|Exam Name||:||Administration of Symantec Network(R) Access Control 12.1|
|Questions and Answers||:||220 Q & A|
|Updated On||:||February 15, 2019|
|PDF Download Mirror||:||Pass4sure 250-530 Dump|
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250-530 exam Dumps Source : Administration of Symantec Network(R) Access Control 12.1
Test Code : 250-530
Test Name : Administration of Symantec Network(R) Access Control 12.1
Vendor Name : Symantec
Q&A : 220 Real Questions
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should-recognize: Symantec Corp's 1Q15 income review (part 4 of 12)
(persevered from half three)
Overview of Symantec
In March 2013, Symantec (SYMC) announced its Symantec four.0 strategy, which concerned revising its product and corporate strategies. in line with the method, Symantec introduced in its first quarter of 2015 (or 1Q15) results that it’s determined to shift research and building (or R&D) cash from its mature groups to areas which have been prioritized for increase. the key areas recognized include Backup appliances and protection companies such as cell, superior probability protection (or ATP), Managed security services, and statistics Loss Prevention (or DLP).
accelerated R&D spending
To center of attention on biological boom, Symantec has accelerated R&D spending from 14% of earnings in 2013 to 16% via 2017.
The previous chart suggests the boom anticipated by way of the cloud and customer premise gadget (or CPE) managed protection market. based on Infonetics research, it’s expected to attain $19 billion through 2017. CPE encompasses devices like telephones, routers, switches, residential gateways (or RG), set-properly bins, mounted cellular convergence products, home networking adaptors, and web entry gateways to enable patrons to entry communications provider providers’ capabilities and distribute it via a native enviornment community.
The old chart shows the market share held by gamers within the DLP market. Symantec leads the market with a 47% market share. It’s followed by way of Intel’s McAfee (INTC) at a 18% market share and EMC (EMC) at a 4% share. Microsoft (MSFT) and IBM (IBM) are technology behemoths that are attempting to enter into this impulsively starting to be market.
adjustments in the IT atmosphere
Social, cell, analytics, and cloud (or SMAC) are transforming the face of the IT environment. safety kinds a vital half in this transformation as there’s a persevered demand for compliance, a chance panorama, and a couple of laws to be met. in accordance with Infonetics research, the mobile safety customer utility market is anticipated to develop approximately five times more than the computing device solution.
Key necessities to corporate infrastructure
facts leak or DLP, ATP information encryption, and comfortable connectivity are the important thing necessities to a corporate infrastructure. So these are anticipated to witness mighty adoption charges going ahead. in accordance with Gartner, the DLP market was price $670 million in 2013, an increase of 25% over the previous yr.
Symantec’s Endpoint insurance policy suites present virus insurance plan with advanced threat protection, featuring complete security to computer systems in opposition t general and unknown threats. this is anticipated to resonate with the market demand for holistic security products.
the integration of DLP functionality with Endpoint, e-mail, net, cell equipment, and information center protection is probably going to deliver consumers with visibility and more suitable governance over their counsel across network obstacles.
as a result of their points, ATP and DLP technologies are expected to cater to the current market demand for unified security options.
continue to part 5
Browse this collection on Market Realist:
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by Frank J. Ohlhorst
If you want to secure a small business network, what’s the best product to use? In this in-depth comparative review, we’ll closely examine two market leaders in the emerging arena of SMB (small and medium-sized business) software security suites: Kaspersky Business Space Security (BSS) 6 and Symantec Ednpoint Protection (SEP) 12.1 Small Business Edition. We’ll also declare a winner.
As we noted in an earlier article in this SMB security series, businesses of all sizes have sensitive data on their computers which must be protected. Yet big and small companies take different approaches to security. Typically, small businesses don’t have the money to spend on security niceties that enterprises almost take for granted, such as dedicated intrusion protection systems (IPS) and hardware firewalls.
Instead, small businesses have tended to turn to desktop security suite software centered on endpoint security. Yet although these suites may be adequate for home offices, small businesses need more defenses — such as the ability to manage user profiles, for example — to effectively guard against attacks, maintain privacy, and manage productivity.
In response, security software vendors are now stepping beyond conventional suites to offer full-featured protection suites specifically designed for small businesses. Here, we’ll take an in-depth look at the current offerings from the two market leaders in this space: Symantec and Kaspersky.
After downloading the latest trial versions of both products, we tested each on a small business network consisting of a single file server running Windows Small Business Server (SBS) 2011 Essentials, with four endpoints connected: a virtual PC running Windows XP, two physical PCs running Windows 7 Professional, and a MacBook Pro running Mac OS X Lion. We evaluated the two suites on the basis of feature set completeness, ease of deployment, ease of management, and security performance.
Symantec Endpoint Protection (SEP) 12.1 Small Business Edition
Symantec’s premiere product for protecting small business network endpoints, Symantec Endpoint Protection (SEP), now in version 12.1. can trace its roots back to version 11, which was released back in September of 2007 as a successor to Symantec AntiVirus Corporate Edition.
It’s safe to say that Symantec’s years of experience with anti-virus technology have helped to make the company a pioneer in the small business security segment. The company has consistently added capabilities to its security products, while introducing innovations that help businesses protect their IT assets.
SEP 12.1 brings several new capabilities which help to differentiate SEP from competitors and to redefine what endpoint protection should all be about. How exactly does SEP measure up?
A Closer Look at SEP
We’ll start with how easy (or difficult) it is to deploy SEP on a small business network. In Symantec’s case, installation is wizard-driven. The company offers ample documentation and guidance to automate installation as much as possible. However, installation does require some planning and a good understanding of the network and endpoints that are to be protected.
The first step in deploying SEP consists of installing the management server and management console. The management server must be installed on a Windows system. (We installed it on an SBS server, but you could use almost any windows system on your network, as long as it meets the requirements set forth in the documentation.)
To install the server and management console, you can either insert the product disk or execute the installer in the downloaded trial version. This will launch the installation wizard. After the management server is installed, another wizard automatically launches to step you through configuring the management server.
Once the management server is installed, you’ll need to go through some additional steps to register and license the product. An activation methodology is used to validate licenses and allow you to deploy the product to the various endpoints on the network. Licenses can be installed/activated using the licenses activation wizard.
SEP revolves around a policy based management system, and this works well for network installations. You assign users/machines to the groups and locations you’ve created. These groups and locations control the levels of security applied to the machines and define what rules are applied to the machines/users. That proves to be an effective management methodology, especially since firewall settings and access settings can be easily controlled using rules and policies. One nifty feature is the ability to import Active Directory groups. This can be a great time-saver on larger installations.
The list of policies and rules controls is extensive. Also, almost any capability can be granularly controlled based upon those rules. For example, you could create a policy that only allows MAC systems to access the network on site but then block access if they are used remotely.
Deploying SEP to the endpoints is also straightforward. However, it can be done several different ways. Most administrators will choose to use an automated deployment scenario, and that’s what we did. SEP accomplishes automated deployment through a Weblink and email methodology. The end user receives an email containing a Weblink to install the endpoint portion of SEP.
In most cases you will use an option called “computer mode,” which installs endpoint protection based upon the machine and not the specific user. However, for situations where one user may use several different PCs, each with its own security requirements, there is a “user mode” option for installations.
Once installed, SEP offers an impressive array of protection technologies, all of which can be administered and controlled from a central management console. Protection capabilities include the following:
Virus and Spyware Protection. SEP’s Virus and Spyware Protection guards computers from viruses and security risks, and in many cases it can repair their side effects. This protection includes real-time scanning of files and email as well as scheduled scans and on-demand scans. Virus and spyware scans detect viruses and the security risks that can put a computer, as well as a network, at risk. Security risks include spyware, adware, and other malicious files.
Network Threat Protection. The product’s Network Threat Protection provides a firewall and intrusion prevention protection scenario to prevent intrusion attacks and malicious content from reaching the computer that runs the client software. The firewall allows or blocks network traffic based on the various criteria that the administrator sets. If the administrator permits it, end users can also configure firewall policies.
Intrusion Prevention. The integrated IPS analyzes all the incoming and the outgoing information for the data patterns that are typical of an attack. It detects and blocks malicious traffic and attempts by outside users to attack the client computer.
Proactive Threat Protection. SEP’s Proactive Threat Protection uses Symantec’s SONAR, a cloud based service which guards against zero-day attack vulnerabilities in your network. Zero-day attack vulnerabilities are new vulnerabilities that are not yet publicly known. Threats that exploit these vulnerabilities can evade signature-based detection, such as spyware definitions.
SEP: The Bottom Line
However, while comprehensive protection is a key element of any security suite, what really matters is how well the product works. In Symantec’s case, SEP proved to be easy to install, configure and deploy. We discovered that the product’s robust option set offers multiple configuration scenarios which can be used in most any environment.
More importantly, the administrative console helps IT managers stay on top of the security status of the network. This makes troubleshooting and remediation easy. SEP’s effectiveness and performance has been evaluated by the leading AV testing companies, and the product has consistently scored very highly. SEP has also been tested by PassMark Software, and it scored as a top performer when compared to other suites.Kaspersky Business Space Security (BSS) 6
Kaspersky Labs has become a powerhouse in the world of anti-virus software — so much so that the company’s core anti-virus engine is licensed by a multitude of security vendors, including CheckPoint, FrontBridge and many others. While well known for consumer-level anti-virus products, the company has established itself in the business sector too, with a set of security products under the marketing moniker of Kaspersky Open Space Security.
Kaspersky Business Space Security is part of the Kaspersky Open Space Security product family. It is optimized for deployment on small networks. The product features centralized management, with centralized deployment and control, allowing administrators to take control of the security footing of a small business network.
A Closer Look at BSS
Again, the first thing we looked at during our evaluation is ease of installation and deployment. Like SEP and many other competing products, Kaspersky offers a wizard-driven deployment that helps to simplify the installation and deployment chores. The company provides ample documentation with this product — but regrettably, the documentation is divided up into multiple PDF files that are located on the website. For example, there are five different PDF files that must be downloaded to get endpoint information. A quick start guide is nonexistent.
Luckily, the wizard-driven installation proved to be very simple, negating the need for secondary documentation. However, I for one did not like the idea of flying blind. I would have appreciated a quick start guide, at least, to set my expectations as to what is required to successfully deploy the product.
Nevertheless, once installed, the product proved intuitive to use. The browser-based management turned out to be concise. Navigation was simple. As with other products in this space, BSS uses a policy-based definition model, where rules can be defined for varying levels of protection.
BSS offers a comprehensive feature set, which includes these highlights:
Malware protection. The company’s latest anti-virus engine delivers powerful protection, blocking and eliminating all types of modern malware.
Protection against hacker attacks. Through a feature called Anti-Hacker, BSS detects and blocks keyloggers and rootkits, neutralizing threats and preventing unauthorized access to your computers.
Anti-phishing functionality. A specialized database will identify and disable suspicious links, and remove any phishing emails.
Secure firewall. A software firewall, which integrates with IPS, protects users working on any type of network. Administrators may define granular firewall policies or leverage predefined firewall templates to facilitate corporate policy configuration.
Secure electronic messaging. Kaspersky Business Space Security scans all messages you send and receive. It also scans any links or files sent via instant messaging systems such as ICQ and MSN.
Application Startup Control. The product provides white-listing rules for application startup control which can be administratively assigned and/or cloud-assisted (through Kaspersky Security Network). You can leverage ‘Default Allow’ and ‘Default Deny’ policies to customize application launch as defined by corporate policies.
BSS: The Bottom Line
Simply put, BSS offers a lot of protective power. The product has received high marks and awards from the various independent anti-virus testing labs, such as Virus Bulletin and AV Comparatives. It has also scored better than average on independent performance tests conducted by Passmark.
From a usage and functionality standpoint, BSS offers all of the major security features you would need for protecting endpoints in a small business environment. However, the product is a little more complicated to use than others on the market, and there is more of a learning curve.
In comparing BSS against SEP, it’s the little things that matter the most. Both products offer exceptional protection and both can deal with a multitude of threats. However, there are some differences that may make one a better choice than another for a small business network. The first difference is licensing. Here, Kaspersky starts off with a minimum of 10 seats, making BSS a more expensive option for networks with less than 10 users. On the other hand, there is no upper limit on the license count, meaning that you could buy licenses for thousands of machines. Symantec, on the other hand, positions SEP as a product that supports as few as two users or as many as a thousand. That difference alone should tip smaller network managers towards Symantec.
Another element is ease-of-use. As we’ve seen, Symantec outclasses Kaspersky here, once again making SEP a better choice for smaller networks.
Meanwhile, from a protection standpoint, both products proved to be virtually equal. However, Symantec’s SONAR (cloud based detection) turned out to be more active than Kaspersky’s Security Network (Cloud Assisted Protection). That gives Symantec another advantage, although slight — for the time being, at least.
On the whole, Symantec’s SEP emerges as the better choice for smaller networks, especially those with less than 10 users. Nevertheless, it is pretty hard to discount what Kaspersky offers with BSS. When the next versions of both products arrive on the market though, the dynamics could change.
The nation's top voting machine maker has admitted in a letter to a federal lawmaker that the company installed remote-access software on election-management systems it sold over a period of six years, raising questions about the security of those systems and the integrity of elections that were conducted with them.
In a letter sent to Sen. Ron Wyden (D-OR) in April and obtained recently by Motherboard, Election Systems and Software acknowledged that it had "provided pcAnywhere remote connection software … to a small number of customers between 2000 and 2006," which was installed on the election-management system ES&S sold them.
The statement contradicts what the company told me and fact checkers for a story I wrote for the New York Times in February. At that time, a spokesperson said ES&S had never installed pcAnywhere on any election system it sold. "None of the employees, … including long-tenured employees, has any knowledge that our voting systems have ever been sold with remote-access software," the spokesperson said.
ES&S did not respond on Monday to questions from Motherboard, and it’s not clear why the company changed its response between February and April. Lawmakers, however, have subpoena powers that can compel a company to hand over documents or provide sworn testimony on a matter lawmakers are investigating, and a statement made to lawmakers that is later proven false can have greater consequence for a company than one made to reporters.
ES&S is the top voting machine maker in the country, a position it held in the years 2000-2006 when it was installing pcAnywhere on its systems. The company's machines were used statewide in a number of states, and at least 60 percent of ballots cast in the US in 2006 were tabulated on ES&S election-management systems. It’s not clear why ES&S would have only installed the software on the systems of “a small number of customers” and not all customers, unless other customers objected or had state laws preventing this.
The company told Wyden it stopped installing pcAnywhere on systems in December 2007, after the Election Assistance Commission, which oversees the federal testing and certification of election systems used in the US, released new voting system standards. Those standards required that any election system submitted for federal testing and certification thereafter could contain only software essential for voting and tabulation. Although the standards only went into effect in 2007, they were created in 2005 in a very public process during which the security of voting machines was being discussed frequently in newspapers and on Capitol Hill.
Election-management systems are not the voting terminals that voters use to cast their ballots, but are just as critical: they sit in county election offices and contain software that in some counties is used to program all the voting machines used in the county; the systems also tabulate final results aggregated from voting machines.
Software like pcAnywhere is used by system administrators to access and control systems from a remote location to conduct maintenance or upgrade or alter software. But election-management systems and voting machines are supposed to be air-gapped for security reasons—that is, disconnected from the internet and from any other systems that are connected to the internet. ES&S customers who had pcAnywhere installed also had modems on their election-management systems so ES&S technicians could dial into the systems and use the software to troubleshoot, thereby creating a potential port of entry for hackers as well.
In May 2006 in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, ES&S technicians used the pcAnywhere software installed on that county's election-management system for hours trying to reconcile vote discrepancies in a local election, according to a report filed at the time. And in a contract with Michigan, which covered 2006 to 2009, ES&S discussed its use of pcAnywhere and modems for this purpose.
"In some cases, the Technical Support representative accesses the customer’s system through PCAnywhere—off-the-shelf software which allows immediate access to the customer’s data and network system from a remote location—to gain insight into the issue and offer precise solutions," ES&S wrote in a June 2007 addendum to the contract. "ES&S technicians can use PCAnywhere to view a client computer, assess the exact situation that caused a software issue and to view data files."
Motherboard asked a Michigan spokesman if any officials in his state ever installed the pcAnywhere software that ES&S recommended they install, but got no response.
The presence of such software makes a system more vulnerable to attack from hackers, especially if the remote-access software itself contains security vulnerabilities. If an attacker can gain remote access to an election-management system through the modem and take control of it using the pcAnywhere software installed on it, he can introduce malicious code that gets passed to voting machines to disrupt an election or alter results.
Wyden told Motherboard that installing remote-access software and modems on election equipment “is the worst decision for security short of leaving ballot boxes on a Moscow street corner.”
In 2006, the same period when ES&S says it was still installing pcAnywhere on election systems, hackers stole the source code for the pcAnyhere software, though the public didn’t learn of this until years later in 2012 when a hacker posted some of the source code online, forcing Symantec, the distributor of pcAnywhere, to admit that it had been stolen years earlier. Source code is invaluable to hackers because it allows them to examine the code to find security flaws they can exploit. When Symantec admitted to the theft in 2012, it took the unprecedented step of warning users to disable or uninstall the software until it could make sure that any security flaws in the software had been patched.
Around this same time, security researchers discovered a critical vulnerability in pcAnywhere that would allow an attacker to seize control of a system that had the software installed on it, without needing to authenticate themselves to the system with a password. And other researchers with the security firm Rapid7 scanned the internet for any computers that were online and had pcAnywhere installed on them and found nearly 150,000 were configured in a way that would allow direct access to them.
It’s not clear if election officials who had pcAnywhere installed on their systems, ever patched this and other security flaws that were in the software.
“[I]t's very unlikely that jurisdictions that had to use this software … updated it very often,” says Joseph Lorenzo Hall, chief technologist for the Center for Democracy and Technology, “meaning it's likely that a non-trivial number of them were exposed to some of the flaws found both in terms of configuration ... but also flaws that were found when the source code to that software was stolen in 2006.”
ES&S said in its letter to Wyden that the modems it installed on its election-management systems for use with pcAnywhere were configured only to dial out, not receive calls, so that only election officials could initiate connections with ES&S. But when Wyden's office asked in a letter to ES&S in March what settings were used to secure the communications, whether the system used hard-coded or default passwords and whether ES&S or anyone else had conducted a security audit around the use of pcAnywhere to ensure that the communication was done in a secure manner, the company did not provide responses to any of these questions.
Even if ES&S and its customers configured their remote connections to ES&S in a secure manner, the recent US indictments against Russian state hackers who tried to interfere in the 2016 presidential elections, show that they targeted companies in the US that make software for the administration of elections. An attacker would only have had to hack ES&S and then use its network to slip into a county's election-management system when the two systems made a remote connection.
In its letter to Wyden, ES&S defended its installation of pcAnywhere, saying that during the time it installed the software on customer machines prior to 2006, this was "considered an accepted practice by numerous technology companies, including other voting system manufacturers."
Motherboard contacted two of the top vendors—Hart InterCivic and Dominion—to verify this, but neither responded. However, Douglas Jones, professor of computer science at the University of Iowa and a longtime expert on voting machines confirmed that other companies did routinely install remote-access software during this period.
“Certainly, [Diebold Election Systems] did the same, and I'd assume the others did too,” he told Motherboard. “In the case of [Diebold], many of their contracts with customers included the requirement of a remote-login port allowing [the company] to have remote access to the customer system in order to allow customer support.”
He notes that election officials who purchased the systems likely were not aware of the potential risks they were taking in allowing this and didn’t understand the threat landscape to make intelligent decisions about installing such software.
All of this raises questions about how many counties across the US had remote-access software installed—in addition to ES&S customers—and whether intruders had ever leveraged it to subvert elections.
Although Wyden's office asked ES&S to identify which of its customers were sold systems with pcAnywhere installed, the company did not respond. ES&S would only say that it had confirmed with customers who had the software installed that they "no longer have this application installed."
The company didn't respond to questions from Motherboard asking when these customers removed the software—whether ES&S had instructed them to do so back in 2007 when the company says it stopped installing the software on new systems it sold or whether it had only recently told customers to remove it following concerns raised in the 2016 presidential elections that Russian hackers were targeting election networks in the US. As late as 2011 pcAnywhere was still being used on at least one ES&S customer's election-management system in Venango County, Pennsylvania.
ES&S wrote in its letter to Wyden that it would be willing to meet privately in his office to discuss election security. But when the company was asked to attend a hearing on election security last week before the Senate Committee on Rules and Administration, ES&S declined to send anyone to answer Senate questions.
Wyden says he’s still waiting for ES&S to respond to the outstanding questions he sent the company in March.
“ES&S needs to stop stonewalling and provide a full, honest accounting of equipment that could be vulnerable to remote attacks,” he told Motherboard. “When a corporation that makes half of America’s voting machines refuses to answer the most basic cyber security questions, you have to ask what it is hiding.”
Correction: This story previously stated that Senator Ron Wyden is a member of the Senate Committee on Rules and Administration. He is not a member of the committee, but was asked to participate in a hearing it held last week on election security. Motherboard regrets the error.
Solve Motherboard’s weekly, internet-themed crossword puzzle: Solve the Internet.
Dropbox is getting much more serious about its Dropbox Business product, and today it announced a partnership with security vendor Symantec as part of a broader update to its business products designed to make it more attractive to larger businesses.
Rob Baesman, Dropbox’s head of product for pro, business and enterprise versions, says the idea behind the admin tool update is to provide a measure of control, while allowing companies to mix in some of the security tools they’re already using, all with the same ease of use that Dropbox users are used to getting from the consumer tools.
When Dropbox launched its business version in 2014, it had 275 million consumer users. Today it has 500 million users, of which 200,000 are business customers. It was precisely that consumer popularity that Dropbox was hoping to exploit when it launched the business product — but it faced an inherent quandary.
Most IT departments saw the consumer Dropbox product as a problem when it came to security. They didn’t appreciate employees using their private accounts to share company business. Employees, on the other hand, were just looking for a quick way to access their files when they weren’t in the office. Hard to blame them for wanting to find easier ways to get their work done in an increasingly mobile world.
Dropbox saw a business opportunity and launched Dropbox Business. Today’s announcement represents a further maturing of that product and an attempt to use partnerships and more advanced administrative features to make the product more attractive to IT — and to give them the tools to control and manage Dropbox usage in the company.
Today Dropbox has more than 30 security partnerships across areas such as data loss prevention (DLP), enterprise mobility management (EMM), identity and access management, data migration, eDiscovery and analytics. It chose to shine a spotlight on its partnership with Symantec, even including Symantec Vice President of Business Development Peter Doggart on the pre-brief.
The Symantec partnership is designed to show enterprise customers that they can use Dropbox Business safely, while maintaining the same kind of controls in a cloud software package that they’ve traditionally had with on-prem software. “For those customers who have spent many years using DLP on prem, they can with a simple switch, apply all those same policies for Dropbox. That is the power of integrations on both sides,” Doggart explained.
In addition, Dropbox has beefed up its own network admin controls to have tighter control over the company network and better differentiate between Dropbox business traffic and Dropbox personal traffic. Some customers don’t want their employees mixing the two, and the new tools should give them a better grip on that.
All of this and more, has been designed to make the product more attractive to IT. While 200,000 might sound like a big number when it comes to business customers, compared to the 500 million consumer ones, it’s a drop in the bucket, and announcements like today’s are part of an ongoing effort to continue to build their business presence.
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