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be trained to create, send, reply to, and forward an e mail message in Lotus Notes 6.This chapter is from the book
in this lesson, you learn to create, ship, reply to, and ahead an e-mail message. You also learn how to select, reproduction, and move text; to set birth alternatives; and to keep mail messages as drafts.
Notes mail messages use a form referred to as the Mail Memo form (see determine 3.1) and might contain formatted textual content, tables, pictures, attachments, graphs, and embedded objects.
which you can create mail messages from any area of Notes, even if you are working in different databases. Use one in all right here how to create a mail message from your Inbox:
click on the new Memo button on the motion bar.
choose Create, Memo from the menu.
A clean memo like the one in determine three.1 seems. Your name and modern-day date and time are displayed within the Heading of the e mail. A separate project button labeled New Memo displays to the right of the Inbox. The message is break up into two elements: The heading is the appropriate half and the physique is the backside.Filling in the Heading
The heading of the mail memo contains fields; you start your e-mail by using filling out these fields. comply with these steps to finished the heading information:
figure three.1 To screen a new Memo like the one proven right here, click on the brand new Memo button on the motion bar. if you're responding to an email in your Inbox, click the Reply button, a good way to additionally reveal a new mail memo but with the To: field crammed in.
classification the identify of the person to whom you want to ship the memo in the To box. To send to distinct recipients, separate the names within the To box with a comma.
As you category, Notes searches your very own address booklet and a companywide tackle publication referred to as the "listing" to find a healthy for the name you're typing. This feature, called brief-address, continues to search as you class except it finds the entertaining identify you desire. quick-handle searches for each first names and remaining names. if you do not like this feature, it will also be disabled within the Mail section of your location doc. See "creating place documents" in Lesson 19, "the use of Notes Remotely," for greater assistance.
(optional) Use the Tab key or your mouse to circulate to the cc (carbon copy) container. classification the identify of the person to whom you need to send a copy of the message. The cc container is used to ship a replica of a message to someone who isn't without delay littered with the message, but who should be aware of about the contents of the message for informational purposes only. quick-tackle works in this field, too.
(non-compulsory) click in the bcc field and sort the identify of the adult to whom you are looking to send a blind carbon copy. The recipients of the message, and people listed within the carbon reproduction box, have no idea that the grownup who's listed in the blind carbon replica box acquired a replica of the message.
in the discipline field, enter a descriptive title to your message. it's extremely essential that you just fill in a subject since it seems within the recipients' Inbox views, telling them the purpose of your message. To create distinct strains inside the discipline line, press the Enter key.
warning - all the time Fill in the subject Line
don't send e-mail with out together with a clear and concise description of your message within the field line. It lets your recipients understand what the message is ready before they open it. in case you enter whatever benign like "examine this!" you're taking the probability that individuals will not study (and even delete with out analyzing) your message, as they can also suppose it be an commercial or junk mail. Be descriptive and knowledgeable, and by using assisting the recipient determine the contents of your mail with out opening it, you're helping yourself to make certain your email may be study.the use of handle Books
Most Notes purchasers have two address books: the very own tackle booklet, which is usually kept on your local hard force, and at least one of the crucial Directories stored on the Domino server. Like every little thing else in Notes and Domino, these tackle books are databases. you're the handiest adult who has access to your very own address book, and your ultimate identify is constantly a part of the database name (as an example, "Burke's tackle publication"). The directory is available to every person to your enterprise and it constantly carries the name of your business (as an example, "Rockteams address ebook") within the title. The listing is managed through your company's system directors; you control the content of your personal tackle booklet.
while you're writing a memo, that you may use the tackle books to add people to your To, cc, and bcc fields. here's primarily effective if you are not bound of someone's final name or the spelling of his identify. Use right here steps to access the handle books from a new mail memo:
click on the tackle button on the action bar. The opt for Addresses dialog field looks, as proven in determine three.2. table three.1 lists the alternate options in this dialog box.
opt for the handle ebook you need to access. if you're the use of the Notes client for the primary time, your personal tackle e-book is likely empty at this factor, nonetheless it can also be conveniently populated the usage of the copy local button. with a purpose to entry the companywide listing, you have to hook up with the Domino server.
opt for the names of the people or groups from the accessible list of names. To choose one person, click on on that person's name; to choose multiple grownup, click as soon as in the margin to the left of the person's name to region a checkmark subsequent to their name.
click on on To, cc, or bcc, reckoning on which address box you are looking to comprehensive. otherwise you can click on the reproduction local button to add this grownup or people to your personal tackle e-book.
click on adequate.
figure 3.2 select your tackle ebook and mail recipients in the choose Addresses dialog box. so as to add an individual to your very own address ebook at the same time as you're the use of this dialog box to tackle mail, click on the Add native Button.desk 3.1 The select Addresses Dialog field
choose address publication
The names of the entire address books to which you have got entry.
category within the first letter of the name beginning with you are seeking to bounce to the names that start with that letter. As you continue to category, Notes narrows cautioned entries with each letter you enter. So, if you type J, you are going to see names that begin with J; if you type Ja, you're going to see names that begin with Ja; and the like.
View by way of
Pull-down choices permit you to trade the order of the reveal of the names in the handle books. The default surroundings is checklist by using name. other decisions encompass by way of Notes name hierarchy, corporate hierarchy, and categorized by language.
Opens up the adult doc within the directory, the place additional info is kept about the individual. in case you opt for a gaggle, the members of the neighborhood are displayed.
To>, cc>, bcc>
Fills within the heading fields with the names which are selected.
eliminate, get rid of All
removes either simply the selected names, or all the names from the Recipients window.finishing the Message
classification the message you want to ship within the reduce half of the reveal, which is commonplace because the physique (see determine 3.1). not like the fields in the heading, the text and the paragraphs within the body of the message can also be formatted, as a result of here is a rich text field. You gain knowledge of extra about rich text formatting in Lesson 15, "modifying and Formatting text and Fields," and extra about attachments in Lesson 17, "Working with Attachments."
Wall road futures drifted reduce Thursday, regardless of dissimilar studies of enormous growth in U.S.-China exchange talks and affirmation from the Federal Reserve that it will continue to be "patient" on future rate hikes, as weaker purchaser sector profits clipped pre-market sentiment.
Contracts tied to the S&P 500 , which is sitting on a year-to-date benefit of round eleven%, indicated a 3 factor slip while those linked to the Dow Jones Industrial average are suggesting an 12.5 point pullback for the 30-stock index.
Dow element Nike Inc. (NKE) shares have been indicated 1.8% reduce in pre-market buying and selling Thursday after one of the crucial standard collegiate athletes in the united states, and a projected number one choose in subsequent yr's NBA draft, injured his knee after his Nike shoe collapsed throughout a nationally televised online game closing evening in North Carolina.
Domino's Pizza (DPZ) slumped 6.5% after it posted weaker-than-expected fourth quarter profits Thursday as similar revenue at its U.S.-owned stores disenchanted buyers while Wendy's WEN fell 3.2% after it income estimates by a penny but mentioned weaker equal-shop revenue in the u.s. and a softer 2019 earnings outlook.
Johnson & Johnson (JNJ) shares had been indicated 2.2% reduce after it bought subpoenas from the department of Justice and the Securities and change fee in reference to the safety of its baby powder and talc products.
The modestly weaker open adopted an excellent in a single day session for shares in Asia, which confirmed clean 4-and-a-half month highs as negotiators from both the U.S. and China working this week in Washington had been noted to have drawn up a few memorandums of figuring out, covering concerns starting from agricultural purchases to intellectual property insurance plan, that would outline the nature of any broader settlement both sides might also attain over the coming weeks and months.
The agreements, while nonetheless at draft stage, would mark probably the most colossal growth within the present round of negotiations, which started in early December, and could indicate that President Donald Trump is more prone to prolong the March 1 time limit so as the enable the procedure to play out.
investors have been additionally buoyed by the liberate the day past of Minutes from the Federal Reserve's January expense-surroundings assembly, which reiterated the important financial institution's purpose to be greater "patient" on future hikes whereas nevertheless leaving room to take lending charges larger later within the 12 months.
"Many members cautioned that it become no longer yet clear what alterations to the goal range for the federal funds rate may be applicable later this 12 months," the Minutes examine. "a couple of of these members argued that price increases could show crucial best if inflation outcomes have been better than of their baseline outlook."
The Fed also indicated it could want to halt the reduction of its $4 trillion stability sheet, suggesting the so-referred to as "roll off" -- the place maturing bonds don't seem to be reinvested into the portfolio -- could conclusion before the end of the year.
European stocks have been modestly weaker with the aid of mid-day buying and selling in Frankfurt, with the Stoxx 600 drifting 0.23% into the pink as one of the crucial area's blue-chip stocks delivered weaker-than-expected quarterly income.
Germany's DAX performance index, most likely essentially the most alternate-sensitive benchmark in the European area, introduced 0.19% while Britain's FTSE 100 slipped 0.ninety two% despite an exceptional .32% profit for Barclays plc (BCS) after it reported weaker-than-expected 2018 salary but spoke of it could continue to grow its dividend payout.
the usdollar index, which tracks the dollar against a basket of six global currencies, slipped modestly reduce in in a single day trading after the Fed Minutes, which indicated both persistence on quotes and the expertise for a late 2019 price-hike. Benchmark 10-12 months Treasury bond yields had been marked at 2.659% whereas 2-yr notes were considered at 2.fifty one%.
world oil costs traded around the optimum levels of 2019 in early European hours, taking the year-to-date profit for Brent crude close to 25%, as buyers endured to observe the collective momentum of OPEC+ creation cuts offset list U.S. output, White house sanctions on Iran and Venezuela and a buildup in domestic oil inventories.
Brent crude contracts for April birth, the world benchmark, have been marked 6 cents lessen from their Wednesday close in big apple and changing arms at $67.02 whereas WTI contracts for the same month had been viewed 10 cents better at $fifty seven.26 per barrel.
(Editor's word: this is the fourth in our seven-part in-depth editorial sequence the place we look forward at “Farm & food 2040.” half four looks at changes within the protein sector meeting a growing demand for a wide variety of products around the world and the consistent debate concerning the environmental footprint of meat construction.)
Farmers, ranchers, fisherman and the rest of agribusiness will are trying to satisfy dietary protein calls for as the global population soars in quantity towards the nine billion the United nations initiatives with the aid of 2040. With that regular boost comes rising incomes and, particularly in setting up countries, demand for further and further protein-weighted down foods.
how to meet the demand? Boundless possibilities emerge, butting up in opposition t the array of challenges of bringing protein foods to market — the shrinking bases of arable land base and sparkling water, as an example, plus local weather trade, subject about animal agriculture’s atmosphere influences, animal rights concerns, and more.
A cornucopia of foods make contributions protein for the human weight loss program, of course, and rising ones corresponding to mobile-based mostly meats — growing meat via feeding animal muscle (devoid of the animal) in a medium — will doubtless part into the world protein market as neatly.
What’s more, meat and dairy substitutes are already landing on our dietary shores with a thump.
In its February talking points, worldwide Rabobank stated its food trade clients’ answers to this main annual survey query about meals traits: “on this planet of food, what surprised you probably the most over the final twelve months?”
reply: “The breakneck advancement of plant-based mostly food and drinks become conveniently the greatest shock to our readership.” separately, from numerous market statistics sources, Rabobank estimated retail earnings of plant-primarily based meat alternate options had risen by very nearly one-quarter to an estimated $770 million in the twelve months up to August 2018,” and “the broader range of plant-based mostly alternatives to normal animal meals (including milk, cheese, yogurt, and many others.) ... up 17 percent during the past twelve months. Equally brilliant are the number of new entrants and players in the “new protein panorama.”
but let’s lower back up a step and start with a huge supply of protein that occurs to be low-hanging fruit.
First stop — Grains
“Half of the realm’s (human meals) calories come from grains,” says Caroline Sluyter, program director for the total Grains Council (WGC). She features out three of them — amaranth, quinoa, and buckwheat — “have the 9 elementary amino acids that the human body wants ... (and consequently) are considered finished proteins.”
Grain universal for food (except rice) are eleven to fifteen percent protein. however, “unluckily, many of the world has moved toward refined grains in ... the remaining 200 years,” Sluyter says, in spite of the fact that “whole grains have on regular about 25 p.c more protein than sophisticated grains. So if you’re stripping away that bran and germ you're stripping away key vitamins and minerals.”
Africa, she says, is the lone part of the area that has kept entire grains significantly throughout their diets. even so, she says, American, Canadian and Mexican patrons had been regularly shifting returned to more total grains for decades, “and Brazil and China were huge avid gamers within the remaining three to 4 years.”
Caroline Sluyter, complete Grains Council
If the aim is getting satisfactory protein, the realm’s provide of grain is almost always abundant, fortunately, so picking total grains is an easy strategy to raise protein intake, Sluyter says. She notes the WGC’s own labeling icon, the whole Grain Stamp, has proliferated and is already on greater than 12,000 cereal items in sixty one countries.
Beans, of direction, are called a wealthy source of protein. And soybeans, all the time ample and a comparatively low-priced food supply global, are in particular protein-dense, and they’re a complete protein (all 9 amino acids) as neatly. Like grains, they have the maximum stage of protein when mature (in roasted beans versus green edamame, for example).
Mitts off my animal protein, please
searching commonly throughout the spectrum of protein-weighted down animal products, bet on amazing boom in production and consumption in each the U.S. and worldwide, although diverse and infrequently sporadic in choose regions, due to economic situations.
within the U.S., typical 2018 consumption and production of total red meat and chook “became at an all-time excessive,” notes Matt Ball, a spokesman for the first rate foods Institute, which promotes funding, analysis and building of plant-based mostly protein meals and telephone-primarily based meats. “The standard American ate more meat ultimate year than at any time earlier than ... and may eat more in 2019, and the identical is correct for international consumption,” he said. (For fish and shellfish, in the meantime, U.S. per capita consumption has remained round 15 kilos for a couple of years.)
GFI, even though committed to advancing plant-based meat alternate options, assumes “individuals nonetheless want to eat meat, individuals are still purchasing more and more meat,” Ball said. “We don’t think people are going to ... birth reducing approach, manner lower back on meat. The proof is all to the opposite.”
people developed with a herbal penchant for “consuming meat, (needing) focused sources of amino acids and fats” Ball says, and “aren’t going to are living on bean and veggies as an alternative of the meat and dairy items that they want to devour.”
specialists writing a global food supply outlook file in 2013 for the Council for Agricultural Science and know-how focused on “challenges and opportunities in sustaining animal agriculture” to 2050, and they took a similar view of the vital role that protein-dense animal products need to play in the a long time forward.
cast notes the Earth’s 48 least-developed nations are anticipated to have a virtual stampede in inhabitants increase, 2.5 p.c a yr. Per capita incomes in China, India and many setting up nations “are predicted to boost until they attain ranges similar to these enjoyed by way of residents of developed regions via 2050,” the report says.
“a favorable correlation exists,” solid elements out, “between per capita income and demand for animal source meals (milk, meat, and eggs) ... (and) farm animals production will need to noticeably increase over the subsequent 40 years to supply global demand. The magnitude of animal-source meals ... in holding fitness and nutrient supply is neatly diagnosed.”
Slower market growth might also loom
however now not so quick. In its annual 10-12 months world agriculture outlook record via 2027, in the meantime, the company for economic Cooperation and construction (OECD) and the UN food and Agriculture corporation (FAO) undertaking recent many years of strong demand growth in agriculture will falter in some regions.
Says OECD-FAO: “per capita consumption of many commodities is anticipated to be flat at a world level. here is no longer best expected for staple meals equivalent to cereals and roots and tubers, where consumption stages are near saturation stages ... however also for meat. Some low-revenue regions which at present have low per capita consumption ranges of meat, similar to sub-Saharan Africa, aren't expected to increase these stages tremendously due to a scarcity of adequate income growth.” Some emerging economies, reminiscent of China, have already boosted their incomes and meat consumption. And in India, demand for dairy products, but now not meat, will extend, says the file.
however all is not dismal. however OECD/FAO expects per capita consumption of meat and fish to aspect up just 3 % (and just 0.three p.c in the constructing countries) during the decade, complete consumption is expected to increase 15 %, owing to rising populations, besides the fact that children “with stark diversifications across areas.”
as an instance, notwithstanding sub-Saharan Africa’s per capita use will slip by way of 3 percent, total use will soar by 28 percent, because of the area’s annual inhabitants increase, achieving 32 million people within the yr 2027.
The OECD/FAO report also facets out that once animal agriculture expands, so does demand for feed, which “will proceed to outpace meals demand as cattle creation intensifies. while demand for corn will hold rising, the record initiatives, “demand for protein meal is expected to expand by 23 %, significantly quicker than the different commodities used as feed.” a lot of the higher demand will come from China, OECD/FAO expects.
trade snags threatening protein markets
“Agricultural trade plays an important function in ensuring meals protection,” OECD/FAO says. however decreased economic boom in some regions will already throttle lower back agricultural alternate worldwide to “about half the rate of the previous decade,” the record says, which underscores “the need for an enabling alternate policy ambiance.”
besides the fact that children, says OECD/FAO, “there are increasing uncertainties with respect to agricultural change guidelines and concerns about the probability of rising protectionism globally.”
Such an outlook may spell main issue, as an instance, for the world’s top exporters of pork (the U.S., European Union, Brazil, and Canada). within the U.S., producers fill all domestic orders after which deserve to sell tons of their creation abroad to survive economically.
Brett Kaysen, country wide Pork Board
Brett Kaysen, an assistant vice president for the national Pork Board, notes, “for the closing two decades, per capita consumption in america of pork has been round that 50 (pounds) mark, maintaining steady.” Pork producers’ engine of financial growth is “our export market, and i can’t emphasize ample how vital those foreign markets are to us ... (the meat from) one out of each four hogs produced in this country are exported,” he says.
The producers, Kaysen says, understand “as nations evolve into wealthier states, there is no query that their palates turn to an appreciation for protein ... and with that wealth pork exports from right here raise. There’s an immediate correlation,” and he doesn’t want those U.S. shipments, which signify a 3rd of international pork exports, to take a success.
The wild playing cards in protein demand
look for a spectrum of cultural diets fads, animal welfare, animal rights, and nutrition and health concerns about meat consumption to continue their mixed influences on demand for top-protein meals.
though the european Union exceeds the U.S. in pork and dairy exports, for instance, meat use is declining throughout Western Europe, the place individuals are flocking to vegan, vegetarian, and flexitarian (most effective occasional meat) diets, and the place animal welfare sensitivity and activism are very widely wide-spread.
in the U.S., those tendencies are visible, too, and a few states have even handed laws banning gestation crates — the newest, California, did so remaining fall. large hog farm operators and processors, including Smithfield and Cargill, were phasing the crates out in contemporary years and requiring farms that promote hogs to them to do likewise. Plus a few most important meals companies have pressed their personal suppliers to section out crates, and such changes in animal housing may also be costly and might have an effect on operating margins, sow health, and extra.
notice that the housing changes have apparently no longer altered U.S. construction or consumption of pork: they hold mountaineering.
So although heavy red meat consumption has been criticized by using some physicians, for example, Hannah Thompson-Weeman, communications vp for the Animal Agriculture Alliance (AAA), notes paleo and different excessive-meat diets had been on the rise with americans. “We do see further and further ... individuals focusing on their fitness and on niche diets ... with an emphasis on eating animal protein.”
an additional animal welfare crusade, in this case to ban use of small cages for laying hens, additionally indicates no signal of choking americans’ fondness for eggs. the proportion of eggs from the U.S. flock of 326 million laying hens that are sold as cage-free or from organic farms (tiny chook cages would violate biological specifications) is eighteen percent and mountain climbing frequently, USDA studies.
meanwhile, patrons retain paying big premiums for them. USDA Market information has listed commonplace retail costs at always more than $four a dozen for organic huge eggs in contemporary months, versus about $1.50 for normal. nevertheless, eggs stay cheap per ounce compared with most different excessive protein decisions, and U.S. production and per capita consumption hold rising.
Environmental footprint: the greatest wildcard?
while most of animal agriculture has been intent on shrinking its environmental footprint, certainly on a unit-of-production basis, public policy on animal agriculture and the atmosphere is, nevertheless, enlarging its footprint within the U.S. and overseas.
in particular with one long-term atmospheric and oceanic outlook analyze after the subsequent foretelling ever worsening climate catastrophes, U.S. animal agriculture is taking it more and more challenging on the chin for its three.9 percent of total greenhouse gases (GHG) ascribed to it. That three.9 percent is the U.S. Environmental protection company’s newest estimate, and EPA says GHG for all U.S. agriculture is 9 %, which compares with 28 percent EPA assigned to electrical energy organizations and the 28 % it allotted to transportation.
Agriculture is a bigger a part of the economy and human recreation international than in the U.S., so its share of GHG is greater globally. Some sources have linked big GHG shares to farm animals in previous years. a couple of decade in the past, the realm Watch Institute blamed livestock for 51 % of GHG; FAO, 18 p.c.
Frank Mitloehner, UC Davis
Frank Mitloehner, an animal science professor and air first-rate professional on the institution of California, Davis, says the excessive percentages are sometimes nevertheless erroneously used and deform the precise share of GHGs from farm animals. The greater share estimated worldwide for cattle is frequently mistakenly applied to the U.S. as neatly in arguments towards animal agriculture, he says. probably the most credible estimate of international cattle emissions, Mitloehner mentioned, is a 2014 FAO report that lists animal agriculture GHG at 14.5 percent, most of them from red meat and dairy cattle.
environment advocates pressing against animal agriculture factor to the 14.5 % world impact, and they focal point on the area growth in livestock product markets and accompanying raises in GHG globally, rather than the farm animals sector’s GHG discounts according to per unit of meals production.
Two climate-exchange opponents, Ceres and FAIRR (Farm Animal funding risk and Return), recently went at the back of corporate strains and recruited more than 80 jumbo world buyers (with over $6.5 trillion in belongings) to jointly ship letters in January powerful arming fast meals giants to set difficult necessities on their meat and dairy product suppliers to minimize their greenhouse gas emissions and water pollution.
The letter — to Domino’s Pizza, McDonald’s, Restaurant brands overseas (Burger King), Chipotle Mexican Grill, Wendy’s Co. and Yum! manufacturers (KFC, Pizza Hut) — says animal agriculture is among the world’s optimum-emitting sectors and not using a low-carbon plan, and the traders expect the quickly food giants to demand selected plans and metrics from their meat and dairy suppliers and predict an initial response through March 1 on executing such plans.
The letter also suggests hurt to the businesses’ future earnings in the event that they don’t be part of the Ceres/FAIRR campaign, saying their suppliers’ environmental impacts “are linked to increasingly cloth reputational, operational and market dangers for the companies buying and selling animal protein-based products.”
count on an extended tug of struggle
anything the degree of blame thrown on the cattle sector for local weather trade, the subject most likely feeds what will most likely be a long, escalating debate.
A recent wave crashing on the shores of agricultural sustainability: the primary document of the eat-Lancet commission on meals, Planet, fitness, a global team of scientists’ worldwide recommendations for match and sustainable diets. Posted in January, it's a little like the U.S. Dietary instructions (now heading towards a 2020 update). however in its place, it's closely concentrated on world eating habits that must trade to preserve each the Earth’s meals creation and ambiance.
The Lancet report does recognize that local and regional cultures, established food methods and environments make livestock a necessity, so future alterations have to be “carefully regarded in every context and inside local and regional realities.”
then again, the file echoes ideas by other foodstuff businesses and environmentalists in previous years and requires “doubling in the consumption of ... fruits, greens, legumes and nuts, and a more advantageous than 50 p.c reduction in ... brought sugars and red meat (i.e. primarily by decreasing extreme consumption in wealthier international locations).”
an additional evaluation addressing human weight loss program wants and food creation to 2050 — through university of Illinois agricultural economist Gerald C. Nelson and others — announces consultants are too concentrated on agricultural construction and as an alternative may still focus plenty more on consumption and entry to healthful nutrients, including protein wealthy foods. With so many tens of millions both ravenous, on one hand, and obese on the different, this document says, the ultimate need is “increasing availability and affordability of nutrient-dense foods and improving dietary range.”
Ana Islas Ramos, FAO meals expert in Rome, takes the same view. people’ protein need are foremost as little ones. She says breast milk takes care of children’ protein needs, and she or he described to Agri-Pulse an array of within your budget, cost effective options among entire grains, beans, peas, lentils, vegetables, milk, and so forth., that might “provide for a healthy infant’s dietary wants of protein and most amino acids.”
So, like Nelson, Islas Ramos says, “the main challenge is not creation of protein dense foods, but access and utilization.” She notes, as an instance, that one egg consists of 6 grams of protein, and says that, for starting to be infants, an egg per day is an “incredible supply of tremendously bioavailable protein, presenting already about half of the (every day) dietary protein wants of the newborn.”
Ag technologists emphasize want for farm animals
The solid outlook report referred to past comes down sturdily on the fundamental importance and want for livestock on a number of counts.
“Nutrient-dense animal-supply meals signify the predominant, most reasonably priced source for a lot of fundamental dietary nutrients,” the record notes. especially in developing nations, “farm animals play a useful function in protecting the health and nutritional status of inhabitants ... for whom the provide of brilliant protein is commonly constrained,” the record says.
a lot of those protein-dense meals come from grasslands that contain 70 percent of all world agricultural areas” the place meals is produced typically “in the course of the grazing of cattle, sheep, goats, water buffalo, and natural world,” cast observes, saying that “ruminant animals are most excellent equipped to harvest the solar power saved” in the forage on these lands.
The paper also explains how grass, hay and a whole lot of different livestock’ feed, doesn’t compete with the human food supply, but are byproducts from grain fields, dairies, distilleries, flour mills, bakeries, seed crushing plants, and more.
So, says solid: “The advice that animal agriculture may still be abolished and that the global inhabitants could subsist on a vegetarian or vegan food regimen is a narrow view and ... (ignores) penalties.”
no longer tremendously, American farm animals sector advocates aren’t impressed with the Lancet document’s innovations on animal agriculture and spot them as overly simplistic and off the mark.
because the forged record also argues, ranchers and swine and poultry farms had been steadily reducing their environmental have an effect on and carbon footprint in many approaches for decades.
On that theme, AAA’s Thompson-Weeman pointed out “calling for less meat consumption ... doesn’t in reality take note of the strides we’ve already made and what can probably completed sooner or later.”
Hannah Thompson-Weeman, Animal Ag Alliance
indeed, a couple of appropriate national cattle groups have completed reviews assessing their strides in footprint-shrinking by the use of various advances in efficiency, animal increase, food, etc., which, together, spell declines in acres, gallons of water, electrical kilowatts used per unit of meals produced. The experiences additionally set yardsticks for future development.
investigate them out:
Cattlemen's pork Board’s 2014 pork business Sustainability evaluation, a detailed look at “to provide a bench mark (to) support all red meat operators ... find particular person capability of enhancing the effectivity and sustainability of their operations,” the pork Board states.
national Pork Board’s Retrospective evaluation of U.S. Pork construction: 1960 to 2015 (posted in January 2019), which reviews these traits throughout 55 years in influence per hog marketed: seventy six p.c much less land used, 25 % much less water used, eight p.c reduction in carbon footprint, and 7 % less power used.
FARM Environmental Stewardship program of the national Milk Producers Federation. Co-ops launched FARM (Farmers Assuring in charge management) a decade in the past, has enrolled more than 37,000 out of 40,000 complete U.S. dairy farms and has developed a crew of 400 professional evaluators to support farmers meet bench mark specifications.
Emily Yeiser Stepp, senior FARM director, stated the Environmental Stewardship initiative begun under two years in the past, and already “about 750 farms have had a FARM Environmental Stewardship comparison performed.”
The American Egg Board did likewise for egg farms. “We name it the 50-12 months examine — 2010 in comparison with 1960,” says Mickey Rubin, govt director of the AEB's Egg nutrients middle. He reviews the industrywide found “egg production in 2010 resulted in a couple of seventy one % reduction in greenhouse gases ... water use become additionally down drastically ... (as became) land use. at the identical time, hens are producing 27 p.c greater eggs and residing longer.”
Thompson-Weeman points to the gamut of farm animals sustainability stories and asks: “What could those numbers appear to be after they do new stories in 2050? We may have an even smaller footprint.”
Breeders on sustainability’s entrance lines
although biological producers and many different proponents of sustainable agriculture exclude gene modifying and transgenic tweaks to livestock and crop genomes from their notions of applicable equipment, biotech advances will probably end up fundamental to keeping livestock suit and farm animals operations efficient.
Clint Nesbitt, senior director of science and regulatory affairs, on the Biotechnology Innovation corporation (BIO), says animal and plant breeders have an enormous range of genetic advances within the works, but new sickness resistance traits are doubtless absolutely to develop within the decade ahead.
“With the exchange of climate, sickness pressures are going to be a extremely huge deal to are trying to live on true of and are an expanding difficulty for animal creation,” Nesbitt said. “just holding the animals alive is (going to be) a big ingredient.”
increase traits, such because the first-ever one authorised by means of the food and Drug Administration for the speedy-transforming into AquaBounty salmon, will also advance in the subsequent a few years, he thinks, because researchers already understand the strategies to make these adjustments, “making a lot more meat with a lot much less inputs.” He believes “that’s a large deal, and that i feel you’ll see an identical examples in loads of animals.”
Researchers are additionally making biotech tweaks, switching genes on and off and so on, Nesbitt says, to makes forages, grains and other feeds greater digestible for cattle, as an example, and to alter fungi and micro organism within the microbiomes of the animal intestine to improve digestion to promote animal growth, fitness, disease resistance and so on.
Meat from the laboratory edging toward our plates
It’s been 5 and a half years considering that the televised tasting of the primary laboratory-grown meat muscle — a red meat patty — within the Netherlands. given that, numerous labs and investors had been gathering to launch this new edition of animal muscle product that’s called phone-derived or mobilephone-based mostly meat by most, and clear meat via most of the products’ proponents.
GFI’s Ball says mobile-based mostly meat traders’ intent is to “sort of take out the middleman,” the meat animal, in this case, from the pipeline so making meat turns into more affordable and affects the atmosphere a lot below does conventional meat.
Matt Ball, good food Institute
“there is an inherent inefficiency in feeding plants to animals,” he observed, “as a result of they spend more of their energy on their own metabolism ... their brains, their blood, their bone ... (and) feathers. even if the chickens of today develop a good deal faster and with lots less feed than when my grandfather turned into a farmer, they nonetheless take more enter than they supply as output.”
One startup, San Francisco-primarily based New Age Meats, for example, has been preserving tastings for its experimental cellphone-based sausage around the nation. And simply, which market’s plant-primarily based products such as just Mayo, wants to develop its beef from the genetics of a right-line jap cattle breed.
meanwhile, California-based Memphis Meats (MM) sampled its first mobilephone-primarily based meatballs greater than three years ago and now says it has beef, duck, and hen items in construction. It announced last August that it had already raised $22 million from investors, including Cargill, Tyson, invoice Gates and others.
farm animals and processing industries have both pressed regulators to decide suggestions on labeling and processing for this new category of bloodless meat that eschews slaughter.
in the U.S., USDA and the meals and Drug Administration, which might be working jointly towards regulating this meat class, held a listening to closing October, and meals defense and Inspection carrier Administrator Carmen Rottenberg noted at USDA’s Outlook forum remaining week that “we predict to have some thing out very soon on a popular framework” for telephone-primarily based meats.
on the equal experience, Uma Valeti, MM’s chief executive, declared that his business, when regulations are achieved, will “be able to go day after today.”
in the meantime, Ball says that, like any new product for mass markets, establishments trying them out on restaurant and supermarket customers will doubtless take in losses for a while. “I don’t believe the primary products are in fact going to be charge-aggressive; they’ll be in high-end restaurants — like, proof-of-concept (products),” he says.
To be a success in the food market, he says, mobilephone-based meat need to attraction to normal patrons and “be items comparable to burgers and chook and the like that are available at aggressive expenses ... where they already shop.”
on the identical time, some makers of vegan meat alternatives, corresponding to Nestle’s garden gourmet, and unimaginable meals, with its impossible Burger, have found new success in meat-style and texture in their products, and such plant-based meat substitutes, already available on the market, can also grow to be a far better sell with consumers long term than cell-based meats.
however also observe that buyers do improve tastes for foods concocted in laboratories. up to date cheese makers, for example, use genetically altered microbial rennet rather than the common rennet from calf stomachs to curdle milk for cheese, and vegetarians customarily pick the microbial edition.
meanwhile, for the inconceivable Burger itself, researchers remoted heme, an essential molecule in all vegetation and animals however exceptionally focused in meats, accordingly imparting meaty taste.
Already, says Ball, “all over from White fort to fancy, excessive-conclusion restaurants are selling inconceivable Burgers.”
For extra news, go to: www.Agri-Pulse.com
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Domino dynamo: this 20-year veteran buys you more bang for your buck than ever before. Martin Leon tells you about the virtues of Domino and how much mileage you can get out of this dynamo of an application platform.Like this article? We recommend
I have been a Domino developer for the past 13 years, and for as long as I have been working with the platform, I am continually surprised and dismayed to have to explain to technical recruiters or interviewers what Lotus Domino is and what you can do with it. My dismay is because although there are a few key features that make Domino stand out from other application development platforms, I've heard repeatedly throughout my tenure as a Domino developer that "Domino is dead."
Thus, I write this article to set things straight.
There are a few key features that make Domino stand out from other application development platforms. In this article, I want to describe these features and show you how they can benefit your bottom line.
So what is Domino? Lotus Domino is an IBM product that has a history going back 20 years. At its core, Domino is a cross-platform application server. It provides security, database, mail, web, and job scheduling services. Also, Domino can be extended through add-ons to provide additional functionality.
Figure 1 A single Domino server provides a wide variety of services.
The latest release of the Domino server is version 8.5. A Lotus Domino 8.5 server can be installed on Windows (Windows Server 2003 and 2008 including X64 versions), Linux (Novell SUSE and Red Hat Enterprise Linux), Sun Solaris, and IBM AIX 5.3 and 6.1.
Most people have heard of "Lotus Notes" or "Notes Mail." The latter is a bit of a misnomer because mail is only one of the services and applications that come included in the platform. Within the platform the Lotus Notes Client is the "client" and Lotus Domino is the "server".
Originally, you purchased a Lotus Notes Server along with as many Lotus Notes Clients as you needed for your business. In 1995, when Notes R4.5 was released, the server portion of this client-server relationship came with an integrated HTTP server that provided web access to the Lotus Notes applications that it was hosting.
From that point on, you no longer needed to buy Lotus Notes Clients to access Notes applications, not even for the email application.
Now you had the option to use a web browser as your application client. HTTP integration marked the point when the server product began to be sold separately as the Lotus Domino Server and was a key turning point in how HTTP integration allows you to develop Domino applications targeted at web browsers in addition to, or instead of, the Lotus Notes Client.
I really didn't want to beat up on WinMo here, because at this point it just feels tired. But man, come on Microsoft, you're giving me no choice. Windows Mobile 6.5 isn't just a letdown—it barely seems done.
We've been watching Windows Mobile 6.5—or Windows Phone, as Microsoft is sometimes calling it—for months, since Jesus first laid his thumbs on it back in February. We even taught you how to install developer builds! The final version I got for testing, though, was almost identical to the builds we saw so many months ago. This means two things: That we already know what it's going to look like and how it's going to work; and that no, it's nowhere near the upgrade that Windows Mobile needs to be even remotely interesting.Microsoft Washing "Windows Mobile" Taint From Windows Mobile
So how do you market a mobile OS that's essentially a superficial upgrade to a years-old…Read more Read
It's a superficial update, and not a very thorough one. It's an interim product, and a vain attempt to hold onto the thinning ranks people who still choose Windows Mobile despite not being somehow tethered to it until the tardy Windows Mobile 7 comes out, whenever that may be. And it won't work.The Interface
The first thing you'll notice about Windows Mobile 6.5 is Titanium, the new, menu-style homescreen. It's large and typographical, and looks almost Zune-like. This is an auspicious start.
Each menu item provides a shortcut to an app, function or widget, and most have some kind of preview capability: you can flip through photo thumbnails, see missed calls, and thumb through emails, calendar appointments and Internet Explorer favorites without leaving the homescreen. Scrolling is smooth, and has an inertia that 6.1 so conspicuously lacked. Likewise, the new lock screen brings some information to the surface, but not much. (It'll let you know that you have a text, but not what the text says.) Too bad you probably won't see Titanium, ever, since handset manufacturers will almost certainly cover it up with their own custom homescreen.
The second most obvious change is the Start Menu, which Microsoft is so proud of that they've required all 6.5 phone to include a dedicated button for it on all "Windows Phones" a la the Windows Key on a PC. Again, it's striking, and again, it's smooth. This one, though, feels more like a design concept than a final product. For example! The only tool you're given to sort apps is a "Move to Top" command—no dragging, no alphabetical sorting, nothing except this bizarrely-chosen menu command that makes organizing apps feel like completing some kind of horrible puzzle game.
On top of that, there's no way to tell how many apps you have, to delete them, or to tell which "Page" of the start menu you're on. The offset icon spacing is awkward and occasionally ugly, and hey! That Windows button? It doesn't behave like you'd expect it to, opening the Start Menu but not closing it. This whole piece feels half-assed, to put it kindly.
Another well meaning, if not quite adequate change is to the contextual menus. Though they're ordered exactly as they were before, they're now huge and thumb-scrollable.
Things get worse when you move past the surface, revealing an OS that hasn't been fundamentally changed in years, and which bears a strong resemblance to Windows Mobile 6.1, and a startlingly not-weak resemblance to PocketPC 2002. The new homescreen Start Menu, lock screen and contextual menus are just veneers, and they're not very thick.
The remaining interface changes are subtle, and intended almost solely to make Windows Mobile 6.5 bearable to use without a stylus. (Though don't get me wrong—most WinMo 6.5 devices will, damningly, still come with styluses.) It doesn't really feel like a redesign—it feels like someone went through 6.1 and adjusted a few values. Add a few pixels of menu spacing here, some plasticky highlight graphics there, and BOOM. 6.5. Let's go to lunch.
The terrible Windows Media Player app looks the same, the photo albums are helped only by smoother scrolling and support of basic swipe gestures, and the text, email, notes and settings pages are jarringly old-looking, and seriously hostile to pointing devices any larger than a pen. Especially fleshy ones.
Come to think of it, after using 6.5 developer builds for a few months and then switching briefly back to a 6.1, the only thing I really missed was the system-wide inertial scrolling, which replaces 6.1's chunky faux-physics scrolling engine with something that at least behaves predictably.Windows Marketplace for Mobile
Windows Mobile finally, finally has an app store—quick, look around, is there anyone left who doesn't? The interface is bit awkward, falling somewhere between the large-typeface aesthetic of Titanium and the barebones HERE'S A LIST sensibility of the rest of the OS, resulting in odd text overflow in menus (sort of like on the Zune HD, except less pretty.) You can find apps though a sensible system of categories, or by searching, and downloading and installing is as easy as pressing a button, though you'll occasionally be met with prompts from the app installer.
I can't really pass judgment on the Marketplace's offerings just yet—it's only been open for a few hours, and apps seem to be flooding in at a fairly steady rate—but the initial offerings are pretty bare, counting among themselves just a few free apps, nearly all from Microsoft, with cameos by some recognizable Windows Mobile app developers who are still obliviously charging upwards of $20 for apps that wouldn't break $5 in the iPhone App Store.
Don't get me wrong, the Marketplace is a good thing, in that it'll drive prices down and make finding apps much easier, but it remains to be seen if developers will take to it like they did on the iPhone App Store, or just kinda ignore it like they did with the BlackBerry App World. In any case, this isn't even a 6.5-exclusive service, and just about any app written for 6.5 will work on 6.1 and 6.0, and vise-versa. A victory for Windows Mobile, sure, but not one that 6.5 can claim as its own. A few more notes on the Marketplace:
• Users are entitled to a 24hr refund
• You can browse apps either on the phone or on a website
• Charges go to either your phone bill or CC bill, though nobody's signed on for carrier billing yet.
• 6.0 and 6.1 gets the Marketplace in December
• Marketplace will only show you apps that run on your specific phone
• Apps can only be installed on internal storage, despite the fact that you can manually install apps on an SD card with no problem.
• App purchases are tied to your Windows Live ID, and which can be used on up to five phones. Seems a little lenient, but hey, thanks!My Phone
Another touted feature of 6.5 that will also happen to be available for every other Windows Mobile phone, My Phone is a decently capable backup service. We've seen most of it before, but today there are a few new features in top of the super-simple backup service that Jason went so far as to call "fancy:"Windows Mobile My Phone Impressions - It's a Fancy Backup Service
Windows Mobile fans hoping that Microsoft's My Phone over-the-air syncing service was going to …Read more Read
• Phone wipe will let you remotely purge your phone
• Locate your phone lets you put it on a map, in case you were wondering where it went/where you neighborhood petty thief eats lunch
• You can search text messages
And I kind of love this one:
• You can switch your phone from silent/vibrate to full volume remotely, in case you lost your phone in the couch and just need it to ring
Alas, these cool extras will be part of a premium version of My Phone, price TBD. UPDATE: It's free until November 30th, after which it's $4.99 for 7-day access (most of the premium services are for emergencies, so this makes sense). The free user experience will be a lot like the beta, which is to say basic, but useful for backing up contacts, photos, and other basics on a daily, weekly or monthly basis. The web interface is nice, too—more on that here.The Browser
Rendering is good, but not WebKit good, and the browser has a tendency to reflow text in an odd way, formatting columns of text more narrowly than it should. And even though rendering is vastly improved—though inexplicably, not to the point of the Zune HD's browser—the experience is still glitchy. Page loading is slow even on a fast Wi-Fi connection, and there's often a pretty wide gap between when a page looks like it's done and when the browser actually becomes responsive enough to interact with. In short, you're going to want to install Opera or Skyfire, the former for faster rendering and easier navigation, and the latter for better Flash support (IE6 includes Flash Lite, which is better than nothing, but can't stack up to Skyfire's compressed full-Flash trickery.) And hell, one of the two will probably come with your phone anyway, because whoever sells it to you probably wants you to like it.Every Mobile Browser Should Give Up and Just Go WebKit
The ZuneHD looks like a lovely catchup to the original iPod touch—you know, before apps allowed it…Read more Read
Of course, you won't be able to completely abandon IE, since Microsoft is planning on using it for a new Windows Mobile widget platform. This sounds like a bigger deal that it is—these are just web apps, not desktop widgets or anything like that, but they'll rendered using IE6's engine, and be available in the Marketplace, mixed in with the other apps.Performance
Microsoft isn't really advertising the SUPER SPEED of Windows Mobile 6.5, which makes sense: 6.5 is based on the same underlying Windows CE version (5.2) as 6.1, and even 6.0. In other words, its guts are oooold. In practice, this means that cold app launches are quick enough, but not noticeably faster than 6.1, even on slightly more powerful hardware. (A Touch Diamond2 for 6.5, and a Touch Pro for 6.1)
For Windows mobile, the perception of slowness has always been more of a problem than actual slowness, since flashy animations are sparse, and the manner in which apps load, close and minimize can look a bit clunky. The smooth scrolling and easier navigation at least give the impression the 6.5 is a little leaner and less laggy, but there's not much new going on under the hood to back that feeling up.
That said, I don't see why not, since ROM cookers the world over have been squeezing impressive speed out of Windows Mobile for years now, and have even done some admirable work on 6.5 pre-release.The Crux of the Problem
Last month I reviewed the HTC Touch Pro2. It was too expensive to recommend, but its software was a pleasant surprise. Contextual menus had been skinned with larger, finger-friendly buttons; there was a panel-based app launcher; the supplied browser was pretty good; certain version had a replacement for the start menu; and hey, there was even inertial scrolling across all apps. The catch, though, was that this was a Windows Mobile 6.1 handset. HTC had replicated almost every feature of 6.5 with their own software tweaks, and provided a much better homescreen than Titanium with TouchFLO 3D. All before 6.5 even came out. Install My Phone and Marketplace for Mobile on there, and you'd be hard-pressed to find a single reason to upgrade to 6.5.T-Mobile HTC Touch Pro2 Review: Wait, How Much?
T-Mobile's take on the HTC Touch Pro2, a 3.6-inch-screened, slide-out-QWERTYed refresh to the…Read more Read
To put it another way, handset manufacturers have done more in the last two years to improve Windows Mobile than Microsoft has, which borders on pathetic. In the time since Windows Mobile 6.0 came out in February of 2007, Apple has released the iPhone—three times. Palm has created the Pre, with its totally new webOS. Android has come into being, and grown into something wonderful. RIM has created a touch phone and a revamped BlackBerry OS. For these companies, the world has changed.
And Microsoft? They eked out some performance enhancements and a new homescreen in 6.1, and executed a gaudy facelift for 6.5. This is what they've done to Windows Mobile. What's amazing is that in the time it took Windows Mobile 6.1 to lazily morph into 6.5, Microsoft—Microsoft!— designed one of the most spectacular handsets I've seen in years, loaded it with brilliant, inspired software, a decent web browser and a fledgling app store. One problem! It's wasn't a handset. It was a Zune. I understand the the two platforms aren't directly comparable, and as is, Zune OS wouldn't work very well for a smartphone, but it's a taste of something great. And why on earth does the HD have a better browser than Microsoft's smartphone OS? It's almost like the Zune team was trying to embarrass the mobile guys or something. And to their credit, if they're looking for it, they did.Just Not Enough
Judging from the first wave of 6.5 handsets, the change OS will barely be noticeable to most folks. Alternative interfaces like TouchFLO and TouchWiz will remain, and won't outwardly change, nor will included apps—they're all compatible. Customers will buy Windows Mobile phones based on the quality of their 3rd party interfaces; carriers will continue to carry them because certain people, chained by their employers or a specific piece of software, will need them; and app makers will be slow to take to the Marketplace, since hey, how much longer do these Windows CE 5-based OSes even have left? It'll be a sad, long slog until April (or god forbid, December) when Windows Mobile 7, whatever it is, finally hits phones.Windows Mobile 7 Epically Delayed?
Mary Jo Foley says that the real news about the rumor Windows Mobile 6.5 and Windows Mobile 7 will…Read more Read
I'd like to think that 6.5's stunning failure to innovate is a symptom of a neglected project—maybe Microsoft just needed something, anything to hold people over until the mythical Windows Mobile 7 comes out, whatever it is. But as Steve Ballmer himself has plainly admitted, it's worse: Microsoft has simply lumbered in the wrong direction for two years, letting everyone, save maybe Nokia, fly right past them. [Microsoft]“Ballmer says they screwed up with Windows Mobile. Wishes they had already launched WM7."
Today at a Venture Capital Summit, Microsoft CEO Steve Ballmer admitted a few things we all already …Read more Read
The new start menu, homescreen and lock screen at least look like they're from 2009
The default browser is acceptable, whereas it used to be horrible
MyPhone and Marketplace are welcome additions and both show plenty of potential, but both will be available on pre-6.5 phones
The core of the OS is almost exactly the same as 6.1, and 6.0 for that matter
It never takes more than a few finger taps to get from the pretty, new 6.5 interface, to the blocky, old, finger-hostile one
Seriously, it reminds me of Windows for Workgroups
After carriers and handsets manufacturers have their way with it, it will be literally indistinguishable from 6.1.
While the migration from proprietary to open source applications has not been a massive one, IBM's decision to fully support Linux on the Lotus Notes/Domino platform could mean Linux has finally put its mark on the messaging scene.
SearchEnterpriseLinux.com spoke with Art Fontaine, IBM's manager of Notes/Domino as part of an in-depth look into the world of messaging and collaboration on the Linux platform. Here are some excerpts from that conversation:
Can you give some insight as to how Linux has fit into the messaging landscape over the past few months and/or years? Where has Linux excelled? Where do you see an opportunity to improve?
Art Fontaine: When you look historically at where the Linux workload has been, [you'll see] that it has gone from a file porting thing and then through to databases and the applications server. Other than those people who run POP (Post Office Protocol) e-mail, you didn't get many people using it for messaging.
Linux has become a nice fit because of its reliability in the eyes of users. It is now the kind of investment that runs the Exxon/Mobil's of the world and does it well. There also a number of ISVs who make a nice living selling applications on Domino platform and those have embraced Linux well.
How are you pursuing the larger customers, those who may be seeing their support for older versions of Exchange and Windows NT come to an end?
Fontaine: In truth, there are a number of us in the industry who have been attacking that issue over the past year. That opportunity is still relevant, but now we're also hearing the same echo from [Exchange] 2003 users that are saying they're considering a move with their e-mail to a Linux workload. We've also started taking advantage of some migration away from Unix-based platforms, with a number of competitors actually getting ahead of us in number of ways. Domino in '98 was already working simple ports from Unix, and it has always supported Solaris and AIX from the days when it was just a couple guys screwing around with code a couple of days a week.
Should a customer explore other Linux-based applications to build some kind of base or familiarity before choosing to migrate to a messaging client? Why or why not?
Fontaine: I would say that any Linux administrator out there would recognize [Linux-based messaging] as a natural addition to what they're developing on. I actually have partners who are able to put it in Windows shops. To their system, a Domino application performs the same way on Linux as it does on Windows.
A lot of our partners sell migration services, where they go in for a certain amount of dollars for the software and process and convert the mailbox; because whether you're going from Exchange 5.5 to anything Domino you going to have some conversion process.
An early criticism of messaging on Linux servers is that it has certain limitations in the way that it offers user only the basics and not much else. Lotus certainly has been around long enough to be considered full-featured, so how do you see things?
Fontaine: Whether you're talking about Domino or J2EE, the use of Linux is exactly the same as on any other platform. IBM's software policy is to have broad support on pSeries, and as matter fact that it still runs a majority of IBM e-mail.
How is working with Linux on the mainframe a different ballgame? More specifically, how are you pitching Linux messaging to mainframe customers?
Fontaine: We [ported Domino on Linux to the mainframe] last summer with Domino 6.5 and have found that some of biggest deployments of Domino are on Linux for that platform.
Everything's relative, but on Linux there is a growing amount of business in Red Hat and SuSE on the Intel platform as well. Once the Domino 7 code is rewritten we are going to have support a Novell SuSE as well as Red Hat releases, and thus take advantage with the suite in the new 2.6 kernel.
Also of note for the mainframe, on the client side we have Domino Web access, with support for Mozilla since version 6.5, while Firefox support is pending. Also pending are plans to implement the ability to run Linux on Intel on back end against a totally Linux-based front end.
Some other activity of interest to users is that we've done work in our new Manage Client Pro, our workplace manager product to support Notes. Essentially, users will have a full Notes client for Linux, not by this year but certainly by 2006.
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