginal cost of US$36 for natural gas. The cost of utility-scale solar is almost identical to that of gas, Lazard said.
Renewable power fares even better when prices reflect the broad array of subsidies available, with the average cost of energy of US$14/mWh for onshore wind and US$32/mWh for large-scale solar – suggesting that subsidies help but are no longer a deal-breaker.
The levellized cost of wind power has dropped to a third of what it was in 2009, while solar costs have come down by a factor of eight, Lazard reported.
And renewable prices continued to fall since the second half of last year, said Elena Giannakopoulou, head of energy economics for Bloomberg New Energy Finance. She expects prices to continue to fall despite the imposition of U.S. tariffs on solar panels and the looming expiry of some U.S. tax breaks.
“Module prices keep getting cheaper and cheaper. And manufacturers need to keep pushing the price down, with a lot of innovation in the pipeline,” Ms. Giannakopoulou said.
Many observers point to improvements in battery storage as the next big step for renewable energy because they will resolve the challenges posed by intermittent wind and sunshine.
“Originally, that was a crazy-expensive proposition. But the price of batteries – and I think we can all thank Elon Musk for this – is falling dramatically,” Algonquin’s Mr. Robertson said. “The forecast for the decline in the cost of energy storage for 2018 was 8 per cent. They got 18 per cent. This will be a game-changer for renewable energy in the future.”
The size of the market for renewable energy is staggering.
Sachin Shah, the CEO of Brookfield Renewable Partners, said during an investor day presentation last September that renewable energy captured some $1.5-trillion in capital spending over the previous five years, adding a million megawatts of capacity to global grids. Investments in solar and wind comprised 75 per cent of the total.
But the potential is far larger. According to Mr. Shah’s estimates, replacing just half the thermal power in Brookfield’s core markets (Canada, the United States, Britain, China, India and others) with renewable energy would require an investment of about US$5-trillion.
MARK TAYLOR/The Globe and Mail
That’s not an outlandish scenario. Martin Grosskopf, a portfolio manager who oversees sustainable investing at AGF Investments Inc., pointed out that between 2010 and 2015, 1.7 GW of coal capacity was cancelled for every gigawatt commissioned – supporting the notion that the long-term political risks are actually stacked against coal, not renewables.
“There is a tremendous effort to phase out coal. And that’s only beginning,” Mr. Grosskopf said. “We are still early-stage, because the renewables market is still small relative to global capacity. But the growth in energy is in renewables. And from an investing standpoint, that’s what’s exciting.”
Investors have been rewarded. Over the past five years, Brookfield Renewable units have delivered total gains of 74 per cent, including dividends. That’s more than double the total return for the S&P/TSX Composite Index over the same five-year period.
Northland Power delivered gains of 79 per cent over five years, also with dividends, while Algonquin Power delivered an astounding 154 per cent – all of which suggests that renewable energy is enjoying some momentum.
No doubt, some of the interest in these stocks is being driven by impact investing – also known as socially responsible investing and ESG (environmental, social and governance) – where investors align their money with companies that benefit society and the environment.
But Tania Carnegie, who leads the impact ventures practice at KPMG in Canada, said many impact investors no longer see a trade-off between doing good and generating a strong return.
“In some cases, the investors we spoke with thought that the focus on investing in companies that are driving a positive environmental impact would enhance returns,” Ms. Carnegie said.
Though investors have been rewarded handsomely in recent years, there are probably more gains ahead given the outlook for sustained growth in the sector. Renewable generation – including hydro – accounted for 16 per cent of the U.S. energy supply in 2017 but is expected to grow dramatically in the coming decade. States such as California and New York have a renewables target of 50 per cent by 2030. Maryland matched that goal with legislation passed last week.
In Canada, Saskatchewan has committed to a 50-per-cent target by 2030, while Alberta’s NDP government set a 30-per-cent target for that year – although a UCP government would revisit that goal.
That doesn’t mean the green-and-clean sector is without risk, of course.
Although Tesla Inc. has seen its share price rise eightfold over the past six years on the promise of shaking up the automotive sector with its electric cars, the company is still burning through cash and has yet to report an annual profit.
Canadian Solar Inc., which makes solar photovoltaic modules, is operating in an industry that has faced U.S. import tariffs and an oversupply of panels from China, leading to a zigzagging share price over the past five years.
Renewable-power operators also face challenges. Building complex wind and solar projects brings operational risks. Acquisitions can lead to headaches over integration. And the growing interest in renewable energy has delivered competitive pressures and rising asset prices.
There are also occasional growing pains. Northland Power, for example, raised eyebrows last month, when its chairman and founder, Jim Temerty, sold about 63 per cent of his holdings in the company at a 9.3-per-cent discount (for estate-planning purposes, according to the company).
But the appeal of renewable-energy producers is strong, particularly for risk-averse investors who like to see strong profitability and steady payouts. In most cases, these companies are generating stable cash flows from long-term contracts. And they’re paying big dividends, which is especially nice when interest rates are low and the economic outlook is cloudy.
Northland Power generated a profit of $405.5-million in 2018, up 47 per cent from the year before. It is now expanding into Taiwan with the development of an offshore wind farm as part of its plan to undertake a new development roughly every year.
“The area where we see a lot of opportunity is in offshore wind development. There are more barriers to entry, because of the complexity of the development work and the complexity of the construction and operations,” Mr. Crawley said.
Algonquin, which generates and distributes electricity, reported its annual profit in 2018 increased 24 per cent from 2017, to US$185-million. And its fourth-quarter adjusted EBITDA (earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization) sailed past analysts’ expectations.
“Algonquin has now beaten or met consensus in nine of the last 10 quarters, which has proven the benefits of the diversity of its business and stability of its cash flows,” said Bill Cabel, an analyst at Desjardins Securities, in a recent note.
Brookfield Renewable, an arm of Brookfield Asset Management, boasts a 6.5-per-cent yield. But it’s more than a cash geyser: The company has impressed analysts with its potential for scoring big deals as part of a goal to expand throughout North America, South America, Europe, Asia and Australia.
In 2018, Brookfield invested almost US$500-million, commissioned 60 MW of new wind and hydro development and added 350 MW of development to its pipeline. In March, it struck a deal with TransAlta Corp.: It invested $750-million in the Alberta power generator in exchange for a large stake in its hydro assets down the road – at an attractive discount, according to analysts – as TransAlta transitions from coal to renewable energy.
The Globe and Mail
Dawn Farrell, TransAlta’s CEO, said in an interview last week that changing political winds won’t affect this shift. “If I woke up after the [Alberta] election and said, ‘It was all wrong. We should stay on coal,’ we would lose our biggest investors. They will not invest in companies that are going backward on carbon,” Ms. Farrell said.
“That ship has sailed.”
Ms. Farrell could easily be referring to a broader trend that is, in some cases, skipping over political boundaries.
Some 170 global companies, including U.S. giants such as Facebook Inc., Microsoft Corp. and Walmart Inc., have declared they will meet all their electricity needs with renewable energy by 2030 – by buying from developers that feed the electricity through the grid, partnering on projects that can power a server farm or industrial site directly, or by adding photovoltaic panels to sprawling rooftops of warehouses and retail outlets.
More surprisingly, several American Midwestern states that supported Mr. Trump in the 2016 presidential election are among the leaders in wind energy. Last year, Kansas got 36 per cent of its electricity from wind; Iowa, 34 per cent; Oklahoma, 32 per cent; and North Dakota, 26 per cent, according to the U.S. Energy Information Administration.
Yes, there is political support for renewable energy in the United States. Some 29 states have renewable-portfolio standards that include incentives for utilities to purchase renewable power and penalties for those that fail to meet the standards. California, for example, is aiming for 60-per-cent renewable power by 2030.
The U.S. government also provides generous tax incentives for both solar and wind that underpin the competitive economics for projects. These incentives are scheduled to lapse in the coming years, but there is strong bipartisan support to renew them.
But even in states with only modest or no renewable-power standards, utilities are embracing a transition to lower-carbon electricity. These utilities are facing increasing demands from their investors and customers for a lower-carbon footprint, tougher regulations in the future and the rising competitiveness of renewable sources of energy.
Arizona’s Tucson Electric Power, which is owned by Fortis Inc., the St. John’s-based company that ranks as Canada’s largest investor-owned utility, expects to more than double its renewable-power portfolio over the next two years, with two wind projects and a solar project under way. A few years ago, the company set a goal of 30-per-cent renewable by 2030. It expects to be at 28 per cent by the end of 2022.
“We’re seeing a lot of utilities committing to higher and higher goals – it’s really ramped up over the last five years,” said David Hutchens, CEO of Tucson.
Idaho Power is shutting down coal facilities and announced an agreement two weeks ago to buy 120 MW of power from a new solar farm being built in the state. With the solar electricity priced at just 2.2 US cents/kWh, Idaho Power described the deal as the “least cost option.”
Darrel Anderson, CEO of Boise, Idaho-based parent IdaCorp Inc., said coal used to be the cheapest source of power in the company’s portfolio but is now the most expensive, underscoring why investors might be embracing the utility’s transition. IdaCorp shares have returned 108 per cent over the past five years, with dividends, beating the S&P 500.
Mr. Anderson added that he expects continued innovation and price declines in renewable technology – and more political pressure to eliminate greenhouse gas-spewing fossil fuels from the company’s fuel mix as the impacts of climate change become increasingly apparent.
“I don’t think the drumbeat is going to go away," he said. "It is only going to beat louder.”
With files from Jeffrey Jones
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