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310-011 - Sun Certified System Administrator for the Solaris 8 Operating System, Part I of II - Dump Information

Vendor : SUN
Exam Code : 310-011
Exam Name : Sun Certified System Administrator for the Solaris 8 Operating System, Part I of II
Questions and Answers : 383 Q & A
Updated On : December 11, 2017
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310-011 Questions and Answers

310-011


QUESTION: 348

When a user account is created, the default files are copied to the users home directory. Where are these default files held?


  1. /etc/default

  2. /etc/skel

  3. /etc/.skel

  4. /etc/default/skel


Answer: B


QUESTION: 349

Which command lists all files in a directory one screen at a time?


  1. Ls -ls | more

  2. Ls -la : more

  3. Ls -la

  4. Ls -la more


Answer: A


QUESTION: 350

Cp a b report, What does report means?


  1. A file

  2. An option

  3. A directory

  4. A user name


Answer: C


QUESTION: 351

Which OpenBoot command removes the device alias disk2?


  1. rm disk2

  2. rmalias disk2

  3. unalias disk2

  4. nvunalias disk2


Answer: D


QUESTION: 352

At the OpenBoot prompt, what is the command to boot and reconfigure the system to discover net devices?


Answer: boot -r


QUESTION: 353

Which file contains user default password aging?


  1. /etc/shadow

  2. /etc/password

  3. /etc/default/password

  4. /etc/inittab


Answer: C


QUESTION: 354

Which file system is typically used for unbundling third-party software packages?


  1. /etc

  2. /usr

  3. /opt

  4. /


Answer: C


QUESTION: 355


You type the following command: chmod 4750 file.txt

What does the "4" bit do?


A. Set UID B. Set GID

  1. Set sticky-bit

  2. Set UID and GID


Answer: A


QUESTION: 356

It has been reported that there will be a complete power outage very soon. Which of the following commands will you use to shut down the system completely and switch the power off automatically? (Choose all that apply)


  1. Init 6

  2. Init 5

  3. Halt

  4. Poweroff

  5. Shutdown -y i5 -g0

  6. Shutdown -y i6 -g0

  7. Reboot -i5


Answer: B, D, E


QUESTION: 357

Which command is used to pass an option from the reboot command to the Prom-level boot command?


  1. Reboot -- -r

  2. Reboot -r | boot

  3. Reboot -r >> boot

  4. You cannot pass options between Solaris commands and PROM commands.


Answer: A


QUESTION: 358

Which init level will reboot the system?


  1. 0

  2. 1

  3. 2

  4. 3

  5. 4

  6. 5

  7. 6

  8. s


    Answer: G


    Highlight of important Concepts:

    1. The Solaris 8 Operating Environment implements four disk-based file systems: UFS - The UNIX file system (default), based on the traditional BSD file system HSFS - The High Sierra and ISO 9660 file system (read-only) used with CD-ROMs

      PCFS - The PC file system, which allows read and write access to DOS-formatted disks

      UDF - Universal Disk Format file system, an optical media standard for DVD, CD-ROM, disks, and diskettes (new in Solaris 8) SWAPFS, though it utilizes disk, is considered a virtual file system type.

    2. 'mountall -l' will mount all local file systems. mountall refers to the /etc/vfstab file

      systems and mounts all file systems with the automnt(mount at boot) field set to "yes". 'umountall -l' unmounts all local file systems.

    3. When the system boots, the 'fsck' (file system check and repair program) checks file systems using the "preen" mode (option '-o p'). The preen mode automatically corrects

      minor file system inconsistencies that are known to be safely repaired without system administrator intervention, such as:

      • unreferenced inodes

      • incorrect counts in superblocks

      • missing blocks in the free list

        Preen mode allows file systems to be checked in parallel and non-interactively, exiting if

        fsck encounters problems requiring intervention.

    4. The 'tunefs' command can be used to tune file system parameters for an existing UFS

      file system.

      Usage: tunefs [ options ] file_system

      Common options:

      -m minfree (Specify minimum free space, the percentage of space that is held back from

      normal users when the file system is near full.)

      -d rotational_delay (Specify the rotational delay, the expected time in milliseconds that it

      takes the CPU between completing one data transfer and starting the next on the same


      disk. Used to optimize disk transfer rates by deciding how much rotational spacing to place between successive file blocks.)

    5. /etc/vfstab is the virtual file system table. It provides default entries for mounting file

      system at boot time .There are seven fields in an /etc/vfstab record:

      • Device to mount (block special file)

      • Device to fsck (raw device)

      • Mount point

      • FS type

      • fsckpass (a number used by fsck to determine whether to check the file system

        automatically)

      • Mount at boot (tells whether the file system should automatically mounted by mountall)

      • Mount options

        The record fields are separated by white-space. Hyphen indicates null.

    6. The 'umount' command unmounts file systems and removes corresponding entries from /etc/mnttab.

      Usage: umount [ options ] file_system

      file_system can be specified as a block special device, a mount point, or a remote

      resource. Examples:

      umount /export/home umount /dev/dsk/c0t3d0s7

    7. The Volume Management daemon, 'vold', performs volume management for removable media such as CD-ROM and diskette. vold checks devices and automatically mounts media so they are accessible. If the media contain file systems, they will be mounted as follows:

Diskette: /floppy/floppy0 CD-ROM: /cdrom/cdrom0

Note that floppy0 and cdrom0 may change with device instances.

If the media do not contain file systems, they will be made accessible under the /vol

directory (default) as follows: Diskette: /vol/dev/aliases/floppy0 CD-ROM: /vol/dev/aliases/cdrom0

At startup, vold reads the /etc/vold.conf file, which contains information such as which

devices to use, and actions to take in response to "insert", "eject", and "notify" events. vold also uses the 'rmmount'

command, which uses the /etc/rmmount.conf configuration file. 8.

The 'volcheck' causes the Volume Management daemon to check the specified device and mount removable media such as CD-ROM or diskette, without the user having to log in

as root.

Usage: volcheck [ options ] device_path

-v (verbose) is a commonly used option.

device_path defaults to the floppy drive at /dev/diskette. Example: volcheck /dev/diskette

9. The steps in using Volume Management for removable media such as CD-ROM, DVD-ROM, and diskette:

  1. Insert media.


  2. Execute the volcheck command, specifying the device to check

  3. Work with media (located at/cdrom/cdrom0 or /floppy/floppy0 if mountable, and at

    /vol/dev/aliases/cdrom0 or /vol/dev/aliases/floppy0 if not).

  4. Execute the eject command on the device.

  5. Physically eject the media if the eject command does not accomplish this.

Note the importance of using the 'eject' command before physically ejecting media, especially when the device contains a mounted file system.

  1. Each UFS file system has a lost+found directory, which is used when the fsck (file system check and repair) program encounters inodes that are allocated but unreferenced

    (no directory links to the inode). Responding "yes" to the fsck "RECONNECT?" question will cause such an inode to be linked to the lost+found directory, using the inode number

    to name the file. Later, the system administrator can attempt to track down the original location of files in lost+found and copy it back. Since the file's name original name was

    lost, this may not be a simple task (though directories may be easier). The file type, size, ownership, and (if text) content may provide clues.

  2. The 'newfs' command is recommended to create a new UFS file system. newfs is a front end for the 'mkfs' command, which has more complex syntax. Usage: newfs [

    options ] [ mkfs-options ] raw_device Options:

    -v (verbose)

    -N (show file system parameters that would be used, without actually creating the file system) The following defaults can be adjusted with mkfs-options:

    • Logical block size 8 KB

    • Fragment size 1 KB

    • Minimum percent freespace = 64 MB/partition size x 100 (next lower integer, limited to between 1and

    10%)

    Example: newfs -v /dev/rdsk/c0t3d0s7

  3. The / (root) and /usr file systems are considered the Solaris Operating Environment file systems. / and /usr usually remain mounted at all times.

    The root file system is the root of the entire file system. It contains system files such as the kernel, local configuration files (under /etc), and mount points for other file

    systems./usr normally exists as a separate file system. /usr contains sharable files such as system library routines (/usr/lib), which may be either architecture-dependent or -

    independent.

  4. Mounting a UFS file system with the 'noatime' option will cause the file system to

    skip atime (access time) updates on files, except when they coincide with mtime (modification time) or ctime (inode change time) updates. This improves disk performance on file systems on file systems where atime is not important.The dfratime|nodfratime options defer writing atime updates until the disk is accessed for another reason. Note that noatime overrides dfratime or nodfratime.

    Usage: mount -o [ options ] raw_device mount_point

    Example: mount -o noatime /dev/rdsk/c1t3d0s5 /export/usenet

  5. You will pass the exam with high score!


SUN 310-011 Exam (Sun Certified System Administrator for the Solaris 8 Operating System, Part I of II) Detailed Information

Article by ArticleForge

Sun Certified System Administrator for Solaris 8.0 Study Guide (Exam ">310-011 & 310-012)

Some of the most fundamental skills a systems administrator needs are related to installing and maintaining the system and associated software. Systems that are improperly installed and improperly patched will suffer from instability, which will result in long downtimes. Systems without the necessary software or with improperly configured software will not be useful to the user community.

The deeper the system administrator's understanding of these topics, the more effective that administrator can be. A system installation can be a confusing nightmare of installation options and configurations. An administrator with a solid understanding of the installation process can quickly and effectively get a system up and running. Installing software can be a very tedious and time-consuming process, especially if the software must be installed on multiple machines throughout the enterprise. An administrator who understands how software is handled in the Solaris 8 operating environment will be able to make the process completely automatic, saving time and reducing mistakes.

This chapter deals with the three main areas of installing and maintaining a system: the initial operating system installation, additional software installation, and operating system patches. Since hands-on experience with the Solaris 8 operating environment is essential to passing the Solaris certification exam, this chapter is one of the most important in this book.

Certification Objective 3.01 Installing the Solaris 8 Operating EnvironmentSoftware on a Networked Standalone System This section deals with the information and processes necessary to install the Solaris 8 operating environment. It covers the various versions of Solaris 8, the options for installing Solaris 8, and the hardware requirements. It also covers the function of software packages, clusters, and groups. Finally, it details preinstallation planning and the Solaris 8 operating environment installation. Versions of Solaris 8 Solaris 8 comes in several different versions. These versions are based on the platform on which you intend to install, your geographic location, and the age of the hardware you need to support. All versions of Solaris 8 contain the following disks:

  • Solaris 8 Installation CD
  • Solaris 8 Software CD 1 of 2
  • Solaris 8 Software CD 2 of 2
  • Solaris 8 Documentation CD
  • Platform Editions Solaris 8 supports two platforms, the Scalable Processor Architecture (SRC) platform and the IntelX86 platform. Both editions are available from Sun, generally for the cost of the media and shipping. This chapter deals almost exclusively with the SRC platform. Both editions are built from the same source tree, so knowledge of one should impart knowledge of the other. Many people preparing for the Solaris certification exam find it useful to be able to load the Intel version on commodity hardware that they already have at home. International Edition Solaris 8 is available in two "regional" versions: the English Edition and the International Edition. The International Edition contains a multilingual version of the Solaris 8 Installation CD as well as a Solaris 8 Languages CD, to support languages other than English. The International Edition also contains a two-CD set of Solaris 8 documentation, one for European languages (English, French, German, Italian, Spanish, and Swedish), and one for Asian languages (Simplified and Traditional Chinese, Japanese, and Korean). Hardware Releases From time to time, generally about once a quarter, Sun Microsystems comes out with new hardware releases. These hardware releases are labeled "MMYY," such as Solaris 8 Hardware 0101 for the hardware release from January 2001. These updated editions provide drivers for newly released hardware as well as generally bundling more patches with the environment. The patches are not integrated into the release; they are separate to make it easier to maintain consistency and keep patching easy between systems running the same environment but different hardware releases. Installation Options Solaris 8 provides five installation options. Each option has its advantages and disadvantages. Some of them provide easy, graphical user interface (GUI) driven installation for a single system. Others provide a way of automating the installation of large numbers of systems for rapid deployment. Some provide a completely automatic, hands-free installation of a single system. Interactive Installation The interactive installation is a GUI-driven option. It guides you through all the steps required for the installation of Solaris 8. It does not allow you to install any additional software, only that software that is part of Solaris 8. You can install any other software you want after the interactive installation is completed. Solaris Web Start 3.0 Solaris Web Start provides the installation process with a Java-powered GUI. It guides you step by step through the installation of Solaris 8, starting with the Solaris 8 installation CD. It also allows you to install other packaged software (see "Software Packages, Clusters, and Groups" later in this chapter), some of which comes bundled with Solaris. The installation can use a local or a remote CD-ROM drive.

    Exam WatchIn order to fully prepare for the certification exam, you should make sure that you are comfortable with all installation options. The best way to do this is to install the Solaris 8 operating environment several times using all the different options.

    Network Installation A Solaris network installation allows you to install a large number of systems without using a local CD-ROM. The Solaris 8 software is copied onto a network-accessible installation server and then installed across the network to the local clients. This method allows multiple machines to be built in parallel and removes the need to insert the CD-ROMs into each system. Default JumpStart The default JumpStart installation allows a new system (only) to be installed, completely "hands-off." When you boot the system with Software Disk 1 installed, JumpStart starts automatically and installs a default setup. Based on the model and disk size of the system, JumpStart determines the software components that need to be installed. Custom JumpStart The custom JumpStart installation is the most powerful installation option. By setting up a JumpStart server, the system administrator can define every aspect of the system installation and configuration: the file system layouts, the software components to be installed, the patches that are installed, other software that will be installed, and all the customization of the environment. You can define profiles based on the type of user that will be using the machine, the type of duty the machine will perform, the location of the machine, or any other criteria....

  • Article by ArticleForge

    Solaris 10 System Administration Exam Prep: CX-310-200, Part I, Safari, 2nd Edition

    Introduction................................................................................................................ 1

        How This Book Helps You............................................................................... 2

        Conventions Used in This Book....................................................................... 4

        Audience....................................................................................................... 5

        The Sun Certified System Administrator Exams................................................ 5

        Exam CX-310-200.......................................................................................... 6

            Manage File Systems......................................................................... 6

            Install Software.................................................................................. 6

            Perform System Boot Procedures........................................................ 6

            Perform User and Security Administration............................................ 7

            Manage Network Printers and System Processes................................. 7

            Perform System Backups and Restores............................................... 7

        Exam CX-310-203 (Solaris 10 Upgrade Exam).................................................. 7

        Summary...................................................................................................... 8

        Advice on Taking the Exam............................................................................. 8

    Study and Exam Prep Tips........................................................................................ 11

        Learning as a Process.................................................................................. 11

        Study Tips................................................................................................... 12

            Study Strategies.............................................................................. 12

            Pretesting Yourself........................................................................... 13

        Exam Prep Tips........................................................................................... 13

            Putting It All Together....................................................................... 15

    Part I: Exam Preparation

    chapter oneManaging File Systems............................................................................................ 21

        Introduction.................................................................................................. 26

        Device Drivers.............................................................................................. 26

        Physical Device Name.................................................................................. 27

        Device Autoconfiguration............................................................................... 33

        USB Devices................................................................................................ 35

        Instance Names........................................................................................... 37

        Major and Minor Device Numbers................................................................... 40

        Logical Device Name.................................................................................... 42

            Block and Raw Devices..................................................................... 46

        A File System Defined.................................................................................. 48

        Defining a Disk’s Geometry........................................................................... 48

            Disk Controllers................................................................................ 49

            Defect List....................................................................................... 49

            Disk Labels...................................................................................... 50

            Partition Tables................................................................................ 51

        Solaris File System Types............................................................................ 52

            Disk-Based File Systems.................................................................. 52

            Network-Based File Systems............................................................ 52

            Virtual File Systems......................................................................... 53

        Disk Slices.................................................................................................. 54

            Displaying Disk Configuration Information............................................ 56

            Using the format Utility to Create Slices............................................... 58

            The Free Hog Slice........................................................................... 66

            Using the format Utility to Modify Partitions.......................................... 66

            Using the Solaris Management Console Disks Tool............................. 69

            Recovering Disk Partition Information.................................................. 74

            Logical Volumes............................................................................... 75

        Parts of a UFS ............................................................................................ 75

        The Root () File System............................................................................... 78

            Soft (Symbolic) Links........................................................................ 83

            Hard Links....................................................................................... 85

            Removing a Link............................................................................... 87

        Components of the UFS ............................................................................... 87

            The Boot Block................................................................................ 88

            The Superblock................................................................................ 88

            Cylinder Groups............................................................................... 89

            The inode......................................................................................... 89

            The Storage Block............................................................................ 90

            Free Blocks..................................................................................... 90

        Creating a UFS ........................................................................................... 90

        Understanding Custom File System Parameters............................................. 92

            Logical Block Size............................................................................ 93

            Fragment Size................................................................................. 93

            Minimum Free Space........................................................................ 94

            Optimization Type............................................................................ 95

            Number of inodes and Bytes per inode............................................... 95

            The mkfs Command........................................................................... 95

            The fstyp Command.......................................................................... 98

        File System Operations................................................................................ 99

            Synchronizing a File System............................................................. 99

            Repairing File Systems................................................................... 100

            The labelit Command........................................................................ 104

            The volcopy Command..................................................................... 105

        Tuning File Systems................................................................................... 106

        Mounting File Systems............................................................................... 108

            Mounting a File System with Large Files........................................... 113

            Mounting a File System with UFS Logging Enabled........................... 114

        Unmounting a File System.......................................................................... 114

            The fuser Command........................................................................ 115

            etcmnttab.......................................................................................... 116

        Volume Management.................................................................................. 120

            Using Volume Management............................................................. 128

            Troubleshooting Volume Manager..................................................... 129

            Displaying a File System’s Disk Space Usage.................................. 131

            Displaying Directory Size Information................................................ 135

        Information on File Systems........................................................................ 136

            Controlling User Disk Space Usage.................................................. 138

            The quot Command.......................................................................... 139

        Summary................................................................................................... 141

            Key Terms..................................................................................... 141

            Exercises...................................................................................... 142

            Exam Questions............................................................................. 147

            Answers to Review Questions.......................................................... 163

        Suggested Readings and Resources............................................................ 170

    chapter twoInstalling the Solaris 10 Operating Environment......................................................... 171

        Introduction................................................................................................ 174

        Installing the Solaris 10 Software.................................................................. 174

        Requirements and Preparation for Installing the Solaris 10 Software................ 175

            Minimum System Requirements...................................................... 176

        Software Terminology.................................................................................. 177

            Software Packages......................................................................... 177

            Software Groups............................................................................. 177

            Solaris Media................................................................................. 179

            System Configuration to Be Installed................................................ 179

        Disk Storage.............................................................................................. 181

            Basic Considerations for Planning Partition (Slice) Sizes.................... 183

            Slice Arrangements on Multiple Disks.............................................. 184

        Methods of Installing the Solaris 10 Software................................................. 185

            Solaris Interactive Installation: Using the GUI..................................... 186

            Solaris Interactive Installation: Using the CLI..................................... 186

            JumpStart...................................................................................... 187

            Custom JumpStart.......................................................................... 187

            Solaris Live Upgrade....................................................................... 188

            Solaris Flash Archives..................................................................... 189

            WAN Boot..................................................................................... 190

        Upgrading the Operating System.................................................................. 190

        The Solaris Installation Prechecklist............................................................. 191

            Secure by Default........................................................................... 194

            Using the Interactive Installation Process (install-solaris) on a SRC-Based System 195

            Configuring Power Management....................................................... 224

        Tools for Managing Software........................................................................ 225

        Adding and Removing Software Packages..................................................... 226

        Using a Spool Directory............................................................................... 227

            Installing Software from the Command Line....................................... 229

            Removing Software Using pkgrm........................................................ 229

            Solaris Product Registry.................................................................. 230

            Web Start Installer.......................................................................... 233

        Listing and Verifying Installed Packages....................................................... 235

        Software Patches....................................................................................... 237

        Obtaining a Patch....................................................................................... 238

            Installing a Patch............................................................................ 240

            Removing a Patch........................................................................... 243

        Patch Manager (smpatch).............................................................................. 244

        Patch Tool................................................................................................. 249

        General Guidelines..................................................................................... 251

        Summary................................................................................................... 253

            Key Terms..................................................................................... 253

            Exercises...................................................................................... 254

            Exam Questions............................................................................. 258

            Answers to Exam Questions........................................................... 264

            Suggested Readings and Resources................................................ 266

    chapter threePerforming System Boot and Shutdown Procedures for SRC, x64-, and x86-Based Systems       267

        Introduction................................................................................................ 272

        Booting a SRC System........................................................................... 272

            Powering on the System................................................................. 273

            The Boot PROM and Program Phases.............................................. 273

        The OpenBoot Environment......................................................................... 274

            Entry-Level to High-End Systems..................................................... 276

            Accessing the OpenBoot Environment.............................................. 276

            System Console............................................................................. 277

            System Control Switch.................................................................... 277

            OpenBoot Firmware Tasks.............................................................. 278

        The OpenBoot Architecture.......................................................................... 279

        The OpenBoot Interface............................................................................... 281

        Getting Help in OpenBoot............................................................................ 281

        PROM Device Tree (Full Device Pathnames)................................................. 283

            OpenBoot Device Aliases................................................................ 287

        OpenBoot NVRAM...................................................................................... 289

            The nvedit Line Editor....................................................................... 296

        OpenBoot Security..................................................................................... 298

        OpenBoot Diagnostics................................................................................ 300

            Input and Output Control.................................................................. 305

        OpenBoot PROM Versions.......................................................................... 307

        Booting a SRC System........................................................................... 307

            The boot Command.......................................................................... 309

            The BIOS....................................................................................... 319

            GRUB............................................................................................ 320

            Configuring the Video Display on the x86x64 Platform....................... 329

        The Kernel................................................................................................. 331

        The init Phase............................................................................................. 335

            The Service Management Facility (SMF)........................................... 337

            Using the Run Control Scripts to Stop or Start Services..................... 366

        System Shutdown...................................................................................... 370

            Commands to Shut Down the System.............................................. 371

            Stopping the System for Recovery Purposes: SRC........................ 375

            Stopping the System for Recovery Purposes: x86x64....................... 377

            Turning Off the Power to the Hardware.............................................. 377

        Summary................................................................................................... 378

            Key Terms..................................................................................... 378

            Exercises...................................................................................... 380

            Exam Questions............................................................................. 384

            Answers to Exam Questions........................................................... 392

        Suggested Readings and Resources............................................................ 397

    CHAPTER fourUser and Security Administration............................................................................. 399

        Introduction................................................................................................ 402

        Administering User Accounts....................................................................... 402

            Managing User and Group Accounts with the SMC............................ 402

            Managing User and Group Accounts from the Command Line............. 417

        Setting Up Shell Initialization Files............................................................... 425

            C Shell Initialization Files................................................................ 425

            Bourne Shell Initialization Files........................................................ 426

            Korn Shell Initialization Files............................................................ 426

            Additional Shells luded with Solaris 10......................................... 426

            Default Initialization Files................................................................. 427

            Customizing User Initialization Files................................................. 428

            The Home Directory........................................................................ 431

            Projects......................................................................................... 432

            Name Services............................................................................... 432

        System Security......................................................................................... 433

            Controlling Physical Security........................................................... 434

            Controlling System Access............................................................. 434

            Controlling File Access................................................................... 443

        Access Control Lists (ACLs)........................................................................ 447

            Setting ACL Entries........................................................................ 448

            Checking the New File Permissions................................................. 450

            Verifying ACL Entries...................................................................... 450

            Copying a File’s ACL to Another File................................................ 450

            Modifying ACL Entries on a File....................................................... 451

            Deleting ACL Entries from a File...................................................... 451

            Auditing Users................................................................................ 454

            Controlling Network Security............................................................ 459

            Securing Superuser Access............................................................ 466

        The Secure Shell (ssh)................................................................................. 468

        ASET 471

        Common-Sense Security Techniques........................................................... 473

        Summary................................................................................................... 474

            Key Terms..................................................................................... 457

            Exercises...................................................................................... 475

            Exam Questions............................................................................. 480

            Answers to Exam Questions........................................................... 489

        Suggested Reading and Resources.............................................................. 492

    CHAPTER fiveManaging System Processes.................................................................................. 493

        Introduction................................................................................................ 496

        Viewing a Process...................................................................................... 496

            pgrep................................................................................................ 500

            prstat................................................................................................ 502

            mpstat............................................................................................... 506

            ptree................................................................................................. 507

            time.................................................................................................. 507

            Process Manager........................................................................... 508

            SMC Process Tool.......................................................................... 511

            pargs................................................................................................ 512

            svcs................................................................................................. 514

        Process Types........................................................................................... 515

        Using Signals............................................................................................. 517

        Scheduling Processes................................................................................ 521

        Scheduling Priorities................................................................................... 522

            Changing the Priority of a Time-Sharing Process with nice................... 522

            Changing the Scheduling Priority of Processes with priocntl................. 524

            Fair Share Scheduler (FSS) and the Fixed Scheduler (FX).................. 525

        Using the Solaris Batch-Processing Facility.................................................. 525

            Configuring crontab........................................................................... 525

            Scheduling a Single System Event (at).............................................. 528

            Job Scheduler................................................................................ 531

        Summary................................................................................................... 533

            Key Terms..................................................................................... 533

            Exercises...................................................................................... 534

            Exam Questions............................................................................. 535

            Answers to Exam Questions........................................................... 539

        Suggested Reading and Resources.............................................................. 540

    Chapter sixManaging the LP Print Service................................................................................. 541

        The Solaris OS Print Service (LP)................................................................. 544

        The Solaris Print Service............................................................................. 544

            LP Print Service Directories............................................................. 546

            The Print Spooler............................................................................ 547

            The LP Print Daemons.................................................................... 548

        Setting Up the Printer Hardware................................................................... 550

            Ethernet Connections...................................................................... 550

            Parallel Connections....................................................................... 550

            Serial Connections.......................................................................... 550

            USB Connections........................................................................... 551

        Setting Up a Network Printer ....................................................................... 551

            BSD Versus SVR4 Printing Software................................................ 551

            Print Servers Versus Print Clients.................................................... 553

            Configuring Software for a Solaris Printer........................................... 554

        Administering Printers................................................................................. 560

            Deleting Printers and Managing Printer Access................................. 560

            Creating Printer Classes.................................................................. 562

            Checking Printer Status.................................................................. 564

            Managing Printer Queues................................................................ 565

            Restarting the Print Scheduler......................................................... 571

            Setting a User’s Default Printer........................................................ 572

            Modifying the Printer with Print Manager........................................... 572

            Troubleshooting the Print Scheduler................................................. 574

        Summary................................................................................................... 574

            Key Terms..................................................................................... 575

            Exercises...................................................................................... 576

            Exam Questions............................................................................. 582

            Answers to Exam Questions........................................................... 586

        Suggested Reading and Resources.............................................................. 587

    chapter SevenPerforming System Backups and Restorations.......................................................... 589

        Introduction................................................................................................ 592

        Backup Media............................................................................................ 592

            Tape Device Names........................................................................ 593

        Solaris Backup and Restoration Utilities....................................................... 595

            The tar Utility.................................................................................. 595

            The dd Utility.................................................................................. 597

            The cpio Utility................................................................................ 599

            The pax Utility................................................................................. 603

            The ufsdump Utility........................................................................... 606

            The ufsrestore Utility......................................................................... 612

            Recovering the Root () or usr File System........................................ 618

            Additional Notes About Restoring Files............................................. 622

        Tape Drive Control....................................................................................... 623

        The UFS Snapshot Utility.............................................................................. 624

        zip and unzip.............................................................................................. 629

        Solaris Flash Archive.................................................................................. 629

        The jar Utility.............................................................................................. 631

        Summary................................................................................................... 633

            Key Terms..................................................................................... 634

            Exercises...................................................................................... 635

            Exam Questions............................................................................. 637

            Answers to Exam Questions........................................................... 640

        Suggested Readings and Resources............................................................ 641

    Part II: Final Review

    Fast Facts............................................................................................................. 645

        Managing File Systems............................................................................... 645

            Devices and Drivers......................................................................... 646

            Instance Names............................................................................. 647

            File Systems.................................................................................. 647

            Creating a UFS............................................................................... 650

            Volume Management...................................................................... 651

        Installing the Solaris 10 Operating Environment............................................. 651

            Tools for Managing Software............................................................ 653

            Software Patches........................................................................... 654

        System Startup and Shutdown..................................................................... 655

            OpenBoot Environment (SRC Systems Only)................................ 656

            The Kernel..................................................................................... 659

            Commands to Shut Down the System.............................................. 661

        User and Security Administration................................................................. 661

            Shells and Initialization Files............................................................ 662

            System Security............................................................................. 665

            Protecting Data.............................................................................. 666

            Access Control Lists (ACLs)............................................................ 667

            Monitoring Users............................................................................ 668

            Network Security............................................................................ 668

            Restricting Root Access.................................................................. 669

        Managing Processes.................................................................................. 669

            Using the kill Command.................................................................... 670

            Using the Solaris Batch-Processing Facility...................................... 671

        Managing the LP Print Service..................................................................... 672

            The LP Print Daemons.................................................................... 674

        Performing System Backups and Restorations.............................................. 675

    Practice Exam ...................................................................................................... 677

        Practice Exam Questions............................................................................ 677

    Answers to the Practice Exam ................................................................................ 685

        Answers at a Glance to the Practice Exam................................................... 685

    Part III: Appendix

    AppendixWhat’s on the CD-ROM .......................................................................................... 693

        ExamGear, Exam Prep Edition ................................................................... 693

    Glossary           695

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