|Exam Name||:||Data Protection Administration for Windows (NBU 6.5)|
|Questions and Answers||:||294 Q & A|
|Updated On||:||February 15, 2019|
|PDF Download Mirror||:||Pass4sure 251-365 Dump|
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251-365 exam Dumps Source : Data Protection Administration for Windows (NBU 6.5)
Test Code : 251-365
Test Name : Data Protection Administration for Windows (NBU 6.5)
Vendor Name : Symantec
Q&A : 294 Real Questions
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I even have a confession to make: I’m not constantly blown away through the antivirus software I overview.
over the years, I even have discovered to expect certain issues from these functions, and that i haven't been terribly shocked by using most types that have crossed my desk.
actually, definitions evolve, and the capacity of detection enhance. but for essentially the most part, antivirus software works its magic through comparing what it sees with a static set of definitions, then taking motion when it identifies a match. The interface may also become more intuitive, deployment more painless and detection greater correct, however the process itself continues to be mostly unchanged.
however the newest iteration of Symantec Endpoint insurance policy (v.12) became a nice shock. With SEP, Symantec modified route.merits
Symantec seems to have long past to outstanding lengths to improve universal performance by way of training the utility to evade scanning info unnecessarily. To achieve this, it has introduced Symantec insight, technology that uses records collected from greater than one hundred seventy five million choose-in consumers to cost the defense of and assign reputations to well-nigh each executable (.exe) file obtainable. The virus scanner uses this counsel to make a decision whether to scan a given file. When a reputation ranks enormously, the utility will bypass it altogether, effortlessly minimizing scan instances and reducing typical equipment aid utilization.
moreover, the newest rendition of Symantec online community for advanced Response (SONAR) introduces coverage enforcement, which helps block new malicious methods before definitions become available. this is completed through looking at a software’s conduct in precise time whereas leveraging its actions against a behavioral profile. If the culmination of a number of suspicious actions results in a terrible score, the equipment will proactively cease the method and prevent it from further compromising the computer. Any administrator who has wrung her palms (or pulled his hair out) while looking forward to an endemic definition update will little question appreciate this introduced layer of malware coverage.Why it works For IT
The administration console is neatly designed and simple to be taught, proposing equipment and information for the whole company in a single panel. administrators who've used outdated models of SEP will locate the design and good judgment common, as it is strikingly corresponding to that of v.11. Most common initiatives may also be performed in a whole lot the identical method as they at all times were, from growing customized guidelines to deploying to new shoppers. Any administrator regular with this product family will haven't any problem getting as much as pace with changes in the new edition.
To aid, Symantec preconfigures the coverage settings of the Small business version of SEP 12. That ability administrators can hit the floor running, making customizations as mandatory.
last, however removed from least, as a result of insight reduces the files scanned and the length of scans, SEP 12’s performance is relatively more suitable on customer methods, resulting in a higher ordinary adventure for conclusion clients.hazards
even though the Small company version boasts advances, they come at a value. The product turns into a whole lot cheaper when a company passes the 25-client mark, and customers acquire further discounts for longer subscription phrases.
Symantec Endpoint protection is a shopper-server software platform that provides layered safety for physical and virtual endpoints geared toward environments with more than 250 users.
the same product, Symantec Endpoint insurance plan Small company version, is designed for smaller environments with more confined administrative support. A cloud-based version -- Symantec Endpoint insurance policy Cloud -- is also accessible for small to medium-sized businesses.
this article makes a speciality of edition 14 of Symantec Endpoint protection.feature set
Symantec Endpoint insurance plan includes antivirus and antimalware, a firewall and intrusion prevention part, host integrity checking, external media manage, software manage, network access manage, and web page searching insurance policy. Behavioral monitoring uses computer researching to evade most zero-day attacks, as well as to cease the spread of an infection if an attack breaches community or device security. The vigour Eraser part permits administrators to scan an endpoint from the management console to eradicate an an infection remotely, and equipment Lockdown handles software whitelisting and blacklisting.
Endpoint protection doesn't offer protection to cell devices, and Endpoint insurance plan Small business version does not consist of email protection, software manage or aid for digital environments.
The Symantec world Intelligence community, probably the most biggest of its form, analyzes facts from a whole lot of thousands and thousands of users and sensors and works with Symantec's insight and SONAR (Symantec on-line community for advanced Response) applied sciences to identify and categorize existing threats.
To enhance efficiency, Endpoint protection makes use of scan removing and deduplication innovations to in the reduction of the variety of information it have to scan on each circulate. extra Endpoint insurance plan features then prevent malware and other threats from affecting client endpoints.Platform insurance
Symantec Endpoint coverage helps Microsoft home windows Vista through Microsoft home windows 10 client programs, macOS and several Linux distributions. Supported server methods include Microsoft home windows Server 2008 through Server 2016, Microsoft windows fundamental enterprise Server, Microsoft windows Small business Server and several flavors of Linux (purple Hat Linux commercial enterprise and SUSE Linux commercial enterprise, among others).
For digital environments, the solution helps Amazon WorkSpaces, Citrix XenServer, VMware vSphere Server (ESXi), VMware ESX, windows Azure, Microsoft Hyper-V and VirtualBox by means of Oracle.
Symantec Endpoint insurance plan Small company version doesn't guide Linux operating techniques, virtual environments or mobile.efficiency
In assessments carried out through AV-look at various in November and December 2016 on windows 10, Symantec Endpoint security 14 scored 17 out of 18 when evaluated for insurance policy, efficiency and usefulness.
The maximum-ranking items all over that period were Kaspersky Small office safety and Bitdefender Endpoint safety, which each scored 18. Symantec Endpoint security gained the AV-look at various ideal coverage 2016 award for supplying staggering protection efficiency.Manageability
Symantec Endpoint insurance plan for on-premises contains a management console that runs on a server and pushes agent utility to each client. directors can view and manipulate windows, Mac, Linux and digital desktop purchasers and make coverage configurations the usage of the console.
Small business edition works in a similar fashion, however is designed for easier setup and administration. This product allows for valued clientele to make use of a cloud-primarily based host, or to installation the administration console on an on-premises server.Pricing and licensing
Symantec Endpoint coverage items are licensed per endpoint with fundamental support protected. valued clientele can buy licenses on-line on the Symantec store or via a accomplice for quantities bigger than those provided online. the following table lists the manufacturer's recommended retail rate per license; additional quantities are available at special pricing. Symantec presents a forty five-day money-again assure on Endpoint insurance plan purchases.
A free, thoroughly functioning 30-day trial of Symantec Endpoint safety or Endpoint protection Small business edition is accessible from every product's respective website.aid
typical help for Symantec Endpoint insurance plan comprises entry to the enterprise's online advantage base, eLibrary, assist videos, a group forum, the SymDiag diagnostic device, product documentation, and downloadable updates and improvements.
Endpoint coverage consumers may additionally open a support ticket with the aid of touring Symantec's technical aid web site or with the aid of contacting a Symantec guide technician via cellphone 24/7. Paid guide plans, which include direct access to help engineers, sooner response instances etc, can be found via Symantec resellers.
support for Small enterprise version includes renovation, carrier updates and 24/7 cell aid.
We return to our review of the mobile chance panorama with a glance at fresh Symantec cell protection statistics.What did they deliver?
Symantec sent me some statistics that comes from 2018 and is from an internal evaluation of their Skycure/Symantec Endpoint insurance policy mobile purchasers, which is basically organizations, but some statistics is from buyer use of their app. a few of their purchasers decide on more locked-down and managed environments, specially these in regulated industries, but they also have purchasers that allow BYOD. Symantec can comfy managed and unmanaged devices. lots of the Symantec cellular safety information I obtained is Android concentrated and restricted in scope, but they did deliver one facts aspect for iOS instruments.
MalwareUnsurprisingly, the enterprise is stronger included from malware than client-used devices. Symantec mobile protection information indicates that most effective 7.07% of Android instruments in an organization had at least one malware incident in 2018. (Symantec defines an “incident” as the place an app designed to trigger harm is downloaded or put in on a monitored device; this may also encompass apps that were already installed on a newly enrolled machine.) examine that quantity to the a good deal better 22.35% of what Symantec calls “unattached contraptions,” that are gadgets not associated with any organization, rather consumers that downloaded their app from Google Play or the App keep.
but normal, malware is current in below 1% of Android apps that are installed on Symantec-monitored contraptions. They don't count number apps that are merely regarded risky or undesirable that may additionally do whatever thing like now not appropriately protect user statistics however is in any other case reliable. (Checking to see how security vendors define “malware” is always first rate.)
Of the Android apps analyzed in 2018 by Symantec, most effective .56% acquired a medium or high chance rating, with .fifty four% of apps receiving a low chance ranking. Any apps chosen by means of Symantec’s proprietary possibility score to be excessive or medium potential the machine can also be a possibility to the company and should be remediated. For low chance ranking apps, they’re now not seen as probably dangerous and the user’s device received’t get flagged/remediated; although greater regulated or conservative companies may additionally decide to anyway.
Sideloaded appsFor Symantec consumers, 2.04% of iOS instruments in agencies had at least one sideloaded iOS app. Does seem to be relatively low in comparison to the statistics Lookout and Wandera prior to now shared, especially given how easy it is set up them.
Android updatesAbout 35% of Android gadgets that can upgrade to the newest OS update (even minor ones) had now not. Symantec did word that “this quantity varies vastly counting on when the statistics become taken relative to when new types are launched.” This makes experience, mainly for the reason that Android releases aren’t at all times allotted evenly right through the 12 months. also, keep in mind that in Android, many devices get monthly security patches which are break away OS updates.ultimate call for mobile security information!
We’re preparing to conclude our assessment of publicly available and provided records quickly. So, if you have information that differs from the Symantec mobile protection records above or validates what they and the other carriers (Lookout and Wandera) have already shared, please contact us!
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Three of the big headlines so far this year have been data growth, the economy and data deduplication in backup. The first headline, relentless data growth, is the root cause of most issues in the backup environment. In an effort to meet service-level agreements (SLAs) for data backup and recovery, more and more organizations are deploying disk in the backup process. With disk, IT organizations can better meet backup windows and recovery objectives. But as IT "modernizes" its backup infrastructure with disk-to-disk backup, new problems emerge -- specifically, the cost of managing copies stored on disk, and the feasibility of taking disk-based backup copies and making them portable for offsite and/or long-term storage.
Deduplication addresses the first issue -- it changes the economics of disk-based backup, allowing more data to be stored in a smaller footprint. The second problem is the new pain point for end users that have adopted disk. How can they rapidly, securely, cost-effectively, and efficiently get data offsite for disaster recovery (DR) or long-term retention? Sure, most target devices with deduplication can replicate copies, but is the backup application's catalog aware of the copy? That's where Symantec Corp. Veritas NetBackup OpenStorage (OST) technology comes in.
Symantec announced its NetBackup OpenStorage initiative a few years ago. It is designed to allow NetBackup users to utilize third-party storage solutions without the need for tape emulation.
Available as an option for NetBackup 6.5 and higher, NetBackup OpenStorage gives NetBackup a common interface for third-party disk targets. NetBackup sees OST-enabled appliances as disk, enabling features such as intelligent capacity management, media server load balancing, reporting, and lifecycle policies. It also delivers optimized duplication. Without OST, NetBackup media servers have to manage all duplicate backup copies, which means that data must be transferred across the LAN, WAN, or SAN from the primary site secondary storage to a NetBackup media server and then to the disaster recovery site storage medium (i.e., another appliance of the same type or tape media). With OST, the OST-enabled device is doing the replication and the data path does not include NetBackup media servers. This means that only changed segments are replicated, creating savings in bandwidth and, importantly, time. NetBackup is aware of all copies and those copies follow established retention policies.
Symantec Technology Enabled Program (STEP) partners -- such as Data Domain, EMC Corp., FalconStor Software, and Quantum Corp. -- leverage the NetBackup OpenStorage technology API to create plug-ins for their storage systems. OST allows for backup data to be stored on disk with whatever protocol the target device uses, such as a Fibre Channel or TCP/IP. Based on NetBackup policies or commands, the OST-enabled device will create, duplicate or delete copies.
One of the more interesting byproducts of the use of the NetBackup OpenStorage interface is the performance improvement in backup. Several STEP partners with an OST-enabled solution claim 50% to100% improvement in backup performance. Richard Nosal, a server administrator for High Point Regional Health System in Greensboro, N.C., implemented the NetBackup OST option with a Data Domain DD660 and saw his pre-OST 10-hour backup window with a virtual tape library cut in half.
Since the NetBackup catalog is aware of all copies, recovery of data from a NetBackup OpenStorage-optimized duplicate copy is the same as recovery from another duplicate. Through NetBackup's Backup-Archive-Restore GUI, the OST-optimized duplicate copy can be designated as the primary copy and then a full or granular recovery can be initiated. The potential time savings over recovery from a non-OST-optimized duplicate could be significant.
About this author:Lauren Whitehouse is an analyst with Enterprise Strategy Group and covers data protection technologies. Lauren is a 20-plus-year veteran in the software industry, formerly serving in marketing and software development roles.
The countdown to Windows 8.1 is officially on. Whoever thinks that Windows 8.1 is squarely a consumer-centric release is heavily mistaken. After spending a month with Windows 8.1 Pro on my Thinkpad X230 Tablet, I can definitively say that Windows 8.1 is shaping up as a rock-solid option for the enterprise. I've previously written about why businesses should have been considering Windows 8 for their next upgrade cycles. With 8.1, Microsoft's latest OS is a service pack on more than a few steroids.
By any measure, I've been a vocal, bullish early adopter of Windows 8. My day to day consulting work for customers doesn't allow me to stay stuck on previous generations of Windows. Even if I did prefer Windows 7, my mixed client base is moving to 8 whether I like it or not. I need to be prepared for the questions and troubleshooting that ensues, which means I need to be their resident Windows 8 expert.
And I won't lie: Microsoft has pleasantly surprised me with Windows 8. Even on a non-touchscreen Thinkpad T410, my experiences with the new OS have been generally positive. Sure, my initial foray was met with skepticism and a twitch desire for the old and familiar, but I got past the mental speedbump and haven't turned back.
I readjusted my workflow when I made the switch off Windows 7. Mind you, I spend about 90 percent+ of my time in the Desktop interface on 8 (and recently, 8.1) and after a few hours of hunting for the Start button, I started to take advantage of the fruits that 8 offers. Searching for what I need instead of pecking through menus or organizing rows of shortcuts. Making use of the Charms. After a while it hit me: this new interface just made sense. I found myself saving time on mundane tasks that were otherwise nestled in click-here, click-there combinations.
My day to day work is highly dynamic and the needs of the hour determine what I'm working within. One minute I'm administering a server over Remote Desktop or helping a customer with our live support tool, ScreenConnect. The next I'm cranking out a proposal in Google Docs. Perhaps working on my company's financials in QuickBooks Online. Throw in some Hyper-V and VirtualBox usage for testing different OSes, and round out my day doing some number crunching in Excel. I have yet to throw a use case scenario at Win 8 that didn't feel right or work as expected. I also cannot remember a single "Blue Screen" since jumping ship from Windows 7.
This transition for the Microsoft OS ecosystem is no doubt a generational one. Not unlike Office when the Ribbon trashed the menu-heavy interface in version 2007. Not unlike how XP completely transformed the Start Menu from the die-hard Classic look/feel of Windows 2000. And to a lesser extent, not unlike Windows 3.1 which slapped a full GUI on us and rejected the notion that "everyone wanted DOS". I'm still not sure why companies like Apple can toss the revolutionary iOS on a generation of users without a hint of an uproar, and Microsoft is held to a last-generation expectation from the masses. Double standard, anyone?
Just two decades ago, the command line of DOS gave way to the first wave of Windows GUI desktops in the workplace. Still yearning to go back -- for old time's sake? The removal of the traditional Start Menu is no different in conceptual progression. (Image Source: Microsoft)
Enough with the soapbox. Windows 8.1 brings a ton of new functionality to the table for the business, government, nonprofit, and education sectors. And the best part about the new OS? It's completely free. As in zero dollars, zero cost, you name it. Businesses that have already either partially or fully moved to Windows 8 will be able to get the update at the same cost of free as any consumer. This goes for organizations who also leverage Software Assurance or Volume Licensing for their Microsoft software rights. If you have licensing for Windows 8 or are getting access soon, you will be eligible to make the move to 8.1 at no charge. As you'll see below, there are few reasons not to take advantage.
So what are these neat new functionalities that Microsoft has baked into Windows 8.1? Here's a closer look at the ones I see as most relevant, divided into logical sections so you can peruse by category with ease.
Windows 8.1: Security
Drive Encryption for Everyone: Microsoft is dead serious about encryption security for Windows 8.1. That's why every edition of Windows 8.1 will have the underlying technology behind BitLocker baked in, with the Pro and Enterprise flavors getting full administrative control as was the case previously in varying extent since Windows Vista. Upon login with a Microsoft Account, any Windows 8.1 machine will have encryption for the main OS drive turned on by default. This is excellent news for medical offices who are facing the mad dash towards IT HIPAA compliance.
Remote Selective Data Wipe: Up until now, BYOD in the workplace has been a pain in the rear. When it comes to differentiating access to corporate data, traditional VPNs and share permissions off servers have done little to paint the black and white lines of what employees should keep and what needs to get returned once a worker leaves a business. We deal with it all the time in my consulting business. The next best thing to completely blocking BYOD has been Windows Remote Desktop Services, leveraging Session Based Desktops, but this doesn't meet everyone's needs.
Remote Selective Wipe in Windows 8.1 allows companies or organizations to specify what data is owned by the employer and should get wiped or indefinitely locked on the end user's device when they leave. This means companies can dole out more liberal access to critical data without fretting about what will get plucked when a valuable employee gets picked up by the competition. This helps reduce capital investment in laptops/tablets while enabling for a secure approach to BYOD which has never been offered on such a pervasive scale before.
Work Folders to Simplify File Access: The way we used to dole out file access to users was never intended for the modern BYOD workplace. Offline Files, remote VPN access, etc were all poor band aids to a big problem: how can workers get access on the go with relatively little effort, without ruining file synchronization on the server? Work Folders in Windows 8.1 (coupled with Server 2012R2 on the backend) solves this brilliantly. The technology is a lot like what SkyDrive offers on the personal and Office 365 side of things. Files can get assigned and synced to user devices for on-the-go editing access, and when an internet connection gets restored, the files are streamed and synced back to the central server. Remote file access that finally just works.
Work Folders bring the power of SkyDrive-esque technology to the native Windows 8.1 experience specifically for the workplace. Microsoft's cruddy Offline Files technology finally bids a long overdue farewell. (Image Source: Microsoft Channel9)
Microsoft has a great overview video of the tech on Channel9 as well as a nice in-depth writeup on TechNet.
Workplace Join is like AD-lite: It was either you were on a Workgroup or an AD Domain -- and that was it. Not anymore. Windows Workplace Join allows sysadmins to provide a "purgatory" of sorts that is not quite full AD, but not as loose as being joined to a Workgroup. You can watch a full demo of how simple this technology works from this year's BUILD 2013 conference.
Native Biometric Recognition Support: Fingerprint readers have been a mainstay for business line laptops for years. Most Thinkpads I have owned over the last ten years have had one. The problem is, they always required additional vendor software to use the functionality. This increases overhead, administrative effort, and in the end, also increases likelihood for issues over the long run. Which is one of the reasons why biometric uptake has been slow on Windows. Windows 8.1 has native fingerprint and virtual smart card support out of the box to secure the logon process. About time, Microsoft.
Network Behavior Monitoring in Windows Defender: While Defender alone should not be considered a comprehensive security solution, the fact that it will now have some HIPS functionality (Host Based Intrusion Prevention System) is reassuring. My company's favorite AV product, ESET NOD32, has had HIPS functionality since version 5. Microsoft is claiming that in Windows 8.1, Windows Defender will be able to spot suspicious network behavior from both known and unknown threats alike.
I wouldn't hinge my entire company's security plan around it, but it is reassuring to know that every 8.1 system out of the box will have a fairly decent level of protection from modern complex threats natively.
Assigned Access for Dirt Easy "Kiosk Mode": This new feature is especially nice for the education and business sectors. Previously, when organizations wanted to restrict access to a single interface -- for example, a web browser locked to a certain site or a given app -- they had to leverage combinations of complex Group Policies and/or AppLocker rules. These solutions worked, but boy, the amount of legwork and testing required made even the seasoned IT sysadmin sweat.
Assigned Access, which is available in Windows 8.1 RT, Pro, and Enterprise allows for admins to lock down an 8.1-powered device to function within a single, designated Windows Store app. It could be a reading application for Surface RT tablets in K-12 education. Or perhaps a line of business program for a sales force out in the field on convertible tablets. The uses are near limitless.
"The Most Secure OS Ever Made": According to Microsoft, Windows 8 is 21 times safer than Windows XP, and 6 times safer than Windows 7, from a malware infection perspective. Renowned AV vendor ESET has said similar praises about Windows 8 being the "most secure version of Windows ever." After years of noise about a mass exodus from Windows to Mac due to security, researchers are coming out and claiming that Macs have nothing inherently more secure about them, and new malware that hit OS X earlier this year is continuing to show the cracks in Apple's security-by-obscurity approach. For the enterprise stuck on an imploding island of XP machines, Windows 8.1 is looking like a much better replacement than Windows 7 or Mac.
Security in Windows 8.1 is a big deal. Security researchers have already begun saying that government agencies looking to upgrade to Windows 8 are making a "good move." And seeing that Microsoft has promised support for Windows 8 (and 8.1) through Jan 2023, the OS will enjoy a plush 10 year lifespan for organizations that make the move now.
Windows 8.1: Networking & RDS
Big Improvements for RDS: When used in conjunction with Server 2012 R2, Windows 8.1 with Remote Desktop Services Session Host Desktops (RDSH) allows for neat extended capabilities. For example, sysadmins and IT support staff can now actively view and control user desktop sessions to provide help desk style support and answer questions on functionality through Session Shadowing. The networking side of RemoteApp has been markedly improved even further, allowing for crisper usage of RDS-hosted RemoteApp programs in low bandwidth scenarios like on mobile 4G cards or at wifi hotspots. RDS on 8.1 also finally introduces multi monitor support for users, meaning that "Terminal Services" doesn't have to be a second class experience. This also includes full touch capability for RDS sessions!
New Simple Printer Connection Options: Two new wireless-enabled printing capabilities are being added natively to Windows 8.1. The first, Wi-Fi Direct, allows anyone to connect a mobile device to a Wi-Fi Direct printer to leverage ad-hoc printing without the need for drivers or an existing wireless network. NFC tap-to-pair printing is very similar, and can allow an NFC device like a smartphone to merely "bump" a printer that has an NFC tag placed on it to establish a simple direct printing connection on the spot.
Easy Hotspot Creation from your PC: Internet Connection Sharing has been around for a long time. But it's been a junk feature for as long as I can remember. Hard to configure, and even more difficult for others to leverage. Windows 8.1 brings the notion of easy hotspot creation to every PC, which is great for situations where, for example, staff members are trying to share a single wired LAN connection at a conference room before a sales presentation. Wi-Fi isn't ubiquitous or free everywhere yet, so this is a welcome new feature for mobile road warriors.
Auto-Triggered VPN Access: We're all used to the errors and access issues presented by applications we just forget that need VPN access to the corporate network when in the field. Windows 8.1 looks to solve these dilemmas once and for all with Auto-Triggered VPN settings that can prompt for necessary VPN credentials whenever certain items necessitate them. Forgetting to connect to the VPN won't end up in a molasses-crawl to the expected "access denied" prompts anymore.
Better Out-of-Box VPN Client Support: You can cross four vendor VPN application add-ons off the list of programs needed to get onto the corporate network. Microsoft has caked in native support for SonicWall, Juniper, Check Point, and F5 VPN firewall connectivity. You check check out the short spiel on this from the BUILD 2013 event on Windows 8.1.
Simplified, Easy Management of Devices in Windows Intune: Windows 8.1 and 8.1 RT brings the next progression of Windows Intune to the forefront, allowing for unified centralized cloud management of all your Windows devices. Schools, nonprofits, and businesses can all benefit from such management capabilities, especially on the Windows RT side where devices cannot be natively joined to Active Directory. What used to be relegated to MSC 2012 for an on-premise server is now extended fully to the cloud with Intune.
This is excellent news for organizations with little budget for capital expenses on servers and extensive setup labor. Intune comes in as cheap as $6 USD/month for licensing without Software Assurance -- a real bargain compared to some BYOD management suites.
Windows 8.1: UI & Functionality
Smart Search: If you happened to enjoy the excellent built-in search capabilities in Windows 8, then 8.1 is not going to let you down. The same speedy, integrated search experience still exists and permeates in Windows 8.1, but is brought to the next level via Bing inclusion. This means you can search for anything from the Modern UI interface. Last week's financial spreadsheet, your family photos from vacation, the apps you use day to day, and internet-powered results for items like news, weather, research material, etc. Paul Thurrott goes into excellent detail on this functionality on his blog.
Windows Button "Right Click Menu": The fact that the Start Button is back in a limited form is old news. The best part about the new Start Button is the hidden "right click menu" that provides a juicy amount of easy access to numerous functions most IT pros take for granted. Heck, many of these items are now easier to get to then they were in Windows 7. This not-so-secret menu makes it simple to shut down your machine, open command prompt, or a bevy of other options. Yes, this easter egg of sorts existed in stock Windows 8, but the addition of the new power-related options make this revised menu a keeper. See below for more information.
Boot Straight to Desktop Mode: This is awesome news for workers like me, that spend a majority of their time in the Desktop interface and only dabble onto the Modern UI for a little after-hours activity. In 8.1, anyone can configure their PC to boot straight to the familiar desktop interface, meaning you can get straight to work, bypassing the Start Screen entirely. A small, but timely, touch.
Just as Fast, Just as Slim as 8: This isn't necessarily a feature per-se, but it's one heck of a nicety. Not only does Windows 8.1 have the same exact hardware requirements as Windows 8 - but these happen to be the exact same requirements as Windows 7 had. What gives? Microsoft has created a lean mean, processing machine in Windows 8 and the trend continues. While I don't have any hard numbers or results to back it up, my non-scientific feelings lead me to believe that 8.1 runs smoother than 8, most notably on startup and shutdown. SSD users are in for a blazing fast experience. You will likely miss the new boot screen with the funky Betta Fish if you don't look carefully.
This also means that those computers which would have otherwise gotten canned at the office can more than likely get upgraded to Windows 8.1. Seeing that Windows 8 did away with the memory and battery intensive Aero interface, you will also ideally see better pound-for-pound normal usage performance from Windows 8.1 then you otherwise would with the same specs loaded up on Windows 7.
The bloat that Microsoft was known for from Windows 2000 to XP, then from XP to Vista is a thing of the past.
Miracast for Wireless Display Projection: Miracast is an open alternative to (but fully compatible with) Intel's WiDi technology that started the wireless projection market. Windows 8.1 has this neat technology built right in, which means if you have a Miracast enabled projector in the board room, but your laptop doesn't have the DisplayPort connection that it needs, you can use Miracast to setup a Wi-Fi Direct signal to the unit in order to present your material. Xbox One has this built in as well, and many new displays and projectors are promising to bundle this technology going forward. Could this be the beginning of the end for cable and dongle-heavy board rooms? Time will tell.
(Image Source: BusinessInsider.com)
Windows 8/RT Store Not a Ghost Town Anymore: The media kept rubbing Windows 8 for not having much of a useful Windows Store at launch last year. How the tables have turned. While the situation is not on par with what Android or iOS have, the fact that Windows Store now offers 54% of the top 100 iOS apps is pretty commendable 10 months in. As of September 1, the Windows Store had over 114,000 apps and counting. The list will only keep growing as time goes on.
Internet Explorer 11 is Faster, Safer: As if a new Internet Explorer release was ever missing those two descriptions, IE11 promises a little bit of "better everything." Faster load times, better compliance with web standards and HTML5, side-by-side browsing of sites, and deeper anti-malware integration for catching nasties before they are even allowed to launch. For companies that rely on a strict policy of IE due to corporate protocol or ease of administration, IE11 will be a no brainer to make life easier on the end-user and management fronts.
Surface RT gets Outlook 2013 with 8.1 RT: A lot of news outlets are forgetting to cover this factoid, but for business professionals leveraging the Surface RT, they should know that Outlook 2013 is launching alongside Windows 8.1 RT for the Surface RT. Free of charge, of course. This means Office 365 users who have Exchange Online accounts, or other IMAP/POP users, can easily connect their email to arguably the most powerful email and organization app ever made for the computing world. I'm rolling out Surface RT tablets at some of my customer offices, and this will make the product even that much more attractive for the workplace.
3D Printing Support Out-of-the-Box: Not the biggest deal for most businesses (yet), but if the 3D printing revolution ever takes off, Windows 8.1 has the necessary hardware/software support built in to leverage the technology natively. My only experience with 3D printers was at my old school district job, where the Applied Arts department had one that could make CAD-developed prints out of plastic in 30-60 min timeframes. Perhaps the newest generation of these units are much more dazzling in wait times. I expect numerous markets to start taking advantage of the dropping price points and improving technology to bring their once fanciful creations to life.
Multi Monitor Support that Rocks: I thought my dual screen capabilities were awesome in stock Windows 8, but 8.1 just takes it to a whole new level. Dragging and dropping individual Modern UI apps to different screens is fully supported for the first time. The Start Screen can be accessed via Charms that work on any screen now. The taskbar can be fully extended over a single set of monitors as well. And the level of customization that is now inherently provided for snapping and resizing Modern UI apps and your Desktop interface are limitless. Multi monitor workstations will greatly benefit from Windows 8.1 -- further creating screen envy among your coworkers.
Prefer to use a hybrid Desktop-Start Screen setup with your dual screens? Such new combinations, and more, are finally possible in Windows 8.1. Microsoft has taken multi-monitor support to the next level and truly created a customizable experience worthy of what Windows 8.1 offers. (Image Source: Microsoft TechNet)
(Even) Better Battery Life: My day-to-day Thinkpad T410 got a boost of about 30-45 mins when I made the switch from Windows 7 to Windows 8 last fall. Pretty significant. While I don't have as much data to back up a statement on Windows 8.1, naturally, Microsoft is saying that OS is taking big advantage of the power saving capabilities in Intel's Haswell platform. I'm itching to see how the final RTM build handles my Thinkpad X230 Tablet as my new primary mobile workhorse, but the 8.1 Pro Preview has been giving me a solid 6 to 6.5 hrs of life on an 8 cell battery. Impressive for a pre-release, buggy iteration.
Hand-in-Hand SkyDrive Integration: It's no surprise that Microsoft is tightly combining the features of SkyDrive Personal into Windows 8.1. The cloud storage tool is a worthy competitor to Google Drive; and heck, I use it now for all of my personal Office document storage because it just works cleaner than Drive due the fact that I can leverage Office Web Apps on the go when I need to. SkyDrive is now a persistent default save location for numerous functions and apps in Windows 8.1, going beyond what Office 2013 brought to the desktop in terms of pushing SkyDrive. Hey -- there's life beyond work, after all.
Auto Predict for Touch Typing / Tablet Mode: For those using Windows 8 on tablets, like the Surface RT, typing in touch mode was a bit of a chore for a lack of proper auto predict. Windows 8.1 resolve this quite nicely. Now, you can continue typing and use predictive suggestions from the OS with complete ease. This means that Surface RT users in the field within tablet mode shouldn't have to go into laptop mode that often anymore for short-spanned typing. Should make Word 2013 a breeze to use without the cover opened!
Windows 8.1 hits the market officially for everyone come October 17, and is a completely free update for all. My company will definitely be recommending 8.1 for both consumer and business usage as time goes on, especially if the wonderful improvements from the Preview translate into real-world benefit for end users come October.
I'm calling it now: Windows 8.1 is the new Windows XP for the workplace. Just watch.
Derrick Wlodarz is an IT Specialist who owns Park Ridge, IL (USA) based technology consulting & service company FireLogic, with over eight+ years of IT experience in the private and public sectors. He holds numerous technical credentials from Microsoft, Google, and CompTIA and specializes in consulting customers on growing hot technologies such as Office 365, Google Apps, cloud-hosted VoIP, among others. Derrick is an active member of CompTIA's Subject Matter Expert Technical Advisory Council that shapes the future of CompTIA exams across the world. You can reach him at derrick at wlodarz dot net.
This chapter, from Upgrading and Repairing Networks, 5e, looks at the network's logical and physical design to assist your planning when creating a new network.This chapter is from the book
Many types of networks were discussed in Chapter 1, "A Short History of Computer Networking," from ARPANET to TCP/IP. And in Chapter 2, "Overview of Network Topologies," you learned about the various topologies you can employ when designing and creating a local area network (LAN), and we also looked at some scenarios in which several networks were connected to form a wide area network (WAN). In this chapter, we will look at another aspect of creating a network: the network's logical and physical design. The physical aspects of your LAN will depend on the underlying physical transport technology—Ethernet or Token-Ring, for example, or possibly ATM, which is supported as a LAN protocol in products such as Windows 2000/XP, Windows Server 2003, and Linux. Depending on which technology you use, there will be one or more LAN topologies from which to choose.
Before you can begin to design a physical network, however, you first must determine your needs. What services must you provide to your user community? What are the resources you'll need? If you have to compromise, what will it take to satisfy the most users or to provide the more important services? You then will have to take into account network protocols, applications, network speed, and, most important, network security issues; each of these figures into a network's logical design. Another important factor your management will probably force you to consider is cost—you can't forget the budget. These factors make up the logical design for your network. You first should decide what you need and what it will take to provide for those needs.
If you are creating a new network and purchasing new applications, you will probably spend most of your time considering the licensing and other financial costs (training users, network personnel, and so on). If you are upgrading older applications, several other factors come into consideration. Many applications that were coded using COBOL, BASIC, FORTRAN, and other languages that helped jumpstart the computer age may have built-in network functionality based on older proprietary network protocols. If this is the case with your network, you have to consider several things. What will it cost to update thousands of lines of code (or more) to more modern versions of the same programming language? What will it cost to upgrade these programs to newer object-oriented languages? To save money, can you upgrade part of your network and use gateway hardware/software to connect to older network components?
Because of the costs associated with coding applications that were created many years ago, and the expenses that will be required to update them to modern programming languages, you may be forced to maintain legacy applications for a few years while replacement applications are designed and created. You may find a packaged application that can be used to replace older programs. This problem will apply mostly to proprietary computer architectures, instead of Windows or Unix platforms. If you can simply make minor changes and compile the source code so that it will run on a newer operating system, your costs will be much less than if you have to re-create the applications your users need from scratch. Another cost associated with upgrading to new programs is training users and help-desk personnel.
When you plan a logical network design, you can start from one of two places. You can design and install a new network from scratch, or you can upgrade an existing network. Either way, you should gather information about several important factors before you begin the logical design. For example, depending on the services that will be provided to clients, you might need to analyze the possible traffic patterns that might result from your plan. Locate potential bottlenecks and, where possible, alleviate them by providing multiple paths to resources or by putting up servers that provide replicas of important data so that load balancing can be provided. The following are other factors to consider:
This seems like a very simple question. However, I'm not saying, "What are your clients' names and how well do you know their children?" I am referring instead to your knowledge of the job descriptions for the users on the network. You need to assess work patterns for various departments so that you can appropriately place servers, high-bandwidth links, and other such things in the appropriate physical location of the network. If most of the network traffic you expect to see will come from the engineering department, you'll need to provide that department with a large data pipe. In Chapter 4, "Upgrading Strategies and Project Management," you'll find more information about surveying the user community to come up with a plan that places resources where they are needed.What Kinds of Services or Applications Will the Network Offer?
Of course, everyone knows that the most important function of a network today is to support multiuser gaming. Seriously, though, you need to make a list of the kinds of applications currently in use, as well as a list of those requested by users. Each application should have a written risk assessment document that points out potential security problems, if any. Typical network applications today include FTP, telnet, and, of course, browsing the Web. There are "secure" versions of these applications and there are versions that leave a door wide open into your network. Whatever list of applications you chose to support over the network, keep in mind two things:
A commonly overlooked method for getting data files out of a network and onto the Internet is to simply send the files as an attachment to an email. So if you think you've blocked file transfers by disabling FTP access through the firewall, this example should show that you really do need to do a thorough evaluation of any new application or service you will allow on the network. New applications should be justified with facts that show why they are needed. If an existing application can be used to accomplish the same goal, why do you need another application? Should you retire the older application and use a newer one? Pay attention to the details. And don't forget to test new applications to ensure that they perform as expected. The same goes for older applications—will they work on the new or upgraded network?
Lastly, do you monitor network usage? Do you want to permit users to spend their days browsing the Net, or checking personal email while at work? Many companies have policies that apply to using the telephone for personal business. Do you overlook this situation when giving users email capability? Are you preventing access to sites that are obviously not business-related?What Degree of Reliability Do I Require for Each Network Link?
Just how much downtime is acceptable? For most users, the answer would be zero. Important components of your network, such as file servers, should have fault tolerance built in from the bottom up. In large servers, you'll find dual-redundant power supplies (each connected to a separate UPS), and disk arrays set up using RAID techniques to provide for data integrity in the event that a disk goes south. If a link between two offices needs to be up 100% of the time, you should plan for multiple links between the two sites to provide a backup capability. In this case, you also can justify the cost of the extra link by using load balancing so that network response time is improved. And, if you are using multiple links to remote sites, it's always a good idea to have more than a single path to the site. At one site this author worked at, there were redundant power lines bringing electricity into the site—side-by-side. If a tree falls, will it bring down one or both of those power lines?
Another technology that can be used to provide an extra layer of redundancy, as well as high-speed access to storage devices, is the Storage Area Network (SAN). A SAN is a network that is separate from the LAN and contains only storage devices and servers that need to access those devices. Because the network bandwidth is not shared with LAN users, multiple servers can access the same storage. If one server fails, other servers can be configured to provide redundant access to the data. Also, the same RAID and other redundancy techniques used for storage devices that are directly attached to a server (such as the SCSI hardware and protocols) can be used on a SAN.
The terms RAID and UPS are important in today's networks, as is the concept of load balancing and dual-redundant power supplies in large networks. You can find out more about RAID (Redundant Array Of Independent Disks) and UPSs (uninterruptible power supplies) by reading Chapter 5, "Protecting the Network: Preventative Maintenance Techniques." For more information about SANs, see Chapter 11.
The old saying "If it ain't broke, don't fix it" doesn't apply to networks. You should always be proactively looking for potential single points of failure and doing something to fix them. By building redundancy into the network design at the start, you'll save yourself a lot of grief in the future.
Chapter 5 can give you more suggestions about using clustering, backups, uninterruptible power supplies, and other techniques that can keep the network up and running.Choosing a LAN Protocol
Today the de facto protocol of choice has to be TCP/IP. However, other protocols have their place in some vertical markets. In this book, we talk about NetWare. NetWare has been around so long that you might find you have no choice when designing an upgrade but to keep using IPX/SPX, depending on the applications your network uses. However, even NetWare has moved toward using TCP/IP as the underlying protocol. This is basically the case for version 5.x and 6.x of NetWare. Older NetWare networks should upgrade, if possible, to one of these newer versions. If you will be connecting the network to the Internet, TCP/IP will be a necessity. Even if you don't expect to have an Internet connection, you'll find that choosing TCP/IP is a more practical choice today because most applications work with it and there is a large market of trained professionals who can be hired to manage a network built on TCP/IP. NetWare 6.x provides backward compatibility with IPX/SPX for the most part, but newer features such as the iPrint—which uses the Internet Printing Protocol—require TCP/IP.
In addition to transport protocols such as TCP/IP and IPX/SPX, you must consider application protocols that can be used on the network. For example, to simplify administering configuration information for a large number of computers, you might want to use the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP), which is discussed in Chapter 28, "BOOTP and Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP)." If you want to provide a central name resolution service, you might choose the Domain Name Service (DNS), which is covered in Chapter 29, "Network Name Resolution." If you are going to operate a Windows network that has pre–Windows 2000/XP clients, you might need to use the Windows Internet Naming Service (WINS) for backward compatibility.
So when thinking about a network protocol, remember that it's not just one protocol you need to worry about. After you've decided which protocols are necessary, research the security implications of each.It's Virtually Universal: TCP/IP
For all practical purposes, the standard LAN protocol today is TCP/IP. This is partly due to the rapid growth of the Internet, and the necessity of most businesses of having a Web presence, as well as the large number of vendors that have adopted this protocol suite. If your LAN is still using an older proprietary network protocol, you should seriously consider what it would take to upgrade to TCP/IP. Currently, TCP/IP version 4 is the most widely used protocol. In the future you can expect that the next version (IPv6) will start to find its way from the core of the Internet out to the edge, where your network resides. While technologies such as Network Address Translation (NAT) are widely employed to remedy the problem associated with the limited address space provided by IPv4, IPv6 will enable a much larger address space. Combine that with Network Address Translation, and the long-term bets are going to be on IPv6, or possibly some of the features that are part of IPv6. In addition to giving you a larger address space, IPv6 includes other important features. Those that will affect your network the most are security mechanisms, which will only become more important as Internet commerce continues to grow.
For a detailed introduction to TCP/IP, see Chapter 24, "Overview of the TCP/IP Protocol Suite"; Chapter 25, "Basic TCP/IP Services and Applications"; and Chapter 27, "Troubleshooting Tools for TCP/IP Networks."
There is one very important reason you should consider TCP/IP as a LAN protocol: There are more trained professionals knowledgeable in TCP/IP than any other LAN protocol at this time. It is interesting to note that in Windows NT 3.51, the default network protocol was Microsoft's implementation of IPX/SPX (NWLink). In Windows NT 4.0 (and successive operating systems, from Windows 2000, XP, and Server 2003), the default network protocol is TCP/IP.
If your network is composed of several operating systems, from Windows to NetWare to Unix and Linux, then the bottom line is that TCP/IP is the lowest common denominator that will allow the easiest connectivity and interaction between all of these. Even Microsoft's now-legacy NetBIOS/NetBEUI protocols have been adapted to run over TCP/IP.Novell's NetWare Version 6.5
NetWare was perhaps the first attempt at seriously providing a LAN protocol that was easy to use. The basic file and print services offered by early versions of NetWare were much better than other solutions available at that time. After it became established in the business community, NetWare became the network solution of choice in many business environments that used the PC. Microsoft countered this success with its LANManager products, which were also marketed by other vendors in their own way, such as the Pathworks solution from Digital Equipment Corporation.
Today NetWare is a totally revamped solution to LAN connectivity. It provides many new features that are addressed to specifically make use of the Internet, and allow mobile users to connect to their home networks, as well as to enable NetWare users to make connections to outside networks. For example, the iPrint feature enables NetWare users to print to a printer on a remote network. For example, instead of sending a catalog that may be out of date in a month or so, you can use iPrint to periodically send specific information relevant to each customer, by printing it directly to the customer's printer.
And NetWare's iFolder allows mobile users to synchronize data stored on remote computers (such as a laptop computer) with the data stored on the company's network. Microsoft and other vendors offer similar features. However, the point to remember is that if you already are a NetWare user, you don't have to throw out your existing investment and move to a Microsoft network, or even a Unix/Linux environment. NetWare has changed as the market has changed, and you might find it less expensive to upgrade to NetWare 6.5 than to migrate to another platform. The bottom line involves not just the cost of migrating to another operating system, but the costs involved with retraining your network administrative personnel in new technology.
Because NetWare 6.5 is so tightly integrated with the IP protocol, and also offers backward compatibility with IPX/SPX, admins for existing NetWare networks should consider upgrading to NetWare 6.5 as well as considering other options.
If you want to move to Linux, Novell makes it easy by incorporating an enhanced version of NetWare 6.5 and SuSE Linux into its Novell Open Enterprise Server. Open Enterprise Server supports both Linux and NetWare-specific software and features, enabling you to move to Linux gradually.Other LAN/WAN Protocols
The distinction between LAN and WAN (wide area networking) protocols is beginning to blur. Ethernet was once considered to be a LAN protocol. As time has passed, other technologies, such as Token-Ring, have become minor players in the LAN world. Yet the opposite is true of Ethernet. It has grown from a modest specification endorsed by Intel, DEC, and other vendors, such that it now can be considered a WAN protocol. The capabilities introduced by current LAN technologies are beginning to erode the differences between a LAN and a MAN (metropolitan area network). When the fourth edition of this book was published, Gigabit Ethernet was starting to fall into the inexpensive range of network topologies. That trend has continued and now 10Gigabit Ethernet (10GbE) is frequently being used in enterprise data centers. Today you may be using 100BASE-T for connecting client computers to the network, and Gigabit Ethernet to connect network segments via the network backbone. In some cases your network might even be exclusively based on 10GbE.
What does this mean to a network administrator today? With 10Gigabit Ethernet, you can use TCP/IP not only to create a local area network backbone, but to extend that reach to a metropolitan area network. And because TCP/IP is so intertwined with Ethernet, you can achieve an end-to-end MAN link that uses TCP/IP over faster Ethernet connections. Instead of employing more expensive solutions, such as SONET, you can now connect branch offices in the same geographical area using just TCP/IP.
You may not have to worry about installing expensive equipment used by SONET and other typical MAN protocols. Still, for the long haul—for example, between different cities—other protocols such as ATM and Frame Relay will come into play.
For more information about SONET, ATM, and Frame Relay, see Chapter 15, "Dedicated Connections."
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CIPS [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
Cisco [318 Certification Exam(s) ]
Citrix [48 Certification Exam(s) ]
CIW [18 Certification Exam(s) ]
Cloudera [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
Cognos [19 Certification Exam(s) ]
College-Board [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
CompTIA [76 Certification Exam(s) ]
ComputerAssociates [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
Consultant [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Counselor [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
CPP-Institue [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
CPP-Institute [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
CSP [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
CWNA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
CWNP [13 Certification Exam(s) ]
Dassault [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
DELL [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
DMI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
DRI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ECCouncil [21 Certification Exam(s) ]
ECDL [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
EMC [129 Certification Exam(s) ]
Enterasys [13 Certification Exam(s) ]
Ericsson [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
ESPA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Esri [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
ExamExpress [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Exin [40 Certification Exam(s) ]
ExtremeNetworks [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
F5-Networks [20 Certification Exam(s) ]
FCTC [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Filemaker [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
Financial [36 Certification Exam(s) ]
Food [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
Fortinet [13 Certification Exam(s) ]
Foundry [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
FSMTB [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Fujitsu [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
GAQM [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
Genesys [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
GIAC [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Google [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
GuidanceSoftware [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
H3C [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
HDI [9 Certification Exam(s) ]
Healthcare [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
HIPAA [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Hitachi [30 Certification Exam(s) ]
Hortonworks [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
Hospitality [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
HP [750 Certification Exam(s) ]
HR [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
HRCI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Huawei [21 Certification Exam(s) ]
Hyperion [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
IAAP [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IAHCSMM [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IBM [1532 Certification Exam(s) ]
IBQH [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ICAI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ICDL [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
IEEE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IELTS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IFPUG [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IIA [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
IIBA [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
IISFA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Intel [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
IQN [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
IRS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISACA [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISC2 [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISEB [24 Certification Exam(s) ]
Isilon [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
ISM [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
iSQI [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
ITEC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Juniper [64 Certification Exam(s) ]
LEED [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Legato [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
Liferay [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Logical-Operations [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Lotus [66 Certification Exam(s) ]
LPI [24 Certification Exam(s) ]
LSI [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Magento [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Maintenance [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
McAfee [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
McData [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Medical [69 Certification Exam(s) ]
Microsoft [374 Certification Exam(s) ]
Mile2 [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Military [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Misc [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Motorola [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
mySQL [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
NBSTSA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
NCEES [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
NCIDQ [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
NCLEX [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Network-General [12 Certification Exam(s) ]
NetworkAppliance [39 Certification Exam(s) ]
NI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
NIELIT [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Nokia [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
Nortel [130 Certification Exam(s) ]
Novell [37 Certification Exam(s) ]
OMG [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
Oracle [279 Certification Exam(s) ]
P&C [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Palo-Alto [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
PARCC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
PayPal [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Pegasystems [12 Certification Exam(s) ]
PEOPLECERT [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
PMI [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Polycom [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
PostgreSQL-CE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Prince2 [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
PRMIA [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
PsychCorp [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
PTCB [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
QAI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
QlikView [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Quality-Assurance [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
RACC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Real-Estate [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
RedHat [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
RES [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
Riverbed [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
RSA [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Sair [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
Salesforce [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
SANS [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
SAP [98 Certification Exam(s) ]
SASInstitute [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
SAT [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
SCO [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
SCP [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
SDI [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
See-Beyond [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Siemens [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Snia [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
SOA [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Social-Work-Board [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
SpringSource [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
SUN [63 Certification Exam(s) ]
SUSE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Sybase [17 Certification Exam(s) ]
Symantec [134 Certification Exam(s) ]
Teacher-Certification [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
The-Open-Group [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
TIA [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Tibco [18 Certification Exam(s) ]
Trainers [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Trend [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
TruSecure [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
USMLE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
VCE [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
Veeam [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Veritas [33 Certification Exam(s) ]
Vmware [58 Certification Exam(s) ]
Wonderlic [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Worldatwork [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
XML-Master [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Zend [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
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