|Exam Name||:||Sun Certified Associate for Java 2 Platform, Standard Edition|
|Questions and Answers||:||204 Q & A|
|Updated On||:||April 22, 2019|
|PDF Download Mirror||:||Pass4sure 311-019 Dump|
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311-019 exam Dumps Source : Sun Certified Associate for Java 2 Platform, Standard Edition
Test Code : 311-019
Test Name : Sun Certified Associate for Java 2 Platform, Standard Edition
Vendor Name : SUN
Q&A : 204 Real Questions
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The sun certified Java Programmer (SCJP) is knowledgeable in regards to the fundamentals of the Java programming language, and certified SCJPs are well-liked by means of a wide range of organizations engaged in utility construction. The SCJP examination is also a prerequisite to greater-degree certifications in other Java-connected areas, equivalent to internet add-ons, enterprise components, internet functions and cell purposes.schooling learning Paths obtainable via sun, faculty courses additionally attainable Job expertise Programming languages, company, math competencies, knowing of abstract concepts Median earnings (2018)* $eighty four,280 for computing device programmers$103,620 for application functions developers Job boom (2016-2026)* -7% for desktop programmers31% for application functions builders
supply: *U.S. Bureau of Labor informationeducation guidance
sun Microsystems offers several 'discovering Paths' to certification, for college kids with minimal prior journey or those usual with different programming languages. Many different institutions, from technical schools to universities, offer training in Java principles, strategies and building programs, and all of those classes prepare the pupil to be a great Java programmer and take the sun certified Java Programmer examination. the 2-hour examination need to be taken at an authorized testing facility, and there aren't any particular necessities.talents Required
a firm figuring out of computers, programming languages and superior programming ideas would put you on the quick tune to a career as a sun licensed Java Programmer. students with little programming experience but decent math aptitude, organizational knowledge and an understanding of summary ideas should consider taking a beginner's degree course in laptop ideas before the SCJP practising. solar offers solar licensed Java associate (SCJA) working towards for non-technical college students, and different introductory desktop courseware is commonly purchasable.profession and economic Outlook
in response to the U.S. Bureau of Labor statistics (BLS), the median annual revenue in 2018 for applications utility developers was $103,620. laptop programmers made a median annual earnings of $eighty four,280 within the same 12 months, however there was no specific records for sun-licensed Java programmers. Jobs for laptop programmers will decline by way of 7% all the way through 2016-2026, whereas utility software builders will see raises of 31% in line with the BLS. Programmers and utility builders skilled in a large range of technologies, primarily currently familiar ones like Java, may still continue to have the most efficient employment prospects.
A bronzy, solar-kissed glow with ease makes any individual’s dermis appear extra radiant and youthful. The problem? The short-time period tan that results from a day out in the solar has lengthy-time period penalties, equivalent to a stronger chance of dermis cancer and premature growing older.
“A natural tan is an indication of DNA hurt,” explains Deanne Mraz Robinson, MD, a board-licensed dermatologist based mostly in Westport, Connecticut.
That’s where self-tanners are available. These items can provide you that coveted golden glow devoid of basking within the sun’s damaging UV rays. “traditionally, self-tanners use DHA or dihydroxyacetone, which is a chemical derived from beet or cane sugar,” says Dr. Robinson. “It reacts with the amino acids within the outer useless layer of our skin, resulting in a darkening of skin tone. however, there are organic, sugar-based mostly products, which use naturally derived sugars from fruit and veggies to achieve that sunless glow.”
but self-tanners may also be a bit of intimidating. How do you select one that truly looks herbal? We asked Sophie Evans, a skin finishing knowledgeable at St. Tropez, to damage down every thing you need to learn about self-tanner.the way to choose (and apply) the ultimate self-tanner on your face and physique
intellect your epidermis classification: select oils, lotions, or gels you probably have dry skin, says Evans. Mousses work amazing for many dermis forms and are effortless to follow, however don’t last somewhat as lengthy (most effects should ultimate as a minimum five days). As for sprays? They’re handy for these tough-to-attain areas.
Prep your dermis: Exfoliation—say, with a body scrub—is key to a herbal, flawless-looking tan, says Evans. when you've got the time, delivery exfoliating a few days before you observe the product, she says. be sure all waxing is accomplished 24 hours earlier than applying your self-tanner, as this could be sure the hair follicles have settled to support create an ideal finish. To prolong and preserve your tan, moisturize day by day, exfoliate always, and re-apply with a gradual tanner as required.
Be gentle together with your face: Your face has a bent to advance a darker as a result of its bigger pH stage, so be certain to use a self-tanner exceptionally designed for the face or use your favorite moisturizer beforehand to dilute the product. “if in case you have very reasonable, bleached, or gray hair i'd enormously advocate making use of a lightweight layer of moisturizer around the hair line to ensure a natural finish,” Evans says. at all times be sure to remove your make-up first, too!
invest in a mitt: “I continually tan my legs first and conclude with my face,” says Evans. “I at all times work up the physique.” be certain you follow the tan far and wide your physique so it looks greater uniform. using a self-tanner applicator mitt will also keep away from your fingers from any awkward staining.
stay away from streaks: no longer using satisfactory product may cause a streaky tan, says Evans. be sure you use sufficient product so that the tan can easily glide over your epidermis. in case you consider any rubbing or pulling, you’re more than likely causing a streak.
not sure where to delivery? We did the work for you and rounded up the most effective self-tanners to try this summer time. From oils to lotions to face pads to bronzer, you’ll be glowing in no time!
most efficient for reasonable dermisJergens natural Glow moist epidermis Moisturizer
This product builds a natural tan whereas moisturizing your dermis appropriate on your shower. comfortably follow to moist epidermis and pat it dry after you step out—you don’t even deserve to rinse it off! The better part? You’ll observe outcomes inside a week, there’s no wait time earlier than you dress, and you don’t should be concerned about it staining your towels or sheets.
choicest self-tanning gelSt. Tropez Self Tan Purity Bronzing Water Gel
This lightweight self-tanning gel includes hyaluronic acid, a humectant that attracts water to your epidermis for a further dose of hydration. just a few pumps of this switch-free (and vegan!) formulation will moisturize your physique and provide you with a herbal-searching glow in precisely three hours. It also smells like the tropical vacation you so desperately deserve.
choicest self-tanning oilJames study Self Tan Coconut Dry Oil
Dry oils, as hostile to your ordinary slippery ones, at once soak into the epidermis instead of sitting on accurate of its barrier, so that you don’t ought to cope with that sticky, greasy feeling submit-software. This self-tanner from James examine consists of nourishing vitamin E and coconut oil to moisturize the dermis. Plus, you’ll get a herbal, stunning tan that lasts as much as five days.
most effective self-tanning mousseL’Oreal elegant Bronze Self-Tanning Water Mousse
effectively pump, tan, and glow with this budget-friendly product from L’Oreal. The light-weight mousse instantly sinks into dermis, applies evenly effectively, and nourishes skin with nutrition E. give it four to 8 hours to advance before washing it off in the bathe and say hiya to that sun-kissed appear.
superior shimmery self-tanning oilNARS Monoi body Glow
If an attractive, bronzy sheen is what you’re after (who isn’t?!), look no additional. Douse yourself in this shimmery liquid from NARS to provide your skin a sultry glow—simply make sure to supply it decent shake and observe adequate product. The light-weight, coconut oil-based method additionally smells like a fresh mattress of florals, thanks to materials like tiare blossom, white frangipani, ylang-ylang, and vanilla.
optimum self-tanning spraySupergoop! healthy Glow Sunless Tan SPF forty
protect your dermis from the solar while boosting its radiance with this easy-to-use self-tanning spray that also carries SPF forty, shielding antioxidants, and soothing aloe vera. apply this spray as you would some other self-tanner: Exfoliate formerly, use ample product for even software, and give it 2 to 4 hours to boost. while the fragrance-free system received’t rub off to your clothes, make certain it dries absolutely earlier than getting dressed.
most suitable self-tanning mittHauteBronze Tan in a Mitt Infused Self Tan Mitt
The 2019 tanning innovation of the yr award goes to this mitt from HauteBronze, which is already infused with a bronzing method to simplify your movements. It incorporates the ultimate volume of product for a full-body, seamless software—but that you would be able to only use it once, so save this for a party, adventure, or special occasion. It dries straight away, however provide it at the least 2 to 4 hours to fully advance.
ultimate facial self-tanning dropsIsle of Paradise mild Self Tanning Drops
in case you somewhat skip the extra step of applying self-tanner, conveniently add these colour-boosting drops to your favourite every day moisturizer or face sunscreen. The vegan-friendly formulation works top notch on all skin types, applies streak-free, and boosts hydration with avocado, coconut, and chia seed oils. Go for the peach drops to brighten the skin, the green ones to reduce redness, and the violet ones for a deeper tan.
best self-tanning wipes for bodySomerville360 Face and physique Self Tanning Towelettes
excellent for people who're all the time on-the-go, these self-tanning wipes will offer you a herbal tan with a simple swipe. Enriched with vitamin E, soothing cucumber, and DHA for natural colour, you're going to obtain an even tan within 2 to 4 hours. pro tip: Use an additional towelette to achieve a darker conclude.
top-rated self-tanning wipes for faceDr. Dennis Gross Alpha Beta Glow Pad Self-Tanner for Face
Powered with hyaluronic, glycolic, and lactic acids, each and every pad exfoliates and resurfaces skin cells whereas concurrently proposing streak-free color that develops inside five hours. For the finest results, make certain to mix it into your hairline and the creases round your nostril for an excellent utility.
top-quality self-tanning face serumCOOLA Sunless Tan Anti-ageing Face Serum Coola Suncare amazon.com
An anti-ageing serum that additionally offers your complexion some colour? sure please. This lightweight product from COOLA packs epidermis-boosting elements like argan oil, brightening nutrition C, hyaluronic acid, and plant stem cells to create a self-tanner your epidermis will thank you for.
most effective self-tanning face lotionClinique Self solar Face Tinted Lotion
Tinted moisturizers offer the better of both worlds: hydration and a bronzy glow. When your complexion wants an instant decide upon-me-up, this self-tanner from Clinique is your most useful guess. Exfoliate formerly, practice evenly (make sure to prevent your eyebrows and hairline), and wash your fingers appropriate after to prevent staining. as soon as the product dries, you’ll be left with a natural tan that offers your skin a radiant finish.
finest overnight face tanning oilTAN-LUXE Sleep Oil Rejuvenating Miracle Tanning Oil
Tan while you sleep and wake up with a sun-kissed glow with this ultra-hydrating face oil. How? The oil reacts with amino acids to your dermis to temporarily deepen its colour with out staining it. After cleansing and exfoliating the dermis, add one pipette onto your face and neck in place of your common middle of the night face oil. practice two to thrice a week for the premiere consequences.
top of the line face powder bronzerPhysicians method Murumuru Butter Bronzer
The top-quality self-tanner to reach for for those who want fast colour and straightforward software? an easy bronzing powder. This one from Physicians formula has a creamy texture and helps soften the epidermis to blur imperfections. Use your favorite fluffy brush and observe it anyplace the sun would naturally kiss your face, like your temples, higher cheekbones, and outer edges of your face.
how to get rid of self-tanner
in case you become with an uneven tan, streaks, or a colour you don’t like, the top-rated approach to get rid of a self-tanner is to follow child oil to the area and depart it on for 10 minutes, says Evans. Then, use an exfoliating physique scrub and finish by means of buffing the epidermis with a warm, damp wash cloth.Pia Velasco Pia Velasco is the affiliate beauty Editor at first rate Housekeeping, lady’s Day, and Prevention magazine.
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In this handy reference on the basics of J2EE and Microsoft's .NET initiative, Dan Fox points out the differences and similarities between these technologies in terms of strategy, complexity, feature sets, and product maturity.From the author of
With the pending release of the .NET Framework and Visual Studio.NET (now in beta 2), both Microsoft and its competitors providing products built on the Java 2 Enterprise Edition (J2EE) specification are ramping up their respective PR machines. As information technology professionals, it is important to understand at least at a high level how these two technologies and products compare. In this article, I'm primarily going to describe where the points of similarity are so that those working in either technology will be able to construct a mental map to get from one to the other and begin to become conversant in the technologies. At the same time, I'll point out some of the differences in terms of strategy, complexity, feature set, and product maturity.
From the J2EE perspective, I'll concentrate primarily on IBM WebSphere 4.0 because WebSphere appears to be gaining mind share (IBM recently topped BEA, 47% to 22%, as the preferred Web software in a survey of 150 CIOs done by Morgan Stanley Dean Witter earlier this year) with the release of its new version 4.0 product. However, other vendors such as BEA, with version 6.1 of its WebLogic Server; Sybase, with version 3.6.1 of EAServer; and Oracle, with version 9i of its Application Server, also provide J2EE-certified application servers.
A developer version of the WebSphere 4.0 product can be downloaded for free from the IBM site.
As mentioned previously, J2EE is not a product, but a specification produced by Sun that defines a standard (APIs and specifications) for developing and deploying enterprise applications. It is based on the Java 2 Platform, Standard Edition (J2SE), which defines the lower-level components of the platform, such as the Java Virtual Machine and Java SDK. Currently, J2EE 1.2 is the released specification and version 1.3 is in beta. Sun provides the specifications as well as reference implementations, documentation, tools, and samples on various platforms. Vendors such as IBM, BEA, Sybase, and Oracle then license J2EE and implement products based on the specifications.
Many different vendors have licensed J2EE. Those that have passed the Compatibility Test Suite (CTS) are listed at http://java.sun.com/j2ee/compatibility.html. WebSphere (WAS) 4.0 is J2EE 1.2–certified. WAS 3.5 is not certified, although IBM claims that it is compliant. If an application is built on a certified product, it can be ported more easily to competing products.
The idea behind the vendors implementing the same standard is, of course, WORA ("write once, run anywhere"). This concept is what initially pushed Java to the forefront in the IT world, and it is certainly attractive because it promises reusability across platforms. You can think of J2EE as simply extending this idea to the server. It should be noted that IBM's support for Java and J2EE was instrumental in ensuring that Java remained important in the IT landscape after it failed to take hold as a browser- or forms-based client-side development tool.
Obviously, Microsoft calls the WORA strategy into question and notes that porting J2EE applications between products such as BEA's WebLogic and WebSphere can be daunting, given IBM's 274-page paper describing the process. In addition, each vendor provides supplementary interfaces and APIs that are vendor-specific, to differentiate themselves and provide increased integration with their products. For example, WAS 4.0 Enterprise Edition will contain IBM extensions to J2EE. As an example, Microsoft recently made much of the May 14, 2001, assessment of application portability on J2EE by Will Zachman, an analyst for the Meta Group:
One major limitation to the Java camp is lack of portability among products from different vendors. ... Java users should realize that they will never achieve complete compatibility between any two of the several J2EE application servers on the market. They should realize that when selecting J2EE systems, they are not choosing a standard but a product platform, and should plan to focus on either WebLogic or WebSphere as a corporate standard.
Of course, the J2EE camp retorts that any degree of platform independence is more than you'll get with .NET, which will be limited to Windows (although talk of an open source implementation of the CLR has recently gotten attention). In any case, at a high level you can think of the J2EE strategy as single-language (Java) and multiple-vendor, while the .NET strategy is multiple-language through the Common Language Runtime (CLR) and single-vendor.
On Monday, it plans to put the code for the programming software under the version 2 of the General Public License (GPL 2), which governs Linux and many other open-source products. The Sun-hosted Java.net Web site will provide access to Java Platform Micro Edition (Java ME) software for mobile phones and Java Platform Standard Edition (Java SE) software for desktop applications.
Sun already has open-sourced its server-side Java Platform Enterprise Edition software in a project called GlassFish. But it is now making that same software available under the GPL 2, rather than the Sun-conceived Community Development and Distribution License (CDDL).
The move will promote Java and make it easier to bundle with Linux, said Rich Green, Sun's executive vice president of software.
"This is a milestone for the whole industry," Green said. "Not only are we making an influential and widely used software platform for the Web available under an open-source license, it also underscores Sun's commitment to changing the whole industry model for how software is enhanced and developed."
The nature of the GPL is that additions to software available under the GPL must also use the license. So a developer who writes an application using the open-source Java software could be obliged by the GPL to also release that newly created application as open source.
However, Sun is employing the so-called "classpath exception," a license addition that allows the company to place limits on the software that the GPL covers, Green said.
The effect is that programmers who create applications using Sun's open-source versions of Java can use choose a different license for their applications, he said.
"In the case of Java SE (Java Standard Edition), we're enhancing (the GPL) with the classpath exception," Green said. "So when you're working on top or shipping applications with the (Java) libraries and virtual machine, you're not affected by the Java license."
In addition, Java creator Sun will continue to offer a commercial license, a "dual-license" structure that gives other software vendors legal indemnification and official standards certification.
Long road to the GPL The move is the culmination of years of debates within Sun and sometimes loud calls from outsiders to open-source the Java programming language and associated software.
In the past, Sun has resisted calls to open-source Java, citing fears that it would cause incompatibilities among "forked" versions of the code. ("Forks" come when groups have different ideas about how code should progress and take it from a single point along divergent paths.)
Green said that the choice of the GPL and the clout of the existing Java product market makes incompatibilities less likely.
"GPL version 2 is the proper forcing function," he said. "By keeping all the industry innovations viewed and shareable, it pushes everyone toward compatibility."
In May, Sun said that it will deliver the Java code by the end of this year or by early next year.
Sun has intentionally not set up formal open-source projects around the Java Platform Micro Edition (Java ME) and Java Platform Standard Edition (Java SE) software and has not yet established a "governance" structure.
"It's an evolving process...We will be very active in these communities but we don't want to prescribe the outcome," Green said.
The community around Java ME is called Mobile and Embedded, while the community around Java SE is called Open JDK.
People who are using Sun's server software from the Glassfish project under the CDDL can continue with that version.
The GPL itself is now going through the review process for GPL version 3, which has attracted criticism from the developers of Linux kernel, among others.
Green said that Sun has not committed to using the GPL version 3 in the future. He added that people at Sun are part of the negotiations over GPL 3.
Sun may consider using the GPL for its other open-source products, such as OpenSolaris. "I'm completely signed up to reevaluate our whole licensing protocol," Green said.
Even as Sun finally comes through on its promise to open source Java, other open-source Java projects continue to operate.
In May 2005, the Apache Foundation started work on a project called Harmony to create an open-source version of Java SE under the Apache open-source license.
That project is being developed but is still in the "incubator" phase, which means that it's not fully endorsed by Apache.
Green said that open sourcing Java under the GPL will appeal to developers, particularly those familiar with Linux and its legal underpinnings.
Gaining developer followers is one of Sun's top priorities as it seeks to revive its software business.
"People have been hesitant to distribute Java worldwide with Linux (distributions) because of (concerns over) license alignment," Green said. "This is the last gate to ensure that Java will be distributed worldwide."
Sun Microsystems on Tuesday introduced new developer programs aimed at simplifying Java development for applications that run on mobile phones.
The first program will create a standard way of testing and certifying "Java Verified" applications that run on devices made by Nokia, Siemens, Sony Ericsson Mobile Communications, and Motorola.
Sun also launched a Sun Developer Network Mobility Program designed to help Java developers write J2ME (Java 2 Micro Edition) applications and then market them to consumers and businesses. Consumers will be able to browse software offerings on Sun's Java.com Web site.
Speaking at the company's JavaOne developer conference in San Francisco, Sun executives stressed the need to simplify the Java platform, which today runs on everything from smart cards to supercomputers.
"What we've got to get back to is defining one platform: a common platform," said Sun Executive Vice President of Software Jonathan Schwartz. "All of these technologies need to come together in a common architecture," he said. "One of the big themes you're going to hear from us this week is how we've got to come together to continue propelling one Java," he added.
The disunity of the Java platform is perhaps most evident in the J2ME space, where the sheer number of devices -- more than 94 million, according to Sun -- means that the software is now running on many different types of machines. "With the openness of Java there are choices, and with choices come confusion," said Eric Chu, Sun's director of J2ME business and marketing.
Tuesday's announcements eventually will make things less confusing for Java developers by helping to ensure their applications will run on a variety of hardware platforms, Sun said.
"In the J2ME space, there is a problem," said Mahad Ayalur, marketing manager at Motorola. "Applications written for one MIDP 2.0 device will not necessarily run on another MIDP 2.0 device," he said, referring to Sun's Mobile Information Device Profile for cell phones and personal digital assistants.
Right now, developers who want to certify their applications to run on number of cell phones must certify them independently with each cell phone vendor, Ayalur said.
Sun's plan to launch its "Java Verified" program, which is based on a memorandum of understanding and still subject to further negotiation, will address this by providing a single place where Java developers can go to get their applications certified to run on Nokia, Motorola, Siemens, and Sony Ericsson devices.
Sun's Developer Network Mobility Program, also announced Tuesday, will help those same developers create and test their applications. Sun also will give them a marketing forum on its Java.com Web site, which will take on more of a consumer focus under the new program.
Finally, Sun announced a program called the Business Mobility Initiative that is designed to promote J2ME applications in the manufacturing, financial services and telecommunications industries.
"The intent of this program is to make it less costly and much less complex for enterprises to adopt mobile solutions," said Sun Enterprise Solutions Group manager Paxton Cooper.
He said Sun will work with partners such as Aether Systems and Lucent Technologies to develop mobile applications and services based on Java to offer to enterprises. The first of these should be announced within the next three to four months, he said.
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